Antique William Jardine & Sons 1800's Men's Beaver Top Hat Edinburgh Scotland
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Antique William Jardine & Sons 1800's Men's Beaver Top Hat Edinburgh Scotland:
I Googled William Jardine and according to Wikipedia, this is what was written, however I can't say for certain that this is the same William Jardine whose name is signed in this hat, even though the William talked about below was a merchant. Please do your own research and come to your own conclusion.
William Jardine(24 February 1784 – 27 February 1843) was a Scottish physician-turned-drug (opium) lordwho co-founded theHong Kongbased conglomerateJardine, Matheson & Co. Following his return to England from the Far East, between 1841 and 1843, he was Member of Parliament forAshburtonrepresenting theWhigparty.
Educated in medicine at theUniversity of Edinburgh, in 1802 Jardine obtained a diploma from theRoyal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh. The next year, he became a surgeon's mate aboard theBrunswickbelonging to theEast India Company, and set sail for India. In May 1817, he abandoned medicine for drug trafficking.
Jardine was a resident in China from 1820 to 1839. His early success inCantonas a commercial agent for opium merchants in India led to his admission in 1825 as a partner in Magniac & Co., and by 1826 he controlled that firm's Canton operations.James Mathesonjoined him shortly afterwards with Magniac & Co. reconstituted as Jardine, Matheson & Co. in 1832. After Imperial CommissionerLin Zexudestroyed 20,000 cases of opium that the British smuggled into China in 1839, Jardine arrived in London that September to press Foreign SecretaryLord Palmerstonfor a forceful response.In plain words, he is the first ever British drug trafficker who requested to loot Hong Kong.
Jardine, one of seven children, was born in 1784 on a small farm nearLochmaben, Dumfriesshire, Scotland.His father, Andrew Jardine (abt. 1750- d. 1793), died when he was nine, leaving the family in some economic difficulty. Though struggling to make ends meet, Jardine's older brother David (1776-1827) provided him with money to attend school. Jardine began to acquire credentials at the age of sixteen. In 1800 he entered theUniversity of Edinburgh Medical Schoolwhere he took classes in anatomy, medical practice, and obstetrics among others. While his schooling was in progress, Jardine was apprenticed to a surgeon who would provide housing, food, and the essential acquaintance with a hospital practice, with the money his older brother, David, provided. He graduated from theEdinburgh Medical Schoolon 2 March 1802, and was presented a full diploma from theRoyal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh. He chose to join the service of theBritish East India Companyand in 1803, at the age of 19, boarded theEast IndiamanBrunswickas a surgeon's mate in the East India Company’s Maritime Marine Service.:208Taking advantage of his employee's "cargo privilege", he traded successfully his 14 years as a surgeon at the firm.:208
On his first voyage, Jardine met two men who would come to play a role in his future as a drug trafficking merchant. The first was Thomas Weeding, a fellow doctor, and surgeon of the Glatton, one of the other ships in the convoy. The second was 26-year-old Charles Magniac who had arrived inGuangzhouat the beginning of 1801 to supervise his father's watch business inCantonin partnership withDaniel Beale.
By leaving the East India Company in 1817,Jardine was able to exploit the opportunity afforded by the company's policy of not transporting opium but contracting the trade out to free traders.:90Jardine entered into partnership with retired surgeon Thomas Weeding and opium and cotton traderFramji Cowasji Banaji.:208The firm did well and established Jardine's reputation as an able, steady and experienced private trader. One of Jardine's agents in Bombay, who would become his lifelong friend, was Parsee opium and cotton traderJamsetjee Jejeebhoy.:208Both men were on theBrunswickwhen the crew of a French ship forcibly boarded her. Jeejeebhoy long continued as a close business associate of Jardine and that a portrait of Jeejeebhoy hung in Jardines’ Hong Kong office in the 1990s was tribute to that.Jejeebhoy and his Chinese secretary (portrait byGeorge Chinnery)
In 1824, a very important opportunity arose for Jardine. Magniac & Co., one of the two most successful agency houses in Canton,:208fell into disarray.Hollingworth Magniac, who succeeded his brother Charles Magniac after the latter's death inParis, was in search of competent partners to join his firm as he was intent on leaving Asia. He was also forced to have his brother, Daniel, resign from the firm after marrying his Chinese mistress. In later years, Jardine had helped Daniel by sending his young son Daniel Francis, his child by his Chinese wife, to Scotland for school. Magniac invited Jardine to join him in 1825 and, three years later,James Mathesonjoined the partnership.:208Magniac returned to England in the late 1820s with the firm in the hands of Jardine and Matheson. Contrary to the practice at the time of retiring partners removing their capital from the firm, Magniac left his capital with the firm in trust to Jardine and Matheson. The firm carried on as Magniac & Co. until 1832 as the name Magniac was still formidable throughout China and India. Magniac wrote of William Jardine:
You will find Jardine a most conscientious, honourable, and kind-hearted fellow, extremely liberal and an excellent man of business in this market, where his knowledge and experience in the opium trafficker and in most articles of export is highly valuable. He requires to be known and to be properly appreciated.
My photographs will give the details of condition--all concerns are pictured. I'm missing a few camera angles of the hat because there are no concerns to worry about in portion. For it's age it is in very good condition.
The inside hat dimensionsare: 7 7/8" by 6 1/4" .
The outside hat dimensionsare: 12" front to back, 10" side to side, and 6.25" Tall.