1696, Amsterdam City. Resolution Of The Undertaker’s Men Revolt Silver Medal. R
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1696, Amsterdam City. Resolution Of The Undertaker’s Men Revolt Silver Medal. R:
1696, Amsterdam City. Resolution of The Undertaker’s Men Revolt Silver Medal. R!
Mint Year: 1696
Mint Place: R. Arondeaux
Reference: van Loon IV,161. R!
Denomination: Medal - Amsterdam City (End of The Undertaker’s Men Revolt).
Condition: A nice AU-UNC with magnificently crisp details and mirror-like fields!
Obverse: Neptune standing in his sea-chariot calming the storm, two birds in a nest amid the rough waves.
Legend: MOTOS PRAESTAT COMPONERE FLUCTUS
Translated: "Let's first assuage the troubled waves!"
Reverse: Two birds on their nest floating in a tranquil sea, legend above, date (1696) as a roman numeral below.
Legend: HALCIONIBUS . REDUCTIS / SENATUS . AMSTELOD / CIVIBUS . SUIS . HOC / ANTIQUAE . VIRTUTIS / SPECTATAEQ . FIDEI / PRAEMIUM . LARGITUR
Exergue: MDCXCVI (1696)
One of the most striking revolts in the Dutch Republic was the 1696 Aansprekersoproer, literally “The Undertaker’s Men Revolt”. The city of Amsterdam had decided to lower the number of men working as an undertaker’s man from around 300 to 72. In order to win the favour of the poor the aansprekers launched the rumour that due to this new policy poor people would not get anymore a decent funeral. An indignant mob attacked the houses of burgomasters and other members of the city’s elite and killed several people. The city council immediately issued ordinances against the violence, but to no avail. The second day sailors joined the revolt. Only the third day a former burgomaster succeeded in calming the mob.
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Utrecht, city and municipality is the capital and most populous city of the Dutch province of Utrecht. In 1579 the northern seven provinces signed the Union of Utrecht, in which they decided to join forces against Spanish rule. The Union of Utrecht is seen as the beginning of the Dutch Republic. In 1580 the new and predominantly Protestant state abolished the bishoprics, including the one in Utrecht, which had become an archbishopric in 1559. The stadtholders disapproved of the independent course of the Utrecht bourgeoisie and brought the city under much more direct control of the Holland dominated leadership of the republic. This was the start of a long period of stagnation of trade and development in Utrecht, an atypical city in the new state, still about 40% Catholic in the mid-17th century, and even more so among the elite groups, who included many rural nobility and gentry with town houses there. The city, which was held against its will in the states of the Republic, failed to defend itself against the French invasion in 1672 (the Disaster Year). The lack of structural integrity proved to be the undoing of the central section of the cathedral of St Martin church when Utrecht was struck by a tornado in 1674. The Treaty of Utrecht in 1713 settled the War of the Spanish Succession. In the early 19th century, the role of Utrecht as a fortified town had become obsolete.
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