1795, General Jedediah Huntington, Signed Manifest, Schooner Apollo
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1795, General Jedediah Huntington, Signed Manifest, Schooner Apollo:
This item is a wonderful, original pair of documents dated 1795, where Jedediah Huntington has signed as Port Collector, Samuel Hempstead Master , various contents of the ship, 7x13,folds, and the mas ster's oath stating that the attached manifest is true and accurate, both are in very good condition . Manifest is larger than my scanner and did not quite fit, it is complete.
Samuel Booth Hempstead Abt 1755 - 1795, master of this ship, would die a few months after this oath was signed, at Sulawesi Tengah, Indonesia .He was present on the 6th of September, 1781, when the British army under Gen. Benedict Arnold attacked New London, he was stationed in the redoubt near Fort Trumbull, which was attacked by the enemy at their first landing. In this engagement young Hempstead was wounded in the hip and carried home by four comrades. He never recovered entirely from the effect of this wound.
Jedediah Huntington was born August 4, 1743, in Norwich, Conn., to Jabez and Elizabeth (Backus) Huntington. He was graduated at Harvard College in 1763, with distinguished honor. The social rank of his family is evinced by the order of his name on the college catalogue, it being the second on the list of his class, above that of Josiah Quincy. The Master's degree was also conferred on him by Yale College in 1770. After the close of his academic course, he engaged with his father in commercial pursuits, and, with the approach of the struggle for independence, became noted as a Son of Liberty, and an active captain of the militia. Promoted to the command of a regiment, he joined the army at Cambridge, April 26, 1775, just a week after the battle of Lexington. His regiment was part of the force detailed for occupying Dorchester heights; and, after the evacuation of Boston by the British, marched with the army to New York. He entertained the Commander in Chief, on the way, at Norwich.
During the year 1776, he was at New York, Kingsbridge, Northcastle, Sidmun's bridge, and other posts. In April of that year, he helped repulse the British at Danbury, Conn., assailing the enemy's rear, and effecting a junction with his fellow townsman, Benedict Arnold. In March, 1777, Roger Sherman writes that Col. Huntington was recommended by Gen. Washington as a fit person for brigadier, but that Connecticut had more than her share. On May 12 of that year, he was promoted to that rank, as Mr. Sherman stated, "at Gen. Washington's request." In July, he joined Gen. Putnam at Peekskill, with all the Continental troops which he could collect; whence, in September, he was ordered to join the main army near Philadelphia, w he remained at headquarters, at Worcester, Whippin, White Marsh, Gulph Hills, etc.
In November, on the information of the enemy's movement upon Red Bank, he was detached with his brigade, among other troops, to its relief, but Cornwallis had anticipated them. Having shared the hardships of his companions in arms at Valley Forge, through the winter of 1777-8, he, together with Col. Wigglesworth, was, in March, appointed by the Commander in Chief, "to aid Gen. McDougall in inquiring into the loss of forts Montgomery and Clinton, in the State of New York; and into the conduct of the principal officers commanding those posts."
In May, he was ordered with his brigade to the North River, and was stationed successively, at Camp Reading, Highlands, Neilson's Point, Springfield, Shorthills, Totowa, Peekskill, West Point, etc. In July, he was a member of the court martial which tried Gen. Charles Lee for misconduct in the battle of Monmouth; and in September he sat upon the court of inquiry to whom was referred the case of Major Andre. In December of 1780, his was the only Connecticut Brigade that remained in the service. On the 10th of May, 1783, at a meeting of officers, he was appointed one of a committee of four to draft a plan of organization, which resulted in their reporting, on the 13th, the Constitution of the Society of the Cincinnati. On the 24th of June, Washington writes that the army was "reduced to a competent garrison for West Point; Patterson, Huntington, and Greaton being the only brigadiers now left with it, besides the adjutant general." At the close of the war he received the brevet rank of major general.
In 1789, he was apointed by President Washington collector of the customs at New London, then the port of entry for Eastern Connecticut and Connecticut River, which office he retained under four administrations, and resigned shortly before his death. He died in New London, September 25, 1818, w his remains were first interred, though subsequently transferred to the family tomb at Norwich.
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