1868 Antique George Washington Freemasonry Masonic Occult Illuminati Free Mason
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1868 Antique George Washington Freemasonry Masonic Occult Illuminati Free Mason:
WASHINGTON AND HIS MASONIC COMPEERS. By Sidney Hayden, Past Master of Rural Amity Lodge, No. 70, Pennsylvania. Published in 1868 by the Masonic Publishing and Manufacturing Co., New York. 8” x 5” cloth hardcover. Illustrated with two steel-engraved frontispiece plates and other illustrations in the text, including a foldout facsimile of a document written by Washington. 407 pages.
Condition: VERY GOOD ANTIQUE CONDITION. Exterior has little wear as shown in photo. Binding is firm and secure. Hinges strong and unbroken. Text is clean and complete, apart from some occasional foxing. No torn, loose or missing pages. Some signatures at front endpaper. Nice example of this rare 145-year-old Masonic title.
This rare antique book is the fascinating chronicle of a little-understood and greatly rumored side of George Washington’s personal history: his membership in the fraternity of Freemasonry. It was written by Sidney Hayden, Past Master of Pennsylvania’s Rural Amity Lodge No. 70, and published one year after the Civil War.
The book traces Washington’s Masonic career, starting with his induction into the Fredericksburg Lodge at the age of 20. Using historical sources and information gleaned from prominent Masons of his day, Hayden creates a parallel history of George Washington, one which complements the standard histories but adds new dimensions to the story of our most famous national figure and reveals the role of the Masonic Craft in the Revolutionary War and the birth of the American republic.
The second part of the book introduces readers to Washington’s Masonic compeers – men of his day, including colleagues and confidantes, who also belonged to the Masonic fraternity. Among them, renowned statesmen, Revolutionary War generals and others.
Hayden writes in the Preface:
Our historians and biographers seldome mention a Fraternity which has existed in this country from its early colonial existence, and embraced in its membership a large number of our countrymen whose names are inscribed on our literary, civil and military rolls of honor. Has this arisen from a prejudice against the institution of Masonry or from a belief that its influences are unimportant?
The virtues which ennoble human character, are taught and cultivated in the lodge-room; and the mystic labors of the Master and his Craftsmen when convened, are such as fit men for the domestic relations of life and the highest duties of citizenship. Washington, with a full knowledge of the subject, wrote: ”Being persuaded that a just application of the principles on which the Masonic Fraternity is founded, must be promotive of virtue and public prosperity, I shall always be happy to advance the interest of the Society, and be considered by them a deserving brother.”
As this part of Washington’s history has been entirely omitted by his biographers, and studiously misrepresented by pamphleteers, the author of these sketches has made a diligent research in veritable records and documents of the last century for information on the subject. He has gratefully to acknowledge the assistance of many eminent Masons in this labor. Every Grand Master who was applied to, gave a cheering commendation and assent for a full examination of all records in his jurisdiction; and officers and members of lodges were ever ready to render all the aid in their power.
Washington’s Masonic history might have been given by his contemporaries, in all its proportions, with fullness of detail. Now, it is like a beautiful column in ruins, -- its parts broken, scattered and moss-grown. We have labored industriously to collect these Parian fragments, and only wish some hand more skilful than our own, might have given each its due place and polish in the most beautiful pillar of the temple of American Masonry.
We have faithfully used the gavel, the square, and the trowel in our work, and confidently submit to the Overseers all which pertains to their use. With the mallet and the engraver’s chisel we are less skilled, and the Masonic connoisseur will perhaps find in this part of our work little to admire. We have not presumed to engrave any lines of beauty of our own, but hope the eye will not look in vain for them in the memorial stones we present, which were wrought by the hands of Washington and his Masonic Compeers.
Of the Compeers, we have only given such Masonic facts as came under our observation in our researches in the Masonic history of Washington; but in each case, they are from veritable records. While they establish the Masonic brotherhood of the individual, we hope they may throw some light on his character, and make his memory more dear to our American brethren.WASHINGTON AND HIS MASONIC COMPEERS is illustrated with William Joseph Williams’s Masonic portrait of George Washington, “painted from life and never before published.” Williams's portrait shows Washington as a Virginia past master, with Masonic regalia and jewels. The book also features a number of text illustrations, including scenes of Masonic significance in Washington’s life and images of his Masonic compeers. Near the center of the book is also found a foldout facsimile of a letter of Washington to the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania.
To give you a better idea of the scope of this landmark work on the “Father of Our Nation,” I have prepared some helpful details below including chapter summaries and an accounting of the illustrations featured in this rare antique book.
PART ONE ~ WASHINGTON:
CHAPTER ONE: Washington’s birth contemporaneous with introduction of Warranted Lodges in America. * Date of his birth from family record. * Emigration of his ancestors to America. * Death of his father. * His boyhood. * Paternal instruction. * Anecdote of his love of truth. * Faithfulness of his mother. * His early education. * His influence with his youthful associates. * Excels in athletic exercises. * His brother Lawrence an officer under Admiral Vernon. * Receives a commission as midshipman in the British navy. * Relinquishes it at the wish of his mother. * Engages as a land surveyor. * His commission as such. * An old log-hut in Clarke County. * Surveys for Lord Fairfax * Illness of his brother. * Washington accompanies him to Barbadoes. * His death and will. * Washington becomes possessed of Mount Vernon. * Is appointed adjutant-general of Virginia militia. * Appearance and general character when he came to manhood. * A candidate for Masonry
CHAPTER TWO: First introduction of Warranted Lodges in America. * First in Boston. * Philadelphia. * Charleston. * Origin of lodge in Fredericksburg. * Its officers in 1752. * Washington’s initiation. * Passing. * Raising. * The Bible and seal of Fredericksburg Lodge. * Brevity of early Masonic records. * Washington but twenty years old when initiated. * Time intervening between that and further degrees. * Sent by the governor of Virginia with message to French commander on Ohio. * Incidents of his journey. * His Indian name. * Commencement of French and Indian War. * Washington placed in command of Virginia forces. * His capitulation at Fort Necessity. * Joins General Braddock's expedition. * Performs the burial-service of that officer. * Unjust distinction towards colonial officers. * Washington visits Boston on the subject. * Becomes enamored with Miss Phillipse. * Again takes command of the Virginia forces. * Participates in the capture of Duquesne. * Retires from military service. * Claims of some that he was made a Mason in a British military lodge without foundation. * Lodges held under different authorities at this time in America. * Lodge of Fredericksburg takes a new warrant from Scotland. * Washington Masonic Cave. * Elected member of House of Burgesses. * His first appearance in the assembly. * His marriage. * His domestic life previous to the Revolution. * Want of Masonic records in Virginia of this period.
CHAPTER THREE: Commencement of the Revolution. * State of Masonry in the colony at that time. * First Congress at Philadelphia. * Peyton Randolph, its president, a Mason. * Washington a member. * Second Congress. * Death of Mr. Randolph. * Washington appointed commander-in-chief of the army. * Death of General Warren. * Washington takes command of the army. * Mrs. Washington visits the headquarters. * Formation of American Union Military Lodge. * Seal of this lodge. * Origin of its design. * St. John's Regimental Lodge. * Removal of American Union Lodge to New York. * Its disasters at the battle of Long Island. * Washington evacuates New York. * Crosses New Jersey, and after the battles of Trenton and Princeton, goes into winter-quarters at Morristown. * State of Masonry in America at this period. * Doherty’s description * Washington selected as Grand Master by lodges in Virginia. * Campaign of 1777, and winter-quarters at Valley Forge. * Washington at prayer. * Statue of him at Lancaster, Pennsylvania. * Campaign of 1778. * Washington present at Masonic celebration in Philadelphia. * Dr. Smith’s sermon. * Published, with dedication to Washington. * Colonel Park’s Masonic Ode. * “Washington,” a Masonic toast. * Campaign of 1779. * Masonic celebration near West Point. * Washington Military Lodge formed. * Washington’s visits to this lodge.
CHAPTER FOUR: Washington’s headquarters again at Morristown. * Attends Masonic celebration there, December 27,1779. * Masonic army convention proposed. * Its meeting and proceedings. * Its address to American Grand Masters. * Existing Grand Lodges at this time. * Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania propose a General Grand Lodge, and choose Washington as General Grand Master. * Sends notification of these proceedings to other Grand Lodges. * Letter to Joseph Werr. * His reply. * Second letter to Mr. Werr. * Grand Lodge of Massachusetts submits proposition from Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania to subordinate lodges. * Resolutions of Warren Lodge at Machias, Maine, in favor of Washington as General Grand Master. * Final action of Grand Lodge of Massachusetts in the matter. * Pennsylvania ever after opposes a General Grand Lodge. * Washington afterwards considered as General Grand Master. * Receives letters as such from Cape Francois. * His Masonic medal. * Pennsylvania Ahiman Rezon dedicated to him. * Copy presented to him. * Military Lodges of the Revolution. * Lodges in the British army. * Anecdotes of. * Action of King David's Lodge at Newport. * Capture of Cornwallis. * News of in Philadelphia. * Death of John Parke Custis. * Washington visits his mother.
CHAPTER FIVE: La Fayette returns to France. * He is a Mason. * Washington receives letter from Watson & Cassoul with Masonic regalia. * His reply. * This regalia now in Lodge No. 22, at Alexandria. * Washington at Newburg. * Military Lodges there. * Masonic "Temple." * Its dedication. * Lodge meetings in it. * Celebration at West Point. * Washington present at celebration of Solomon's Lodge at Poughkeepsie. * Address to him. * Closing scenes of the Revolution. * The " Newburg letters." * Washington calls a council in the Lodge-room. * Origin of the Society of the Cincinnati. * Washington its first president. * An earlier proposed " Order of American Knighthood." * Washington proposed as its Grand Master. * Object of the Society of the Cincinnati. * Opposition to it. * Its Masonic features. * Army disbanded at Newburg. * Washington’s farewell to his officers at New York. * Resigns his commission to Congress at Annapolis. * Extract from his address. * Extract from President Mifflin's address.
CHAPTER SIX: Washington arrives at Mount Vernon. * Receives a letter from lodge at Alexandria. * His reply. * He resumes domestic employments. * His feelings on the occasion. * Calls upon his time and attention burdensome to him. * Employs Mr. Lear as secretary. * A visit from Mr. Watson. * Receives invitation to attend celebration of St. John the Baptist by Lodge at Alexandria. * His reply. * He attends the celebration. * Is elected an honorary member of the Lodge. * La Fayette visits America. * Presents “Washington” Masonic sash and apron. * Apron afterwards presented to Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania. * Distinction between Watson & Cassoul apron and La Fayette apron. * Laying of the cornerstone of the Academy at Alexandria. * Grand Lodge of New York dedicates its first book of constitutions to Washington. * Such dedications to him usual during his lifetime. * Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania becomes an independent body, and requires her lodges to renew their warrants. * Washington president of convention to form Federal constitution. * Lodge at Alexandria takes a new warrant from the Grand Lodge of Virginia, and chooses Washington as Master. * Interesting records and correspondence at that time on the subject. * Washington elected President under the Federal constitution. * Masonic incidents relating to this election in Philadelphia. * Holland Lodge in New York elects Washington an honorary member. * Copy of its letter and certificate to him. * Old "Washington Chapter" of New-York. * Washington’s last visit to his mother. * Her death and grave.
CHAPTER SEVEN: Washington leaves his home to assume the presidency. * Public demonstrations during his journey. * Arrives in New York. * His inauguration. * Chancellor Livingston, Grand Master of New York, administers to him the oath of office on Bible of St. John's Lodge. * Inscription in it relating to the event. * His inaugural address. * Services at St. Paul's Church. * Other public ceremonials. * First address from the Senate. * President's title established. * Rules of presidential etiquette established. * Publio jealousies thereby aroused. * Washington visits the New England States. * Incident at Boston. * Visit to Rhode Island. * King David's Lodge. * Its address to Washington. * His reply. * His visit to the Southern States. * Address to him from Grand Lodge of South Carolina. * His reply. * Importance of this correspondence. * He returns to Mount Vernon. * Southeast corner-stone of the Federal District set with Masonic ceremonies. * Published account of it. * Jealousies as to location of Federal capital. * Its Indian name. * Its present name, "The City of Washington." * The name of Washington often used geographically, and also in naming lodges. * Masonic constitutions of Virginia dedicated to Washington * Proceedings of Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania relative to address to Washington. * Copy of the address. * His reply. * Union of the two neetmok Grand Lodges in Massachusetts. * Their new Book of Constitutions dedicated to Washington. * Their address to him on the occasion. * His reply. * Sword presented him by Frederick the Great. * Box presented by the Earl of Buchan.
CHAPTER EIGHT: Washington re-elected President. * Lays the corner-stone of the Capitol. * Placed at the southeast corner. * Accounts of the procession and ceremonies, aB given by the newspapers of that day. * Address of Joseph Clarke, Grand Master pro tern, on that occasion. * Washington’s participation as a Mason in these ceremonies justly a part of our public history. * Gave strength to the illusion that he was officially General Grand Master of the United States. * Washington’s Masonic portrait in Alexandria. * Records of Lodge No. 22 relating to it. * Inscription on the back of it. * Its sash and apron represent those presented him by La Fayette. * Washington’s farewell address. * His allusion in it to secret political societies. * Attempts long after his death to make these denunciations apply to Masonry. * Extracts from records of the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania relative to address to Washington. * Copy of the address. * His reply. * The inconsistency of the claim that he repudiated his Masonic connection. * His feelings when about to retire to private life. * His last presidential dinner. * Inauguration of Mr. Adams * Washington’s valedictory. * Affecting scene on that occasion.
CHAPTER NINE: Washington leaves Philadelphia and returns to Mount Vernon. * En (japes in domestic pursuits. * Letter to General Knox. * Receives address from Grand Lodge of Massachusetts. * His reply. * Receives letter from Master of his own lodge inviting him to an entertainment. * Accepts it. * Account of this entertainment as published at the time. * His employments * Unpleasant position of France towards our Government. * Washington appointed commander of the provisional army. * Letter to him from the Grand Lodge of Maryland, with copy of Constitutions. * His reply. * Public mind excited by the writings of Barruel and Korison on the subject of llluminism. * Attempts made to implicate Masonry with it. * Rev. Mr. Snyder sends Washington "proofs of a conspiracy." * Copy of accompanying letter from Mr. Snyder. * Washington’s reply. * Mr. Snyder writes him a second letter. * His reply. * Contents of these letters considered. * Other clergymen seek to alarm the public in regard to Masonry. * Grand Lodge of Massachusetts address a letter to President Adams. * His reply. * Grand Lodges of Vermont and Maryland also write letters to Mr. Adams, to which he replies. * Neetmok * Extract from letter of Grand Lodge of Maryland to Mr. Adams. * Extract from his reply. * Rev. Mr. Morse qualifies his sermon when published. * France assumes a more pacific attitude. * Washington’s last celebration of his birthday at Mount Vernon. * Marriago of his adopted daughter. * His birthday anniversaries became National holidays. * Also Masonic holidays. * Dr. Seabury dedicates sermon to him. * Curious pamphlet by Rev. Mr. Weems dedicated to him. * Copy of Mr. Weems’ letter to him, and his reply.
CHAPTER TEN: Washington’s last autumn. * His sickness. * Death. * Who present at the time. * Preparations for the funeral. * Ceremonies arranged by a committee of Lodge No. 22. * Emergent meeting of this lodge. * Meeting of Lodge No. 47. * Other lodges in the district requested to attend the funeral. * Military of Alexandria invited to join as an escort. * Citizens assembled at the funeral. * Inscription on the coffin. * Masonic ceremonies at the house. * Vessel on the river furls its sails. * Formation of the procession. * Clergy present on the occasion. * Who of them were Masons. * Moving of the procession. * Arrival at the tomb. * Religious services. * Masonic ceremonies. * A salute fired. * Entombment concluded. * Lodge No. 22 meets on the following day. * Colonel Deneale elected its Master. * Its former Masters. * Dr. Dick’s address. * Lodges go to the Presbyterian church to hear sermon by Rev. Mr. Maffit. * Lodges attend on two succeeding Sabbaths to hear sermons from various clergymen. * Celebration at Alexandria on the following 22d of February. * Masonic lodges attend in mourning. * Other attendance. * Ceremonies. * Extracts from Dr. Dick’s address on the occasion. * Prayers delivered on the occasion by Eev. Brothers Dr. Mum, Thomas Davis, and William Maffit.
CHAPTER ELEVEN: Rumor of Washington’s death reaches Congress at Philadelphia. * Becomes certain. * Becomes known in all parts of the country. * General sorrow. * Societies of the Cincinnati and Masonic lodges deeply mourn his death. * Congress decrees a national mourning and funeral ceremonies at Philadelphia. * Masonic Fraternity invited to attend. * Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania convened on the occasion. * Grand Master's address. * Resolutions of the Grand Lodge. * It unites with its subordinates in the procession. * General Lee delivers the oration. * Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania meet on the following day. * Resolutions to wear mourning. * Sorrow lodge held by French Lodge in Philadelphia. * Oration before it by Simon Chaudron * Oration published and sent to public officers and Mrs. Washington * Her acknowledgment of it by Mr. Lear. * First news of Washington’s death in New York. * Action of the Common Council. * The Grand Lodge of New York convened. * Its action and resolutions on the occasion. * Masonic Fraternity of New York join in the public funeral ceremonies. * Bible on which Washington’s first oath as President was taken carried in the procession. * News of Washington’s death reaches Boston. * Celebration of the "Landing of the Pilgrims" then being held. * Sensations produced. * Action of the Grand Lodge of Massachusetts. * Lodges unite with citizens in funeral ceremonies. * Grand Lodge of Massachusetts address a letter of condolence to Mrs. Washington, soliciting a lock of her husband's hair. * Her reply, granting the request. * Masonic celebration at Boston, February 11. * Ceremonies on that occasion. * Ceremonies by St. John's Lodge at Boston. * Masonic funeral ceremonies in New Hampshire. * In Vermont. * In Rhode Island. * In Connecticut. * Masonic Fraternity on all such occasions given a post of honor. * Funeral ceremonies in Fredericksburg, Va., by the lodge in which Washington had been made a Mason. * Address by Major Benjamin Day, Grand Master of Virginia, on that occasion. * Public ceremonials at Fredericksburg. * Inventory of Washington’s personal estate shows various Masonic articles. * List and price of them as given. * Conclusion.
PART TWO ~ WASHINGTON’S MASONIC COMPEERS:
MAJOR HENRY PRICE, First Grand Master in New England
SIR WILLIAM JOHNSON, Superintendent of Indian Affairs in New York, and First Master of St. Patrick’s Lodge, on the Mohawk
SIR JOHN JOHNSON, The Last Provincial Grand Master of the First Grand Lodge of New York
PEYTON RANDOLPH, First President of the Continental Congress, and Last Provincial Grand Master of Virginia
EDMUND RANDOLPH, Governor of Virginia and Grand Master of Masons in that Commonwealth
BENJAMIN FRANKLIN, Master of the First Warranted Lodge in Pennsylvania, and Provincial Grand Master of that Province
WILLIAM FRANKLIN, The last of the Royal Governors of New Jersey, and Grand Secretary of the Provincial Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania
GENERAL DAVID WOOSTER, An Officer of the Revolution, and Master of the First Lodge in Connecticut
PIERPONT EDWARDS, The First Grand Master of Connecticut
JABEZ BOWEN, LL.D, Lieutenant-Governor of Rhode Island, and Grand Master of Masons in that State
COLONEL WILLIAM BARTON, The Rhode Island Mason who captured the British General Prescott
JOHN SULLIVAN, Major-General of the Revolution, and first Grand Master of New Hampshire
GENERAL JAMES JACKSON, Governor and Grand Master of Georgia
WILLIAM RICHARDSON DAVIE, Governor of North Carolina and Grand Master of that State
RICHARD CASWELL, Governor of North Carolina, and Grand Master of that State
DR. JAMES MILNOR, Grand Master of Pennsylvania
DR. SAMUEL SEABURY, The first Episcopal Bishop in America
GENERAL RUFUS PUTNAM, First Grand Master of Ohio
AARON OGDEN, Governor of New Jersey
GENERAL MORDECAI GIST, An Officer of the American Revolution, and Grand Master of South Carolina
Masonic Portrait of Washington (frontispiece) * Seal of Fredericksburg Lodge * Washington’s Masonic Cave * Seal of American Union Lodge * Washington Masonic Medal, 1797 * Arms of the Freemasons * Washington’s Coat of Arms * Washington’s Masonic Apron, presented by Lafayette * Bible on which Washington took the Oath of Office as President * Miniature likeness of Washington by Leney * Facsimile letter of Washington to Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania * Masonic procession at laying the cornerstone of the Capitol at Washington in 1793 * Masonic funeral ceremonies of Washington * Portrait and autograph of Major Henry Price * Portrait and autograph of Sir William Johnson * Portrait of Peyton Randolph * Portrait and autograph of Benjamin Franklin * Portrait and autograph of William Franklin * Portrait of David Wooster * Portrait and autograph of Colonel William Barton * Portrait and autograph of General John Sullivan * Portrait and autograph of General James Jackson * Portrait and autograph of William Richardson Davie * Portrait and autograph of Rev. Dr. James Milnor * Portrait and autograph of Dr. Samuel Seabury * Portrait and autograph of General Rufus Putnam * Portrait and autograph of Aaron Ogden * Portrait and autograph of General Mordecai Gist
Remember folks, this is an 1868 original. This book is 145 years old.
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