1878 Picturesque Egypt Antique Egyptian Empires Pyramids Cairo Pharaoh Tombs 1st
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1878 Picturesque Egypt Antique Egyptian Empires Pyramids Cairo Pharaoh Tombs 1st:
DESCRIPTIVE, HISTORICAL, AND PICTURESQUE
Original 1878 First Edition of “Egypt: Descriptive, Historical, and Picturesque” by G. Ebers :: Published by Cassell, Petter, Gaplin & Co. London, Paris & New York :: Each book measures 12 x 16" :: Complete with 314 Pages (Vol I) :: 388 Pages (Vol II)
VERY GOOD CONDITION: Vol I: A tightly bound volume, cracking to hinges but remain firm, first endpaper & verso page loose, lacking rear endpaper, tape repair to front piece illustration, clean internally; Vol II: A tightly bound volume, cracking to hinges but remain firm, creasing to front endpaper, clean internally; overall a great condition set for age.
Here is one of the most thorough and beautiful sets on Egypt ever published. With hundreds of black and white illustrations throughout, the graphic illustrations make the text all the more vivid, drawing the reader into ancient Egypt as it was.
The author Ebers states in the preface:
“Those who already know Egypt will in these pictures find all that they have seen illuminated by the magic hand of genius; those who hope to visit the Nile valley may learn from these pages what they should see there, and how to see it; and those who are tied to home, but who have a desire to learn something of the venerable sites of antiquity—sacred and profane—of the scene of the “Thousand and one nights,” of the art and magic of the East, of the character and life of Orientals, will here find their thirst for knowledge satisfied, and at the same time much to interest them and give them the highest kind of pleasure.”
Throughout, “Egypt, Descriptive, Historical, and Picturesque” contains fascinating glimpses into the ancient world of the Pharaohs, the Pyramids, The Nile River, Egyptian Antiquities, Alexandria, the Rise of Cairo, Egyptian Tombs, Mummies, Obelisks, and much more. Measuring a whopping 12 x 16", bound in Pictorial Gilt Decorated Covers, these books remain in very good condition for age displaying beautifully for an addition to a collector's library.
THE FULL CONTENTS INCLUDE:
ANCIENT ALEXANDRIA: The Position and Importance of Alexandria as a Centre of Commerce—Founding of the City—Its Rapid Progress under the Ptolemies; the Island and Pharaohs—A Glance at the Site of Ancient Alexandria; Gates and Main Streets; the Bruchium—Festival of Adonis, and Syracusan Ladies of Theocritus—Dionysiac Festivals—Its Magnificence under the first Ptolemies; PTOLEMY SOTER, 323—284 B.C.—Commerce, Art, and Science under him—His Son, PHILADELPHUS, 284—246 B.C.—The Height of Alexandria's Splendour; its Museum and Library—Euergetes, 246—221 B.C.—Ptolemy V. Epiphanes, 204—181 B.C.—Euergetes II., Physkon, 169—116 B.C.—The Last Period of Alexandrian Trade—Pompey; Murdered 40 B.C.—Cæsar and Cleopatra; Roman Influence—The Burning of the Library—Antony and Cleopatra, 42—30 B.C.—Octavian: Egypt a Roman Province, 30 B.C.—A.D. 302; Building of the Suburb of Nicopolis—Serapeum; its Library, and Destruction—Pompey's Pillar—Diocletian, A.D. 284—305. Caracalla, 211—217. Hadrian, 117—138—His Letter to Servianus—The Science and Commerce of Alexandria under the Romans—The Produce of its Industry
MODERN ALEXANDRIA: Its Neglected Condition during the last Centuries until the Accession of the Khedive—First Century; its favourable position as a Cradle of Christianity—Persecutions; first of the Christians, and then of the Heathen—ST. CATHERINE, and HYPATIA—Dogmatic Subtleties; Sects; Anchorites—Alexandria as a Rival to Byzantium; Hatred of the Copts for their Greek (Byzantine) Oppressors: they join the Arabs, and Alexandria falls under the Dominion of the Mahommedans—Founding and Growth of Cairo; Ruin of Alexandria as an Emporium—Its Recovery at the Beginning of the Nineteenth Century; French Invasion—Mohammed Ali; Mahmoudeeyeh Canal—The Present Position, Trade, and Splendour of Alexandria—SA'ID PACHA—Suez Canal. ISMAIL PACHA, the Khedive, 1863; Completion of the Suez Canal—Water Works and Gas Lighting. Hospitals and Christian Churches—Peculiar Character of Alexandria among the Cities of Egypt even at the Present Day; Merchants, and the Struggle for Wealth—Suppression of True Oriental Character. Hareems—Palms; Camels—Embroidery and Weaving
THROUGH THE DELTA: Railway from Alexandria through the Nile—Excursion Inland—Culture of the Delta under the Pharaohs; Romans—Byzantines; Islam—at the Present Day—Fertility of the Soil; an Egyptian Village—Ruins of Saïs—Desook, Ancient Naucratis—Reshid (Rosetta), Rosetta Stone—To Tantah—Fair atTantah, and Pilgrims to the Tomb of Seyyid el Bedawee—History of Ahmed el Bedawee
GOSHEN: From Tantah to Zakazeek—Nature of the Country; Pilgrims to Mecca—Ancient Bubastis, the Centre of the Pilgrimages to Aphrodite—Fakoos—Ride through the Desert; its Charm and its Terrors—Crossing the Mu'izz Canal—Ruins of Tanis; History of the City—The Hyksos—SETI I. and RAMESES II. cir. 1400 B.C.—Jews in Egypt—Tablet of Tanis, or Decree of Canopus—Fish sale—A Trip on the Lake of Menzaleh—Damietta and its Neighbourhood—Papyrus and Paper—Mansoorah; Ruins of the Iseum, now Behbeet el-Hagar
MEMPHIS AND THE PYRAMIDS: Ruins of Memphis and its Necropolis, Bedraschên—Mitrahîne; a General View of the Necropolis—Founding of Memphis; Menes; Temple of Ptah; Apis—Memphis at the Theban Period—Its Fall after the Rise of Alexandria, and subsequently of Cairo—Abd-al Lateef on the Ruins of Memphis—From Cairo to Ghizeh—Size of the Pyramid; Climbing the Pyramid of Cheops—View from the Top—Pyramids of Chefren and Mykerinos—Pictures in relief in the Tombs—Mastabas of the Egyptian Nobles—Country and Domestic Life of the Period—The Pyramids not an Evidence of Oppression—Mode of Structure—Materials—Cost of Feeding the Labourers—The Interior of the Pyramid of Cheops—Significance of the Pyramidal form—Plundering of the Pyramids in Later Times—The Coffin of Mykerinos—Legends of Rhodope; Pyramid of Chefren—Sphinx—Visit to Sakkara and Beth Mariette—Pyramid of Sakkara—Serapeum; Origin of Monasticism before Christ—The Apis Bulls and their Tombs—Mastaba of Ti; Paintings on its Walls—Shipbuilding Site among the Ancient other Antiquities at Sakkara—Mastaba Far'ûn
CAIRO: THE FOUNDING AND RISE OF THE CITY: The Praises of Cairo by the Orientals—Its Attractive Charm for Europeans—Memphis, the Mother of Cairo; Taroue and Babylon—Ride to the Ruins of Heliopolis—The Virgin Mary's Sycomore—Temple of the Sun at Heliopolis—Obelisks and Ancient Worship—Benu-bird or Phœnix—Old Cairo or Fostât. Babylon, and the Island of Rôda—Conquest by Islam—The Tent of AMROO—Nilometer—Measuring the Height of the Nile—Fatima's Tree in Rôda—Mosque of Amroo—The Oldest Specimens of Arab Mosques—The Three Famous Pillars in the Mosque of Amroo—Prayer among Moslems—Rapid Progress of Arab Influence in Egypt—Of Science under MAMÛN A.D., 813—833; AHMED-IBN-TULOON, 870—884—His Mosque—OBEID ALLAH and his Great Grandson, MU'IZZ—Djohar Conquers Egypt, and Founds Cairo Proper to the North of Fostât
CAIRO: UNDER THE FATIMITES AND EYOOofferES: MU'IZZ and the Beginning of the Fatimite Dynasty, A.D. 969—1171; Djohar Founds the Mosque of el-Azhar—Trade and Industry of the Nile Valley under the Successors of Mu'izz—Persian Luxury, Delicacies of the Table—Perfumes, Opium, Hashish, and Wei—Gardens—Buildings and Decorations—Mosque of HAKIM, A.D. 996—1020; Power of the Wezeers—SALADIN, 1169—1193, and the Eyoooffere Dynasty, A.D. 1171—1250—The Citadel of Cairo—The Eunuch, Karakoosh—Erection of the Palace of the Khalifs; Joseph's Well—MELIK EL-ADIL, A.D. 1193—1218—MELIK ES-SALÊH, 1240—1249—The Mamelooks; Poet; Beha ed-Din
CARIO: UNDER THE MAMELOOK SULTANS: Bahrite Mamelook Sultans, A.D. 1250—1380. EIBEG—BÊBARS, A.D. 1260—1277; General Character of the Mamelook Rule—KALAÛN, A.D. 1277—1290—His Hospital—Beggars, Schools, and Fountains—EN-NASIR, A.D. 1293—1341—His Second Reign; His Victory over the Mongols; Oppressions of the Christians—Improvement of Cairo by Nâsir—His Love of Horses and Sport—His Patronage of Learned Men (Abu 'l-Feda), and Admiration of the Fair Sex—SULTAN HASAN, A.D. 1346—1361—The Plague in the Year 1348—Mosque of Hasan—Tombs of the Khaleefs and of the Mamelooks—The Burgite, or Circassian Sultans, A.D. 1382—1517; BARKOOK, 1382—1399—FARAG; MU'AIYAD—Mosque of—BURS BEY, A.D. 1422—1438, is made Protector of Mecca—Djidda andAlexandria, the Two Great Marts for the Trade with India—Wealth, Luxury, and Expenditure under BURS BEY—KAIT BEY, A.D. 1468—1496; His General, Ezbek—The Ezbekîye Square in Cairo—Okella and Mosque of Hait-Bey—MUHAMMED, his Son—KANSUWE-EL-GHOORI, A.D. 1501 to 1516—The Period of Arab Legend and Romance; Origin of the “1,001 Nights”—Annihilation of Egyptian Commerce by the Portuguese—Conquest of Egypt by the Turks, 1517—Courageous Defence by the last of the Mamelook Princes, TERMAN BEY, MELIK EL-ASCHRAF
CARIO: ITS DECADENCE AND TOMBS: Turkish Governors—The Beys and their Mamelooks; Ali Bey, A.D. 1771—The Decay of all Ancient Splendour, and its Causes—Religious Character of the Cairenes—Their Indifference to the Ancient Monuments—Absence of the Historical Spirit—Architecture of the Turkish Period—Legends Attaching to the Old Buildings—Powers attributed to Certain Buildings—Tombs of the Welis—Dervish Dance—Tombs of the Companions of the Prophet—Worship of Tombs on the Karâfeh—Tomb of Seyth ibn Sa'ad and the Legend Attaching to it—Tombs of the Chiefs of the Dervish Orders—Tomb of El-Farid
THE REGENERATION OF EGYPT: The French Expedition to Egypt under Napoleon—Battle of the Pyramids—General Kleber—The French Expelled by the English; Mohammed Ali—Becomes Governor of Egypt; the Massacre of the Mamelukes—Ibrahim Pasha Conquers the Morea—A Firman of Hereditary Rights is granted to Mohammed Ali in 1841—The Summer Palace at Shubra—Character of Mohammed Ali—His Mosque on the Citadel—His Successors, Ibrahim, Abbas, and Said, 1849—63; Ismail Pasha, 1863—79—His Railways, Sugar- Factories, and Canals; the Suez Canal—Monsieur de Lesseps; the Opening of the Canal—A Voyage down it—The First Canal about 2,0C0 B.c.; Ismaeeleeyah—Sunset on the Ataka Range—The Town of Suez; the Well of Moses—The Passage of the Israelites—The Donkey Boys of Cairo—The Ezbekeeyeh Square—Chateau of Ghezeereh—Innovations, Reforms, and Extension of Commerce, under the Khedive Ismail
THE RESURRECTION OF THE ANTIQUITIES OF EGYPT: Early Notices of the Antiquities of Egypt—Buonaparte's Expedition; the Rosetta Stone, the Key to Hieroglyphics—Champollion and his Followers—Character of Egyptian Writing—Coptic; the Extent of Egyptian Literature—Ancient Egyptian Art; the Museum at Boolak—Their Plastic Art—Head-Shaving and Wigs—The Laws of Proportion in Egyptian Art—Images of the Gods; a Comparison between the Art of the First and of the Later Empire—Historical View of the Egyptian Monuments—Ornaments—The Decree of Kanopus—Stoloe, Sarcophagi, and other Objects relating to the Services of the Dead—Papyrus Rolls—The Book of the Dead—Magical Formula and Amulets—Medicine, Alchemy, and Astrology
THE UNIVERSITY AND MOSQUE OF EL-AZHAR: The Way to the Mosque—Books and Suppers; the Gate of the Barbers—The Interior; the Teachers and their Disciples—Mode of Teaching and Lecturing—The Character of Mohammedan Learning—History of the University; the Four Sects, or Rituals, of the Mohammedan Religion—Details as to the Foundation, &c.—The Life of the Students—Statistics of the University
CAIRO: THE LIFE OF THE PEOPLE: General Account of their Customs and Manners—I.—The Home; Simple Exterior of the Houses—The Mandaras—The Hareem—The Khatbeh—The Dowry; the Betrothal—Wedding Festivities—The Procession of the Bride—Festivities at the Bridegroom's House—His Meeting with the for the Dead—Prayers—The Official Administrator—The Interment—Mohammedan Ideas as to a Future Life; Mourning Customs—IV.—Tho Birthday of the Prophet—Solemn Assembly in the Kadi's House to Fix the Duration of the Festival—Preparations for it—A Walk on the First Night of the Festival—The Religious Exercise known as a Zikr—Tents of the Officials and Dignitaries—The Dawsah, or "treading," the End of the Festival—V.—Ramadan and Bairam—Ramadan, the Month of Fasting; the Night in the Middle of Sha'aban—Procession to the House of the Kadi at the beginning of the Month—Festival of Little Bairam; Visits, Presents, and Congratulations—VI.—The Festival of the Pilgrimago—Preparation of the Kisweh, or Hangings for the Kaaba at Mecca—The Caravan with the Mahmal—The Start—Worship of the Mahmal—Festival in Commemoration of the Sacrifice of Rams at Mecca—The Return of the Tilgrims
THE START FOR UPPER EGYPT: Different Modes of Travelling—Travelling in a Nilo Boat, or Dahabeeyeh; Guides and Dragomans—Purchasing Necessaries for the Journey—A Parting Glance at Street Life in Cairo—The Crowd in the Muskee—Feeding Cats; Shopping in the Sooks, or Bazaars—A Money-Changer—An Excursion to the Mokattam Range and Petrified Forest—Geology—Harbour of Boolak—Embarking in the Dahabeeyeh
THE TOMBS OF BENI HASAN AND THEIR TEACHINGS: Up the Nile—The Quarries of Tourrah—Buths of Helvran; Pyramid of Moydoom—Excursion to the Oasis of Fayoom—The Labyrinth and Lake of Moeris—Benisuof and Gcbcl et Xcyr; the Khedive's Sugar Plantations; Recruiting in Mineeyeh—Zaweeyel-el-Meyteen, the Cemetery of Mineeyeh—Bakhsheesh—The Rock Tombs of Beni Hasan—Pillars and Capitals—The Tombs and Pictures in them'—Egyptian Culture during the Xlth, Xllth, and XIIIth Dynasties—Decorative Art—Antinoe
ON TO THEBES: The Arabian Range and the Passage of the Straits by Aboo-Fawdah—The Crocodile Cave at Maabdeh—The Doom Palm—Arrival at Siout—Visit to the Necropolis of the Ancient City—Egyptian Wolves—Modern Siout—The Culture of the Shores of the Nile in Ancient and Modern times—The Revolt in Gow-cl Kebeer in 1865—Shooting Wild Ducks—Sohag and the Koptic Monastery—Monasticisin in Egypt, and its Origin—Arrival at Girgeh—Divine Service in a Koptic Church—A Koptic House—Ride to the Ruins of Abydos—Buffaloes—Arabat el-Madfooneh; Earliost Migration of Asiatics into Egypt—This-Abydos; the Osiris Myth—Temple of Abydos—List of Kings—El-Khargch and the other Oases—The Libyan Desert—Keneh—The Road from Kenoh to the Red Sea and Koseyr; its Important in Trade and to the Pilgrims—Dendera, its Great Temple of Hathor—Its Pictures—and Inscriptions
THEBES: Arrival at Luksor; Move from the Dahabeeyeh to a Rock-Tomb at Abd-el-Kurnah—Our Neighbours; the Fellaheen—The Extent of Ancient Thebes—The Necropolis, with its Graves and Temples—History of Thebes and its Builders—Amon Ra—Mausoleum of Queen Hatasu—The Memnonia of the Pharaohs—Egyptian Trade with the Tait, called Pun-t—Thothmes III., his Wars and his Buildings—Civilization in Western Asia in his time—Pharaoh Amenophis III.—Temple of Luksor—Statues of Memnon—Amenophis IV., or Khu-en-Aten—Hor-em-Heb, or Horus—The Ramesside Kings and Temple at Karnak—House of Seti—Rameses II.—The Ramesseum—The Literature of his Age—His other Buildings; Rock Temple at Aboo Simbel—Menephtah and his Successors; Rameses III.; Medinet Haboo—Alliance of the Nations of the Mediterranean against Rameses III.—Coronation and "Feast of Steps"—Wealth and Splendour of Rameses III.—Excursion to the Kings' Tombs—The Tomb of Seti, or Belzoni's Tomb—Tomb of Rameses III.—Tomb of Rameses VI.—History of the XXIst and XXIInd Dynasties (Bubastides), and of the ./Ethiopian Dynasty which succeeded to them—Latest History of Thebes, and its ultimate Decay
FROM THEBES TO THE CATARACT: Hermonthis—Esneh and the Village of el-Kab—Ruins of the Hall of Columns—Singers and Dancers of Esneh—Almas, a Famous Singer—Across the Nile to el-Kab, the Anciont Nekheb—The Eastern Range; the Tombs of el-Kab—The Moon-Goddess, Nekheb, and her Worship—On to Edfoo—Temple of Horus—Strife between Horus and Seth-Typhon—Gebel Silsileh—The Stelae, with Hymns to the Nile—The Tribe of Ababdoh—Geological and Physical Character of the Range, on the Eastern Side, dividing the Arabian Desert and Nile Valley in the East—Ancient Roads and Passes to the Red Sen, and thence to Arabia and India; Wadoe Hamamat (Rohanu); Quarries there—Emerald and Gold Mines—Inhabitants of the Desert—The Nubian Nile; Kom Omboo—The Ancient Nubi—Assouan—The Scenery near Assouan, the Ancient Syene—The Shadowless Well—The Modern Town and its Inhabitants—A Island of Elephantine—Its Southern Declivity—Tombs and Mausoleums in the Desert—Syenite and the Ancient Granite Quarries—Ancient Wall of Bricks—Philae and the First Cataract—Villages of Shellal and Mahada; Islands of the Cataract—Philae and its Charm—Worship of Isis—J. Buildings and Temples—Island of Bigeh—Conclusion
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