Aristotle Politics Reipublice Beneadminstrande 1567 Paris Erasmus Darwin Copy Nr For Sale

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ERASMUS DARWIN’S COPY OF THE RARE AND DESIRABLE 1567 PARIS EDITION IN GREEK OF ARISTOTLE’S ‘POLITICS,’ PRINTED IN QUARTO BY JOANNES BENE NATUM, complete in all respects, bound in 18th century calf, , WITH DARWIN’S SIGNATURE ON THE TITLE PAGE, COPIOUSLY ADORNED THROUGHOUT WITH LEARNED 16TH CENTURY MANUSCRIPT COMMENTARY IN A HUMANIST HAND, AND A 19TH CENTURY MANUSCRIPT TABLE OF THE DIFFERENT ALPHABETICAL FORMS USED IN THE 16TH CENTRY MANUSCRIPT MARGINAL NOTES. The volume is also from the library of Alistair Cooke, K.B.E. (his bookplate upon the inside of the front board).

 

As may be seen in the photos below, the binding is quite worn with the book-block broken. Internally, the volume is in very good condition with clear print and ample margins throughout, although with moderate toning at the edges, upon the title page and upon the final leaf. The volume is complete in all respects and is paginated xii, 315. The volume measures about 22.5 cm by 16.5 cm by 3 cm; each leaf measures about 222 mm by 156 mm.

 

The full title reads as follows:

 

“Aristotelis de Reip. Bene Administrande Ratione, Libri Octo, A Dionys. Lambino Monstroliensi, litterarum Graecarum Lutetiae doctore Regio, Latini facti. / Ad Erricum Valesium, Errici II. Gallorum Regis F. Karoli IX. Gallorum Regis Fratrem, Andium ducem. / Lutetiae, CIC. IC. LXVII [1567]. / Apud Ioannem Bene natum. / Cum Privilegio Regis.”

 

THE VOLUME IS GIVEN THE TITLE, ‘ARISTOTELIS DE REIP [I.E. ‘REIPUBLICE’] BENE ADMINISTRANDE RATIONE, LIBRI OCTO.’ THIS MEANS, IN ENGLISH, ‘THE WELL ADMINISTERED REPUBLIC OF ARISTOTLE, IN EIGHT BOOKS,’ AND HAS BEEN GIVEN IMMORTALITY AS THE ‘POLITICS’ OF ARISTOTLE. It need hardly be said that the ‘Politics’ of Aristotle is one of the foundational texts of Western political philosophy. In simplistic terms, its extended critique of Plato’s ‘Republic’ establishes a norm of overarching pragmatism against Plato’s idealism; this fundamental opposition continues to shape governance and politics to the present. Thus, Plato’s constitution in ‘The Republic’ is posited as the ideal state, while for Aristotle ‘constitution’ signifies the components of the state and its manner of governance.

 

AGAIN, THIS WAS ERASMUS DARWIN’S COPY; HIS SIGNATURE APPEARS AT THE HEAD OF THE TITLE. Erasmus Darwin (12 December 1731 – 18 April 1802) was an English physician. One of the key thinkers of the Midlands Enlightenment, he was also a natural philosopher, physiologist, slave trade abolitionist,[1] inventor and poet. His poems included muchnatural history, including a statement of evolution and the relatedness of all forms of life. He was a member of the Darwin–Wedgwood family, which includes his grandsons Charles Darwin and Francis Galton. Darwin was also a founding member of the Lunar Society of Birmingham, a discussion group of pioneering industrialists and natural philosophers. He turned down George III's invitation to be aphysician to the King.

Erasmus Darwin House, his home in Lichfield, is now a museum dedicated to Erasmus Darwin and his life's work. A school in nearbyChasetown recently converted to Academy status and is now known as Erasmus Darwin Academy.

Darwin's most important scientific work, Zoonomia (1794–1796), contains a system of pathology and a chapter on 'Generation'. In the latter, he anticipated some of the views ofJean-Baptiste Lamarck, which foreshadowed the modern theory of evolution. Erasmus Darwin's works were read and commented on by his grandson Charles Darwin the naturalist. Erasmus Darwin based his theories on David Hartley's psychological theory of associationism.[7] The essence of his views is contained in the following passage, which he follows up with the conclusion that one and the same kind of living filament is and has been the cause of all organic life:

Would it be too bold to imagine, that in the great length of time, since the earth began to exist, perhaps millions of ages before the commencement of the history of mankind, would it be too bold to imagine, that all warm-blooded animals have arisen from one living filament, which THE GREAT FIRST CAUSE endued with animality, with the power of acquiring new parts, attended with new propensities, directed by irritations, sensations, volitions, and associations; and thus possessing the faculty of continuing to improve by its own inherent activity, and of delivering down those improvements by generation to its posterity, world without end!

Erasmus Darwin also anticipated natural selection in Zoönomia mainly when writing about the "three great objects of desire" for every organism: "lust, hunger, and security." Another remarkable foresight written in Zoönomia that relates to natural selection is Erasmus' thoughts on how a species propagated itself. Erasmus' idea that "the strongest and most active animal should propagate the species, which should thence become improved" [8] was almost identical to the future theory of survival of the fittest.

Erasmus Darwin was familiar with the earlier proto-evolutionary thinking of James Burnett, Lord Monboddo, and cited him in his 1803 work Temple of Nature.

 

Erasmus Darwin offered the first glimpse of his theory of evolution, obliquely, in a question at the end of a long footnote to his popular poem The Loves of the Plants (1789), which was republished throughout the 1790s in several editions as The Botanic Garden. His poetic concept was to anthropomorphize the stamen (male) and pistil (female) sexual organs, as bride and groom. In this stanza on the flower Curcuma (also Flax and Turmeric) the "youths" are infertile, and he devotes the footnote to other examples of neutered organs in flowers, insect castes, and finally associates this more broadly with many popular and well-known cases of vestigial organs (male nipples, the third and fourth wings of flies, etc.)

Woo'd with long care, CURCUMA cold and shy

Meets her fond husband with averted eye:

Four beardless youths the obdurate beauty move

With soft attentions of Platonic love.

Darwin's final long poem, The Temple of Nature, was published posthumously in 1803. The poem was originally titled The Origin of Society. It is considered his best poetic work. It centres on his own conception of evolution. The poem traces the progression of life from micro-organisms to civilized society.

His poetry was admired by Wordsworth, although Coleridge was intensely critical, writing, "I absolutely nauseate Darwin's poem". It often made reference to his interests in science; for example botany and steam engines.

     

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Please take the time necessary to review the photos below in order to gain a better understanding of the content and condition of the volume. Please also take a moment to view my other sales of rare and desirable English and Continental printed books dating from the 15th through the 19th century.

 

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We charge for shipment of international orders.  We try to ship using USPS flat rate priority-mail boxes and we charge for shipment at cost or slightly below. Small 12mo books are shipped for USD 24.00. The cost of shipment for any book in Octavo, Quarto or small folio format is USD 60.00. The cost of shipment for large folios or quartos of equivalent size is USD 78.00. Multiple folio volumes and sets are, of course, generally more expensive and the cost of their shipment will always be quoted in the listing. With all of our sales if an individual client wins multiple books we charge only charge for the shipment of one book and cover the cost of shipment of the rest. Please note that mobile devices do not yet display correctly the shipment costs for international customers. Please enquire or consult the non-mobile site in order to obtain complete information concerning the cost of shipment.

   

All purchases save those by Canadian clients are shipped from New York State once per week, weather permitting. If you require faster service or special handling please let us know and we will do our best to accomodate.

       


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Aristotle Politics Reipublice Beneadminstrande 1567 Paris Erasmus Darwin Copy Nr

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