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2012 Leaf Cut Oval Office 1/1 Cyan Printing Plate Harry Truman 33rd President For Sale

2012 Leaf Cut Oval Office 1/1 Cyan Printing Plate Harry Truman 33rd President

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<img border="0"><br><a target="_blank"><img 2012 LEAF CUT OVAL CYAN PRINTING HARRY TRUMAN # OOD31...1/1
Harry S. Truman From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia This article is about the United States president. For other uses of the name, see Harry Truman (disambiguation). Harry S. Truman 33rd President of the United States In office
April 12, 1945– January 20, 1953 Vice President
  • None (1945–1949)[1]
  • Alben W. Barkley (1949–1953)
Preceded by Franklin D. Roosevelt Succeeded by Dwight D. Eisenhower 34th Vice President of the United States In office
January 20, 1945– April 12, 1945 President Franklin D. Roosevelt Preceded by Henry A. Wallace Succeeded by Alben W. Barkley United States Senator
from Missouri In office
January 3, 1935– January 17, 1945 Preceded by Roscoe Patterson Succeeded by Frank Briggs Personal details Born May 8, 1884
Lamar, Missouri, U.S. Died December 26, 1972 (aged88)
Kansas City, Missouri, U.S. Resting place Harry S. Truman Presidential Library and Museum
Independence, Missouri Political party Democratic Spouse(s) Bess Wallace Children Margaret Profession Religion Southern Baptist Signature Military service Service/branch
  • Missouri National Guard
  • United States Army
  • United States Army Reserve
Years of service (Reserve) Rank
  • Major
  • Colonel (Reserve)
Commands Battery D, 129th Field Artillery, 60th Brigade, 35th Infantry Division Battles/wars World War I
• Western Front

Harry S. Truman (May 8, 1884– December 26, 1972) was the 33rd President of the United States of America (1945–1953). The final running mate of President Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1944, Truman succeeded to the presidency on April 12, 1945, when Roosevelt died after months of declining health. Under Truman, the U.S. successfully concluded World War II; in the aftermath of the conflict, tensions with the Soviet Union increased, marking the start of the Cold War.

Truman was born in Missouri, and spent most of his youth on his family's farm. During World War I, Truman served in combat in France as an artillery officer in his National Guard unit. After the war, he briefly owned a haberdashery and joined the Democratic Party political machine of Tom Pendergast in Kansas City, Missouri. He was first elected to public office as a county official, and in 1935 became U.S. senator. He gained national prominence as head of the wartime Truman Committee, which exposed waste, fraud, and corruption in wartime contracts.

While Germany surrendered a few weeks after Truman assumed the Presidency, the war with Japan was expected to last another year or more. Truman ordered the use of atomic weapons against Japan, intending to force Japan's surrender and spare American lives in an invasion; the decision remains controversial. His presidency was a turning point in foreign affairs, as the nation supported an internationalist foreign policy in conjunction with European allies. Working closely with Congress, Truman assisted in the founding of the United Nations, issued the Truman Doctrine to contain communism, and passed the $13billion Marshall Plan to rebuild Europe, including the Axis Powers of both world wars, whereas the wartime ally Soviet Union became the peacetime enemy, and the Cold War began. He oversaw the Berlin Airlift in 1948 and the creation of NATO in 1949. When communist North Korea invaded South Korea in 1950, he immediately sent in U.S. troops and gained UN approval for the Korean War. After initial success, the UN forces were thrown back by Chinese intervention and the conflict was stalemated through the final years of Truman's presidency.

On domestic issues, bills endorsed by Truman often faced opposition from a conservative Congress dominated by the South, but his administration successfully guided the American economy through post-war economic challenges. He said civil rights was a moral priority, and submitted the first comprehensive legislation in 1948, and issued Executive Orders to start racial integration of the military and federal agencies that year. Corruption in Truman's administration, which was linked to certain members in the cabinet and senior White House staff, was a central issue in the 1952 presidential campaign which Adlai Stevenson, Truman's successor as Democratic nominee, lost to Republican Dwight D. Eisenhower. Popular and scholarly assessments of his presidency were initially negative, but eventually became more positive after his retirement from politics. Truman's 1948 election upset for his full term as president is routinely invoked by underdog candidates.

  • 1 Early life and career
    • 1.1 World War I
  • 2 Politics
    • 2.1 Jackson County judge
    • 2.2 U.S. Senator
  • 3 Vice presidency
  • 4 Presidency 1945–1953
    • 4.1 First term (1945–1949)
      • 4.1.1 Assuming office; atomic bomb
      • 4.1.2 Strikes and economic upheaval
      • 4.1.3 Creation of United Nations, Marshall Plan, start of Cold War
      • 4.1.4 Berlin airlift
      • 4.1.5 Recognition of Israel
    • 4.2 1948 election
    • 4.3 Second term (1949–1953)
      • 4.3.1 Korean War
      • 4.3.2 Worldwide defense
      • 4.3.3 Soviet espionage and McCarthyism
      • 4.3.4 White House renovations; assassination attempt
      • 4.3.5 Steel and coal strikes
      • 4.3.6 Scandals and controversies
    • 4.4 Civil rights
    • 4.5 Administration and cabinet
    • 4.6 Judicial appointments
      • 4.6.1 Supreme Court
      • 4.6.2 Other courts
    • 4.7 1952 election
  • 5 Post-presidency
  • 6 Death
  • 7 Tributes and legacy
    • 7.1 Legacy
    • 7.2 Sites and honors
  • 8 See also
  • 9 References
  • 10 Bibliography
  • 11 External links
Early life and career

Harry S. Truman was born on May 8, 1884, in Lamar, Missouri, the oldest child of John Anderson Truman (1851–1914) and Martha Ellen Young Truman (1852–1947). His parents chose the name Harry after his mother's brother, Harrison "Harry" Young (1846–1916).[2] They chose "S" as his middle initial to please both of his grandfathers, Anderson Shipp Truman and Solomon Young. The "S" did not stand for anything, a common practice among the Scots-Irish.[3][4] A brother, John Vivian (1886–1965), was born soon after Harry, followed by one sister, Mary Jane (1889–1978).[5]

John Truman was a farmer and livestock dealer. The family lived in Lamar until Harry was ten months old, when they moved to a farm near Harrisonville. The family next moved to Belton, and in 1887 to his grandparents' 600-acre (240-ha) farm in Grandview.[6] When Truman was six, his parents moved to Independence, so he could attend the Presbyterian Church Sunday School. Truman did not attend a traditional school until he was eight.[7]

As a boy, Truman was interested in music, reading, and history, all encouraged by his mother, with whom he was very close. As president, he solicited political as well as personal advice from her.[8] He got up at five every morning to practice the piano, which he studied twice a week until he was fifteen.[9] Truman was a page at the 1900 Democratic National Convention at Convention Hall in Kansas City;[10] his father had many friends who were active in the Democratic Party and helped young Harry to gain his first political position.[11]

After graduating from Independence High School (now William Chrisman High School) in 1901, Truman worked as a timekeeper on the Santa Fe Railroad, sleeping in hobo camps near the rail lines.[12] He worked at a series of clerical jobs, and was employed briefly in the mailroom of the Kansas City Star. He returned to the Grandview farm in 1906, where he lived until entering the army in 1917.[13] During this period, he courted Bess Wallace and proposed to her in 1911. She turned him down. Truman said that before he proposed again, he wanted to be earning more money than a farmer did.[14]

Truman is the most recent U.S. president who had not earned a college degree. When his high school friends went off to the state university in 1901, Truman enrolled in Spalding's Commercial College, a Kansas City business school, but stayed for one semester. In 1923–25 he took night courses towards a law degree at the Kansas City Law School (now the University of Missouri–Kansas City School of Law), but dropped out after losing his government job.[15]

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2012 Leaf Cut Oval Office 1/1 Cyan Printing Plate Harry Truman 33rd President

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2012 Leaf Cut Oval Office 1/1 Cyan Printing Plate Harry Truman 33rd President:

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