1885 Pine Creek Railroad Bond Signed By William K. Vanderbilt And Chauncey Depew
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1885 Pine Creek Railroad Bond Signed By William K. Vanderbilt And Chauncey Depew:
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1885 Pine Creek Railway Company $1000 Bond Certificate
Issued and signed. Signed by William Kissam Vanderbilt and Chauncey Depew as trustees. Also lists William Henry Vanderbilt on the reverse in the transfer section, and then it was transferred to multiple Vanderbilts when W.H. Vanderbilt died! Another great feature is that on the reverse the bond is signed by the officers of three different railroads, The Corning, Cowanesque and Antrim Railway, The Philadelphia and Reading Railroad and the NY Central and Hudson River Railroad! Also has the embossed corporate seal of the three railroads! A gem of a bond! Very historical bond, signed by two important early New Yorkers, read about them below. Superb, crisp and clean condition!
William Kissam Vanderbilt(December 12, 1849 – July 22, 1920) was a member of the prominent AmericanVanderbilt family. He managed railroads and was a horse breeder.Biography
The second son ofWilliam Henry Vanderbilt, from whom he inherited $55million, and grandson of "The Commodore"Cornelius Vanderbilt, William Kissam Vanderbilt was for a time active in the management of the family railroads, though not much after 1903. His sons,William Kissam Vanderbilt II(1878–1944) andHarold Stirling Vanderbilt(1884–1970), were the last to be active in the railroads, the latter losing aproxy battlefor theNew York Central Railroadin the 1950s.
In 1879 after taking overP.T. Barnum's Great Roman Hippodrome which was on railroad property byMadison Square Parkhe renamed the facilityMadison Square Garden.
Vanderbilt's first wife wasAlva Erskine Smith(1853–1933), whom he married on April 20, 1875. She was born in 1853, inMobile, Alabamato Murray Forbes Smith, acommission merchant, and Phoebe Ann Desha, daughter ofUS RepresentativeRobert Desha.They had three children.Consuelo Vanderbiltwas born on March 2, 1877, followed byWilliam Kissam Vanderbilt IIon March 2, 1878, andHarold Stirling Vanderbilton July 6, 1884. Alva later maneuvered Consuelo into marryingCharles Spencer-Churchill, 9th Duke of Marlboroughon November 6, 1895. Alva divorced Vanderbilt in March 1895, at a time when divorce was rare among the elite, and received a large financial settlement reported to be in excess of $10 million. The grounds for divorce were allegations of Vanderbilt's adultery. Alva remarried to one of their old family friends,Oliver Hazard Perry Belmont, on January 11, 1896.
In 1903, Vanderbilt married Anne Harriman, daughter of bankerOliver Harriman. She was a widow to sportsmanSamuel Stevens Sandsand to Lewis Morris Rutherfurd, Jr., son of the astronomerLewis Morris Rutherfurd. Her second husband died in Switzerland in 1901. She had two sons by her first marriage and two daughters by her second marriage. She had no children by Vanderbilt.
After the death of his brother,Cornelius Vanderbilt II, in 1899, Vanderbilt was generally regarded as head of theVanderbilt family.William K. Vanderbilt Houseon Fifth Avenue, New York City
Like other Vanderbilts, he built magnificenthouses. His homes includedIdle Hour(1900) onLong IslandandMarble House(1892), designed byRichard Morris Hunt, inNewport, Rhode Island. Hunt also designed Vanderbilt's660 Fifth Avenuemansion (1883).
Vanderbilt was a co-owner of the yachtDefender, which won the 1895America's Cup. Vanderbilt was a founder and president of theNew Theatre. He was also the builder of theLong Island Motor Parkway.
Thoroughbred horse racing
Vanderbilt was one of the founders ofThe Jockey Club. He was a shareholder and president of theSheepshead Bay Race TrackinBrooklyn, New Yorkand the owner of a successful racing stable.
In 1896, he built the American Horse Exchange at50th Street (Manhattan)and Broadway. In 1911 he leased it (and eventually sold it to) theShubert Organizationwho then transformed it into theWinter Garden Theatre.
After his divorce from Alva, he moved toFrancewhere he built achâteauand established theHaras du Quesnayhorse nearDeauvillein France's famous horse region ofLower Normandy. Among the horses he owned was theU.S. Racing Hall of FamefillyMaskette, purchased fromCastleton FarminLexington, Kentuckyfor broodmare services at his French breeding farm. Vanderbilt's horses won a number of important races in France including:
- Critérium de Northeast (1907), Montrose II (1911)
- Critérium de Saint-Cloud: Illinois II (1901), Marigold (1902)
- Grand Critérium: Prestige (1905), Montrose II (1911)
- Grand Prix de Deauville: Turenne style="margin-bottom: 0.1em;">Grand Prix de Paris: Northeast style="margin-bottom: 0.1em;">Grand Prix de Saint-Cloud: Maintenon (1906), Sea Sick (1908), Oversight (1910)
- Poule d'Essai des Poulains: McKinley (1919)
- Prix de Guiche:Negofol(1909), McKinley (1919)
- Prix de la Forêt: Prestige (1905), Montrose II (1911, dead-heat), Pétulance (1911, dead-heat)
- Prix du Jockey Club: Maintenon (1906), Sea Sick (1908), Negofol (1909), Tchad (1919)
- Prix Eugène Adam: Alpha (1903), Maintenon (1906)
- Prix Boiard: Prestige (1906), Maintenon (1907) et Tchad (1920)
- Prix Jean Prat: Prestige (1906)
- Prix Kergorlay: Turenne (1904), Maintenon (1906), Sea Sick (1909, 1910)
- Prix Lagrange: Prestige (1906)
- Prix Morny: Prestige (1905), Messidor III (1909) et Manfred (1910)
- Prix Robert Papin: Prestige (1905), Montrose II (1911), Gloster (1912)
- Prix La Rochette: Schuyler (1907), Manfred (1910), Brume (1910), Pétulance (1911)
- Prix Royal-Oak: Maintenon (1906), Reinhart (1910)
William Kissam Vanderbilt died in Paris, France on July 22, 1920.His remains were brought home and interred in the Vanderbilt family vault in theMoravian CemeteryinNew Dorp, Staten Island, New York.
In World War II, the United Statesliberty shipSSWilliam K. Vanderbiltwas named in his honor.
Chauncey Mitchell Depew(April 23, 1834– April 5, 1928) was Vanderbilt's railroad interests, president of the New York Central Railroad System, and aUnited States SenatorfromNew Yorkfrom 1899 to 1911.Biography
He was born on April 23, 1834. He attendedPeekskill Military Academyfor 12 years. He then attendedYale Universityfrom 1852 to 1856. He had second dispute appointments Junior and Senior years; speaker at Junior Exhibition and Commencement; member of the Thulia Boat Club,Linonia(third president),Kappa Sigma Epsilon,Kappa Sigma Theta,Psi Upsilon, andSkull and Bones.:165
Following his graduation from Yale, Depew entered the office of Edward Wells, a lawyer in Peekskill, as a student. Depewread lawwith William Nelson ofPeekskill, New Yorkfrom 1856–58; was admitted to the bar in March, 1858; opened an office and practiced in Peekskill until 1861; later engaged in the brokerage business inNew York Cityas member of firm of Depew & Potter for a few months; then resumed his law practice in Peekskill, but shortly afterwards moved to New York City; in 1865 appointed and confirmedUnited States Minister to Japan, but declined the appointment to pursue his railroadcareer.
In 1866, Depew became the attorney forNew York & Harlem Railroad. Three years later he took the same position for theNew York Central and Hudson River Railroad. Having earned recognition for his work with subsidiary companies of the Vanderbilt roads, he was moved up in 1876 to become general counsel and director of the whole"Vanderbilt System."Six years later he began serving on the executive board of the New York Central & Hudson River Railroad as second vice president. In 1885, he was elected president of the railroad and served until 1898. Following the presidency, he served as chairman of board of directors ofNew York Central RailroadCompany.
While Depew was active in the Vanderbilt roads in New York he held concurrent positions with many other railroads and companies. He was president ofWest Shore Railroad. He served on the boards of directors for theNew York and Harlem Railroad, theChicago and North Western Railway, theChicago, St. Paul, Minneapolis and Omaha Railway, theCleveland, Cincinnati, Chicago and St. Louis Railroad, theDelaware and Hudson Railroad, theNew Jersey Junction Railroad, theSt. Lawrence and Adirondack Railroad, theWalkill Valley Railroad, theCanada Southern Railroad.
Aside from railroads, Depew also served on the boards of director forW. U., theHudson River Bridge[disambiguation needed]Company, the Niagara River Bridge Company, the New York State Realty & Terminal Company, the Union Trust Company, EquitableLife Assurance Company, and Kensico Cemetery Association. He was appointed regent of theUniversity of the State of New Yorkin 1877 and served until 1904.
PoliticsChauncey M. Depew
He was a member of theNew York State Assembly(Westchester Co., 3rd D.) in1862and1863, and during the latter year acted at times asSpeakerpro tempore while SpeakerTheophilus C. Callicotwas under investigation.From 1864 to 1865, he wasSecretary of State of New York, elected in1863on the Union ticket.
He was one of the commissioners appointed to build the state capitol 1874; in 1867 appointed clerk ofWestchester County, but resigned after a short service; made immigration commissioner by New York Legislature in 1870, but declined to serve; member of boundary commission of the state of New York in 1875; had also been commissioner of quarantine and president of Court of Claims of New York City and commissioner of taxes and assessments for the city and county of New York; defeated forLieutenant Governor of New Yorkon theLiberal Republican-Democraticticket in1872; candidate forU.S. Senator from New Yorkin1881, but withdrew after the 41st ballot; declined nomination as a senator in 1885; but elected to the U.S. Senate in1899, and re-elected in1905, and served from March 4, 1899, to March 4, 1911; stumped the state of New York forJohn C. Frémontin1856and forAbraham Lincolnin1860; delegate-at-large to Republican National conventions 1888-1904 and delegate to all following conventions, including 1928, being elected the day before he died; made the nomination speeches for Harrison in 1892, Governor Morton in 1896, and Fairbanks in 1904; at the convention in 1888 received ninety-nine votes for the presidential nomination, and in 1892 declined an appointment as Secretary of State in Harrison's cabinet; Adjutant of the 18th Regiment, New York National Guard, which served in theAmerican Civil War, and later Colonel and Judge Advocate of the 5th Division, on the staff of Major GeneralJames W. Hustedof the New York Guard, trustee ofPeekskill Military Academy; president of New York State Society of theSons of the American Revolution, of thePilgrims Societyfrom 1918 until his death, of theSt. Nicholas Society, and of theUnion Leaguefor seven years (member since 1868 and elected honorary life member at the close of his presidency); an officer of the FrenchLégion d'honneur; vice president ofNew York Chamber of Commerce1904-08 (member since 1885).
He was a member of Yale Corporation 1888-1906; member of the Yale Alumni Association of New York at the time of its organization in 1868, its third president (1883–1892), and one of the incorporators of theYale Club of New York Cityin 1897; a vice chairman of the $20,000,000 Yale Endowment Campaign; made LL D. Yale 1887; elected an honorary member of Yale Class of 1889 in 1923; By the terms of his will, a bequest of $1,000,000 was left to Yale without restrictions as to its use.
He was made an honorary member of Columbia chapter ofPhi Beta Kappain 1887; member of citizens' committee of the civic organization to complete the Cathedral of St. John the Divine in New York City; in 1918 gave a statue of himself to Peekskill and 10 acres (40,000m2) of land for an extension of Depew Park, which he gave to the village in 1908. He was also a distinguished orator and after-dinner speaker; author: Orations and After Dinner Speeches (1890), Life and Later Speeches (1894), Orations, Addresses and Speeches (eight volumes) (1910), Speeches and Addresses on the threshold of Eighty (1912), Addresses and Literary Contributions on the Threshold of Eighty-two (1916), Speeches and Literary Contributions on the Threshold of Eighty-four (1918), My Memories of Eighty Years and Marching On (1922); Miscellaneous Speeches on the Threshold of Ninety-two (1925); contributed a "My Autobiography" in 1922, and an article to the 50th Anniversary Supplement of the Yale Daily News entitled "An Optimistic Survey" in 1928; member Metropolitan Museum of Art, American Association for the Advancement of Science,Society of Colonial Wars, Connecticut Society of theSociety of the Cincinnati,Holland Society,Huguenot Society,New England Society, France-America Society,New York Historical Society, St. Augustine (Fla.) Historical Society,American Scenic and Historic Preservation Society, National Horse Show, Lafayette Post of theGrand Army of the Republic, and St. Thomas' (Episcopal) Church, New York; made life member of Lawyers' Club of New York in 1918; honorary member New York Genealogical and Biographical Society.
Death due to bronchial pneumonia. Buried in family mausoleum in Hillside Cemetery, Peekskill.
The Village ofDepew, New York, incorporated in 1894 and once home to a New York Central Railroad factory, is named after Chauncey M. Depew. The town ofDepew, Oklahomais also named for him.
FamilyChauncey M. Depew
His father, Isaac Depew, was a merchant and farmer; pioneer in river transportation between Peekskill and New York; son of Abraham Depew, who served in the Revolutionary Army, and Catherine (Crankheit) Depew, great-grandson of Captain James Cronkite of the Continental Army; descendant ofFrangois DuPuy, a French Huguenot, who came to America about 1661, settled first in Brooklyn, N. Y., and in 1685 bought land from the Indians at the present site of Peekskill. Mother, Martha Minot (Mitchell) Depew; daughter of Chauncey Root Mitchell, a lawyer, and Ann (Johnstone) Mitchell; granddaughter of the Rev. Justus Mitchell (BA 1776); great-granddaughter of the Rev. Josiah Sherman (B A. Princeton 1754, honorary M.A. Yale 1765), who served as a Chaplain with rank of Captain in the Revolutionary War and who was the brother of American founding fatherRoger Sherman; descendant of Matthew Mitchell, who came to Boston from England in 1635, descended also from Capt. John Sherman, an English officer, who was born in Dedham, Essex County, in 1615, and from the Rev.Charles Chauncey(B.A. Trinity College, Cambridge, 1613), who came to Plymouth in 1637 and was the second president of Harvard.
Married (1) November 9, 1871, in New York City, Elise A., daughter of William and Eliza Jane (Nevin) Hegeman. One son, Chauncey Mitchell, Jr. . Mrs. Depew died May 7, 1893 Married (2) December 27, 1901, in Nice, France, May, daughter of Henry and Alice (Hermann) Palmer.
Depew was also the paternal uncle of Ganson and Chancey Depew, sons of his brother William Beverly Depew. Ganson Depew was a vice president of the Buffalo & Susquehanna Coal Company; and the personal assistant of his father-in-law Frank Henry "F.H." Goodyear. Goodyear who was the president of the Buffalo & Susquehanna Railway. Chauncey DePew, like his uncle, also worked for theVanderbilt Railway Systems. His nephew Chauncey married Julia Catlin Park, but later divorced.
When Chauncey Depew died, he was buried inPeekskill. In his honor, the huge concourse ofGrand Central Terminalwas draped in mourning.
Depew was painted by a number of artists, including George Burroughs Torrey, but most frequently by the Swiss-born American artistAdolfo Müller-Urywho first painted Depew in 1889-90, the three-quarter length portrait of Depew seated on a bale of furs which was exhibited at the Paris Salon in 1890, and is now in the Yale Club of New York City. Several other portraits followed including a portrait painted for the New York State Capitol atAlbanyshowing Depew as he was in 1863 (now New York State Museum). The artist gave a bust-length portrait to the Museum atPeekskillin 1918. Muller-Ury made an etching of Depew (copies, signed by the artist and the sitter, are in the American National Portrait Gallery in Washington DC and in the collection of the Newport Preservation Society Rhode Island, and University of Cincinnati College of Design). Muller-Ury also painted Depew's first wife in 1893, and his second wife in 1902 in eighteenth century style="margin: 0.4em 0px 0.5em; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); ">
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