1885 Ds Lt. Col. Pulaski Guards And Hero R.d. Gardner
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1885 Ds Lt. Col. Pulaski Guards And Hero R.d. Gardner :
Gardner, Robert D. (1839-?). Lt. Col. of the Pulaski Guards of the 4th Virginia in the Stonewall Brigade in the Civil War, so severely wounded at Fredericksburg he was forced into a desk job.
Document Signed, 1 page 4to, June 18, 1885 as clerk of Pulaski County ordering the sheriff to summon James H. Farmer to court to testify on behalf of a defendant. Very good, folds and a very small stain in the center which is worse on the blank verso.
Gardner engaged in carpenter work until the opening of the war of the States, when he at once went into service, receiving rank of first lieutenant in the Pulaski Guards. They went to Richmond, thence to Harpers Ferry, and from there to take part in the first Manassas battle. He received commission of captain of the same company, now Company C, Fourth Virginia Infantry, Stonewall Brigade. The regiment remained in the Virginia valley till the spring of 1862, taking part in the battles of Kernstown, Port Republic, Cold Harbor, around Richmond, White Oak Swamp, Fraxiers Farm and Malvern Hill. Transferred then to Colonsville, they took part in the battles of Cedar Run, second Manassas, Frederic City, Harpers Ferry, Sharpsburg, Maryland, the retreat across the Potomac, and the battle of Fredericksburg, December 13,1862. In this battle the subject of this sketch, now holding rank of colonel of the Fourth Virginia Infantry (which commission he received before the battle of Winchester), was so severely wounded that he was compelled to retire from active service. After his recovery he went on post duty till the close of the war. He made his home in Pulaski county in 1857, and since 1870 has been clerk of the county and circuit courts.
The 4th Regiment, Virginia Infantry was assembled at
Winchester, Virginia, in July, 1861. Its companies were from the counties of
Wythe, Montgomery, Pulaski, Smyth, Grayson, and Rockbridge. It became part of
the Stonewall Brigade and served under Generals T.J. Jackson, T.B. Garnett,
Winder, Paxton, J.A. Walker, and W. Terry. The regiment surrendered with 7
officers and 38 men of which only 17 were armed. The 4th Virginia figured prominently in the movie Gods and Generals.