Bouguer La Figure De La Terre 1749 1749 Condamine Shape Of Earth 9 Plates 1st Nr For Sale

OFFERED WITH is THE 1749 FIRST EDITION OF PIERRE BOUGUER’S ‘LA FIGURE DE LA TERRE, DETERMINE PAR LES OBSERVATIONS DE MESSIEURS BOUGUER, & DE LA CONDAMINE,” printed in quarto at Paris by Jambert in 1749, bound in 18th century calf, in very good to excellent condition internally, and ADORNED WITH 8 FOLDING ENGRAVED PLATES AND 1 LARGE FOLDING ENGRAVED MAP. The volume may be referenced as Norman 285 and Sabin 6876. We provide free expedited, tracked and insured shipping throughout Canada and the United States. We also ship worldwide (outside of North America) at cost – the buyer pays our cost or less for shipment. Please see fuller details of our shipment policy at the foot of the description.  

 

THE GREATEST OF THE WORKS TO ARISE FROM THE 1735-44 FRENCH EXPEDITION TO MEASURE AN ARC OF THE MERIDIAN NEAR THE EQUATOR, AND ONE OF THE MOST IMPORTANT WORKS PRINTED CONCERNING THE FIGURE OF THE EARTH.

 

The full title reads as follows:

 

“La figure de la terre, determinee par les observations de Messieurs Bouguer, & de la Condamine, de l’Academie Royale des Sciences, envoyes par ordre du Roy au PCrou, pour observer aux environs de l’Equateur. / Paris / Chez Charles-Antoine Jambert. / 1749.”

 

From the catalogue of the sale of Haskell Norman’s library (lot 320):

 

FIRST EDITION OF THE MOST IMPORTANT WORK TO ISSUE FROM THE PERUVIAN EXPEDITION OF 1735-1744, undertaken by the Academy with the encouragement of Maurepas with the goal of measuring an arc of the meridian near the equator, which resulted in the determination of the shape of the earth as an oblate spheroid. Bouguer quarreled with his fellow scientists on the expedition, La Condamine and Godin, and thus published his own report separately. 'Bouguer’s work on the expedition... was of high quality. Apart from the main geodetic program, he did an astonishing amount of other scientific work, measuring the dilatation of various solids by making use of the large range of temperatures found in the Cordillena, investigating the phenomena of atmospheric refraction and the measurement of heights with the barometer, devising a new type of ship’s log, and undertaking a number of other researches, despite the very difficult physical conditions under which the geodetic measurements had to be carried out' (DSB).

 

From Wikipedia: “Pierre Bouguer (16 February 1698, Croisic – 15 August 1758, Paris) was andastronomer. He is also known as "the father of naval architecture.

 

“His father, Jean Bouguer, one of the best hydrographers of his time, was regius professor of hydrography at Croisic in lowerBrittany, and author of a treatise on navigation. In 1713 Pierre was appointed to succeed his father as professor of hydrography. In 1727 he gained the prize given by the French Academy of Sciences for his paper On the masting of ships, beating Leonhard Euler; and two other prizes, one for his dissertation On the best method of observing the altitude of stars at sea, the other for his paperOn the best method of observing the variation of the compass at sea. These were published in the Prix de l’Academie des Sciences. In 1729 he published Essai d'optique sur la gradation de la lumière, the object of which is to define the quantity of light lost by passing through a given extent of the atmosphere, and became the first known discoverer of what is now more commonly known as the Beer-Lambert law.[1] He found the light of the sun to be 300 times more intense than that of the moon, and thus made some of the earliest measurements in photometry. In 1730 he was made professor of hydrography at Havre, and succeeded Pierre Louis Maupertuis as associate geometer of the Academy of Sciences. He also invented a heliometer, afterwards perfected by Joseph von Fraunhofer. He was afterwards promoted in the Academy to the place of Maupertuis, and went to reside in Paris. In 1735 Bouguer sailed with Charles Marie de La Condamine on a scientific mission to Peru, in order to measure a degree of the meridian arc near the equator. Ten years were spent in this operation, a full account of which was published by Bouguer in 1749, La figure de la terre.[2] In 1746 he published the first treatise of naval architecture, Traité du navire, which among other achievements first explained the use of the metacenter as a measure of ships' stability. His later writings were nearly all upon the theory of navigation and naval architecture. In January, 1750 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society.”

   

The two volumes are textually complete and are paginated as follows:[24], xc, [2], 394, [2]. It contains all 9 engraved and folding plates and maps. Each volume measures about 25.5 cm by 19.5 cm by 4.5 cm. Each leaf measures about 244 mm by 185 mm.

 

The volume is bound in 18th century calf. The leather upon the spine is absent and the front board is detached; the rear board is firmly attached by the cords. The boards show moderate scuffing and wear at the edges and corners. Internally, the volume is in very good to excellent condition, with generally clean pages, clear print and ample margins throughout. There is some slight surface soiling in the blank upper margin of a few leaves. The plates and maps are excellent impressions. The stamp of the library of the Royal College of Surgeons of Ireland appears on the title and the first leaf of the text proper. PLEASE CONSULT THE PHOTOS BELOW IN ORDER TO GAIN THE BEST POSSIBLE UNDERSTANDING OF THE VOLUME’S CONDITION.

 

OFFERED WITH .

       

 

Please take the time necessary to review the photos below in order to gain a better understanding of the content and condition of the volume. Please also take a moment to view my other sales of rare and desirable English and Continental printed books dating from the 15th through the 19th century.

 

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We charge for shipment of international orders.  We try to ship using USPS flat rate priority-mail boxes and we charge for shipment at cost or slightly below. Small 12mo books are shipped for USD 24.00. The cost of shipment for any book in Octavo, Quarto or small folio format is USD 60.00. The cost of shipment for large folios or quartos of equivalent size is USD 78.00. Multiple folio volumes and sets are, of course, generally more expensive and the cost of their shipment will always be quoted in the listing. With all of our sales if an individual client wins multiple books we charge only charge for the shipment of one book and cover the cost of shipment of the rest. Please note that mobile devices do not yet display correctly the shipment costs for international customers. Please enquire or consult the non-mobile site in order to obtain complete information concerning the cost of shipment.

   

All purchases save those by Canadian clients are shipped from New York State once per week, weather permitting. If you require faster service or special handling please let us know and we will do our best to accomodate.

                         


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Bouguer La Figure De La Terre 1749 1749 Condamine Shape Of Earth 9 Plates 1st Nr

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Bouguer La Figure De La Terre 1749 1749 Condamine Shape Of Earth 9 Plates 1st Nr:
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