Charles Darwin*expression Of The Emotions-first Edition//evolution/photograph
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Charles Darwin*expression Of The Emotions-first Edition//evolution/photograph:
THE EXPRESSION OF THE EMOTIONS
IN MAN AND ANIMALS
First Edition,(2nd Issue)
with photographic and other illustrations
LONDON, JOHN MURRAY
BOOK DESCRIPTION:Original (restored) cloth binding. vi, 374pp, index. 7 photographic plates, as called for (numbered with Arabic numerals). 1st Edition, 2ndIssue (with'that'misprinted as "htat" on p. 208). 4pp of adverts (datedNov. 1872)
CONDITION: VERY GOOD-. The original cloth binding has some wear and marks. The binding has been restored (rebacked)and the text block The binding is very tight andsecure. Original endpapers have been strengthened. Blindstamp of Wincombe library on title page and plates. No library ink marks labels or pockets.A robust and complete copy of this important part of Darwin's works on evolution. Please e-mail if you would like me to send further photos.
This book is an important member of Darwin's evolutionary set and it was written, in part at least, as a confutation of the idea that the facial muscles of expression in man were a special endowment.
It was to be one of the first books with photographs ever published, with seven heliotype plates (see photos below). Darwin's publisher warned that this aspect of thepublication"would poke a terrible hole in the profits".
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Full contents list after the photos:
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INTRODUCTION .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
CHAP. I.—GENERAL PRINCIPLES OF EXPRESSION.
The three chief principles stated—The first principle—Serviceable actions become habitual in association with certain states of the mind, and are performed whether or not of service in each particular case—The force of habit—Inheritance—Associated habitual movements in man—Reflex actions—Passage of habits into reflex actions—Associated habitual movements in the lower animals—Concluding remarks .. .. 27-49
CHAP. II.—GENERAL PRINCIPLES OF EXPRESSION—continued.
The Principle of Antithesis—Instances in the dog and cat—Origin of the principle—Conventional signs—The principle of antithesis has not arisen from opposite actions being consciously performed under opposite impulses .. .. 50-65
CHAP. III.—GENERAL PRINCIPLES OF EXPRESSION—concluded.
The principle of the direct action of the excited nervous system on the body, independently of the will and in part of habit—Change of colour in the hair—Trembling of the muscles—Modified secretions—Perspiration—Expression of extreme pain—Of rage, great joy, and terror—Contrast between the emotions which cause and do not cause expressive movements—Exciting and depressing states of the mind—Summary .. .. 66-82
CHAP. IV.—MEANS OF EXPRESSION IN ANIMALS.
The emission of sounds—Vocal sounds—Sounds otherwise produced—Erection of the dermal appendages, hairs, feathers, &c., under the emotions of anger and terror—The drawing back of the ears as a preparation for fighting, and as an expression of anger—Erection of the ears and raising the head, a sign of attention .. .. 83-115
CHAP. V.—SPECIAL EXPRESSIONS OF ANIMALS.
The Dog, various expressive movements their expression of joy and affection—Of pain—Anger—Astonishment and Terror .. .. Pages 116-146
CHAP. VI.—SPECIAL EXPRESSIONS OF MAN: SUFFERING AND WEEPING.
The screaming and weeping of infants—Form of features—Age at which weeping commences—The effects of habitual restraint on weeping—Sobbing—Cause of the contraction of the muscles round the eyes during screaming—Cause of the secretion of tears .. .. 147-177
CHAP. VII.—LOW SPIRITS, ANXIETY, GRIEF, DEJECTION, DESPAIR.
General effect of grief on the system—Obliquity of the eyebrows under suffering—On the cause of the obliquity of the eyebrows—On the depression of the corners of the mouth .. .. 178-197
CHAP. VIII.—JOY, HIGH SPIRITS, LOVE, TENDER FEELINGS, DEVOTION.
Laughter primarily the expression of joy—Ludicrous ideas—Movements of the features during laughter—Nature of the sound produced—The secretion of tears during loud laughter—Gradation from loud laughter to gentle smiling—High spirits—The expression of love—Tender feelings—Devotion .. .. 198-221
The act of frowning—Reflection with an effort or with the perception of something difficult or disagreeable—Abstracted and pouting—Decision or determination—The firm closure of the mouth .. .. 222-238
CHAP. X.—HATRED AND ANGER.
Hatred—Rage, effects of, on the system—Uncovering of the teeth—Rage in the insane—Anger and indignation—As expressed by the various races of man—Sneering and defiance—The uncovering of the canine tooth on one side of the face .. .. Pages 239-253
CHAP. AND NEGATION.
Contempt, scorn and disdain, variously expressed—Derisive smile—Gestures expressive of contempt—Disgust—Guilt, deceit, pride, &c.—Helplessness or the shoulders common to most of the races of man—Signs of affirmation and negation .. .. 254-277
Surprise, astonishment—Elevation of the eyebrows—Opening the mouth—Protrusion of the lips—Gestures accompanying of the hair—Contraction of the platysma muscle—Dilatation of the pupils—Horror—Conclusion .. .. 278-309
Nature of a blush—Inheritance—The parts of the body most affected—Blushing in the various races of man—Accompanying gestures—Confusion of mind—Causes of blushing—Self-attention, the fundamental element—Shyness—Shame, from broken moral laws and conventional rules—Modesty—Theory of blushing—Recapitulation .. .. 310-347
CHAP. XIV.—CONCLUDING REMARKS AND SUMMARY.
The three leading principles which have determined the chief movements of expression—Their inheritance—On the part which the will and intention have played in the acquirement of various expressions—The instinctive recognition of expression—The bearing of our subject on the specific unity of the races of man—On the successive acquirement of various expressions by the progenitors of man—The importance of expression—Conclusion 348-367
LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS.
PAGE. 1. Diagram of the muscles of the face, from Sir C. Bell .. .. 24 2. ,, ,, Henle .. ..
24 3. ,, ,, ,, .. ..
25 4. Small dog watching a cat on a table .. ..
43 5. Dog approaching another dog with hostile intentions .. .. 52 6. Dog in a humble and affectionate frame of mind .. .. 53 7. Half-bred shepherd dog .. ..
54 8. Dog caressing his master .. ..
55 9. Cat, savage, and prepared to fight .. ..
58 10. Cat in an affectionate frame of mind .. ..
59 11. Sound-producing quills from the tail of the porcupine .. .. 93 12. Hen driving away a dog from her chickens .. ..
98 13. Swan driving away an intruder .. ..
99 14. Head of snarling dog .. ..
118 15. Cat terrified at a dog .. ..
128 16. Cynopithecus niger, in a placid condition .. ..
136 17. The same, when pleased by being caressed .. ..
136 18. Chimpanzee disappointed and sulky .. ..
141 19. Photograph of an insane woman .. ..
296 20. Terror .. .. 299 21. Horror and Agony .. ..
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