Antique 19th C American Treenware/peaseware Spice Container Jar Wooden Yqz
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Antique 19th C American Treenware/peaseware Spice Container Jar Wooden Yqz:
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Wonderful Piece w/Great Finial
- DESCRIPTION -
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This sale is for an amazing piece of treenware or peaseware, (American Wooden Ware), a covered spice container / jar. We don't know who made this or when. It measures just 3 1/4" high and 2 3/4" across. The lid fits tightly. WONDERFUL!! We found this article on the Creekside Art Gallery Blog - a fantastic study on the Pease family. We don't know for a fact if this is made by the Pease family, but it sure looks like their work.The pivotal figure in the study of Peaseware is David Mills Pease. His family tree is rich with people of vision and stature who demonstrated great public and private spirit. The list includes prominent individuals first to establish towns and serve their government holding various elected and appointed offices. Many were skilled woodworkers and toolmakers; they maintained strong religious convictions through each generation.David’s first ancestor to come to America was Robert Pease (1607- 1644). He emigrated from England on the ship Francis, landed in Boston and then settled in Salem, Massachusetts in April 1634 where he became the progenitor of the many Salem and Enfield Peases. His family belonged to the First Church in Salem. His brother John is believed to have founded Edgartown on Martha’s Vineyard where much later Benjamin Warren Pease (1866-1938) became a town selectman and accomplished waterfowl decoy carver.Robert’s second son John, Sr. (ca. 1630-1689) traveled from Salem to Enfield, Massachusetts (now Enfield, Connecticut) in the fall of 1682 with family and friends and founded that town. Enfield became an early religious community well populated with Peases. A Shaker Village was established there in 1792 and continued until 1917.John Pease Jr. (1654-1734) lived in Enfield becoming a carpenter, trained joiner and first in line of many woodworkers to practice their trade in the Connecticut River Valley. There "Farmers trained sons, apprentices and journeymen married masters’ daughters, and the extended family of artisans exchanged technical and stylistic secrets in the manner of a guild.3 Active in Enfield, John Jr. was appointed "land measurer," was one of its first selectmen and the first captain of the town militia.Robert Pease (1656-1744) was born in Salem and was the second son of John Sr. Robert and his older brother John Jr. took on the responsibility of seeking out homesites and making houses ready for relatives and friends in the Connecticut River Valley. Peases also located themselves in other New England towns including Somers and Suffield, Connecticut; Deerfield, Heath, Shelburne and Springfield, Massachusetts; and Winhall, Vermont. Elizabeth Pease (1712-1784), a granddaughter of John Sr., married Ebenezer Chapin (1705-1751). Their son Eliphalet Chapin (1741-1807) was born in Somers and became a recognized maker of exceptional and popular furniture. He was a member of an established network of woodworkers and turners, often related through marriage, that practiced their skills throughout the Connecticut River Valley. "After his father’s death in 1751, Chapin was made the ward of his maternal uncle, Pelatiah Pease (1709-1769) of Enfield. Two of Chapin’s second cousins were joiners: Joseph Pease Jr. (1728-1794), of Suffield, and Zebulon Pease (1749-1829), of Enfield. Chapin was exchanging furniture for lumber with Joseph Pease Jr. (father of Seth Pease, surveyor of the Western Reserve in Ohio) in the late 1780s and early 1790s, so the family ties between the two artisans were reinforced by a professional association."4 Chapin was also associated with other prominent cabinet makers. "In 1790 Eliphalet Chapin took on as a partner Ebenezer Williams who was born in Groton, Connecticut, and may have trained with his first cousin by marriage, Ebenezer Tracy (1744-1803) of Lisbon…he remained in East Windsor until 1811, when he moved to Painesville, Ohio, [a neighboring community to Concord Township] in the Western Reserve."5 Family connections and the business dynasty extended north to Deerfield, David Pease’s birthplace and west to Ohio. The close Pease/Chapin relationship was ultimately influential on David’s elegant container designs.Seth Pease (1765-1819) was born in Suffield and later held several important governmental positions. As an accomplished astronomer and mathematician, he became a leader of the original party that surveyed the Western Reserve for the Connecticut Land Company in 1796 and 1797. Seth plotted Girdled Road in Concord Township where, not coincidentally, his younger cousin David later built a woodturning mill on an optimal location in Cascade Valley. Seth became the Surveyor General of the United States and afterwards Postmaster-General under Presidents Thomas Jefferson and James Madison.Solomon Pease (1781-1859) was David’s father. They lived in Heath and Deerfield before moving to Shelburne, Massachusetts in 1819. In 1823 Solomon moved his family to Dayton in western New York between Buffalo and Jamestown. They then journeyed through Pennsylvania to Ohio following paths laid out by Seth, finally settling in Pioneer near the Michigan border. To earn a living, Solomon worked as a farmer and carpenter. David Mills Pease (1815-1890) was born in Deerfield; and after living in New England and New York, he moved to Ohio prior to 1838 where he was listed on the 1840 Chagrin Falls/Orange census as a farmer. In 1840 he purchased land off Solon Road near River Run Park to operate a waterpowered chair factory. David sold that business in 1841. Although records show that he bought and sold property in Concord Township, Ohio during the 1840s, his last children, twins Marvin J. and Mary J., were born in 1847 in Orange Township. David later moved to Cascade Valley about 1850 where he began a new business of turning woodenware. The 1850 Concord Township census lists him as an edgetool maker producing handplanes, chisels and other cutting tools. Back in New England, Hermon Chapin (1799-1866) was the owner of Union Factory a major manufacturer of hand planes with adjustment knobs spindle-turned from wood on end grain. End grain turning became a Pease and then a Brown specialty. On May 12, 1874, David received a patent for a new type of churn-cover. The cover was constructed of two lathe turned parts assembled together. A statement in the patent application hints of his concerns for others. "The object of my invention is to provide, for the use of farmers and dairymen, an improved churn-cover and guard, which prevents the disagreeable spattering or running over of cream in churning, and the soiling of the floor and dresses incidental to it."6 Rumors of his patenting a better mousetrap are yet to be confirmed. Interestingly, David was reared in the Connecticut River Valley, moved to the Chagrin River Valley and finally settled along Big Creek in Cascade Valley. David was a man of strong beliefs who lived a totally Christian life each day; he was a recognized Spiritualist. His personal convictions and family history influenced both his business practices and aesthetic ideals. David had four children all born in Orange; three became woodturners. They were Curtis Gould (1838-1905), Charles Hiram (1843-1895) and Marvin James (1847-1906).Family notations divulge that Curtis Pease perfected glued-up ware, made wood-turned beds, was a novelty turner and represented the family at expositions. He was certainly one of the most enterprising and innovative woodworkers in the family. Curtis owned a second Pease shop on Cascade Road, starting circa 1886, about a half mile from his father’s. On March 24th of that year, he purchased Issac J. Bediant’s (ca.1809-ca.1885) turning mill and property. Brother Charles Hiram reportedly specialized in miniatures. "Hiram" planted 300 maple and black walnut trees across Big Creek from the family home as a resource for following generations to harvest. His foresightedness is considered one of the first forestry conservation plans in the midwest. The site remains undeveloped and a portion of those trees are still standing.Hiram and David were actively involved in real estate transactions along Big Creek ultimately owning nearly half of Cascade Road. For example, deeds disclose that in 1867, at age 24, Hiram purchased 42.95 acres. Five years later David acquired acreage from Hiram including rights "with privilege of building dam or dams across said creek." He reassigned it in 1884 to son Marvin. Census records list Marvin as a woodturner; indications are that he specialized in sugar bowls.Two of Curtis’ children became woodturners, Frank (1864-1941) and George Marvin (1868-1901). Coinciding with the United States International Centennial Exhibition in Philadelphia, Frank began turning in 1876, primarily making little pails and pin stands. He was only twelve. Over a half century afterwards a spice container by Frank, signed and dated 1933, is evidence of a lifelong career. By that time Frank was using Pease lathes then owned by the Browns of Cascade Valley. The Peases and Browns interacted through business and marriage. Furthering a Pease/Brown alliance, Frank’s brother George, known for making spool stands and sewing companions, married Ellen Brown in 1895.George and Frank’s sister, Minnie Pease (1866-1913) married Otis Almon Brown (1859-1921) in 1885. Otis took over ownership of David Pease’s property after the mill closed following Marvin’s death in 1906. In addition to woodworking and turning, Otis was recognized as a gifted calligraphic artist by the early 1880s, eventually teaching others the locally originated Spencerian method of flourishing. Two of Minnie and Otis Brown’s children were the last to participate in the Pease/Brown tradition. James Curtis (1897-1959) and Roy Franklin (1900-1975) both made and signed many woodturnings; and, they contributed much to the identification of objects by their maternal great grandfather, grandfather and uncles. In fact, James’ recognizable handwriting exists on the bottoms of many Pease containers. James worked at the mill when the property belonged to his father. He was an avid photographer, carpenter and furniture maker who documented the names of Pease makers on the bottoms of many pieces. James learned from his uncle Frank, circa 1910-1913, becoming prolific at the trade; Roy was taught by his close friend and brother James. Subsequently, Roy moved the lathes from the Cascade Valley mill to his home in Conneaut, Ohio and converted them to electricity. Eight of the rooms in his Victorian house were devoted to the "Pioneer Museum" which displayed implements, tools and accessories made and used by early settlers. Pease/Brown artifacts were proudly exhibited. Roy Brown’s death in 1975 ended a one hundred twenty-five year woodturning continuum. Estimated shipping weight, (packaged) is 12 oz in a 12 x 10 x 10 box. The Calculator is not always right - if the shipping looks too high email us and we will give you an accurate quote prior to the sale ending. ************ What a great find!
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