One of the best Confederate Cavalry letters I've had in quite some time. Written about 10 days before the Battle of Gettysburg!
Written by Private A. Henderson Byars a member of the 1st Va. Cavalry, Fitz Lee's Brigade, under the command of J.E.B. Stuart. The letter is 2 pages, in legible pencil, signed "A.H. Byars."
If you are looking for a letter that was written by a Cavalryman that rode with J.E.B. Stuart into Gettysburg this could be it!
Please ENLARGE the photos to read the transcription and additional information.
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A Henderson Byars
Residence was not listed; 26 years old.
Enlisted on 3/15/1862 at Abingdon, VA as a Private.
On 3/15/1862 he mustered into "D" Co. VA 1st Cavalry
(date and method of discharge not given)
He was listed as:
* On rolls 8/31/1864 (place not stated) (No further record)
born 9/2/1835 in Virginia
Buried: Olde Glade Cemetery, Washington County, VA
(Postwar, Merchant, Abingdon, VA in 1870)
Sources used by Historical Data Systems, Inc.:
- The Virginia Regimental Histories Series
(c) Historical Data Systems, Inc. @ www.civilwardata.com
1st REGIMENT VIRGINIA CAVALRY
Overview: 1st Cavalry Regiment completed its organization at Winchester, Virginia, in July, 1861. Unlike most regiments, the 1st contained twelve companies. The men were from the counties of Frederick, Berkeley, Rockbridge, Clarke, Washington, Augusta, Jefferson, Amelia, Loudoun, Rockingham, and Gloucester. After taking part in the Battle of First Manassas, the unit was brigaded under Generals J.E.B. Stuart, F. Lee, Wickham, and Munford.
It participated in more than 200 engagements of various types including the Seven Days' Battles and Stuart's ride around McClellan. The regiment was active in the conflicts at Gainesville, Second Manassas, Sharpsburg, Fredericksburg, Kelly's Ford, Chancellorsville, Brandy Station, Gettysburg, Bristoe Station, The Wilderness, Todd's Tavern, Spotsylvania, Bethesda Church, and Cold Harbor.
Later it was involved in Early's operations in the Shenandoah Valley, the defense of Petersburg, and the Appomattox Campaign.
In April, 1862, it totalled 437 men, lost eight percent of the 310 engaged at Gettysburg, and had 318 fit for duty in September, 1864. The cavalry cut through the Federal lines at Appomattox and later disbanded. Only 1 man from this unit were present at the surrender.
The field officers were Colonels R. Welby Carter, James H. Drake, William E. Jones, Fitzhugh Lee, William A. Morgan, and James E.B. Stuart; Lieutenant Colonels L. Tiernan Brien and Charles R. Irving; and Major Robert Swan.
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