Alexander Von Humboldt ''kosmos'' 3 Very Rare Leather Volumes 1845/47/50 German
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Alexander Von Humboldt ''kosmos'' 3 Very Rare Leather Volumes 1845/47/50 German:
Kosmos (Cosmos) - first edition
The ''Cosmos, a sketch of a physical description of the universe'' (original title ''Kosmos, entwurf einer physischen weltbeschreibung'') is a 5 decades work of Alexander von Humboldt, one of the biggest scientist of the 19th century, The Cosmos work is considered the individual most important research in physical worldand deals with the complex relationship between Environmental elements(plants, geography, weather, animal life).
1st volume 1845, Stuttgart & Tubingen, J.G.Cotta, a general presentation of the whole picture of the universe (493pages)
2nd volume 1847, Stuttgart & Tubingen, J.G.Cotta, starts with a discussion of the portrayal of nature through the ages by landscape painters and by poets and then continues with a history of man's effort to discover and describe the earth since the time of the ancient Egyptians. Humboldt's enormous erudition becomes especially clear in this second volume (544pages)
3rdvolume 1850, Stuttgart & Tubingen, J.GCotta, has a folding table, deals with the laws of celestial space, which we would call astronomy (644pages)
This is a very rare opportunity to find the original books in this state and if you want more info or extra photos, please contact me.The "Cosmos" Statue of Alexander von Humboldt outside Humboldt University, Unter den Linden, Berlin. Note the Spanish inscription describing him as "the second discoverer of Cuba." Photo of Humboldt in his later years
The immense work is generally considered as the greatest one-man achievement in the history of science. "It had been Humboldt's aim to give a scientifically accurate picture of the universe . Since he saw nature as a whole and man as a part of nature, and therefore all intellectual and artistic activities as having a share in natural history, he linked his main theme to an exposition of its development through the centuries and to the history of old landscape painting and descriptive poetry of nature. He planned the book for fifty years . The outlines of mid-nineteenth century views of the universe, as Humboldt called it, the picture of nature, presented in the first volume of Cosmos, is filled in detail in the third, the astronomical section in the former and the geophysical in the latter" (Kellner). "Alexander von Humboldt produced in his 'Cosmos' one of the last really comprehensive physical surveys ever to be attempted" (Printing and the Mind of Man 320)
The first two volumes of the Kosmos were published between the years 1845 and 1847. Humboldt had long intended to write a comprehensive work about geography and the natural sciences. The writing took shape in lectures he delivered before the University of Berlin in the winter of 1827-28. These lectures would form "the cartoon for the great fresco of the [K]osmos".The work attempted to unify the sciences then known in a Kantian framework. With inspiration from German Romanticism, Humboldt sought to create a compendium of the world's Environment.
The first volume appeared only in 1845, and with the second (1847) marked a genuine popular triumph for the aged author. He wrote in a letter to Bessel, dated 14 July 1833: "It is the work of my life; it should reflect what I have projected as my conception and vision of explored and unexplored relationships of phenomena, out of both my own experience and painstaking inquiry into reading in many languages".‘The Kosmos is a popular scientific book in the best sense of that term. The entire material world from the galaxies to the geography of the various mosses, the history of physical cosmography, the needed stimulation for nature study - he sought to present all in vivid, "pleasing" language.
He spent the last decade of his long life — as he called them, his "improbable" years — continuing this work. The third volumes was published in 1850.
Kosmos was very popular in Britain and America. In 1849 a German newspaper commented that in England two of the three different translations were made by women, "while in Germany most of the men do not understand it." The first translation by Augustin Pritchard — published anonymously by Mr. Baillière (volume I in 1845 and volume II in 1848) — suffered from being hurriedly made. In a letter Humboldt said of it: "It will damage my reputation. All the charm of my description is destroyed by an English sounding like Sanskrit."
The other two translations were made by Mrs. Sabine under the superintendence of her husband Col. Edward Sabine, and by Miss E.C. Otté (the only complete translation). These three translations were also published in America. The numbering of the volumes differs between the German and the English editions. Volume 3 of the German edition corresponds to the volumes 3 and 4 of the English translation, as the German volume appeared in 2 parts in 1850 and 1851. Miss Otté's translation benefited from a detailed table of contents, and an index for every Allan Poe dedicated his last major work, Eureka: A Prose Poem, to von Humboldt. Humboldt's attempt to unify the sciences in his Kosmos was a big inspiration for Poe's project.
Charles Darwin made frequent reference to Humboldt's work in his Voyage of the Beagle, where Darwin described his own scientific exploration of the Americas. In one note, he placed Humboldt first on the "list of American travellers". When this Journal was published, Darwin sent a copy to Humboldt, who responded "You told me in your kind letter that, when you were young, the manner in which I studied and depicted nature in the torrid zones contributed toward exciting in you the ardour and desire to travel in distant lands. Considering the importance of your work, Sir, this may be the greatest success that my humble work could bring." In his autobiography, Darwin recalled reading "with care and profound interest Humboldt's Personal Narrative" and finding it one of the two most influential books on his work, which had "stirred up in me a burning zeal to add even the most humble contribution to the noble structure of Natural Science."Places named after Humboldt:
The following places are named for Humboldt:
- Hacienda Humboldt, Chihuahua, Mexico
- Humboldt, South Dakota, United States
- Humboldt, Nebraska, United States
- Humboldt, Illinois, United States
- Humboldt, Iowa, United States
- Humboldt, Tennessee, United States
- Humboldt, Kansas, United States
- Humboldt, Minnesota, United States
- Humboldt, Arizona, United States
- Humboldt County, California, United States
- Humboldt County, Nevada, United States
- Humboldt County, Iowa, United States
- Humboldt, Saskatchewan, Canada
- Humboldt Park: an official Community Area and park in Chicago, Illinois, United States
- Humboldt Park in Milwaukee, Wisconsin
- Alejandro de Humboldt National Park, Cuba
- Alexander von Humboldt National Forest in Peru
- Humboldt Hotel in Cerro El Ávila, Venezuela
- Humboldt Street in Brooklyn, New York
- Humboldt Parkway in Buffalo, New York
- Humboldt Avenue in Milwaukee, Wisconsin
- Humboldt Avenue in Caracas, Venezuela
- Alexander von Humboldt Street (Ulica Alexandra von Humboldta) in Zagreb, Croatia
- Humboldt-Toiyabe National Forest, California, United States
- Alexander von Humboldt street, Bucharest, Romania
- Alejandro von Humboldt, Plaza, Calacoto/La Paz, Bolivia
- Humboldt street,Ciudad Bolivar Venezuela
- Humboldt street,Rio de Janeiro Brasil
- The Mare Humboldtianum lunar mare is named after him, as is the asteroid 54 Alexandra.
- Humboldt University of Berlin is named after Alexander and his brother Wilhelm who founded it.
- Humboldt Tropical Medicine Institute at Cayetano Heredia University, Lima, Peru
- Humboldt State University in Arcata, California
- Universidad Alejandro de Humboldt, in Caracas, Alemán Humboldt, Guayaquil, Ecuador.
- Colegio Alemán Alexander von Humboldt, Mexico City Mexico.
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