1494 Incunabula Medieval Latin Mammotrectus Bible Leaf With Rubricator's Red Ink For Sale
First of all, there is a small and interesting watermark in the paper, consisting of what looks like the right half of an egg, with two little circles at the end. Very unusual. On sale is a leaf in Black Letter (Gothic) type from a Latin work by Johannes Marchesinus entitled "Mammotrectus." It was published in Strasbourg in 1494 by the printer, Martin Flach.This is just thirty-nine years after Gutenberg's work of 1455! By definition, an incunabulum (the singular of "incunabula") or "incunable" (French) or "inkunabel" (German) must be printed from 1455 to 1500.However, those books printed in the later 1480s and the 1490s, as well as the year 1500 (which is technically the last year of the 15th century), had more and more woodcut printed initials. In Latin, the term "incunabula" means "baby clothes" or "things of the cradle," and can refer to the earliest stages or first traces in the development of anything. This leaf has red rubrication marks all added by a scribe's own hand. The size of the quarto sheet is 5 1/2 in. x 8 in. This is a unique incunable of the popular and academic work known as Mammotrectus super Bibliam, which means “The Breast-Feeding Milk [The Basics] about the Bible" or "The Nourisher upon the Bible.” The Mammotrectus is an early guide to understanding the text of the Bible and was very popular with preachers in the later Middle Ages. It explained difficult words in the Scriptures, both etymologically and grammatically, and provided explanations of the festivals of the Church year, the legends of the saints, and various liturgical texts. It was especially used within the Franciscan order for semantic and liturgical instruction of the novices.
The heading (on the verso side) has in Latin "Ezechiel," which means "The Book of Ezekiel." The heading (on the recto side) has in Latin "Folium CXXXV," which means "Sheet #135" (see the 4th scanned image). This leaf contains Ezekiel, chapter 4-21. The following words can be seen: "Way"; "Multicolored"; "Footsteps"; "Vagina" or "Sheath"; "Manifest"; "Measure"; "Name"; "Indignation"; "Death"; "Temples"; "Contraction"; "Abbreviation"; "Often"; "Emulation"; "Sapphire" (which is the beginning of Ezekiel 10:1); "Cherubim"; and "Wall." Very interesting. Only the Biblical "chapters" are given, because modern-day "verses" were not invented until over a half-century later! As can be seen in the scanned images, there are many instances on this leaf where the rubricator used red ink to highlight letters, as well as some red underlining of the text. The winner of this sale will receive the original 1494 leaf from the Mammotrectus, as well as a xerox copy with notes and explanations highlighted by someone who has a Ph.D. in Biblical Studies (see the last scanned image).
Full bibliographic description is found in in Frederick R. Goff, "Incunabula in American Libraries," M-253; also see Hain II,1, M10573; BMC I, 150. The 15th century sheet of paper is in good condition. A very impressive incunabula leaf. This is anoriginal 15th century printed page, not a reproduction. Its authenticity is 100% guaranteed. Johannes Marchesinus or Giovanni Marchesini (around 1300) was an Italian Franciscan friar or monk from Marchesio in the province of Reggio Emilia, near Modena. He taught in Imola, Faventia and Bologna. Numerous literary works have referred to him as the author, including homiletic and educational works. His most famous work is the Mammotrectus super Bibliam written around 1300.
Authenticity. All of the leaves (whether
handwritten manuscripts or printed texts) we sell are ORIGINALS. We guarantee everything
we sell to be original and authentic. Due to their age, some imperfections can
be expected, so please read our descriptions and view our scanned images
carefully. We stand behind our inventory and want to make sure that all of our
clients are completely satisfied with their purchases.
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