18th Century Russian Church-slavic Rite Washing Of The Feet Maundy Thursday For Sale
note to US buyers only.
shipping and handling charges see at the end of the book description.
Please, do not pay before receiving the invoice.
CENTURY ORTHODOX RUSSIAN CHURCH-SLAVIC CHURCH RITE of
Washing of the Feet
Maundy Thursday by the Bishop.
Maundy or Washing of the Feet, is a religious rite observed as an ordinance
by several Christian denominations. It refers to John 13:1-17 who mentions that
Jesus performed this act.
Ex library copy. Stamp mark
of the Serbian Church in Sibenik (Šibenik in Dalmatia, Croatia)
Some dog ears, slightly
worn, generally in very good condition.
condition and details see the scans.
Size: 20, 9 x 17, 1 cm.
registered shipping and handling including USA, $9.
Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia:
(from Latin Mandatum), or Washing of the Feet, is a religious rite observed
as an ordinance by several Christian denominations. John 13:1-17 mentions Jesus
performing this act. Specifically, in verses 13:14-17, He instructs them, 14
"If I then, your Lord and Teacher, have washed your feet, you also ought
to wash one another’s feet." 15 "For I have given you an example, that
you should do as I have done to you." 16 "Most assuredly, I say to
you, a servant is not greater than his master; nor is he who is sent greater
than he who sent him." 17 "If you know these things, blessed are you
if you do them." As such, many denominations observe the washing of the
feet on Maundy Thursday of Holy Week. Moreover, for some denominations,
foot-washing was an example, a pattern. Many groups throughout Church history
and many modern denominations have practiced foot washing as a church
derivation of the word is Maundy has at least two possibilities for the origin.
1) Through Middle English and Old French mandé, from Latin mandatum. 2) From
the Latin mendicare, Old French mendier, and English maund, which means “to
beg” (verb) or a “small basket” (noun) held out by maunders (beggars) as they
root of this practice appears to be found in the hospitality customs of ancient
civilizations, especially where sandals were the chief footwear. A host would
provide water for guests to wash their feet, provide a servant to wash the feet
of the guests or even serve the guests by washing their feet. This is mentioned
in several places in the Old Testament of the Bible (e.g. Genesis 18:4; 19:2;
24:32; 43:24; I Samuel 25:41; et al.), as well as other religious and
historical documents. A typical Eastern host might bow, greet, and kiss his
guest, then offer water to allow the guest to wash his feet or have servants do
it. Though the wearing of sandals might necessitate washing the feet, the water
was also offered as a courtesy even when shoes were worn. I Samuel 25:41 is the
first passage where an honored person offers to wash feet as a sign of
humility. In John 12, Mary of Bethany anointed Jesus' feet presumably in
gratitude for raising her brother Lazarus from the dead, and in preparation for
his death and burial.
Bible records washing of the saint's feet being practiced by the primitive
church in I Timothy 5:10 perhaps in reference to piety, submission and/or
are several names and the spellings of this practice, being variously known as
maundy, foot washing, washing the saints' feet, pedilavium, and mandatum.
Reasoning with Peter, by Giotto di Bondone (Cappella Scrovegni a Padova).
denominations that observe foot washing do so on the basis of the authoritative
example and command of Jesus as found in the Gospel of John 13:1-15:
before the feast of the Passover, Jesus knowing that His hour hath come, that
He may remove out of this world unto the Father, having loved His own who are
in the world—to the end He loved them. And supper being come, the devil already
having put it into the heart of Judas of Simon, Iscariot, that he may deliver
Him up, Jesus, knowing that all things the Father hath given to Him—into His
hands—and that from God He came forth, and unto God He goeth, doth rise from
the supper, and doth lay down his garments, and having taken a towel, he girded
himself; afterward he putteth water into the basin, and began to wash the feet
of his disciples, and to wipe with the towel with which he was being girded. He
cometh, therefore, unto Simon Peter, and that one saith to him, "Sir,
thou—dost Thou wash my feet?" Jesus answered and said to him, "That
which I do thou hast not known now, but thou shalt know after these
things;" Peter saith to him, "Thou mayest not wash my feet—to the
age." Jesus answered him, "If I may not wash thee, thou hast no part
with me." Simon Peter saith to him, "Sir, not my feet only, but also
the hands and the head." Jesus saith to him, "He who hath been bathed
hath no need, save to wash his feet, for he is clean altogether; and ye are
clean, but not all;" for He knew him who is delivering him up; because of
this He said, "Ye are not all clean." When, therefore, He washed
their feet, and took His garments, having reclined at meat again, He said to
them, "Do ye know what I have done to you? Ye call me, 'The Teacher' and
'The Lord', and ye say well, for I am; if then I did wash your feet—the Lord
and the Teacher—ye also ought to wash one another's feet. For I have given thee
an example, that ye should do as I have done to ye. Verily, verily, I say unto ye,
the servant is not greater than his lord; neither he that is sent greater than
he that sent him. If ye know these things, happy are ye if ye do them."
demonstrates the custom of the time when he comments on the lack of hospitality
in one Pharisees home by not providing water to wash his feet:
he turned toward the woman and said to Simon, "Do you see this woman? I
came into your house. You did not give me any water for my feet, but she wet my
feet with her tears and wiped them with her hair" - Luke 7:44
rite of foot washing finds its roots in scripture. Even after the death of the
apostles or the end of the Apostolic Age, the practice was continued.
it appears to have been practiced in the early centuries of post-apostolic
Christianity, though the evidence is scant. For example, Tertullian (145-220)
mentions the practice in his De Corona, but gives no details as to who
practiced it or how it was practiced. It was practiced by the Church at Milan
(ca. A.D. 380), is mentioned by the Council of Elvira (A.D. 300), and is even
referenced by Augustine (ca. A.D. 400). Observance of foot washing at the time
of baptism was maintained in Africa, Gaul, Germany, Milan, northern Italy, and
Ireland. According to the Mennonite Encyclopedia "St. Benedict's Rule
(A.D. 529) for the Benedictine Order prescribed hospitality feetwashing in
addition to a communal feetwashing for humility"; a statement confirmed by
the Catholic Encyclopedia. It apparently was established in the Roman church,
though not in connection with baptism, by the 8th century. The Albigenses
observed feetwashing in connection with communion, and the Waldenses' custom
was to wash the feet of visiting ministers. There is some evidence that it was
observed by the early Hussites. The practice was a meaningful part of the 16th
century radical reformation. Foot washing was often "rediscovered" or
"restored" by Protestants in revivals of religion in which the
participants tried to recreate the faith and practice of the apostolic era
which they had abandoned or lost.
Roman Catholic Church, the ritual washing of feet is now associated with the
Mass of the Lord's Supper, which celebrates in a special way the Last Supper of
Jesus, before which he washed the feet of his twelve apostles.
for the practice on this day goes back at least to the latter half of the
twelfth century, when "the pope washed the feet of twelve sub-deacons
after his Mass and of thirteen poor men after his dinner."
1570 to 1955, the Roman Missal printed, after the text of the Holy Thursday
Mass, a rite of washing of feet unconnected with the Mass. The 1955 revision by
Pope Pius XII inserted it into the Mass. Since then, the rite is celebrated
after the homily that follows the reading of the gospel account of how Jesus
washed the feet of his twelve apostles (John 13:1-15). Some men who have been
selected - usually twelve, but the Roman Missal does not specify the number -
are led to chairs prepared in a suitable place. The priest goes to each and,
with the help of the ministers, pours water over each one's feet and dries
them. In the United States it is common to have a communal observance: lay
members of the congregation take turns washing one another's feet. There is
some controversy, or at least variation in practice, as to whether this ritual
should properly include laypeople, and, if so, whether women should be
one time, most of the European monarchs also performed the Washing of Feet in
their royal courts on Maundy Thursday, a practice continued by the
Austro-Hungarian Emperor and the King of Spain up to the beginning of the 20th
century (see Royal Maundy).
Eastern Orthodox and Eastern Catholic Churches practice the ritual of the
Washing of Feet on Holy and Great Thursday (Maundy Thursday) according to their
ancient rites. The service may be performed either by a bishop, washing the
feet of twelve priests; or by an Hegumen (Abbot) washing the feet of twelve
members of the brotherhood of his monastery. The ceremony takes place at the
end of the Divine Liturgy.
Holy Communion, and before the dismissal, the brethren all go in procession to
the place where the Washing of Feet is to take place (it may be in the center
of the nave, in the narthex, or a location outside). After a psalm and some
troparia (hymns) an ektenia (litany) is recited, and the bishop or abbot reads
a prayer. Then the deacon reads the account in the Gospel of John, while the
clergy perform the roles of Christ and his apostles as each action is chanted
by the deacon. The deacon stops when the dialogue between Jesus and Peter
begins. The senior-ranking clergyman among those whose feet are being washed
speaks the words of Peter, and the bishop or abbot speaks the words of Jesus.
Then the bishop or abbot himself concludes the reading of the Gospel, after
which he says another prayer and sprinkles all of those present with the water
that was used for the foot washing. The procession then returns to the church
and the final dismissal is given as normal.
Sebouh Chouldjian of the Armenian Apostolic Church washing the feet of
washing rites are also observed in the Oriental Orthodox churches on Maundy
the Coptic Orthodox Church the service is performed by the parish priest, not
just by a bishop or hegumen. He blesses the water for the foot washing with the
cross, just as he would for blessing holy water and he washes the feet of the
the Syrian Orthodox Church, this service is performed only by a Bishop. This is
done most ceremoniously as the Bishop does this in the midst of the reading of
the Scripture (Evangelion). There will be some 12 selected persons, both
priests and the lay people, and the Bishop will wash and kiss the feet of those
12 persons. After this the eldest of the priest washes the Bishop's feet. It is
not merely a dramatization of the past event. Further it is a prayer where the
whole congregation prays to wash and cleanse them of their sins.
washing by the Bishop of St Asaph, Church in Wales, Maundy Thursday.
washing is observed by numerous Protestant and proto-Protestant groups,
including Seventh-day Adventist, Pentecostal, and Pietistic groups, some
Anabaptists, and several types of Baptists. Foot washing rites are also
practiced by many Anglican, Lutheran and Methodist churches, whereby foot
washing is most often experienced in connection with Maundy Thursday services
and, sometimes, at ordination services where the Bishop may wash the feet of
those who are to be ordained. Though history shows that foot washing has at
times been practiced in connection with baptism, and at times as a separate
occasion, by far its most common practice has been in connection with the
Lord's supper service. The Moravian Church practiced Foot Washing until 1818.
There has been some revival of the practice as other liturgical churches have
also rediscovered the practice.
by the Lutheran Lucas Cranach the Elder. This woodcut of John 13:14-17 is from
Passionary of the Christ and Antichrist.
observance of washing the saints' feet is quite varied, but a typical service
follows the partaking of unleavened bread and wine. Deacons (in many cases)
place pans of water in front of pews that have been arranged for the service.
The men and women participate in separate groups, men washing men's feet and
women washing women's feet. Each member of the congregation takes a turn
washing the feet of another member. Each foot is placed one at a time into the
basin of water, is washed by cupping the hand and pouring water over the foot,
and is dried with a long towel girded around the waist of the member performing
the washing. Most of these services appear to be quite moving to the
groups that do not observe foot washing as an ordinance or rite, the example of
Jesus is usually held to be symbolic and didactic. Among these groups, foot
washing is nevertheless sometimes literally practiced. First, some reserve it
to be a practice of hospitality or a work of necessity. Secondly, some present
it as a dramatic lesson acted out in front of the congregation.
descending from the 1708 Schwarzenau Brethren, such as the Grace Brethren,
Church of the Brethren, Brethren Church, Old German Baptist Brethren, and the
Dunkard Brethren regularly practice foot washing as one of three ordinances
that compose their Lovefeast, the others being the Eucharist and a fellowship
meal. Historically related groups such as the Amish and some Mennonites also
wash feet, tracing the practice to the 1632 Dordrecht Confession of Faith. For
members, this practice promotes humility towards and care for others, resulting
in a higher egalitarianism among members.
Friday Night Communion and Foot Washing Service at the Nolynn Association of
Separate Baptist in Christ
Baptists observe the literal washing of feet as a third ordinance. The
communion and foot washing service is practiced regularly by members of the
Separate Baptists in Christ, General Association of Baptists, Free Will
Baptists, Primitive Baptists, Union Baptists, Old Regular Baptist, Christian
Baptist Church of God, and Brethren in Christ. Feet washing is also
practiced as a third ordinance by many United Baptists, General Baptists, and
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, in the mid-1830s, Smith
introduced the ordinance (ritual) of foot washing in the faith's temples as a
ritual cleansing. This practice was later expanded into the washing and
anointing ceremony. This ceremony does include the symbolic washing of feet.
True Jesus Church includes footwashing as a scriptural sacrament based on
John 13:1-11. Like the other two sacraments, namely Baptism and the Lord's
Supper, members of the church believe that footwashing imparts salvific grace
to the recipient — in this case, to have a part with Christ (John 13:8).
Church of God denominations also include footwashing in their Passover ceremony
as instructed by Jesus in John 13:1-11.
Seventh-day Adventist congregations schedule an opportunity for foot washing
preceding each quarterly (four times a year) Communion service. As with their
"open" Communion, all believers in attendance, not just members or
pastors, are invited to share in the washing of feet with another: men with
men, women with women, and frequently, spouse with spouse. This service is
alternatively called the Ordinance of Foot-Washing or the Ordinance of
Humility. Its primary purpose is to renew the cleansing that only comes from
Christ, but secondarily to seek and celebrate reconciliation with another
member before Communion/the Lord's Supper.
This item has been shown 7 times.
18th Century Russian Church-slavic Rite Washing Of The Feet Maundy Thursday: $240