1745 Laws Rhode Island Benjamin Franklin Folio Colony American Legal Colonial
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1745 Laws Rhode Island Benjamin Franklin Folio Colony American Legal Colonial:
Acts and laws, of His Majesty's colony of Rhode-Island, and Providence-Plantations, in New-England, in America [1 March 1663-27 May 1745]
Newport, Rhode-Island : Printed by the Widow Franklin, and to be sold at the town school-house, M, DCC, XLV. 
Rare 1745 collection of Colonial Rhode Island Laws, printed by none other than Anne Franklin, wife of Benjamin Franklin's brother James! What makes this find extra historical and important is that this folio marked Anne Franklin's place in the publishing world. As the first woman in America to be a printer/publisher, taking over for her deceased husband, she took on in
1745 her largest commission, five hundred copies of this exact
folio edition of the Acts and Laws of Rhode Island! This was more than likely one of those copies! See more about her and this publication below.This copy covered the years from 1663-1744, with great woodcut devices and initials throughout, although it remains sadly incomplete and very worn. The Laws within cover just about everything that you could imagine... from voting laws, hunting & fishing laws, bounties on wolves, bears and wildcats, bad debts, taxes, milita, and many more subjects. Some great exerpts include statutes such as a conviction of adultery affords the penalty is 39 lashes, or if not married and having sex then you are subject to 10 lashes if caught. They also dealt with rape, but only if a Negro slave raped a white woman (He would be branded with the letter "R" on each cheek, whipped in the public square and then sold by the Sheriff to anyone that would take him out of Rhode Island never to return... for this the sheriff would receive 2-1/2 % comission of the sale price for his troubles!). Measures 11.5" x 7.5". Leather spine with loss, raised bands b ut title compartment remains. Incomplete within, as title and Charter are lacking, starting with page 1, detached, but missing pp 3-18 afterwards. Pages after this present but loosely bound, ending at 266, lacking al afterwards (308pp called for). At one point the book was used as a scrapbook, but the first 25 or so pages in the book survived after removal of pastedowns, but their scars remain, as shown. Many pages with writing, all by the Johnson family, starting with Peleg, then William, and then Olive,etc, with Mansfield mentioned as well. Front board has also detached, and the leather overall is very worn with loss. nevertheless, a landmark publication for women and for Rhode Island, and a substantial piece of American history. Good luck!
Provenance-Dr. Peleg Johnson was born in Charlestown, Rhode Island on 1791 Jul 27, the oldest son of Kenyon and Elizabeth Johnson. His father wanted him to remain on the farm but Peleg Johnson left in 1811 at the age of 20 to begin medical studies under Dr. Soule of Mansfield, Connecticut. He graduated from Yale College in 1816. In 1821, Johnson married Sarah Hines of Washington, Rhode Island and moved to Kingston, Rhode Island where he lived the remainder of his life.
Ann Smith Franklin From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search Ann Smith Franklin Born Ann Smith
October 2, 1696
Boston, Massachusetts, USA Died April 16, 1763 (aged66)
Newport, Rhode Island Other names "Widow Franklin" Ethnicity American Occupation Newspaper/Almanac Printer/Publisher Notable credit(s) America's first woman newspaper editor Spouse(s) James Franklin Children 5 Relatives Benjamin Franklin, brother-in-law
Ann Smith Franklin (October 2, 1696 – April 16, 1763) was an American colonial newspaper printer and publisher. She inherited the business from her husband, James Franklin, brother of Benjamin Franklin. She published the Newport, Rhode Island Mercury, printed an almanac series, and printed Rhode Island paper currency. Ann was the country’s first woman newspaper editor, first woman to write an almanac, and the first woman inducted into the University of Rhode Island's Journalism Hall of Fame.
Ann was born in Boston to Samuel and Anna Smith. She married James Franklin in Boston on February 4, 1723.Career
Ann Smith Franklin was the wife of the printer James Franklin and sister-in-law to Benjamin Franklin. After experiencing harsh censorship in Boston—including a jail term—for the supposedly "wicked" articles he published in The New England Courant, James decamped for the freer atmosphere of the colony of Rhode Island. He and Ann brought the first printing press to the colony and published its first newspaper, The Rhode Island Gazette. When James died in 1735, Ann was left a widow, with five young children to support, at the age of thirty-nine.
She seems to have learned printing soon after her marriage in 1723. Although she did only commercial job work in her first year of widowhood, she soon expanded her repertoire, reviving the profitable Rhode Island Almanack and becoming official printer to the colony. In 1745 she undertook her largest commission, five hundred copies of a folio edition of the Acts and Laws of Rhode Island. Princeton's copy is bound in its original marbled papers. The volume also includes another item printed in her official capacity, the colony's charter granted by Charles II. Acts and Laws, of his Majesty's Colony of Rhode-Island, and Providence-Plantations, in New-England, in America, Newport, Rhode-Island: Printed by the Widow Franklin, and to be Sold at the Town-School-House [sic], 1745.
The title page woodcut shows the arms of the colony.
Rare Books Division, the Miriam Y. Holden Collection on the History of Women
Other works in the exhibition:
The Charter Granted by His Majesty King Charles II to the Governor and Company of the English Colony of Rhode-Island and Providence-Plantations, in New-England in America, Newport, Rhode-Island: Printed by the Widow Franklin, and to be Sold at the Town School-House, 1744. Princeton University Library, Graphic Arts Collection Rebecca W. Davidson, Curator of Graphic Arts (2000-2004)
They had five children while in Newport, including daughters Mary and Elizabeth, and son James Jr. (c.1730-1762). James Jr. attended Philadelphia Academy with;his cousin William, Benjamin's son, before James Jr. apprenticed in the printing trade with his Uncle Benjamin. After a long illness, James died in Newport in 1735, leaving Ann a widow, aged 39, with three young children to support, one child having preceded him in death.
In 1736, Ann petitioned the General Assembly of Rhode Island, seeking printing work in order to support her family. She was awarded the contract, becoming the General Assembly's official printer to the colony, a position she held until she died. In this official capacity, she printed the colony's charter granted by Charles II of England. To supplement her income, she printed sermons for ministers, advertisements for merchants, as well as popular British novels. Ann's most notable work was compiling and publishing five editions of the Rhode Island Almanack, for the years 1737-1741. In 1741, she began selling her brother-in-law Benjamin's alamanac, Poor Richard's Alamanac, and in 1745, she printed 500 copies of the Acts and Laws of Rhode Island as a folio edition, her largest commission.
Though a second child died young, Mary, Elizabeth, and James Jr. worked in the family business. The daughters performed typesetting. While James Jr. ran the business, now called "Ann and James Franklin", with his mother. During this time, however, some of Ann's imprints continued to bear the name "Widow Franklin". In 1758, they published the Newport Mercury, Rhode Island's first newspaper.Later years
As Ann grew older, she turned over many business responsibilities to son James Jr. But after the deaths of her remaining children, Ann, now age 65, returned to the printing press. She took on the printer Samuel Hall, who had been her son-in-law, as her business partner in 1761, forming "Franklin & Hall". Under this imprint, they printed a folio of Rhode Island schedules.
Ann Smith Franklin died in Newport in 1763.Awards
- Journalism Hall of Fame, University of Rhode Island
- Yankee Quill Award, 2008
- Stafford, J. (1736). The Rhode Island almanack for the year, 1737. ... Fitted to the meridian of Newport, on Rhode-Island, whose latitude north is 41 gr. 30 m. longitude from London, 72 grs. Newport [R.I.]: Printed and sold by the Widow Franklin, at the town school-house. OCLC 62819626
- Stafford, J. (1737). The Rhode-Island almanack for the year, 1738. ... Fitted to the meridian of Newport, on Rhode-Island, whose latitude north is 41 gr. 30 m. longitude from London, 72 grs. but may without sensible error, serve from New Found-land [sic] to South Carolina. Tides excepted. Newport [R.I.]: Printed and sold by the Widow Franklin, at the town school-house. OCLC 62819627
- The Rhode-Island almanack for the year, 1739 ... Fitted to the meridian of Newport, on Rhode-Island, whose latitude north is 41 gr. 30 m. longitude from London, 72 grs. But may without sensible error, serve from New-Found-Land to South Carolina. (1738). Newport [R.I.]: Printed and sold by the Widow Franklin at the town school-house. OCLC 55834986
- Franklin, A. (1739). The Rhode-Island almanack for the year, 1740.: ... Fitted to the meridian of Newport, on Rhode-Island, whose latitude north is 41 gr. 30 m. longitude from London, 72 grs. But may without sensible error, serve from New Found-land to South Carolina. Tides excepted. Newport [R.I.]: Printed and sold by the Widow Franklin, at the town school-house. OCLC 207876385
- The Rhode-Island almanack for the year, 1741. ... Fitted to the meridian of Newport, on Rhode-Island, whose latitude north is 41 gr. 30 m. longitude from London, 72 grs. But may without sensible error, serve from New Found-land to South Carolina. Tides excepted. (1740). Newport [R.I.]: Printed and sold by the Widow Franklin at the town school-house. OCLC 70091132
- (1744). Acts and laws, of His Majesty's colony of Rhode-Island, and Providence-Plantations, in New-England, in America [1 March 1663 - 27 May 1745]. Newport: Printed by the Widow Franklin, and to be sold at the Town School-House. OCLC 18555959
- (1744). The charter granted by His Majesty, King Charles II to the Governor and company of the English Colony of Rhode-Island and Providence-Plantations, in New-England in America. Newport: Printed by the Widow Franklin. OCLC 5076592
- Franklin, J., & Franklin, A. S. (1759). An act for vesting and distributing intestate estates. Newport, R.I.: Printed by James Franklin. OCLC 5261454
- Deloney, T. (1746). Fai[r Rosamond] Ga[?...] who wa[s King Henry] the Seco[nd's concubine], and put [to death] by Queen [Elinor, i]n the bower of Woodstock, near Oxford. Newport [R.I.]: Printed and sold by the Widow Franklin, at the town school-house. OCLC 68587011
- Nathan ben Saddi, Dodsley, R., & Chesterfield, P. D. S. (1741). The chronicle of the kings of England, Written in the manner of the ancient Jewish historians. London, printed: Re-printed and sold by the Widow Franklin. OCLC 62565273
- Aplin, J. (1737). John Walton's religion, proved not to be the religion of Jesus. Or A confutation of sundry errors published by John Walton, gent. in his book entituled, the religion of Jesus vindicated. Newport [R.I.]: Printed by the Widow Franklin, for the author. OCLC 55821240
- Bowler, C., Franklin, J., & Franklin, A. S. (1758). Reflections on the conduct and principles of the Quakers in North-America. Newport, R.I.: Printed by James Franklin. OCLC 5215041
- (1761). At the General Assembly of the governor and Company of the English colony of Rhode-Island, and Providence Plantations, in New-England, in America Begun and holden by adjournment, at Newport, within and for the said colony, on Tuesday the twenty-first day of September, in the year of our Lord, one thousand seven hundred and sixty-two, and second of the reign of His Most Sacred Majesty George the Third, by the grace of God, King of Great-Britain, and so forth.: An act for supplying the general treasury with the sum of eight thousand pounds lawful money, by levying a tax upon the inhabitants of this colony. OCLC 55828992
- (1762) Remarks on a late performance, sign'd, a freeman of the colony, in answer to a dialogue between the governor of the colony of Rhode-Island, and a freeman of the same colony. OCLC 55827610