Canada - Newfoundland: 1841 Halfpenny Token, Rutherford Bros, Rare - High Grade
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Canada - Newfoundland: 1841 Halfpenny Token, Rutherford Bros, Rare - High Grade:
CANADA - NEWFOUNDLAND19th Century Token: 1841 Copper Halfpenny,Rutherford ref.138.16)
The Token Book: "Non-Local" - unlisted (most issues sent for circulation in Canada are excluded). I researched this token on the internet and I believe that I can provide an accurate reference and description.
Newfoundland, like other parts of British controlled Canada, suffered from a serious shortage ofcoinage until later in the 19th century. The first offical Newfoundland coins were minted in Great Britain in 1865.Before then, Great Britain did not provide a local currency and so worn foreign coins were circulated.The local merchants produced their own token coins. This token was issued by the Rutherford brothers whoowned a store in St John's, the capital of Newfoundland. This is an original tokenstruck in copper.Brass forgeries also circulated due to the shortage of currency.
Obverse:suspended sheep carcass* in centre with outer legend: "* R & I S Rutherford *"(above) and "St John's Newfoundland" (below).
Reverse: the arms of the Rutherford family with "1841" (below).
*The sheep design was copied from a design used on English tokens in the late 18th century.
The token was mintedby Boulton & Watt in Birmingham, England.
There are two varieties, with and without date and both arerare (exact mintage not stated). This one is dated 1841 and has a catalogue reference: "Breton # 952".
I found the following values quoted in Canadian dollars:F $50; VF $75; EF $100. This is a high grade example and much better than average for tokens of this period.
Note that the values shown above are for the standard type - there are varieties and errors but I do not have any detailed information about these.
It has a diameter of about 29.5 mm, weighs about 9.2 grams and was struck in copper.
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