1885 Ds Lt. Col. Pulaski Guards And Hero R.d. Gardner For Sale
Gardner, Robert D. (1839-?).
Lt. Col. of the Pulaski Guards of the 4th Virginia in the
Stonewall Brigade in the Civil War, so severely wounded at Fredericksburg he
was forced into a desk job.
Document Signed, 1 page 4to, June 18, 1885 as clerk of Pulaski
County ordering the sheriff to summon James H. Farmer to court to testify on
behalf of a defendant. Very good, folds
and a very small stain in the center which is worse on the blank verso.
Gardner engaged in carpenter work until the opening of the
war of the States, when he at once went into service, receiving rank of first
lieutenant in the Pulaski Guards. They
went to Richmond, thence to Harpers Ferry, and from there to take part in the
first Manassas battle. He received
commission of captain of the same company, now Company C, Fourth Virginia
Infantry, Stonewall Brigade. The
regiment remained in the Virginia valley till the spring of 1862, taking part
in the battles of Kernstown, Port Republic, Cold Harbor, around Richmond, White
Oak Swamp, Fraxiers Farm and Malvern Hill. Transferred then to Colonsville,
they took part in the battles of Cedar Run, second Manassas, Frederic City,
Harpers Ferry, Sharpsburg, Maryland, the retreat across the Potomac, and the
battle of Fredericksburg, December 13,1862. In this battle the subject of this sketch, now
holding rank of colonel of the Fourth Virginia Infantry (which commission he
received before the battle of Winchester), was so severely wounded that he was
compelled to retire from active service. After his recovery he went on post duty till
the close of the war. He made his home in Pulaski county in 1857, and since
1870 has been clerk of the county and circuit courts.
The 4th Regiment, Virginia Infantry was assembled at
Winchester, Virginia, in July, 1861. Its companies were from the counties of
Wythe, Montgomery, Pulaski, Smyth, Grayson, and Rockbridge. It became part of
the Stonewall Brigade and served under Generals T.J. Jackson, T.B. Garnett,
Winder, Paxton, J.A. Walker, and W. Terry. The regiment surrendered with 7
officers and 38 men of which only 17 were armed. The 4th Virginia figured prominently in the movie Gods and Generals.