1970 Airlines El Al Advertising Two Lp Records Israel Hava Nagila Songs Judaica


1970 Airlines El Al Advertising Two Lp Records Israel Hava Nagila Songs Judaica

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1970 Airlines El Al Advertising Two Lp Records Israel Hava Nagila Songs Judaica:
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DESCRIPTION: Up for sale are TWO ADVERTISING LP RECORDS which were especialy createdfor "EL AL Israel AIRLINES LTD" , Israel NATIONAL AIRLINE . The TWO advertisement LP records , Namely "HAVA NAGILA FESTIVAL " Volumes 1 and 2 were produced in 1973 and 1974 ( Fully dated ) by CBS ( Defined on the covers "Produced by CBS records for Advertising & Customer Relations EL AL Isarael Airlines" and "A Selection of Israeli Songs from EL AL israel Airlines Inflight Entertainment Program". Both LP RECORDS include the EL AL LOGO and photos of EL AL STEWARDESSES . Each of the records includes around 14 popular Hebrew songs. Two records. One record contains an insert. Around 12 x 12 " . Excellent condition. The covers suffer from minor shelf wear. The vinyl records themselves look as if they were never played on a gramophone . ( Pls look at scan for accurate AS IS images ) Will be sent inside a protective rigidpackaging . PAYMENTS : Payment method accepted : Paypal .

SHIPPMENT : Shipp worldwide via registered airmail is $ 19 ( Domestic $12 ).Will be sent inside a protective within 3-5 days after payment. Estimated Int'l duration around 14 days.

El Al Israel Airlines Ltd(TASE: ELAL),[1]trading asEl Al(Hebrew:אל על‎, "To The Skies" or "Skywards",Arabic:إل عال‎‎), is theFlag its inaugural flight fromGenevatoTel Avivin September 1948, the airline has grown to serve some 45 destinations, operating scheduled domestic and international services and cargo flights toEurope,North America,Africaand theNearandFar Eastfrom its main base inBen Gurion International Airport.[4] El Al in principle offers onlykosherin-flight mealsand does not fly passengers on the JewishSabbathor religious holidays.[5][6]It is the only commercial airline to equip its planes with missile defense systems, and is considered one of the world's most secure airlines, thanks to its stringent security procedures, both on the ground and on board its aircraft.[7][8]Although it has been the target of many attempted hijackings and terror attacks, onlyone El Al flighthas ever been hijacked.[9][10]As Israel's national airline, El Al has played an important role in humanitarian rescue efforts, airlifting Jews from other countries to Israel, setting the world record for the most passengers on a commercial aircraft (single plane record of 1,122 passengers) byOperation Solomonwhen 14,500 Jewish refugees were transported fromEthiopiain 1991.[11][12] In 2012, El Al operated an all-Boeingfleet of 38 aircraft, flying over 4 million passengers, and employed a staff of 6,056 globally. The company's revenues for 2011 grew to $2.4 billion, totalling losses of $49.4 million compared to a profit of $57 million in 2010.[13] Contents[hide] 1 History 1.1 Early years 1.2 Expansion in the 1960s 1.3 Late 1960s hijacking attempts 1.4 The 1970s and 1980s 1.5 1990s 1.6 21st century 2 Company affairs and identity 2.1 Headquarters 2.2 Operations 2.3 Business trends 2.4 Subsidiaries 3 Security 3.1 Onboard missile defense systems 3.2 Airport security measures 3.3 Flight security measures 4 Controversies 4.1 Security controversy and passenger profiling 4.2 Excess baggage fee controversy 4.3 Treatment of female passengers 4.4 Other incidents 5 Up 6 Destinations 6.1 Codesharing 7 Fleet 7.1 Current fleet 7.2 Historic fleet 7.3 Livery 8 Services 8.1 Frequent flyer program 8.2 Lounge 9 Accidents and incidents 10 Notable El Al employees 10.1 Pilots 10.2 Flight attendants 11 See also 12 Notes 13 References 14 External links History[edit] Early years[edit] An El AlLockheed Constellation(1951) In September 1948, Israel's firstpresident,Chaim Weizmann, attended a conference inGeneva, Switzerland. Weizmann was scheduled to fly back to Israel in an Israeli government aircraft, but due to an embargo imposed on Israel at the time, this was not possible. An IsraeliC-54military transport aircraft was instead converted into a civilian plane to transport Weizmann home. The aircraft was painted with the logo of the "El Al/Israel National Aviation Company" and fitted with extra fuel tanks to enable a non-stop flight from Geneva to Israel. It departed fromEkron Air Baseon 28 September, and returned to Israel the next day. After the flight, the aircraft was repainted and returned to military use.[14] The airline was incorporated and became Israel's national Flag carrier on 15 November 1948, although it used leased aircraft until February 1949, when two unpressurizedDC-4swere purchased fromAmerican Airlines. The acquisition was funded by thegovernment of Israel, theJewish Agency, and other Jewish organizations. The first plane arrived at Lod Airport (later renamed Ben Gurion) on 3 April 1949. Aryeh Pincus, a lawyer from South Africa, was elected head of the company. The first international flight, from Tel Aviv to Paris, with a refueling in Rome, took place on 31 July 1949.[14][15]By the end of 1949, the airline had flown passengers toLondonandJohannesburg. A regular service to London was inaugurated in the middle of 1950. Later that year, El Al acquired Universal Airways, which was owned by South African Zionists. A state-run domestic airline,Israel Inland Airlines, was founded in which El Al had a 50% stake.[when?][14] Curtiss Commando freight aircraft of El Al El Al's cargo service was inaugurated in 1950 and initially relied on military surplusCurtiss C-46 Commandoaircraft. The same aircraft type was used also for passengers transportation in certain routes.[citation needed]The same year the airline initiated charter services to the United States, followed by scheduled flights soon afterwards.[14] From its earliest days the operation of the airline in keeping with Jewish tradition has been a source of friction; when the Israeli prime ministerDavid Ben-Gurionwas forming his first coalition, the religious parties would not join unless Ben-Gurion promised that El Al would serve onlykosherfood on its flights and would not fly on theJewish Sabbath.[16] Kurdish Jewish Immigrants from Iraq leavingLod Airport(1951) Bristol Britanniaof El Al at Farnborough Airport in 1957 just before delivery to the airline The airline was involved in several covert operations: In the early 1950s, El Al airlifted over 160,000 immigrants to Israel part ofOperation Magic CarpetandOperation Ezra and Nehemiah.[17]In 1960,Naziwar criminalAdolf Eichmannwas captured and flown from Argentina to Israel on an El Al aircraft.[18] In 1955, after usingLockheed Constellationsfor several years, the airline purchased twoBristol Britanniaaircraft. El Al was the second airline in the world to fly this plane, after theBritish Overseas Airways Corporation. In 1958, El Al ran a newspaper advertisement in the United States featuring a picture of a "shrunken" Atlantic Ocean ("Starting Dec. 23, the Atlantic Ocean will be 20% smaller") to promote its non-stoptransatlantic flights.[19]This was a bold step: the airline industry had never used images of the ocean in its advertising because of the widespread public fear of airline crashes. The advertisement, which ran only once, proved effective. Within a year, El Al's sales tripled.[20] Expansion in the 1960s[edit] An El AlBoeing 720being serviced atLondon Heathrow Airportin 1964. Despite the purchase of its Britannias and inauguration of non-stop transatlantic flights the airline remained unprofitable.[14][further explanation needed]When Efraim Ben-Arzi took over the company in the late 1950s, the Britannias were replaced in the next decade by theBoeing 707andBoeing 720jet airliners. An El AlBoeing 707atOrly Airport,Paris(1965) The first year that El Al turned a profit was 1960. That year, more than 50 percent of the passengers flying into Israel arrived on El Al flights.[14]On 15 June 1961, the airline set a world record for thelongest non-stop commercial flight: an El AlBoeing 707flew from New York to Tel Aviv, covering 5,760 miles (9,270km) in 9 hours and 33 minutes.[17]By this time, El Al was carrying 56,000 passengers a year—on a par withQantasand ahead of established airlines likeLoftleiðir. In 1961, El Al ranked 35th in the world in accumulated passenger distance.[21]El Al's success continued into the late 1960s. In 1968, regular flights toBucharestwere inaugurated, and cargo flights began to Europe and the United States. The airline also established a catering subsidiary, Teshet Tourism and Aviation Services Ltd. All these ventures brought in a profit of $2 million that year.[14] Late 1960s hijacking attempts[edit] See also:El Al Flight 426 hijacking In 1968, El Al experienced the first of many acts of terrorism that have been perpetrated against the airline. On 23 July, the only successful hijacking of an El Al aircraft took place, when a Boeing 707 carrying 10 crew and 38 passengers was taken over by three members of thePopular Front for the Liberation of Palestine(PFLP). The aircraft,El Al Flight 426, which was en route from Rome to Tel Aviv, was diverted toAlgiersby the hijackers. Negotiations with the hijackers lasted for 40 days. Both the hijackers and the passengers, including 21 Israeli hostages, were eventually freed.[22]The hijackers were said to have believed Israeli General Ariel Sharon was on the flight.[23]According to Sarah Levy, it was the Lubavitcher Rebbe, RabbiMenachem Mendel Schneersonwho saved Sharon's life, by advising him the night before to take a different flight.[24]On 26 December of the same year, two PFLP members attacked an El Al aircraft atAthens International Airport, killing an Israeli mechanic.[25]TheIsraeli Defense Forcesresponded to the incident on 29 December, with anight-time raidon Lebanon'sBeirut Airport, destroying 14 planes on the ground belonging toMiddle East Airlines,Trans Mediterranean AirwaysandLebanese International Airways.[26]The military action was responsible for the demise of the LIA, which had most of its fleet destroyed.[citation needed] On 18 February 1969, Palestinians attacked an El Al plane atZurich Airportkilling the copilot and injuring the pilot. One Palestinian attacker was killed and others were convicted but later released. Between September and December of that year, bomb and grenade attacks occurred at El Al offices inAthens,West Berlin, andBrussels.[27]This wave of violence culminated in the failed hijacking of an El Al 707 byPatrick ArguelloandLeila Khaledon 6 September 1970, as part of theDawson's Field hijackings.[28] The 1970s and 1980s[edit] Revenue Passenger-Kilometers, scheduled flights only, in millions Year Traffic 1950 50 1955 138 1960 413 1965 1331 1969 2070 1971 3027 1980 4590 1985 6507 1995 11287 2000 14125 Source: ICAO Digest of Statistics for 1950-55, IATA World Air Transport Statistics 1960-2000 An El AlBoeing 707-300Blanding atZürich Airport,Switzerland(1982) An El AlBoeing 767-200on short final toLondon Heathrow Airportin 1985 El Al acquired its firstBoeing 747in 1971. Many[who?]felt it was a risky purchase given the high cost of the plane and fear of attacks, but El Al operations flourished after the purchase. Another 747 was delivered in 1973 and was used to start non-stop service from Tel Aviv to New York (707s had flown the eastward nonstop since around 1961). In the mid-1970s El Al began to schedule flights from airports outside of Israel that departed on theJewish sabbathand landed in Israel after it had finished. The religious parties in the government were in arms over this, being that this was a violation of Jewish law and contrary to the agreement signed in the early days of the state, in which El Al promised to refrain from flying on the sabbath. In 1982 the newly re-elected prime ministerMenachem Begin, brought before the Knesset a vote to ban Sabbath flights once again (it passed by a vote of 58 to 54).[29]Outraged, the secular community threatened to boycott the airline. In August 1982 El Al workers from entering the airport.[16] In 1977 El Al established a charter subsidiary, El Al Charter Services Ltd., later renamedSun D'Or International Airlines Ltd. Two years earlier the airline had suffered its first losses since the late 1950s, largely a product of the global recession. The management changed three times towards the end of the 1970s, until Itzhak Shander was named president.[clarification needed]As the political situation in Iran deteriorated, El Al began to airlift Jews to Israel. All the airline's infrastructure in Iran was eventually destroyed.[14]El Al flights toCairowere inaugurated in April 1980, following theIsrael–Egypt Peace Treaty.[17]In late 1982, after a long period of labor disputes and strikes, El Al operations were suspended. The government appointed Amram Blum to run the company, which lost $123.3 million in the fiscal year ending April 1983.[14][clarification needed]The airline also sold its stake in Arkia at this time.[30] Operations resumed in January 1983 underreceivership. The government purchased two newBoeing 737aircraft and announced plans to acquire fourBoeing 767jets at the cost of $200 million. Within four years, El Al was profitable again.[14]It broke another record, since then surpassed, in May 1988 with a non-stop flight from Los Angeles to Tel Aviv, a journey of 7,000 nautical miles (13,000km) in 13 hours and 41 minutes.[17][clarification needed]Flights to Poland and Yugoslavia were inaugurated in 1989.[14] 1990s[edit] In January 1990,North American Airlinesbegan providingfeeder servicesto El Al's US destinations. El Al held a 24.9 percent stake in the airline until selling it back to Dan McKinnon in July 2003. By this time, El Al was operating a fleet of 20 aircraft, including nine Boeing 747s, and had begun replacing its aging Boeing 707s with theBoeing 757. Early that year, following thecollapseof theSoviet Union, El Al inaugurated regular flights to Moscow. Noairliftsfrom the former Soviet Union were possible at the time but permission was granted in 1991. Charter flights commenced in August 1991, withimmigrantsalso occupying all available seats on El Al's scheduled routes. In cooperation withAeroflot, El Al flew more than 400,000 Jewish immigrants to Israel within a three-year period. El Al helped with the airlifting ofEthiopian Solomonin 1991. On 24 May 1991, an El Al Boeing 747 cargo plane airlifted a record-breaking 1,087Ethiopian JewsfromAddis Ababato Israel in the framework ofOperation Solomon. Three babies were born during the flight. The plane carried twice as many passengers as it was designed for.[11]In less than 36 hours, 14,500 Ethiopian Jews were flown to Israel.[12]On 27 April 1994, El Al received its firstBoeing 747-400.[14][31] El Al flights were inaugurated to theFar East[when?]and, in 1995, El Al signed its firstcodesharing agreementwithAmerican Airlines.[14]In February 1995, the receivership under which the airline had technically been operating since 1982 came to an end.[32]In June 1996, El Al recorded its first flight from Israel toAmman,Jordan.[17] In 1996, El Al recorded US$83.1 million in losses, due to the resumption of terrorist activities and the government'sopen skiespolicy.[14]To keep its planes flying during this period, El Al introduced flights "to nowhere": passengers were offered various kinds ofin-flight entertainmentas the plane circled the Mediterranean. One-day shopping trips to London and visits to religious sites in Eastern Europe were also promoted.[14]In 1997, El Al opened a separate cargo division.[33][clarification needed] 21st century[edit] El Al's firstBoeing 777embarked on its maiden flight in March 2000. Later that year the controversy over flights on Shabbat erupted again, when the airline announced that it was losing US$55 million a year by grounding its planes on Saturdays. After privatization of the company began in June 2003, the policy regarding sabbath flights was expected to change.[16][17] The first phase of the long-delayed privatization of the company commenced in June 2003 and by Israel's Government Companies Authority, headed byEyal Gabbai. 15 percent of El Al's shares were listed on theTel Aviv Stock Exchange. By June 2004, 50% of the company had been sold to the public. By January 2005, a controlling share of the company had been transferred to Knafaim-Arkia Holdings Ltd.[17]As of October 2014, El Al's major shareholders are Knafaim Holdings (36%), Ginspurg Group (10%) and Delek Group (10%).[34] In August 2010, El Al andAmerican Airlinessigned an agreement to provide connecting through tickets between Israel and 61 destinations in the United States from October 2010, viaJohn F. Kennedy International Airportin New York.[35] Company affairs and identity[edit] Headquarters[edit] Small El Al aircraft at Schneider Children's Medical Center inPetakh Tikva El Al's headquarters are located on the grounds ofBen Gurion International AirportinTel Aviv District,Israel, nearLod. Operations[edit] During 2005, the airline transported 3.5 million passengers, a rise from 3.2 million in 2004 and 2.8 million in 2003.[36]60% of the airline's passengers are Israeli.[37]In 2006, El Al posted a $44.6 million loss on revenues of $1.665 billion.[38]The company is facing four lawsuits, two of which have been approved asclass actions, which could cost the company $176.2 million.[when?][39]El Al spends $100 million a year to conform with the airline security measures required by Israel'sShin Betsecurity service.[40]In early 2007, El Al opened a newKing David Loungeat Charles de Gaulle airport in Paris. New lounges at Heathrow airport in London and JFK International airport in New York had also opened in late 2007.[41] In 2007, El Al invested NIS 1 billion in the purchase of two newBoeing 777-200sthat included an updated El Al decal. The aircraft are fitted with upgraded seats with adjustable headrests and legrests. Each seat is equipped with a touch-screen entertainment system. The first aircraft, named "Sderot", completed its maiden flight from New York to Tel Aviv on 26 July 2007. The second, "Kiryat Shmona", was delivered at the end of August 2007.[42] After the United StatesFederal Aviation Administrationdowngraded Israel'saviation safety ratingto 2 in February 2009, anIATAmember has warned El Al, as well as competing airlines Arkia andIsrair, that they may appear on theEuropean blacklist of banned carriers.Giora Romm, head of theCivil Aviation Authority of Israel, responded to the claim, stating: "We are in close contact with the Europeans," He added, "I don't know what the fuss is about. The Europeans' e-mail is strange. We are doing everything we can to improve security." TheEuropean Unionhas yet to make an official statement on the matter.[43]El Al uses theAmadeus CRSsystem for reservation, inventory, check-in and online bookings.[44]In November 2012, the United States FAA restored Israel's category 1 rating.[45] El Al has a cargo branch, El Al Cargo, which became independent in 1997. As the national cargo airline of Israel, it operates to destinations in Asia, Europe and North America plus ad hoc worldwide charters with its twoBoeing 747-200Faircraft. Before 2001, when the Israeli air cargo market opened up to competition, El Al Cargo enjoyed a monopoly. Now its main competition comes fromCAL Cargo Air Lines.[14] As of 2011, the company employs a staff of 6,056 globally and has a fleet of 37 aircraft. The company's revenues for 2011 grew by 4% from 2010 to $2.4 billion, totalling losses of $49.4 million compared to a profit of $57 million in 2010.[13] El Al hasHebrew languagevoiceovers andArabic languagesubtitles in its flightsafety videos. And after the first video is finished another video comes on inEnglish[46] Business trends[edit] The key trends for El Al Israel Airlines Ltd. are shown below (as at year ending 31 December):[47] Currency in Millions of US Dollars 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 Operating revenues 2.096,3 1.655,8 1.971,4 2.042,6 2.015,6 2.103,0 2.081,3 2.054,0 100,0% Passenger aircraft, operation revenue 1.832,0 1.489,5 1.764,5 1.829,5 1.827,9 1.920,3 1.910,6 1.865,3 90,8% Cargo aircraft, operation revenue 139,5 58,3 87,5 99,4 80,4 70,4 69,9 71,4 3,5% Other revenue and Adjustments revenue 124,9 108,0 119,4 113,7 107,3 112,4 100,8 117,4 5,7% Operating expenses 1.776,3 1.444,3 1.584,6 1.764,9 1.701,9 1.737,1 1.802,7 1.592,8 77,5% Gross Profit 320,0 211,6 386,9 277,7 313,7 335,9 278,6 461,2 22,5% Selling, Administrative, General and Others expenses/revenues -325,7 -286,6 -299,6 -321,6 -301,6 -310,6 -291,4 -291,4 -14,2% Operating profit/loss -5,7 -75,0 87,3 -43,9 12,1 64,3 -12,8 169,8 8,3% Financing expenses/income, net -44,6 -26,3 -25,1 0,3 -37,0 -25,4 -26,6 -26,0 Share of the profits of subsidiaries, net of tax 0,5 0,4 0,0 1,4 1,4 0,3 1,1 0,8 Profit/loss before tax -49,7 -100,8 62,2 -42,2 -23,4 39,2 -38,3 144,6 7,0% Profit/loss after tax -41,9 -76,3 56,5 -49,8 -18,2 26,7 -28,1 106,5 5,2% Subsidiaries[edit] Sun D'Or[edit] The charter operations of the Group is carried out throughSun D'Or, a company fully owned by El Al. Sun D'Or operates as a tourist organizer for wholesalers and individuals and markets charter and scheduled flights, both by means of leasing full aircraft capacity to third parties, or aircraft parts' capacity to a number of partners for pre-negotiated prices, or by direct sales. Starting from 2011, Sun D'Or operates as a tourist organizer, while maintaining the "Sun D'Or" brand for scheduled and charter flights marketed by Sun D'Or and operated by it (on weekdays) or by other airlines (on weekend and holiday flights). Tamam[edit] Tamam (a company fully owned by El Al) is mainly engaged in the production and supply of kosher ready meals to airline companies. Katit[edit] Katit (a company fully owned by El Al) is mainly engaged in the production and supply of meals to the Company's employees. Borenstein Caterers[edit] The main business of Borenstein, a company (fully owned by El Al) registered in the U.S. and operates at the New York JFK airport, is the production and supply of kosher ready meals to airlines and other institutions. Superstar Holidays[edit] Superstar (a company fully owned by El Al) is a tourist wholesaler that markets tourist package deals to travel agents and passengers, and sells airline tickets at discounted prices for flights on the Company's routes. Security[edit] As a prime target for terrorism, El Al employs stringent security procedures, both on the ground and on board its aircraft. These effective, though time-consuming and discriminatory, procedures have won El Al's security reputation.[10]In 2008, the airline was named byGlobal Travelermagazine as the world's most secure airline.[7] Onboard missile defense systems[edit] El Al planes have been fitted with anti-missile counter-measures since the early 2000s, with the initial system known asFlight Guard.[48][49][50][51] Since the early 2000s (decade), El Al has been the only commercial airliner to fit its planes with systems to defend againstanti-aircraft missiles. In 2014, El Al began to fit some of its planes that fly on more sensitive routes with an updated system missile defense system that employs an infrared missile-tracking camera, an “infrared (IR), ultra-violet (UV), or radar missile-approach warning (MAWS) sensor to detect a missile launch in the very early stages of an attack” and a laser system to act as a counter-measure.[52]In November 2014, under the Israeli government's SkyShield programme,Elbit's Commercial Multi-Spectral Infrared Countermeasures (C-MUSIC) system was adopted by El Al. "C-MUSIC is one of the biggest and most complex projects ever undertaken at Elbit and in Israel".[53] Airport security measures[edit] At Israel's Ben Gurion International Airport, plainclothes agents and fully armed police or military personnel patrol the premises for explosives, suspicious behavior, and other threats. Armed security personnel also patrol El Al terminals overseas. Inside the terminal, passengers and their baggage are checked by a trained team. El Al security procedures require that all passengers be interviewed individually prior to boarding, allowing El Al staff to identify possible security threats. Passengers are asked questions about their place of origin, the reason for their trip, their job or occupation, and whether they have packed their bags themselves. El Al believes interviewers can spot signs of nervousness.[54] At thecheck-incounter, closely examined. A ticket without a sticker from the security checkers will not be accepted. At passport control passengers' names are checked against information from theFBI,Canadian Security Intelligence Service(CSIS),Scotland Yard,Shin Bet, andInterpoldatabases. Luggage is screened and sometimes hand searched. In addition, bags are put through a decompression chamber simulating pressures during flight that could trigger explosives.[55]Even at overseas airports, El Al security agents conduct all luggage searches personally, even if they are supervised by government or private security firms.[56] Flight security measures[edit] Undercoveragents (sometimes referred to assky marshals) carrying concealed firearms sit among the passengers on every international El Al flight.[57]Most El Al pilots are formerIsraeli Air Forcepilots.[58][note 1]The cockpits in all El Al aircraft have double doors to prevent entry by unauthorized persons. Acodeis required to access the doors, and the second door will only be opened after the first has closed and the person has been identified by thecaptainorfirst officer.[58]Furthermore, there are reinforced steel floors separating the passengercabinfrom the baggage hold.[59] In April 2013, the Israeli government increased payments to El Al to secure 97.5% of the airlines' security costs, ahead of the Open Skies agreement to take effect in 2014 with theEuropean Union.[60] Controversies[edit] Security controversy and passenger profiling[edit] The airline was also criticized by the Hungarian courts for refusing to search luggage with the passenger present, acting against Hungarian domestic laws stipulating that only authorized officials are able to undertake such searches.[61]A civil case was brought to theSupreme Court of Israelon 19 March 2008 alleging that El Al's practice of ethnic profiling singles out Arab passengers for tougher treatment.[62] Excess baggage fee controversy[edit] The Israeli presidentShimon Peres, opted at the last minute to change his flight from El Al toAir Canadaduring a state visit, because El Al tried to charge the president a $5,000 excess baggage fee for anoxygen tank. According to protocol, it is mandatory for an oxygen tank and other medical equipment to be on board an aircraft whenever an Israeli president or prime minister flies abroad.[63] Treatment of female passengers[edit] In September 2014 it was reported that there have been repeated incidents where ultra-Orthodox passengers refused to sit next to women passengers, sometimes delaying flights for hours. As result, a petition was initiated withChange.orgto pressure El Al to alter their policy of allowing ultra-Orthodox passengers on flights to negotiate switching seats. The petition reads: "Why does El Al Airlines permit female passengers to be bullied, harassed, and intimidated into switching seats which they rightfully paid for and were assigned to by El Al Airlines? One person's religious rights do not trump another person's civil rights."[64][65][66] Following the incidents, Iris Richman, founder ofJewish Voices Together, a group created to address issues of religious pluralism in Israel and the U.S., encouraged passengers to protest this behavior through the US government, referencing "49 U.S. Code § 40127 – Prohibitions on discrimination: Persons in Air Transportation." According to this directive, she wrote, "An air carrier or foreign air carrier may not subject a person in air transportation to discrimination on the basis of race, color, national origin, religion, sex or ancestry." Richman contacted the U.S. Department of Transportation, Aviation Consumer Protection Division, and stated the department "is willing to investigate any situation where any employee of a carrier – i.e. a steward/ess – participated in asking someone to change a seat because of their gender."[67] El Al said that it would not put a policy in place to handle situations where male Haredim refuse to sit next to female passengers, but would instead attempt to satisfy passengers involved in such incidents on a case by case basis.[68] In February 2016, an Israeli woman named Renee Rabinowitz filed a lawsuit against El Al after being involved in an incident where an ultra-Orthodox man refused to sit next to her on a flight fromNewark International Airportto Tel Aviv and the flight attendants asked her to move seats.[69][70] Other incidents[edit] In 2013, the media reported that an El Al flight unprecedentedly returned to the gate to retrieve an 11-year-old cancer patient, Inbar Chomsky, who was removed from the flight after she misplaced her passport. Just before takeoff, her passport was found in another passenger's backpack, and the crew began to negotiate for the plane to return and pick up the distressed young traveler on her way to a summer camp for children with serious illnesses. El Al released a statement noting that "planes rarely return to the gate after departing...but when the passport was found on the plane...a decision was made and the plane returned to pick up Inbar.”[71] Up[edit] Main article:Up (airline) On 26 November 2013, El Al unveiled its new low cost airlineUp,[72][73]which commenced operations on 30 March 2014, initially fiveBoeing 737-800stransferred from El Al fleet.[73]In August O'Learyforeshadowed the development of aRyanair Israel, connecting Israel with cities across Europe. He said an inhibiting factor in the plan was Israeli authorities protectiveness of El Al from competition. The CEO ofUpwishes to recreate the airline business world.[74] Destinations[edit] Main article:El Al destinations El Al destinations. Israel El Al destinations Cargo only destinations Codeshareonly destinations El Al serves destinations on five continents with a well-developed European network that also takes in important cities inRussia, theBaltic regionandCIS member states. The airline serves a number of gateway cities inNorth Americaand has expanded its service to cover central and southeast Asia (Bangkok,Mumbai) and theFar East(BeijingandHong Kong). However, El Al's inability to overflySaudi Arabianairspace, along with that of several otherArab countries, has reduced their ability to further expand their route network in Asia. It also offers services toJohannesburginSouth Africa.[75][76]El Al also operated domestic flights toEilatfor a while, ending them in October 2013.[77] Codesharing[edit] El Al hascodeshare agreementswith the following airlines as of January 2015.[78] Air China Air Serbia[79] American Airlines Czech Airlines Ethiopian Airlines Iberia JetBlue S7 Airlines[80] Swiss International Air Lines Thai Airways Vietnam Airlines[81] Fleet[edit] This sectiondoes help improve this section byadding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged andremoved.(May 2016) Current fleet[edit] An El AlBoeing 737-800on short final toSchiphol Airportin 2012 An El AlBoeing 777-200ERatDon Muang International Airportin 2005 El Al has an all-Boeingfleet composed of the following aircraft:[82] El Al Fleet Aircraft In Service Orders Option Passengers Notes F C Y Total Boeing 737-800 10 – – – 16 126 142 4 – 36 144 180 Operated for subsidiaryUp 1 – – 189 189 Operated for subsidiarySun d'Or Boeing 737-900ER 8 – – – 16 156 172 Boeing 747-400 6 – – 12 49 348 409 To be replaced with Boeing 787s by 2020 Boeing 767-300ER 7 – – – 16 211 227 To be replaced with Boeing 787s by 2020 Boeing 777-200ER 6 – – 12 35 232 279 Boeing 787-8 – 7 – TBA 5 purchase and 2 leased (for a period of 12 years) Boeing 787-9 – 8 – TBA 4 purchase and 4 leased (for a period of 12 years) Boeing 787-10 – – 7(+6) TBA For each option that is firmed up, one more will be allocated resulting in the potential for six more B787-10s El Al Cargo Fleet Boeing 747-400F 1 – – — Total 43 15 13 El Al'sBoeing customer codeis 58. That is, a 777-200ER built for El Al will have the model name of 777-258ER.[83][84] Historic fleet[edit] A former El AlBoeing 767-200ER A former El AlBoeing 747-200B On November 26, 2012, El Al retired its lastBoeing 757-200after 25 years of service.[85]The lastBoeing 767-200ERin the fleet was retired on September 22, 2013 while the lastBoeing 737-700was phased out on May 10, 2016.[86] Fleet History[citation needed] Aircraft Introduced Retired Boeing 707-300C 1965 1992 Boeing 720B 1962 1980 Boeing 737-200 1981 2000 Boeing 737-700 1999 2016 Boeing 747-100 1977 1988 Boeing 747-200B 1971 2001 Boeing 747-200C 1975 2006 Boeing 747-200F 1979 2012 Boeing 757-200 1987 2012 Boeing 767-200 1982 2012 Boeing 767-200ER 1984 2013 Bristol Type 175 Britannia 1960s 1960s Lockheed Constellation 1951 1960s Douglas DC-4 1949 1967 Curtiss C-46 1940s 1950s McDonnell Douglas MD-11 1998 2000 Livery[edit] El Al's historic, superseded livery featured a turquoise/navy blue stripe down the side of the aircraft, and a turquoisetailfinwith the Flag of Israel at the top. El Al's logo was featured above the front run of windows on each side of the plane in the turquoise/navy scheme.[87]The new livery features a blue stripe with a thick silver border on the bottom that sweeps across the side of the aircraft near the wing, disappears over the top of the plane and reappears at the bottom of the tailfin. The El Al logo is part of the design, although it has been changed slightly since then. Most of El Al's aircraft are named for Israeli cities, such as Jerusalem, Tel Aviv, Bet Shemesh, Nazeret, Haifa, and others. The cities names are located near the nose of the plane beneath the cockpit windows[88][further explanation needed] Services[edit] El Al Economy class in-flight vegan meal El Al Economy class in aBoeing 757-200 Frequent flyer program[edit] Matmid is El Al's presentfrequent flyer program. King David club cards (red) were issued 1991. It was re-launched in 2004 following the merger of El Al's previous frequent flyer programs. It has five tiers: Matmid, Matmid Silver, Matmid Gold, Matmid Platinum and Matmid TOP Platinum. Points accumulated in the program entitle members to bonus tickets, flight upgrades, and discounts on car rentals, hotel stays, and other products and services. Points are also awarded for travel with partner airlines, as well as for nights at partner hotels and for credit card purchases.[89]Matmid points can be collected on most flights operated bySouth African Airways,Sun D'Or,Qantasand are accumulated for any fares (ex. promotions), and points age—i.e. lose their validity after three years. To join Matmid, a one-time fee must be paid. Lounge[edit] The King David Lounge is the name adopted by El Al for special airport lounges that serve the airline's premium class passengers. There are six King David Lounges worldwide at the key airports at Ben Gurion International Airport,John F. Kennedy International Airportin New York,Newark Liberty International Airport,Paris-Charles de Gaulle Airport,London Heathrow AirportandLos Angeles International Airport.[91]All King David Lounges offer drinks, snacks, newspapers and magazines (Israeli and foreign), while some lounges also offer freeWi-Fiinternet access. The King David Lounge at Terminal 3 at Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion airport is equipped with telephone, shower facilities and a spa; it has a separate section for first-class passengers.[92] Accidents and incidents[edit] Monument for theBijlmer disaster, Amsterdam of 4 October 1992. The monument was designed by architect Herman Hertzberger together with survivors. On 24 November 1951, aDC-4on a cargo flight from Tel Aviv to Amsterdam crashed on approach toZürich Airport, killing 6 crew members.[93][further explanation needed] On 27 July 1955, aLockheed ConstellationoperatingEl Al Flight 402, was shot down by twoBulgarian Air Forcefighter jets overBlagoevgrad, nearSofia,Bulgaria, after it strayed into Bulgarian airspace in rough weather. All 58 passengers and crew were killed.[94][95][96] On 23 July 1968,El Al Flight 426operated by aBoeing 707-358Cen route from London toTel Avivvia Rome, was hijacked by three members of thePopular Front for the Liberation of Palestineshortly after take-off from Rome-Fiumicinoairport and forcibly diverted toAlgiers. The hijacking ended after 40 days and is considered to be the only successful hijacking involving an El Al jet. In February, 1969, an El Al Boeing 707 was attacked atZürichairport. An Israeli trainee pilot was killed, with another eight people being wounded. In a firefight involving security personnel, one hijacker was killed, while the others were arrested. The hijackers were later put on trial inWinterthur, Switzerland but released following the hijacking of a Swissair aircraft one year later.[97] On September 6, 1970, El Al Flight 219 from Tel Aviv to New York, with a stopover in Amsterdam, was the target of an attempted hijacking byLeila KhaledandPatrick Argüelloafter taking off from Amsterdam. The hijacking was meant to be one of theDawson's Field hijackings, but it was thwarted by the pilot and on-board air marshall. Argüello was killed in this incident.[98] On January 13, 1975, several men, includingCarlos the Jackal, made an unsuccessful attempt to destroy an El Al airliner at Orly Airport. The men tried again on January 17, also without success.[99][100] On 27 December 1985, after several failed attempts to attack El Al aircraft, guerrillas of theFatah Revolutionary Councilattacked El Al ticket countersat Rome-Fiumicinoand Vienna-Schwechatairports, killing 18 people.[25] Another terrorist attack was foiled on 18 April 1986 in what became known as theHindawi Affair. A pregnant Irishwoman named Anne-Marie Murphy was about to board an El Al flight at London's Heathrow airport when her bag was found to contain three pounds of plastic explosives. These had been planted by her fiancéNezar Hindawi, who was booked on a different flight. Hindawi was jailed for 45 years, the longest sentence (short of a life setence) ever delivered by a British court.[101]There was evidence thatSyrianofficials were involved and as a result, Britain cut off diplomatic relations with Syria.[102] On 4 October 1992,El Al Flight 1862operated by a Boeing 747-200F cargo plane, crashed into two highrise apartment buildings (Kruitberg and Groeneveen) inBijlmermeer, a neighborhood of Amsterdam. The crash was caused by an engine detaching from the aircraft, knocking a second engine off the aircraft as well. The three crew members, one passenger, and 39 people on the ground were killed.[103] On 4 July 2002,Hesham Mohamed Hadayetshot six Israelis at El Al's ticket counter atLos Angeles International Airportbefore he was shot and killed by an El Al security guard.[104]Two of the victims died. Although not linked to any terrorist group, Hadayet, anEgyptian, espoused anti-Israeli views and was opposed to US policy in the Middle East.[105]The USFederal Bureau of Investigationclassified the shooting as aterrorist act, one of the few on US soil since theSeptember 11, 2001 attacks. On 17 November 2002, Tawfiq Fukra, a twenty-three-year-oldIsraeli Arab, attempted to hijack an El Al flight from Tel Aviv toIstanbul. He was reportedly armed with a pocket knife, and attempted to break into the cockpit in order to fly the aircraft back to Israel and crash it into a building. He was apprehended by on-board security personnel.[106][107][108] Notable El Al employees[edit] El Al flight attendant in the 1950s Pilots[edit] Pinchas Ben-Porat- Palmach Member, one of Israel's first aviators Giora Epstein- Israeli Air Force pilot, flying ace Eliezer Cohen- politician Yoav Kish- politician Abie Nathan- humanitarian and peace activist Flight attendants[edit] Gali Atari- singer and actress Miki Haimovich- anchorwoman, television presenter Adir Miller- actor, Screenwriter and comedian Sara Netanyahu- wife ofIsraeli Prime MinisterBenjamin Netanyahu Alma Zack- actress ***** "Hava Nagila" (Hebrew:הבה נגילה‎,Havah Nagilah, "Let us rejoice") is anIsraelifolk songtraditionally sung at Jewish celebrations. It is perhaps the first modern Israeli folk song in theHebrew languagethat has become a staple of band performers atJewish The melody is based on aHassidicNigun[1]and it was composed in 1915 inOttoman Palestine, when Hebrew was being revived as a spoken language for the first time in almost 2,000 years (since thedestruction oftheSecond Templein 70 CE). For the first time, Jews were being encouraged to speak Hebrew as a common language, instead or other regional Jewish languages. Contents[hide] 1 Origin 2 Lyrics 3 Notable performers 4 Use in sports 4.1 Association football 5 See also 6 References 7 External links Origin[edit] Abraham Zevi Idelsohn(1882–1938), a professor atHebrew University, began cataloging all known Jewish music and teaching classes in musical composition; one of his students was a promising cantorial student, Moshe Nathanson,[2]who (with the rest of his class) was presented by the professor with a 19th-century, slow, melodious, chant (niggunornigun) and assigned to add rhythm and words to fashion a modern Hebrew song.[citation needed]There are competing claims regarding Hava Nagila's composer, with both Idelsohn and Nathanson being suggested.[3][4] Theniggunhe presented has been attributed to theSadigurer Chasidim, who lived in what is nowUkraine,[3]which uses thePhrygian dominant scalecommon in music ofTransylvania.[citation needed]The commonly used text was probably refined by research?] In 1918, the song was one of the first songs designed to unite the early Yishuv [Jewish enterprise] that arose after theBritishvictory in Palestine duringWorld War Iand theBalfour Declaration, declaring a national Jewish homeland in the lands newly liberated fromTurkeyby the Allies and entrusted to Britain under theTreaty of Versailles.[citation needed]AlthoughPsalm 118(verse 24) of theHebrew Biblemay have been a source for the text of "Hava Nagila",[citation needed]the expression of the song and its accompanyinghora("circle") dance was entirely secular in its outlook.[citation needed] Lyrics[edit] Transliteration Hebrew text English translation Hava nagila הבה נגילה Let's rejoice Hava nagila הבה נגילה Let's rejoice Hava nagila ve-nismeḥa הבה נגילה ונשמחה Let's rejoice and be happy (repeat) Hava neranenah הבה נרננה Let's sing Hava neranenah הבה נרננה Let's sing Hava neranenah ve-nismeḥa הבה נרננה ונשמחה Let's sing and be happy (repeat) Uru, uru aḥim! !עורו, עורו אחים Awake, awake, my brothers! Uru aḥim be-lev sameaḥ עורו אחים בלב שמח Awake my brothers with a happy heart (repeat line four times) Uru aḥim, uru aḥim! !עורו אחים, עורו אחים Awake, my brothers, awake, my brothers! Be-lev sameaḥ בלב שמח With a happy heart Note: The “ḥ” can be pronounced as avoiceless pharyngeal fricative[ħ](as inclassical Hebrew) or avoiceless uvular fricative[χ], as “ch” as inBach(modern Hebrew pronunciation). Notable performers[edit] Idelsohn produced the first commercial recording in 1922, on the Polyphon record label, as part of a series which recorded 39 Hebrew folk songs.[7][full citation needed] SingerHarry Belafonteis known for his version of the song, which was recorded for his albumBelafonte at Carnegie Hallin 1959.[8]He rarely gave a concert without singing it, and stated that the two “stand out” songs from his professional career were “The Banana Boat Song,” and “Hava Nagila”.[3][9]Belafonte noted and claimed, "Life is not worthwhile without it. Most Jews in America learned that song from me."[10] Irving Fields[9] Josephine Bakerrecorded a version during her Havana sessions Arthur Lyman Red Army Choir MVD Ensemble[11] Frank Slayrecorded an instrumental rock 'n' roll arrangement titled "Flying Circle" that was a #45 U.S. hit in 1962. Chubby Checker[9] Connie Francis[9] The Spotnicks(surf rock) Dick Daleand the Del Tones (surf rock)[9] Glen Campbell[9] Celia Cruz[9] Bob Dylan[9] Four Jacks and a Jillreleased a version of the song on their 1965 album,Jimmy Come Lately.[12] Lena Horne[9] Jon LordofDeep Purpleincluded Hava Nagila in his solo keyboard improvisations as heard onMade in Europe(1975).[13] Jeff GarlinsingsHava Nagilain the feature filmDaddy Day Care Raphael[14] Dalida[15] Neil Diamond, performedHava Nagilain his 1994Live In it intoThe Jazz Singer,in which he acted out a cantor with popular-music ambitions. Brave Combo[17] Anthraxsampled "Hava Nagila"'s main melody at the beginning of their songI'm the Man. Finnishpower metalbandSonata Arcticausually ends its shows performing a humorous song, usually referred to as The Vodka Song, played on the tune of Hava Nagila.[18] Dream Theaterperformed a cover of "Hava Nagila" inTel Aviv,Israelon June 16, 2009.[19] Regina Spektorincludes a performance of the song as the outro of her song "The Flowers". Me First and the Gimme Gimmesplayed two versions of the song on their albumRuin Jonny's Bar Mitzvah. The Smothers Brothers; Tom Smothers plays the song on their albumThink Ethnicunder the name "Venezuelan Rain Dance" The Polish metal bandRootwaterperforms a rendition of the song on their album "Under" Jeff Dunham's puppet "Achmed the Dead Terrorist" whistles this by request while inIsraelin the 2014 special "All Over the Map". Ben Folds Fivereleased a live recording of the track as the b-side to the UK CD2 of their 1997 hit single "Battle of Who Could Care Less". Dillon Francisreleased a remix of the melody in 2016 for download on his SoundCloud. Amsterdam-basedgabbergroup theParty Animalsreleaseda happy hardcore versionin 1996 Use in sports[edit] Association football[edit] Ajax Amsterdam Supporters of the Dutchassociation footballclubAFC Ajax, although not an official Jewish club, commonly use Jewish imagery. A central part of Ajax fans' culture, the song Hava Nagila can often be heard sung in the Stadium by the teams supporters, and at one point ringtones of "Hava Nagila" could even be downloaded from the club's official website.[20][21][22] Tottenham Hotspur Supporters of theEnglishfootball clubTottenham Hotspurcommonly refer to themselves as Yids and are strongly associated with Jewish symbolism and culture. The song "Hava Nagila" has been adopted as an anthem of sorts by the club, and is one of the most frequently sung songs atWhite Hart Lane.[23][24] *** Hava Nagila’s Long, Strange Trip The unlikely history of a Hasidic melody. ByDr. James Loeffler 0Print this page We Also Recommend Shtetl in Jewish History and MemoryKlezmer Music If there is one Jewish song known by Jews and non-Jews alike, it is undoubtedly Hava Nagila. From its obscure origins in early twentieth-century Palestine, the song has gone on to become a perennial favorite at weddings, bar and bat mitzvahs, and Jewish — and non-Jewish — cultural events around the world. With its short lyrics and simple yet distinctive melody, Hava Nagila has been recorded hundreds of times by musicians ranging from Neil Diamond, the Barry Sisters, and Harry Belafonte to the contemporary pop singer Ben Folds and the Serbian Gypsy brass band legend Boban Marcovic. Yet for all of its widespread popularity, few know the history of this global Jewish hit. Eastern European Origins Like many modern Israeli and popular Jewish songs, Hava Nagila began its life as a Hasidic melody in Eastern Europe. There the tune was sung as anigun(wordless melody) among the Sadigorer Hasidim, who took their name from the small town of Sadigora in Bukovina (present-day Ukraine), where the Rizhiner Rebbe, Reb Yisroel Friedman (1798-1850) had settled from Russia and established his court in 1845. At some point around the turn of the last century, a group of Sadigorer Hasidim emigrated to Jerusalem and brought the nigun with them. There the melody might have remained in the cloistered world of Jerusalem’s Hasidic communities if not for one man,Avraham Zvi Idelsohn— the father of Jewish musicology. Idelsohn was born in 1882 in Foelixburg (Filzburg), a small town in the Courland province of Tsarist Russia (present-day Latvia). He trained as a cantor in Russia and studied classical music in conservatories in Berlin and Leipzig before settling in Jerusalem sometime after 1905. He soon became active as a musician, music teacher, and scholar in the Jewish community there. As a passionate Zionist, Idelsohn sought to collect and preserve the folk music of Jewish communities from around the world, using a phonograph to record the traditional melodies of Yemenite, Russian, German, Moroccan, and other communities he encountered in Jerusalem. At the same time, he sought to pioneer a new style of modern national music that would unify the Jewish people as they returned to their historic homeland in Palestine. To that end, he arranged and composed many new Hebrew-language songs based on traditional melodies. These modern songs with ancient roots quickly became popular as new Hebrew folk songs, sung in kibbutzim, moshavot, and printed in songbooks in the Jewish yishuv and beyond. Among them was Hava Nagila. **** Who wrote Havah Nagilah? This simple question seems to have a complicated answer. The most common answer -- at least among experts on alt.music.jewish -- isMoshe Nathanson. But Barry Cohon has weighed in with a strong counterargument forAbraham Zevi Idelsohn. Since Idelsohn and Yudelson could well have been the same name in the Old Country, my vote is for Idelsohn, at least until I'm able to research the matter for myself. Meanwhile, here is Cohon's history of Havah Nagilah: The man largely responsible for the song's existence in its present form is Abraham Zevi Idelsohn, and he was the father of Jewish Musicology. As a young cantor, he left his native Latvia, worked in Germany and South Africa, then went to Jerusalem early in this century to pursue his dream of collecting the oral traditions of his people and making them available to the world of music. In the course of his research he visited a group of Sadigura Hasidim there, in 1915, and wrote down some of their Nigunim. This was one of them. It was a wordless "bim-bom" melody, a mystic chant. Then came World War I. Idelsohn became a bandmaster in the Turkish Army. Three years later he was back in Jerusalem again, leading a chorus in a victory concert. The Turks were out, the British were in, there was a Balfour Declaration, and the yishuv (Jewish community) was celebrating. He needed a good crowd-pleasing number to end his concert, and he didn't have one. But he had a file. So he browsed, and as luck would have it his hand fell on this Sadigura Nigun. He arranged it in four parts, put some simple Hebrew lyrics to it, and performed it. The rest, as you know, is history, as this became the best-known Jewish song in the world. Idelsohn documented this part of the transmigration of this melody in Volume 9 of his "Thesaurus of Hebrew Oriental Melodies" page XXIV. I know a little more about it, because he was my first teacher of music. In recent years, long after his death, the Government of Israel finally awarded his family some royalties. Also after his death, Moshe Nathanson claimed authorship, since he was a boy in one of Idelsohn's Hebrew classes at the time I think. But to my knowledge, Israel never accepted his claim. Interestingly enough, recordings of Havah Nagilah made in Europe in the 20's go at a relatively slow pace. The Hora rhythm was added later, came from a Rumanian folkdance brought to the yishuv by the Halutzim. ****


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