Antique Russian Old Believers Ceremonial Cross Jesus Bronze Enamel Late 17th C
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Antique Russian Old Believers Ceremonial Cross Jesus Bronze Enamel Late 17th C:
Eastern OrthodoxChristians who maintain the liturgical and ritual practices of the Eastern Orthodox Church as they existed prior to the reforms of Patriarch Nikon of Moscowbetween 1652 and 1666. Resisting the accommodation of Russian piety to the contemporary forms of Greek Orthodox worship, these Christians were anathematized, together with their ritual, in a Synod of 1666–1667, producing a division in Eastern Europe between the Old Believers and those who followed the state church in its condemnation of the Old Rite.It was not until 1971, when the Moscow Patriarchaterevoked the anathemas imposed on the Old Believers in the 17th century. By the time this Cross was created the harassment of the Old Believers went far beyond the people and their practices. It extended all the way to art; specifically, bronze icons and crosses the government conveniently banned and then confiscated so they could use the metal to make arms and coins. Yet, this one survived; its features worn down through centuries of worship by believers who placed greater trust in faith than in the words and deeds of their leaders. Itmeasures 4.25 inches in width, by 2.5 inches in depth, by 11.25 inches in height (10.7 cm by 6.35 cm by 29.8 cm), including the hand-made, iron, custom stand. The condition is commensurate with age, dating to the late 17th century.A superb example of a very distinctive style of Russian art, it would make a fine collector’s piece and is guaranteed authentic.
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