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1948 Berlin, Germany Jewish Community Ration Book - Very Rare Post-wwii Item For Sale

1948 Berlin, Germany Jewish Community Ration Book - Very Rare Post-wwii Item

1948 BERLIN, GERMANY JEWISH COMMUNITY RATION BOOK - VERY RARE POST-WWII ITEM

Amazing piece of history here and a little known period in Jewish history in economically strapped and slowly recoveringBerlin post-World War II right at the height of the Soviet Berlin Blockade and at the beginning of the Berlin Airlift in 1948. This measures 5.5" by 3" -- I ran the words throughan onlinetranslator and some of it reads as follows: "Jewish Community To Berlin Household Badge. Only Valid for the Jewish Community in Connection With An Identity Card.."

I found some very interesting background on the returning Jewish Community to Berlin after World War II and how they dealt withadivided Berlin, Germanyat Jewish Virtual Library. Many people are surprised to learn that Berlin had a Jewish community at all, let alone one that was divided by the Berlin Wall during the aftermath of WWII and during the Cold War. This will be of interest to scholars, museums, World War II collectors (especially WWII aftermath collectors), Berlin Airlift and Blockade collectors,Berlin, Germany collectorand Cold War Collectors. A fantastic piece of Jewish history and in great condition. Thank you.

More background -- Here is a timeline from 1933 through 2006 with regard to the Jewish Community in Berlin (from the official Jewish Community of Berlin web site):

  • 1933, January 30: Seizure of power by the National Socialists. 160,000 Jews live in Berlin, accounting for one third of Germany’s total

  • 1933, April 1: First boycott call against shops owned by German citizens of the Jewish faith or heritage

  • 1938, October 27-28: “Operation Poland”: Arrest and expulsion of ca. 15,000 Jews from Eastern Europe

  • 1938, November 9-10: State organised pogrom against Germany’s Jewish population. In the so-called “Kristallnacht” (night of broken glass), almost all of Germany’s synagogues are either burned or ransacked, shops are plundered, their windows are smashed and many Jewish citizens are arrested, beaten and murdered

  • 1939, September 1: World War II begins. Ca. 236,000 Jews have fled Germany since 1933

  • 1941, October 18: First deportation of ca. 1,000 people from Berlin to Lodz

  • 1942, January 20: Wannsee Conference convenes on the “Final Solution of the Jewish Question”. Deportations to Auschwitz and Theresienstadt begin

  • 1943 Disbanding of the Reichsvereinigung der Juden in Deutschland (Reich's Association of the Jews in Germany, which had been established by the Nazis in 1939)

  • 1945 Liberation of Berlin by the Red Army. Of Berlin’s one-time population of 160,000 Jews, 55,000 were murdered, 7,000 committed suicide, 90,000 emigrated, 8,000 were liberated First post-war Jewish community chairman: Erich Nelhans

  • 1946 Reestablishment of Jewish Community of Berlin as a public corporation with Hans-Erich Fabian as its chairman

  • 1949 Heinz Galinski elected chairman of the Jewish Community of Berlin

  • 1953 Organisational division of the community into “West” and “East” communities

  • 1955 Opening of the Heerstrasse cemetery – still in use

  • 1959 Dedication of the Jewish Community Centre on Fasanenstrasse

  • 1962 Reestablishment of Berlin’s Jewish Adult Education Centre (Volkshochschule)

  • 1971 Jubilee commemorating the 300th anniversary of the establishment of the Jewish Community of Berlin: “Agreement Regulating Questions of Mutual Interest” between the Jewish Community of Berlin and the Berlin State Senate is reached 1980 Immigration limits set for Soviet Jews.

  • Starting in 1971, about 3,000 Soviet Jews immigrated to West Berlin via Israel

  • 1986 Opening of the Jewish Elementary School in Berlin’s Charlottenburg district

  • 1987 First Yiddish Culture Days takes place in Prenzlauer Berg (East Berlin)

  • 1987 First Jewish Culture Days takes place in West Berlin as part of the city’s 750th anniversary celebrations

  • 1988 Founding of the Jüdischer Kulturverein (Jewish Cultural Association) 1989, November 9: Fall of the Berlin Wall

  • 1990, October 3: German Reunification Day. The Jewish communities of East and West Berlin merge

  • 1992 Heinz Galinski dies and is succeeded by Jerzy Kanal

  • 1993 Jewish Secondary School opens on Grosse Hamburger Strasse

  • 1995 Treaty is signed between the Jewish Community of Berlin and the State of Berlin

  • 1995 Opening of the Centrum Judaicum in the “Neue Synagoge” (New Synagogue) on Oranienburger Strasse

  • 1997 Dr. Andreas Nachama elected chairman of the Jewish community

  • 1998 Lauder Foundation opens its educational centre on Rykestrasse

  • 1999 Desecration of 103 gravestones at the Weissensee Cemetery

  • 2000, June: The Jewish Secondary School graduates its first class

  • 2001 Dr. Alexander Brenner elected chairman of the Jewish community 2001 Jewish Museum, designed by Daniel Libeskind, opens

  • 2002 Reopening of the burial access path “Judengang” at the Schoenhauser Allee Cemetery 2004 Albert Meyer elected chairman of the Jewish community

  • 2005 Ceremonial dedication of the Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe

  • 2005 Gideon Joffe elected chairman of the Jewish community

  • 2006 Heinz Galinksi School celebrates its 20th anniversary

  • 2006 Administrative offices of the Jewish community move into the community’s historical premises on Oranienburger Strasse 28-31

  • 2006 Re-consecration of a Sephardic synagogue in Berlin

  • 2006 Berlin’s Jewish Hospital celebrates its 250th anniversary

  • 2008 Lala Süsskind is voted in as the first female chairman in the Jewish community’s 337-year history Remodelling of the old Jewish cemetery and monument for the deported and murdered Jews of berlin on will be of interest to scholars, museums, World War II collectors (especially WWII aftermath collectors), Berlin Airlift and Blockade collectors,Berlin, Germany collectorand Cold War Collectors. A fantastic piece of Jewish history and in great condition. Thank you.

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