1650, Nurnberg (free City), Ferdinand Iii. Silver 1/10 Thaler Klippe Coin. Vf-
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1650, Nurnberg (free City), Ferdinand Iii. Silver 1/10 Thaler Klippe Coin. Vf-:
1650, Nurnberg (Free City), Ferdinand III. Silver 1/10 Thaler Klippe Coin. VF-
Commemorating the end of the Thirty Years´s War. R!
Mint Year: 1650
Mint Place: Nurnberg
Reference: Pax in Nummis 156.
Denomination: 1/10 Thaler Klippe
Condition: A large mounting mark at 12 o'clock, otherwise about VF!
Obverse: A child riding imaginary horse toy, holding branch left, splitting date.
Legend: FRIEDEN - GEDÄCHT - NIS.IN - NURNB
Reverse: Crowned double headed eagle with arms at chest above legend in five lines.
Legend: VIVAT / FERDINAND9 / III:ROM: / IMP:
For your consideration a nice silver klippe with the weight of a 1/10th of a thaler issued for the celebrations in memory of the Peace of Munster at Nuremberg during 1650. A decent specimen of this popular issue!
The Peace of Westphalia was officially signed in 1648, ending the Thirty Years’ War. However, by 1650, negotiations were still ongoing in an attempt to resolve some details of the treaty’s terms. In particular, the issues of war reparations and prisoner exchanges were unresolved. Nürnberg was the site of these negotiations, which were commemorated in a series of coins.
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The Thirty Years' War (1618–1648) was one of the most destructive conflicts in European history. The war was fought primarily (though not exclusively) in Germany and at various points involved most of the countries of Europe. Naval warfare also reached overseas and shaped the colonial formation of future nations.
The origins of the conflict and goals of the participants were complex and no one cause can accurately be described as the main reason for the fighting. Initially the war was fought largely as a religious conflict between Protestants and Catholics in the Holy Roman Empire, although disputes over the internal politics and balance of power within the Empire played a significant part. Gradually the war developed into a more general conflict involving most of the European powers. In this general phase the war became more a continuation of the Bourbon-Habsburg rivalry for European political pre-eminence, and in turn led to further warfare between France and the Habsburg powers, and less specifically about religion.
A major impact of the Thirty Years' War, fought mostly by mercenary armies, was the extensive destruction of entire regions, denuded by the foraging armies. Episodes of famine and disease significantly decreased the populace of the German states and the Low Countries and Italy, while bankrupting most of the combatant powers. Some of the quarrels that provoked the war went unresolved for a much longer time. The Thirty Years' War was ended with the Treaty of Münster, a part of the wider Peace of Westphalia.
Ferdinand III (July 13, 1608 – April 2, 1657) was Holy Roman Emperor February 15, 1637 – 1657. King of Hungary, King of Bohemia, Archduke of Austria, King of the Romans.
Eldest son of Emperor Ferdinand II from the house of Habsburg and his first wife, Maria Anna of Bavaria. Made King of Hungary in 1625, King of Bohemia in 1627, Archduke of Austria in 1621 and succeeded his father King of the Romans in 1636, and thence Holy Roman Emperor 1637.
Following the death of Wallenstein in 1634, he was made titular head of the Imperial Army in the Thirty Years' War, and later that year joined with his cousin the Cardinal-Infante to defeat the Swedes at Nördlingen. Leader of the peace party at court, he helped negotiate the Peace of Prague with the Protestant States, especially Saxony in 1635.
He succeeded his father as Holy Roman Emperor in 1637. He hoped to be able to make peace soon with France and Sweden, but the war dragged on for another 11 years, finally coming to an end with the Peace of Westphalia (Treaty of Münster with France, Treaty of Osnabrück with Sweden) in 1648, both negotiated by his envoy Maximilian von und zu Trauttmansdorff, a successful diplomat who had been made a count in 1623 by his father Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor.
During the last dreadful period of the war, in 1644 Ferdinand III gave to all rulers of German states the right to conduct their own foreign policy (ius belli ac pacis). This way the emperor was trying to gain more allies in the negotiations with France and Sweden. This very edict contributed to the gradual erosion of the imperial authority in the Holy Roman Empire.
In the Peace of Westphalia, his full titles are given as: "Ferdinand the Third, elected Roman Emperor, always August, King of Germany, Hungary, Bohemia, Dalmatia, Croatia, Slavonia, Archduke of Austria, Duke of Burgundy, Brabant, Styria, Carinthia, Carniola, Margrave of Moravia, Duke of Luxemburg, of the Higher and Lower Silesia, of Wurtemburg and Teck, Prince of Swabia, Count of Habsburg, Tyrol, Kyburg and Goritia, Marquess of the Sacred Roman Empire, Burgovia, the Higher and Lower Lusace, Lord of the Marquisate of Slavonia, of Port Naon and Salines."
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