Abraham Lincoln - Document Signed 09/05/1863
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Abraham Lincoln - Document Signed 09/05/1863:
PRESIDENT ABRAHAM LINCOLN - DOCUMENT SIGNED 09/05/1863 ABRAHAM LINCOLN
His signature on a historically significant, partly printed executive order (September 5, 1863) assigning a draft quota to the Ninth District of Ohio.
Partly Printed Document signed: "Abraham Lincoln" as President, 1 page, 15½x9¾ overall, folded to 7¾x9¾. Executive Mansion, Washington, D.C., 1863 September 5. In full: "I, Abraham Lincoln, President of the United States of America, and Commander-in-chief of the Army and Navy thereof, having taken into consideration the number of volunteers and militia furnished by and from the several States, including the State of Ohio, and the period of service of said volunteers and militia since the commencement of the present rebellion, in order to equalize the numbers among the Districts of the said States, and having considered and allowed for the number already furnished as aforesaid, and the time of their service aforesaid, do hereby assign Seven Hundred and Seventy-four as the first proportional part of the quota of troops to be furnished by the Ninth District of the State of Ohio under this, the first call made by me on the State of Ohio, under the act approved March 3, 1863, entitled 'An Act for Enrolling and Calling out the National Forces, and for other purposes,' and, in pursuance of the act aforesaid, I order that a draft shall be made in the said Ninth District of the State of Ohio for the number of men herein assigned to said District, and FIFTY PERCENT IN ADDITION. In Witness whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed." At the outset of the Civil War, both North and South were able to rely on enthusiastic volunteers to meet their expected requirements of military manpower. However, as the war dragged on and exacted an ever growing toll, both sides found it necessary to institute a draft. A limited draft law was enacted by the US in 1862, and another call in 1863. No draft had been employed in any previous US war. This draft differed from the US military drafts of the 20th century in significant ways. First, its primary purpose was to "encourage" more young men to volunteer, since being drafted carried a stigma not attached to patriotic volunteers. Second, there was no national selective service board. Instead, states were assigned quotas, by congressional district, according to the formulas shown above. The states then conducted their own drafts, generally by lottery. Third, one could avoid the draft by paying a $300 fee or hiring a substitute, as two future Presidents (Cleveland and Arthur) did. This escape clause for the affluent was one of the causes of the Draft Riots which inflamed New York City (July 13-16, 1863), less than three weeks before Lincoln signed this document. The draft achieved its purpose, however; the United States raised the manpower it needed to continue the struggle to victory. Abraham Lincoln, whose primary mission as President was to preserve the Union, has boldly signed this document. Vertical crease full height, not affecting signature. Small notch at lower edge 1" from right corner. Very lightly creased and soiled at edges. Overall, fine condition.
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