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Catholic Archrival Of Martin Luther & Protestant Reformation Alchemy/occult 1572 For Sale

Catholic Archrival Of Martin Luther & Protestant Reformation Alchemy/occult 1572

VERY SCARCE, ORIGINAL 1572 EDITION OF "SUMMULA CAIETANI". This important 16th century work was written by Thomas Cajetan and printed by Dominicum Nicolinum at Venice, Italy. Author was a high-ranking Italian official of the Roman Catholic Church during the Reformation era. As the pope's special envoy, Cajetan was the most powerful church figure in Germany during Martin Luther's rise to prominence. As such, Cajetan became Luther's arch rival and wrote a host of works, including the present treatise, directed against Luther and hismovement. Cajetan alsoprepared the papal bull denouncing the leader of the Protestant Reformation.Initially issued as "Summula de peccatis" (1525) and known byother titles including "Peccatorum Summula", the present treatise is among author's principal works and decidedly his most controversial. Along with his elaborate discourse on the Summa Thomas Aquinas,this workis one for which he is best remembered. In large part, text is devoted to what the Catholic Church considered Lutheran heresy. In it is listed, and organized by degree of gravity, a large number of sins punishable by excommunication; many of them quite extreme. Included are prostitution, usury, sodomy, sexual intercourse with animals, adultery, inquisition, alchemy, incest, apostasy, cruelty, schism, demonic omens, spells, curses, apostasy, etc. We could not locate another obtainable copy of this early Venetian edition."Protestants remember Cajetan for his dramatic encounter with Martin Luther...Luther and Cajetan met on three successive days in October 1518. In the confrontation Cajetan argued that the pope was under the Word of God and asserted that some popes had twisted Scripture. Three days ended at an impasse, with Cajetan ordering Luther to leave his presence and not return unless he was ready to recant. That night Luther was secretly taken from Augsburg and safely returned to Wittenberg. In 1520 Cajetan helped draft the papal bull 'Exsurge Domine' condemning Luther. In spite of their sharp differences Luther recognized Cajetan as a person of learning and integrity" [See: "Evangelical Dictionary of Theology" edited by Walter A. Elwell (2007), p. 198]."Cajetan is known as the most learned of the Roman Catholic dignitaries sent to silence Martin Luther in the early days of the young monk's protest. Cajetan's credentials and theological expertise qualified him to confront Luther. In 1518 Cajetan summoned Luther to the southern German city of Augsburg and ordered him to recant his heresies. Despite Cajetan's persuasive arguments and threats of imprisonment (or worse), Luther refused. Luther had become such a national hero that it would have been politically dangerous to take punitive action" [See: "Who's Who in Christian History" by J. D. Douglas (1992), p. 125].Thomas Cajetan (1469-1534), also known as Gaetanus, commonly Tommaso de Vio, was an Italian philosopher, theologian, cardinal (from 1517 until his death) and the Master of the Order of Preachers 1508-18. He was a leading theologian of his day who is now best known as the spokesman for Catholic opposition to the teachings of Martin Luther and the Protestant Reformation while he was the Pope's Legate in Wittenberg, and perhaps also among Catholics for his extensive commentary on the "Summa Theologica" of Thomas Aquinas.De Vio was born in Gaeta, then part of the Kingdom of Naples, as Jacopo Vio. The name Tommaso was taken as a monastic name, while the surname Cajetan derives from his native city. At the age of fifteen he entered the Dominican order, and, devoting himself to studies in philosophy of St. Thomas Aquinas [he is the founder of Neothomism], became, before the age of thirty, a doctor of theology at Padua, where he was subsequently professor of metaphysics.A public disputation at Ferrara (1494) with Pico della Mirandola gave him a great reputation as a theologian. He was made general procurator in 1507 and general of his order a year later in 1508. For his zeal in defending the papal rights against the 1511 Council of Pisa, in a series of works which were condemned by the Sorbonne and publicly burnt by order of King Louis XII, he obtained the bishopric of Gaeta, and in 1517 Pope Leo X made him a cardinal and archbishop of Palermo.He appears in 1511 as a supporter of the pope against the claims of the Council of Pisa (1511-1512), called by dissident cardinals to punish Pope Julius II, who had ignored the electoral capitulations he had accepted before being elected. Cajetan composed in defense of his position the "Tractatus de Comparatione auctoritatis Papæ et conciliorum ad invicem". Jacques Almain answered this work, and Cajetan replied in his "Apologia". At the Fifth Lateran Council (1512-17) which Pope Julius II set up in opposition to that of Pisa, De Vio played the leading role. During the second session of the council, he brought about a decree recognizing the superiority of papal authority to that of councilsFor his services Leo X made him in 1517 cardinal presbyter of San Sisto in Rome, and made him in the following year bishop of Palermo. He resigned as bishop of Palermo in 1519 to become bishop of Gaeta, as granted him by the Emperor Charles V, for whose election De Vio had labored zealously.In 1518 he was sent as legate to the Diet of Augsburg and to him, at the wish of the Saxon elector, was entrusted the task of examining and testing the teachings of Luther. According to Hilaire Belloc, "[Luther] had not been treated roughly by his opponents, the roughness had been on his side. But things had gone against him, and he had been made to look foolish; he had been cross-examined into denying, for instance, the authority of a General Council--which authority was the trump card to play against the Papacy." In 1519, De Vio helped in drawing up the bill of excommunication against Luther.De Vio was employed in several other negotiations and transactions, being as able in business as in letters. In conjunction with Cardinal Giulio de' Medici in the conclave of 1521-1522, he secured the election of Adrian Boeyens, bishop of Tortosa, as Adrian VI. He retained influence under Clement VII, suffered a short term of imprisonment after the storming of Rome by the Constable of Bourbon and by Frundsberg (1527), retired to his bishopric for a few years, and, returning to Rome in 1530, assumed his old position of influence about the person of Clement, in whose behalf he wrote the decision rejecting the appeal for divorce from Catharine of Aragon made by Henry VIII of England.Nominated by Clement VII a member of the committee of cardinals appointed to report on the "Nuremberg Recess", he recommended, in opposition to the majority, certain concessions to the Lutherans, notably the marriage of the clergy as in the Greek Church, and communion in both kinds according to the decision of the council of Basel. Cardinal De Vio died in Rome in 1534.Condition: Rare book remains in good overall condition. Volume bound in contemporary full vellum with raised spine bands; moderate cover wear with early hand titling to spine, a few old institutional stamps, upper third of title page lacking, some toning, scattered spotting and damp staining, etc. Text in Latin. Volume numbers 729 pages with separate preliminary indexes and terminal leaf bearing printer's woodcut device; and bookmeasures approx 5" tall x 3" wide x 1.5" thick. Quite a find and a very worthy acquisition indeed.Payment and Shipping: Please see our response and offer with confidence. Never a reserve and very low opening offer as always. For international shipping quote, please contact us. buyers with no established response must contact us before offerding. Massachusetts residents must add 6.25% sales tax or include dealer tax resale number. Payment must be received within 7 days after close of sale. Thanks for your interest!

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