1846 West Point Cadet Report For Future Civil War General John C Caldwell
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1846 West Point Cadet Report For Future Civil War General John C Caldwell :
1846 WEST POINT US MILITARY ACADEMY REPORT ON CADET JOHN C. TIDBALL - WHO BECAME A MAJORGENERAL IN THE CIVIL WAR - SENT TO HIS FATHER AT HENDRYSBURGH, OHIO. SIGNED BY JOSEPH G. TOTTEN, AS CHIEF OF THE ENGINEER DEPARTMENT OF THE U.S. ARMY - WHO ALSO WAS A GENERAL IN THE CIVIL WAR.
A MONTH LATER, CADET TIDBALL'S FATHER REFOLDED THE WEST POINT REPORT, AND SENT IT TO HIS SON AT WEST POINT, ALONG WITH WRITING A LONG LETTER TO HIS SON TO GO WITH THE REPORT.
The U.S. Military Academyreport measures approx. 7-3/4" x 9-3/4", and is datelined "Engineer Department, Washington, February 29th, 1846".
"EXTRACT from the Class and Conduct Reports of the MILITARY ACADEMY, for the month of January 1846, furnished for the information of Parents and Guardians.
Third Class, composed of 56 Members.
Cadet Tidball, was, in Mathematics......No....."
Continues with the other class subjects (French, Drawing & English Grammar), and rather than giving his class ranking in each subject, the following is written: "same as shown in Report of examinations last month".
Continues with the number of demerits that Tidball received for the month of Jan., and notes that "since the commencement of the Academic year", he had 21 demerits.
Signed, "BY ORDER OF THESECRETARY OF WAR", by "J.G. Totten, Col. & Chief Eng." (Chief of Engineers).
At bottom is a printed notice warning parents, guardians and friends of Cadets that regulations strictly prohibit Cadets from applying for or receiving money or any other supplies "without permission of the Secretary of War, on recommendation of the Superintendent", noting that "provision made for the Cadet by the Government is ample".
A scarce West Point monthly report card forCivil War General JOHN C. TIDBALL,(1825-1905),born in Ohio County, Virginia (now West Va.), he moved to Hendrysburgh,Ohio as a youth; Graduated from the U.S. Military Academy in 1848,and assigned to the 3rd Artillery; When the Civil War began, having attained the rank ofCaptain,he was placed in command of a battery, and engaged in the principal actions of the Army of the Potomac, from the Battle of Bull Run, up to and including the battle of Gettysburg. During the latter part of the Pennsylvania campaign, he commanded a brigade of horse artillery. On Aug. 28, 1863, he was appointed Colonel of the 4th New York Volunteer Artillery, and commanded the artillery of the 2d Corps of the Army of the Potomac during the Richmond campaign, including the battles of the Wilderness and the siege of Petersburg. He was Commandantof cadets at West Point from July 10 to Sept. 22, 1864, and then led the artillery of the 9th Corps from Oct. 9, 1864 until April 2, 1865 in the operations that terminated in Lee's surrender at Appomatox. He was brevetted Brigadier General for gallant services at Spottsylvania, and Major General of Vols. for services at Fort Sedgwick, and was brevetted Brigadier General in the regular Army on March 13, 1865 for gallant and meritorious services during the rebellion. He had a notable post war career in the regular Army, retiring in 1889.
The report is signedby JOSEPH G. TOTTEN, (1788-1864),the 10th person to graduate from West Point, (1805), Totten had an illustrious career as Engineer in the US Army in the War of 1812, where he served as Chief Engineer on the Niagara frontier; The Mexican War, where he planned the operations at Vera Cruz; and as Brigadier General in the Civil War, supervising the defensive works around Washington, D.C. In 1838, he was promoted Colonel, and became Chief Engineer of the U.S. Army and Inspector of West Point, holding both posts until his death.
The West Point report was mailed to John C. Tidball's father, William Tidball, at Hendrysburgh, Belmont County, Ohio,and the folded letter has a red "WASHINGTON CITY/D.C." cds postmark, and red "10" rate handstamp.
William Tidball then refolded the letter, and re-addressed it to his son: "Cadet John C. Tidball, West Point, N.Y.", and wrote a 1+ pgs letter to his son on the blank portions of the lettersheet.
The "turned" letter has a "Hendrysburgh O" manuscript postmark (scarce), and manuscript "10" rate.
The letter from William Tidball to his son, Cadet John C. Tidball, is dated at Hendrysburg, March 24, 1846, and has good content concerning the latest goings on at home, discussing the best route for Tidball to return home on vacation from West Point, and whether he needs any money for travel expenses, and more.
"Understanding from one of your letters to your Uncle Davis that you wished to have a report from the War Department sent to you, to gratify you I send you this one, the last I have received. I wish you to preserve it until you come home, and then bring it with you. I wish you to write to me as soon as convenient after the rec't of this, and let me know something about your determination as to the route you mean to take on your way home. I wish you to come by the way of the Falls of Niagara. Let me know the state of your funds and how your health is.
We are all tolerably well, except your Mother, who has not been very well for about 6 weeks, something like a very bad cold. Your Uncle David is getting into practice about as fast as he could reasonably expect. John H. Johnson is now in the store on the same terms that R. Ralston was heretofore. I have rented Makin's farm for eight years. Henry James has left ours and went to Mr. Cortney Gilbert's farm. A man by the name of Hendershott is coming to ours. I have not bought much Tobacco. Joseph James is with me and will continue with me until harvest. LucindaGilbert is dead. She died about three weeks since of fever. Wheat Beall is now very unwell of the same fever. There are a good many changes here lately, and will be more about the1st of April, but I have no room to communicate them to you in this letter.As soon as I get a letter from you, I will try to answer it and give you some more satisfaction.
If your funds are too low to allow you to take a Northern route on your way home, do not abandon it on that account, for I will try to let you have some to take you back if necessary.
I remain your loving father, Wm. Tidball"