1704 Francis Scott Key Owned Signed Americana Star Spangled Banner Law Legal For Sale


Lutwyche, Edward, Sir (1634 - 1709). London: printed by the assigns of Richard and Edward Atkins Esqs; for Charles Harper at the Flower-de-Luce, and Alexander Bosvile at the Dial and Bible, both against St. Dunstan's Church in Fleet-Street, 1704.

First and by far the best edition of Lutwyche's mammoth and highly useful blend of a book of entries and case reports, arranged "old-style" by subject matter with both the pleadings and the courts' resolutions of the issues. Each volume with an imprimatur leaf, arranged alphabetically by subject; the text is in Latin, commentary and marginalia in French. "Key" in brown ink on spine of vol. II. "F S Key" on title page of vol. I.

"F S Key" is in fact quite certainly the signature of the famous Francis Scott Key (1779 - 1843), himself a lawyer who came from a family of judges and lawyers. He is best known as the important composer of the American Star Spangled Banner. His father, John Ross Key (1754 - 1821) was a lawyer and judge, his grandfather, Philip Key (1696 - 1764), who emigrated to America in the 1720s was King's provincial council in St. Mary's County, Maryland and Francis' son, Philip Barton Key (1818 - 1859) was a U.S. Attorney. Also, both volumes with the names of "Jos. Earle" and "Tho. Venables" on title. A fascinating tincture of Americana!

The signature can be compared here to a few verified examples, undoubtedly signifying its authenticity:

First edition. Folio. Vol. 1: [16], 912 pp.; v. 2: [4], 913-1668, [104] pp. Vol.1 has two identical title pages, sadly lacking the portrait. In original leather, as shown, with the boards rubbed with some light loss of leather. Both with fine original gilt lettered red spine labels with thick aggressive raised bands. Old thick tape at head and tail of vol. II. Both volumes with old paper labels at head of spine with Phillips written in brown ink, & again one spine carrying the important handwritten name KEY. Tape at gutters of boards and endpapers on both folios.Marginal notes in brown ink in a contemporary hand, more than likely Earle or Venebles. Lower blank corner of p. 733-734 (v. I.) cut, no loss of text, last 20 or so leaves creased. Leaves clean and bright with occasional spots of foxing. A strikingly important set in both provenance and original content, and priced to move. Good luck!

Francis Scott Key From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Francis Scott Key
Francis Scott Key Born August 1, 1779
Carroll County, Maryland, U.S. Died January 11, 1843 (aged63)
Baltimore, Maryland, U.S. Nationality American Ethnicity English Occupation Poet, lawyer, district attorney Religion Episcopalian Children Philip Barton Key II
Alice Key Pendleton Relatives Philip Barton Key, uncle
Francis Key Howard, grandson

Francis Scott Key (August 1, 1779 – January 11, 1843) was an American lawyer, author, and amateur poet, from Georgetown, who wrote the lyrics to the United States' national anthem, "The Star-Spangled Banner".

Early life and family

Francis Scott Key was born to Ann Phoebe Penn Dagworthy (Charlton) and Captain John Ross Key at the family plantation Terra Rubra in what was Frederick County, Maryland (now Carroll County, Maryland).[1] His father John Ross Key was a lawyer, a judge, and an officer in the Continental Army. His great-grandparents were Philip Key and Susanna Barton Gardiner, both of whom were born in London and immigrated to Maryland in1726.[2][3]

He studied law at St.John's College, Annapolis, Maryland and also learned under his uncle Philip Barton Key.[4]

From 1818 until his death in 1843, Key was associated with the American Bible Society.[5]

Ancestors of Francis Scott Key [show] "The Star-Spangled Banner"

During the War of 1812, Key, accompanied by the British Prisoner Exchange Agent Colonel John Stuart Skinner, dined aboard the British ship HMS Tonnant, as the guests of three British officers: Vice Admiral Alexander Cochrane, Rear Admiral George Cockburn, and Major General Robert Ross. Skinner and Key were there to negotiate the release of prisoners, one of whom was Dr.William Beanes, a resident of Upper Marlboro, Maryland who had been arrested after putting rowdy stragglers under citizen's arrest. Skinner, Key, and Beanes were not allowed to return to their own sloop because they had become familiar with the strength and position of the British units and with the British intent to attack Baltimore. As a result of this, Key was unable to do anything but watch the bombarding of the American forces at Fort McHenry during the Battle of Baltimore on the night of September 13–14,1814.[12]

Fort McHenry looking towards the position of the British ships (with the Francis Scott Key Bridge in the distance on the upper left)

At dawn, Key was able to see an American Flag still waving and reported this to the prisoners below deck. On the way back to Baltimore, he was inspired to write a poem describing his experience, "Defence of Fort McHenry", which he published in the Patriot on September20,1814. He intended to fit it to the rhythms of composer John Stafford Smith's "To Anacreon in Heaven",[12] a popular tune Key had already used as a setting for his 1805song "When the Warrior Returns," celebrating U.S. heroes of the First Barbary War. (Key used the "star spangled" Flag imagery in the earlier song.)[13] It has become better known as "The Star Spangled Banner". Under this name, the song was adopted as the American national anthem, first by an Executive Order from President Woodrow Wilson in1916 (which had little effect beyond requiring military bands to play it) and then by a Congressional resolution in1931, signed by President Herbert Hoover.

Legal career

In 1832, Key served as the attorney for Sam Houston during his trial in the U.S. House of Representatives for assaulting another Congressman.[14] He published a prose work called The Power of Literature, and Its Connection with Religion in 1834.[4]

Key was appointed as a United States District Attorney, serving from 1833 to 1841.[15]

In 1835, Key prosecuted Richard Lawrence for his unsuccessful attempt to assassinate President of the United States Andrew Jackson.

Pro-slavery activism

Key, a slave-owner himself,[16] used his position to suppress opponents of slavery. In 1833, he indicted Benjamin Lundy, editor of the anti-slavery publication, The Genius of Universal Emancipation, and his printer, William Greer, for libel after Lundy publishing an article that declared, "There is neither mercy nor justice for colored people in this district," referring to the District of Columbia." Lundy's article, Key said in the indictment, "was intended to injure, oppress, aggrieve, and vilify the good name, fame, credit & reputation of the Magistrates and constables" of Washington. Lundy left town rather than face trial; Greer was acquitted.[17]

In 1836, Key prosecuted New York doctor Reuben Crandall, brother of controversial Connecticut school teacher Prudence Crandall, for "seditious libel" for possessing a trunk full of anti-slavery publications in his Georgetown residence. In a trial that attracted nationwide attention, Key charged that Crandall's actions had the effect of instigating enslaved people to rebel. Crandall's attorneys acknowledged he opposed slavery but denied any intent or actions to encourage rebellion. Key, in his final address to the jury said: "Are you willing, gentleman, to abandon your country, to permit it to be taken from you, and occupied by the abolitionist, according to whose taste it is to associate and amalgamate with the gentleman, on the other hand, are there laws in this community to defend you from the immediate abolitionist, who would open upon you the floodgates of such extensive wickedness and mischief?"

Crandall was acquitted.[18]

Death and legacy

In 1843, Key died at the home of his daughter Elizabeth Howard in Baltimore from pleurisy[19] and was initially interred in Old Saint Paul's Cemetery in the vault of John Eager Howard. In 1866, his body was moved to his family plot in Frederick at Mount Olivet Cemetery.

The Howard family vault at Saint Paul's Cemetery, Baltimore, Maryland.

The Key Monument Association erected a memorial in 1898 and the remains of both Francis Scott Key and his wife, Mary Tayloe Lloyd, were placed in a crypt in the base of the monument.

Despite several efforts to preserve it, the Francis Scott Key residence was ultimately dismantled in1947. The residence had been located at 3516–18MStreet in Georgetown.[20]

Though Key had written poetry from time to time, often with heavily religious themes, these works were not collected and published until 14 years after his death.[4] Two of Key's religious poems used as Christian hymns include "Before the Lord We Bow" and "Lord, with Glowing Heart I'd Praise Thee".[21]

In 1806, Key's sister, Anne Phoebe Charlton Key, married RogerB.Taney, who would later become Chief Justice of the United States. In 1846his daughter Alice married U.S.Senator George H. Pendleton.[22] In1859 Key's son Philip Barton KeyII was shot and killed by Daniel Sickles – a U.S.Congressman who would serve as a general in the American Civil War – after he discovered that Philip Barton Key was having an affair with his wife.[23] Sickles was acquitted in the first use of the temporary insanity defense.[24] In1861 Key's grandson Francis Key Howard was imprisoned in FortMcHenry with the Mayor of Baltimore George William Brown and other locals deemed pro-South.

Key was a distant cousin and the namesake of F.Scott Fitzgerald, whose full name was Francis Scott Key Fitzgerald. His direct descendants include geneticist Thomas Hunt Morgan, guitarist Dana Key, and American fashion designer and socialite Pauline de Rothschild.[citation needed]

Monuments and memorials Plaque commemorating the death of Francis Scott Key placed by the DAR in Baltimore.
  • Francis Scott Key Monument in Baltimore, Maryland
  • Two bridges are named in his honor. The first is the Francis Scott Key Bridge between the Rosslyn section of Arlington County, Virginia, and Georgetown in Washington, D.C.. Scott's Georgetown home, which was dismantled in 1947 (as part of construction for the Whitehurst Freeway), was located on M Street NW, in the area between the Key Bridge and the intersection of M Street and Whitehurst Freeway. The location is illustrated on a sign in the Francis Scott Key park.[25]
  • The other bridge is the Francis Scott Key Bridge, part of the Baltimore Beltway crossing the outer harbor of Baltimore, Maryland. Baltimore's Francis Scott Key Bridge is located at the approximate point where the British anchored to shell Fort McHenry.
  • St. John's College, Annapolis, which Key graduated from in 1796, has an auditorium named in his honor.
  • Francis Scott Key was inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame in 1970.
  • He is buried at Mount Olivet Cemetery in Frederick. His family plot is next to Thomas Johnson, the first governor of Maryland, and friend Barbara Fritchie, who allegedly waved the American Flag out of her home in defiance of Stonewall Jackson's march through the city during the Civil War. Fritchie's resistance was memorialized in a poem by Poet Laureate John Greenleaf Whittier.
  • Francis Scott Key Hall at the University of Maryland, College Park is named in his honor. The George Washington University also has a residence hall in Key's honor at the corner of 20th and F Streets.
Maryland Historical Society plaque marking the birthplace of Francis Scott Key
  • Francis Scott Key also has a school named after him in Brooklyn, New York. I.S 117 is a junior high school located in the Fort Greene section of Brooklyn on Willoughby Avenue. It houses 6th, 7th, and 8th grade classrooms as well as a District 75 Special Education unit. The Special Education classes include children who are emotionally disturbed. For more information on the school and its programs please visit the schools main site, P369k, located in Downtown Brooklyn.
  • Francis Scott Key High School in rural Carroll County, Maryland.
  • Francis Scott Key Middle School (at least three)
  • Francis Scott Key Elementary School (several, including California,[26] Maryland, Virginia, Washington, DC); Francis Scott Key School in Philadelphia.
  • Francis Scott Key Mall in Frederick County, Maryland.
  • The Frederick Keys minor league baseball team – a Baltimore affiliate – is named after Key.
  • A monument to Key was commissioned by San Francisco businessman James Lick, who donated some $60,000 for a sculpture of Key to be raised in Golden Gate Park.[27] The travertine monument was executed by sculptor William W. Story in Rome in 1885–87.[27][28] The city of San Francisco recently allocated some $140,000 to renovate the Key monument, which was about to be lost to Environmental degradation if repairs weren't made. Repairs were recently finished on the monument located in the music concourse outside the de Young Museum.
  • The US Navy named a submarine in his honor, the USSFrancis Scott Key(SSBN-657).

1704 Francis Scott Key Owned Signed Americana Star Spangled Banner Law Legal

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