Signed Typed Poem "kitchenette Building" By Poet Gwendolyn Brooks

Signed Typed Poem

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Signed Typed Poem "kitchenette Building" By Poet Gwendolyn Brooks:

Signed Typed Poem "Kitchenette Building" by Poet Gwendolyn Brooks.Probably Brooks' most-famous poem.
In fine condition.
This famous poem typed by noted author Edward Steinhardt who had fellow poet Gwendolyn Brooks sign the poem in the early 1980s!
About the Owner of this Manuscript:

This T.D.S. (Typed Document Signed) is owned by noted author Edward Steinhardt who collects select signed photos and manuscripts of film stars associated with St. Louis, Missouri. Mr. Steinhardt has a Vincent Price collection of over 400 manuscripts and artifacts of the St. Louis-born actor, the actor's father (who owned the National Candy Company (of St. Louis)and the actor's grandfather (who inventedDr.Price's Cream of Tartar Baking Powder).He is also an avid collector of Tennessee Williams documents and collectibles.

International buyers, inquire as to shipping cost.Shipped with USPS Priority Mail.

Gwendolyn BrooksFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaJump to navigationJump to searchGwendolyn Brooks1994 Bronze Portrait Bust of Gwendolyn Brooks by Sara S. MillerBornGwendolyn Elizabeth Brooks
June 7, 1917
Topeka, Kansas, U.S.DiedDecember 3, worksA Street in Bronzeville,Annie Allen,WinnieNotable awardsPulitzer Prize for Poetry(1950)
Robert Frost Medal(1989)
National Medal of Arts(1995)SpouseHenry Lowington Blakely, Jr.
(m.1939; died1996)Children2, includingNora Brooks Blakely

Gwendolyn Elizabeth Brooks(June 7, 1917 – December 3, 2000) was an American poet, author, and teacher. Her work often dealt with the personal celebrations and struggles of ordinary people in her community. She won thePulitzer Prize for Poetryon May 1, 1950, forAnnie Allen,[1]making her the firstAfrican Americanto receive the Pulitzer.[2]

Throughout her prolific writing career, Brooks received many more honors. She was appointedPoet LaureateofIllinoisin 1968, a position she held until her death,[3]and what is now thePoet Laureate Consultant in Poetry to the Library of Congressfor the 1985–86 term.[4]In 1976, she became the first African-American woman inducted into theAmerican Academy of Arts and Letters.[5]

Brooks was born inTopeka, Kansasand at six-weeks-old was taken toChicago, where she lived the rest of her life. Her parents, especially her mother encouraged her poetry writing. She began submitting poems to various publications, as a teenager. After graduating high school during theGreat Depression, she took a two-yearjunior collegeprogram, worked as a typist, married, and had children. Continuing to write and submit her work, she finally found substantial outlets for her poetry. This recognition of her work also led her to lecturing and teaching aspiring writers. Being the winner of multiple awards for her writing, several schools and institutions have been named in her honor.

  • 1Early life
  • 2Career
    • 3Family life
    • 4Honors and legacy
      • 6See also
      • 8Further reading
      • 9External links
      Early life[edit]

      Gwendolyn Elizabeth Brooks was born on June 7, 1917, inTopeka, Kansas.[2]She was the first child of David Anderson Brooks and Keziah (Wims) Brooks. Her father, a janitor for a music company, had hoped to pursue a career as a doctor but sacrificed that aspiration to get married and raise a family. Her mother was a school teacher as well as a concert pianist trained in classical music. Brooks' mother had taught at the Topeka school that later became involved in the famousBrown v. Board of Educationracial desegregation case.[6]Family lore held that Brooks' paternal grandfather had escapedslaveryto join theUnionforces during theAmerican Civil War.[7]

      When Brooks was six weeks old, her family moved to Chicago during theGreat Migration, and from then on, Chicago remained her home. She went to school at Forestville Elementary School on the South Side of Chicago. According to biographerKenny Jackson Williams, Brooks then attended a prestigious integrated high school in the city with a predominantly white student body,Hyde Park High School, transferred to the all-blackWendell PhillipsHigh School, and then moved to theintegratedEnglewood High School. After completing high school, she graduated in 1936 from a two-year program at Wilson Junior College, now known asKennedy-King College.Due to the social dynamics of the various schools, in conjunction with time period in which she attended them, Brooks faced racial injustice that over time contributed to her understanding of the prejudice and bias in established systems and dominant institutions in her own surroundings as well as every relevant mindset of the country.[8]

      Brooks began writing at an early age and her mother encouraged her, saying, ''You are going to be the ladyPaul Laurence Dunbar."[9]After her early educational experiences, Brooks never pursued a four-year college degree because she knew she wanted to be a writer and considered it unnecessary. "I am not a scholar," she later said. "I'm just a writer who loves to write and will always write."[10]She worked as a typist to support herself while she pursued her career.[10]

      She would closely identify with Chicago for the rest of her life. In a 1994 interview, she remarked on this:

      Living in the city, I wrote differently than I would have if I had been raised in Topeka, KS ... I am an organic Chicagoan. Living there has given me a multiplicity of characters to aspire for. I hope to live there the rest of my days. That's my headquarters.[10]

      Career[edit]'Song of Winnie', Library Walk, New York CityWriting[edit]

      Brooks published her first poem, "Eventide", in a children's magazine,American Childhood, when she was 13 years old.[5]By the age of 16, she had already written and published approximately 75 poems. At 17, she started submitting her work to "Lights and Shadows," the poetry column of theChicago Defender, an African-American newspaper. Her poems, many published while she attended Wilson Junior College, ranged in style from poems usingbluesrhythms infree verse. In her early years, she received commendations on her poetic work and encouragement fromJames Weldon Johnson,Richard WrightandLangston Hughes, well-known writers with whom she kept in communication and whose readings she attended in Chicago.[11]

      Her characters were often drawn from theinner citylife that Brooks knew well. She said, "I lived in a small second-floor apartment at the corner, and I could look first on one side and then the other. There was my material."[2]

      By 1941, Brooks was taking part in poetry workshops. A particularly influential one was organized byInez Cunningham Stark, an affluent white woman with a strong literary background. Stark offered writing workshops at the newSouth Side Community Art Center, which Brooks attended.[12]It was here she gained momentum in finding her voice and a deeper knowledge of the techniques of her predecessors. Renowned poetLangston Hughesstopped by the workshop and heard her read "The Ballad of Pearl May Lee."[12]In 1944, she achieved a goal she had been pursuing through continued unsolicited submissions since she was 14 years old: two of her poems were published inPoetrymagazine's November issue. In the autobiographical information she provided to the magazine, she described her occupation as a "housewife".[13]

      Brooks' published her first book of poetry,A Street in Bronzeville(1945), withHarper & Brothers, after a strong show of support to the publisher from authorRichard Wright.He said to the editors who solicited his opinion on Brooks' work:

      There is no self-pity here, not a striving for effects. She takes hold of reality as it is and renders it faithfully. ... She easily catches the pathos of petty destinies; the whimper of the wounded; the tiny accidents that plague the lives of the desperately poor, and the problem of color prejudice among Negroes.[12]

      The book earned instant critical acclaim for its authentic and textured portraits of life inBronzeville. Brooks later said it was a glowing review byPaul Englein theChicago Tribunethat "initiated My Reputation."[12]Engle stated that Brooks' poems were no more "Negro poetry" thanRobert Frost'swork was "white poetry". Brooks received her firstGuggenheim Fellowshipin 1946 and was included as one of the "Ten Young Women of the Year" style="margin:0.5em 0px;">Brooks' second book of poetry,Annie Allen(1949), focused on the life and experiences of a young Black girl growing into womanhood in theBronzevilleneighborhood of Chicago. The book was awarded the 1950Pulitzer Prizefor poetry, and was also awardedPoetrymagazine's Eunice Tietjens Prize.[9]

      In 1953, Brooks published her first and only narrative book, a novella titledMaud Martha,which in a series of 34 vignettes follows the life of a black woman named Maud Martha Brown as she moves about life from childhood to adulthood. It tells the story of "a woman with doubts about herself and where and how she fits into the world. Maud's concern is not so much that she is inferior but that she is perceived as being ugly," states author Harry B. Shaw in his bookGwendolyn Brooks.[15]Maud suffers prejudice and discrimination not only from white individuals but also from black individuals who have lighter skin tones than hers, something that is a direct reference to Brooks' personal experience. Eventually, Maud stands up for herself by turning her back on a patronizing and racist store clerk. "The book is ... about the triumph of the lowly," Shaw comments.[15]In contrast, literary scholarMary Helen Washingtonemphasizes Brooks's critique of racism and sexism, callingMaud Martha"a novel about bitterness, rage, self-hatred, and the silence that results from suppressed anger."[16]

      In 1967, the year of Langston Hughes's death, Brooks attended the Second Black Writers' Conference atNashville'sFisk University. Here, according to one version of events, she met activists and artists such asImamu Amiri Baraka,Don L. Leeand others who exposed her to new black cultural nationalism. Recent studies argue that she had been involved in leftist politics in Chicago for many years and, under the pressures of McCarthyism, adopted a black nationalist posture as a means of distancing herself from her prior political connections.[17]Brooks's experience at the conference inspired many of her subsequent literary activities. She taught creative writing to some of Chicago'sBlackstone Rangers, otherwise a violent criminal gang. In 1968, she published one of her most famous works,In the Mecca, a long poem about a mother's search for her lost child in a Chicago apartment building. The poem was nominated for theNational Book Awardfor poetry.[14]

      Her autobiographicalReport From Part One, including reminiscences, interviews, photographs and vignettes, came out in 1972, andReport From Part Twowas published in 1995, when she was almost 80.[5]


      Brooks said her first teaching experience was at theUniversity of Chicagowhen she was invited by author Frank London Brown to teach a course in American literature. It was the beginning of her lifelong commitment to sharing poetry and teaching writing.[10]Brooks taught extensively around the country and held posts atColumbia College Chicago,NorthEastern Illinois University,Chicago State University,Elmhurst College,Columbia University, andCity College of New York.[18]


      The Rare Book & Manuscript Libraryacquired Brooks's archives from her daughter Nora Blakely.[19]In addition, theBancroft LibraryatUC Berkeleyhas a collection of her personal papers, especially from 1950 to 1989.[20][21]

      Family life[edit]

      In 1939, Brooks married Henry Lowington Blakely, Jr.[5]They had two children: Henry Lowington Blakely III, andNora Brooks Blakely.[2]Brooks' husband died in 1996.[22]

      From mid-1961 to late 1964, Henry III served in theU.S. Marine Corps, first atMarine Corps Recruit Depot San Diegoand then atMarine Corps Air Station Kaneohe Bay. During this time, Brooks mentored his fiancée, Kathleen Hardiman, in writing poetry. Upon his return, Blakely and Hardiman married in 1965.[12]Brooks had so enjoyed the mentoring relationship that she began to engage more frequently in that role with the new generation of young black poets.[12]

      Gwendolyn Brooks died at her Chicago home on December 3, 2000.[2]

      Honors and legacy[edit]Honors[edit]
      • 1946, Guggenheim Fellow in Poetry.[2]
      • 1968, appointedPoet LaureateofIllinois, a position she held until her death in 2000[2]
      • 1976, inducted into theAmerican Academy of Arts and Letters[5]
      • 1976, theShelley Memorial Awardof thePoetry Society of America[25]
      • 1985, selected as the Consultant in Poetry to theLibrary of Congress, an honorary one-year term, known as thePoet Laureate of the United States[2]
      • 1988, inducted into theNational Women's Hall of Fame[26]
      • 1989, awarded theRobert Frost Medalfor lifetime achievement by thePoetry Society of America[27]
      • 1994, chosen to present theNational Endowment for the Humanities'Jefferson Lecture.[2]
      • 1994, received theNational Book Foundation's Medal for Distinguished Contribution to American Letters[28]
      • 1995, presented with theNational Medal of Arts[29]
      • 1997, awarded theOrder of Lincoln, the highest honor granted by the State of Illinois.[30]
      • 1999, awarded theAcademy of American PoetsFellowship for distinguished poetic style="margin:0.3em 0px 0px 1.6em; padding:0px; xmlns=%22 width=%225%22 height=%2213%22%3E %3Ccircle cx=%222.5%22 cy=%229%22 r=%222.5%22 fill=%22%23222%22/%3E %3C/svg%3E");">
      • 1970: Gwendolyn Brooks Cultural Center, Western Illinois University,Macomb, Illinois[32]
      • 1990: Gwendolyn Brooks Center for Black Literature and Creative Writing, Chicago State University[33]
      • 2003: Gwendolyn Brooks Illinois State Library,Springfield, Illinois[37][38]
      • 2004: Hyacinth Park in Chicago was renamed Gwendolyn Brooks Park.[39]
      • 2010: Inducted into the Chicago Literary Hall of Fame.[40]
      • 2012: Honored on a United States' postage stamp.[41]
      • 2017: Various centennial events in Chicago marked what would have been her 100th birthday.[42]
      • 2017–18: "Our Miss Brooks @ 100" (OMB100) a celebration of the life of Brooks (born June 7, 1917), which ran through June 17, 2018. The opening ceremony on February 2, 2017, at the Art Institute of Chicago featured readings and discussions of Brooks' influence by Pulitzer Prize-winning poetsRita Dove,Yusef Komunyakaa,Gregory Pardlo,Tracy K. Smith, andNatasha Trethewey.[43][44]
      • 2018: On what would have been her 101st birthday, a statue of her, titled "Gwendolyn Brooks: The Oracle of Bronzeville", was unveiled at Gwendolyn Brooks Park in Chicago.[45]

      ThePoetry Foundationlists these works among others:

      • A Street in Bronzeville, Harper, 1945.
      • Annie Allen, Harper, 1949.
      • Maud Martha, Harper, 1953.
      • The Bean Eaters, Harper, 1960.
      • In the Mecca, Harper, 1968.
      • For Illinois 1968: A Sesquicentennial Poem, Harper, 1968.
      • Riot, Broadside Press, 1969.
      • Family Pictures, Broadside Press, 1970.
      • Aloneness, Broadside Press, 1971.
      • Report from Part One: An Autobiography, Broadside Press, 1972.
      • Black Love, Brooks Press, 1982.
      • Mayor Harold Washington; and, Chicago, the I Will City, Brooks Press, 1983.
      • The Near-Johannesburg Boy, and Other Poems, David Co., 1987.
      • Winnie, Third World Press, 1988.
      • Report from Part Two, Third World Press, 1996.
      • In Montgomery, and Other Poems, Third World Press, 2003.

      Several collections of multiple works by Brooks were also published.[15]

      See also[edit]
      • Poetry portal
      • African American literature
      • Chicago Literature
      • List of African American firsts
      • List of poets
      • List of Poets from the United States
      • Pulitzer Prize for Poetry

      Signed Typed Poem "kitchenette Building" By Poet Gwendolyn Brooks:

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