Letter In French Signed Cardinal Luigi Ruffo 1811 " Cardinal Black " Napoleon


Letter In French Signed Cardinal Luigi Ruffo 1811

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Letter In French Signed Cardinal Luigi Ruffo 1811 " Cardinal Black " Napoleon:
$410.08


[AUTOGRAPH LETTER - CARDINAL XIXthFIRST EMPIRE - NAPOLEON - "BLACK CARDINALS"]-Very rare Letter entirely in French,by Cardinal Luigi RUFFO, signedTo Madame Duret in Paris  "Madam, I learned that Mr. de la Marre had ceased to exist and I also understood how much your pain would have been or that you did me the honor of sending me the same news, I am convinced of the desolation of all your family; I would like to bring you some relief and especially (sic) even fed up, who lost his son; but it is from the religion where he must be drawn, our sovereign master disposes at his will nowadays, and our humble and docile resignation will deserve that he will as a good father relieve us from the sadness that overwhelms us; for my part, I have not ceased to pray for the deceased, and I will do it again afterwards; I wish you, Madame Happy New Years, as to your daughter, Madame de Saurimont, and long and happy days, to little Louis; in the meantime, please accept the assurances of my perfect consideration ..."Luigi RUFFO-SCILLA1750-1832 Luigi Ruffo-Scilla Cardinal of the Catholic ChurchCreated cardinal by Pius VII Luigi Ruffo-Scilla (born August 25, 1750 in Sant'Onofrio, in what is now Vibo Valentia, in Calabria, then in the Kingdom of Naples and died on December 17, 1832 in Naples) is a cardinal 19th century Italian. BiographyLuigi Ruffo-Scilla exercises various functions within the Roman Curia, notably as governor of Rome and regent of the “apostolic chancellery. "He was appointed titular archbishop of Apamea in 1785 and was sent as apostolic nuncio in the Grand Duchy of Tuscany, then in Austria in 1793.He was transferred as Archbishop of Naples in 1802, but was expelled by the French in 1806 and will then be part of the 13 "black cardinals." "He was "exiled" to St-Quentin from 1810 to 1813 Pope Pius VII created him cardinal during the consistory of February 23, 1812. He returned to Naples in 1815. He participated in the conclave of 1823, during which Leo XII was elected pope, and those of 1829 (election of Pius VIII) and of 1830-1831 (election of Gregory XVI).The other cardinals of the Ruffo-Scilla family are: Tommaso Ruffo (1706), Antonio Maria Ruffo (1743), Fabrizio Dionigi Ruffo (1791) and Fulco Luigi Ruffo-Scilla (1891).Napoleon and the "Black Cardinals"On 31 Mars 1810 took place at Saint-Cloud the official presentation of the future empress, Marie-Louise of Austria. The Sacred College was there in full. April 2 was set for public entry into Paris and the religious wedding. This day was to mark for Napoleon the height of his glory and his fortune and nothing was therefore spared to enhance the pomp of the ceremony.To the right of the altar erected in the large salon of the Louvre, transformed into a chapel, seats were reserved for cardinals. The drama was there, awaiting Napoleon. The Emperor arrives, accompanied by his chaplain, the Archbishop of Malines, who recounted the story of the event. Sixteen cardinals were missing at the ceremony and this empty space seemed disproportionately grown, terribly accusing. If three were excused (Cardinals Despuiz, Dugnani and Erskine, too old or sick), the thirteen others (Mattei, Pignatelli, Scotti, Della Somaglia, Consalvi, Brancadoro, Saluzzo, Galeffi, Litta, Ruffo, Oppizoni, Gabrielli, di Pietro) did achieve no reason for their absence.Napoleon received the blow like a blow to his pride. After the invitations they had received to attend the religious wedding, the cardinals have met at Cardinal Consalvi to confer on the conduct they should take. Cardinal Della Somaglia declared that, as cardinal vested with the title of Vicar of His Holiness, he would not attend, under any circumstances, the religious wedding because Napoleon and Josephine had been religiously married, and that he had received and kept the document deposited with the vicariate of Rome. Of the 27 cardinals present, 14 considered it prudent not to defy Napoleon; the 13 others agreed with Cardinal Della Somaglia so as not to give the impression that they were accepting the divorce that their conscience disapproved of. On April 3, the cardinals went in body to the Tuileries with the senators and the councilors of state. After several hours of waiting a bailiff appeared and announced that His Majesty did not want to receive the 13 cardinals absent from the ceremony the day before. The prelates retired, but they found neither their people nor their cars. Napoleon had them fired ...It's on foot, in their red cassocks and ceremonial coats, that the princes of the Church returned to their hotels where "solicitude" of the Emperor housed them.The day of April 4 passed in anticipation. Towards evening a note from Bigot de Préameneu, Minister of Worship, summoned the cardinals to his ministry for the same evening at 9 o'clock. They knew the sanction which struck the rectitude of their conscience: their property in receivership, the seals affixed to their furniture, any pension abolished, ban on wearing purple nor any indication of their cardinal quality. Finally, they were placed under police surveillance.This was not all. On June 10, 1810, two months later, a police order, enforceable within 24 hours, dispersed them in towns far enough from each other to prevent the "internees" to communicate with each other.The exile of the black cardinals, as they were called, was beginning. Recluse and dignified life in the most complete destitution which would have become tragic without the charity of the faithful who soon founded the "work of the black cardinals".-  1 sheet of cream laid paper 1 handwritten page (about 23x18.5cm)St-Quentin, December 29, 1811  - [Provenance Georges or Louis Boulay,family origin, Saurimont branch]-   Good condition,various folds, 2 or three red spots  cf. visuals ...-Very rare !   As always, grouped shipping costs in case of multiple purchases ...  [AUTOGRAPH LETTER - CARDINAL XIXth - Very rare Letter entirely in French, by Cardinal Luigi RUFFO, signed To Madame Duret in Paris   Luigi RUFFO-SCILLA 1750-1832   Luigi Ruffo-Scilla   Cardinal of the Catholic Church Created cardinal  by Pius VII    is a cardinal 19th century Italian.   Biography and Fulco Luigi Ruffo-Scilla (1891). Napoleon and the "Black Cardinals" achieve no reason for their absence. Napoleon had them fired ... of the Emperor housed them. to communicate with each other. -     1 sheet of cream laid paper   1 handwritten page   (about 23x18.5cm) St-Quentin, December 29, 1811     -   [Provenance Georges or Louis Boulay, family origin, Saurimont branch] -      Good condition, various folds, 2 or three red spots     cf. visuals ... - Very rare !         [AUTOGRAPH LETTER - CARDINAL XIXth - Very rare Letter entirely in French, by Cardinal Luigi RUFFO, signed To Madame Duret in Paris   Luigi RUFFO-SCILLA 1750-1832   Luigi Ruffo-Scilla   Cardinal of the Catholic Church Created cardinal  by Pius VII    is a cardinal 19th century Italian.   Biography and Fulco Luigi Ruffo-Scilla (1891). Napoleon and the "Black Cardinals" achieve no reason for their absence. Napoleon had them fired ... of the Emperor housed them. to communicate with each other. -     1 sheet of cream laid paper   1 handwritten page   (about 23x18.5cm) St-Quentin, December 29, 1811     -   [Provenance Georges or Louis Boulay, family origin, Saurimont branch] -      Good condition, various folds, 2 or three red spots     cf. visuals ... - Very rare ![AUTOGRAPH LETTER - CARDINAL XIXth - Very rare Letter entirely in French, by Cardinal Luigi RUFFO, signed To Madame Duret in Paris   Luigi RUFFO-SCILLA 1750-1832   Luigi Ruffo-Scilla   Cardinal of the Catholic Church Created cardinal  by Pius VII    is a cardinal 19th century Italian.   Biography and Fulco Luigi Ruffo-Scilla (1891). Napoleon and the "Black Cardinals" achieve no reason for their absence. Napoleon had them fired ... of the Emperor housed them. to communicate with each other. -     1 sheet of cream laid paper   1 handwritten page   (about 23x18.5cm) St-Quentin, December 29, 1811     -   [Provenance Georges or Louis Boulay, family origin, Saurimont branch] -      Good condition, various folds, 2 or three red spots     cf. visuals ... - Very rare ![AUTOGRAPH LETTER - CARDINAL XIXth - Very rare Letter entirely in French, by Cardinal Luigi RUFFO, signed To Madame Duret in Paris   Luigi RUFFO-SCILLA 1750-1832   Luigi Ruffo-Scilla   Cardinal of the Catholic Church Created cardinal  by Pius VII    is a cardinal 19th century Italian.   Biography and Fulco Luigi Ruffo-Scilla (1891). Napoleon and the "Black Cardinals" achieve no reason for their absence. Napoleon had them fired ... of the Emperor housed them. to communicate with each other. -     1 sheet of cream laid paper   1 handwritten page   (about 23x18.5cm) St-Quentin, December 29, 1811     -   [Provenance Georges or Louis Boulay, family origin, Saurimont branch] -      Good condition, various folds, 2 or three red spots     cf. visuals ... - Very rare ![AUTOGRAPH LETTER - CARDINAL XIXth - Very rare Letter entirely in French, by Cardinal Luigi RUFFO, signed To Madame Duret in Paris   Luigi RUFFO-SCILLA 1750-1832   Luigi Ruffo-Scilla   Cardinal of the Catholic Church Created cardinal  by Pius VII    is a cardinal 19th century Italian.   Biography and Fulco Luigi Ruffo-Scilla (1891). Napoleon and the "Black Cardinals" achieve no reason for their absence. Napoleon had them fired ... of the Emperor housed them. to communicate with each other. -     1 sheet of cream laid paper   1 handwritten page   (about 23x18.5cm) St-Quentin, December 29, 1811     -   [Provenance Georges or Louis Boulay, family origin, Saurimont branch] -      Good condition, various folds, 2 or three red spots     cf. visuals ... - Very rare ![AUTOGRAPH LETTER - CARDINAL XIXth - Very rare Letter entirely in French, by Cardinal Luigi RUFFO, signed To Madame Duret in Paris   Luigi RUFFO-SCILLA 1750-1832   Luigi Ruffo-Scilla   Cardinal of the Catholic Church Created cardinal  by Pius VII    is a cardinal 19th century Italian.   Biography and Fulco Luigi Ruffo-Scilla (1891). Napoleon and the "Black Cardinals" achieve no reason for their absence. Napoleon had them fired ... of the Emperor housed them. to communicate with each other. -     1 sheet of cream laid paper   1 handwritten page   (about 23x18.5cm) St-Quentin, December 29, 1811     -   [Provenance Georges or Louis Boulay, family origin, Saurimont branch] -      Good condition, various folds, 2 or three red spots     cf. visuals ... - Very rare ![AUTOGRAPH LETTER - CARDINAL XIXth - Very rare Letter entirely in French, by Cardinal Luigi RUFFO, signed To Madame Duret in Paris   Luigi RUFFO-SCILLA 1750-1832   Luigi Ruffo-Scilla   Cardinal of the Catholic Church Created cardinal  by Pius VII    is a cardinal 19th century Italian.   Biography and Fulco Luigi Ruffo-Scilla (1891). Napoleon and the "Black Cardinals" achieve no reason for their absence. Napoleon had them fired ... of the Emperor housed them. to communicate with each other. -     1 sheet of cream laid paper   1 handwritten page   (about 23x18.5cm) St-Quentin, December 29, 1811     -   [Provenance Georges or Louis Boulay, family origin, Saurimont branch] -      Good condition, various folds, 2 or three red spots     cf. visuals ... - Very rare !

Letter In French Signed Cardinal Luigi Ruffo 1811 " Cardinal Black " Napoleon:
$410.08

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