1440 Latin Book Of Hours Medieval Bifolium Gold Illuminated Vellum Catholic Rare
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1440 Latin Book Of Hours Medieval Bifolium Gold Illuminated Vellum Catholic Rare:
YOU ARE offerDING ON A 570+ YEAR OLD 2-LEAF BOUND FRAGMENT OF GORGEOUSLY HAND PAINTED AND ILLUMINATED TEXT FROM THE BOOK OF HOURS ORIGINATING IN FRANCE,
This is a rare GOLD adorned manuscript leaf on vellum from a Latin book of hours with gold heightened multi colored initials, written most likely in a French scriptorium around 1440 .Bifolium from the famed Book of Hours, from roughly 1440, with gorgeously illuminated medieval handwritten GOLD-RED-BLUE initials, also with beautiful and singular black and red Gothic-handwriting, complexly arranged and created with the utmost in precision with thin red ruling to every line. If you look closely, you can see the liquid gold shine in the illuminated lettering, a perfect reflection of the care and time taken to make this of the Art Creation and Color of these pages:
Gold foil ornaments could afford to larger extent only princes, bishops and rich monasteries. One painted with thin brushes and water or opaque colors, drawn with india ink and goose keel. Red color was often formed by red ochers, Zinnober, Menninge, carmine, Vermiculum, Folium, kite blood (bird), Krapp found and later Brasilholz was used. The precious magenta served in the antiquity and in the early Middle Ages contributed to dyeing some particularly magnificent Pergamentmanuskripte, which were then inscribed with gold or silver ink. For yellow colours stood yellow ochers, Auripigment, lead-yellow, Safran and Wau for order, for green colours green earth, malachite-green and for verdigris as well as Ultramarin, Azurit and Indigo as blue color means. For black tones lead and bone white, as well as soot were used. As bonding agents in the Middle Ages fish glue, Egg or rubber were used.
Hourly books were usually provided with book decoration. Individual copies belong to the finest examples (such as this) ever manufactured containing illustrated handwriting. The pages are made of period animal skin vellum in somewhat worn condition with some soiling against the margin, as shown, with traces of aging and a few spots, some edge flaws, a small tear along the center of the 2nd leaf, some rounding at the corners, etc. Some of the paint of the initials has rubbed off a tiny bit; also some staining is prevalent, although adding a nice character of patina to this ancient relic. The leaves are adorned with a single 2-line multicolored/gold initial, as well as 17 additional gold heightened single line initials, and finally 19 enhanced initials with freshly natural colors and line fillers, with every line and margin red ruled. Main text in red and black. Each leaf 6.75 INCHES TALL BY 4.5 INCHES WIDE (opened multiply this by two). Text in French/Latin, on both sides.
Over 570 years Old, this is a truly rare and worthy of framing!
The Book of Hours, Its History:The hourly book (Book of Hours, also Horarium; (spätlat. horarium = clock), livre d' heures [livr ˈdœr], that; (frz.= hourly book)) were the structurary guide modeled after the Brevier of the Roman-catholic church, very similar a prayer and a devotion book for the hourly prayer. Certainly they were first for laymen, also for clerics. The hourly books that came into 13th Century & up displaced the Psalter from its controlling role as Gebetbuch. In the late Middle Ages they were in circles of only the rich, read-well-informed aristocracy and city aristocracy, making this the private devotion book par excellence. Principal items of the hourly books formed a marianisches Offizium and the Totenoffizium. The designation hourly book leads itself off of therein the contained, to certain hours at praying day times.
Originally beginning around midnight with the Matutin, which was summarized in the morning for practical reasons in the course of the years with the Laudes at three o'clock, one prayed in the morning in the three-hour rhythm starting from six o'clock prime, third, the Sext, the Non (Liturgie) the Vesper (Liturgie) and the Komplet. In hourly books were also Cisiojanus Merkverse, which helped during the dating of the mobile celebrations of the church yearly. From Abebooks.com:Books of Hours are arguably the most beautiful of all books. They are also some of the most expensive, with modest examples starting in five figures. One of the finest Book of Hours-the richly illuminated Rothschild Prayerbook-sold for a record $13.5 million (£8.6 million) in 1999.
Books of Hours are private devotional books that were enormously popular with wealthy Catholics in the fifteenth century. They were typically structured around the hourly prayers observed in monasteries, and devout Catholics were expected stop eight times a day and recite the appropriate liturgy.
Despite their strongly religious origin, the books served more as status symbols and fashion accessories than paths to heaven, a fact testified to in the large number of copies that survive in exceptional condition. Most Books of Hours are illuminated manuscripts, beautifully written out by hand on vellum, with ornate initial letters in each section, decorative page borders, and-in the better examples-delicate paintings, which are called miniatures.
According to the Oxford English Dictionary, the word miniature comes from the Italian term for medieval book illustration. Since these illustrations were small, the English word came to refer to diminutive size. Another common English phrase related to Books of Hours is red-letter day. Books of Hours often included a calendar of holy days, and scribes typically indicated the most important days with red ink.
Tens of thousands of Books of Hours survive, making them by far the most common books of the Middle Ages. Today, as six hundred years ago, these manuscripts are sought for their beautiful illustrations and decoration, not their content, which is archaic and typically written in Latin. The price of a manuscript depends entirely on the number and quality of the miniatures.
The miniatures usually depict scenes from the Bible and the lives of the saints. The settings, however, are not historical. Instead, the painters placed the figures in contemporary settings showing, for example, medieval castle towers in the background of a painting of the Crucifixion. Often it is possible to find a portrait of the original owner of a Book of Hours in one of the paintings.
While complete Books of Hours can be expensive, individual leaves written out and decorated by a scribe six centuries ago, can be found for little more than the price of a new hardcover book about illuminated manuscripts.
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