Charles Darwin*the Origin Of Species*1860*1st American Edition*evolution*first*
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Charles Darwin*the Origin Of Species*1860*1st American Edition*evolution*first*:
ON THE ORIGIN OF SPECIESBY MEANS OF NATURAL SELECTION
PRESERVATION OF FAVOURED RACES IN THE STRUGGLE FOR LIFE.
BY CHARLES DARWIN, M.A
REVISED EDITION. [3rd PRINTING OF 1st US EDITION]
NEW YORK: APPLETON
BOOK DESCRIPTION: ix, 432pp, fold-out diagram at p. 108 as called for,index. [FREEMAN F378]. 3rd Printing of 1st US Edition. The text is the same as the 1st UK edition, though the words "REVISED EDITION" appear on the title page.
CONDITION: VERY GOOD-: Recently rebound in quarter wine calf with marbled boards. Binding very tight and secure. Fresh endpapers. Some foxing throughout - fairly heavy in places but not very dark. Previous name on title - Jospeph Millikin - which also appears on p.117, p.220 (see photo) and the blank next to the end of the index, which is dated August, 1860 (see photo). His brother Daniel has also signed the title page "Dan Millikin", dated 1866. [Joseph Millikin, was a theology graduate of Princeton Theological Seminary.
Subsequently he became Professor of Greek in his Alma Mater, and gave instruction
in the Hebrew language. In 1873, upon the organization of the Ohio
Agricultural and Mechanical College, located in Columbus, he was elected
to occupy the position of professor of the German, French, and English
languages and their literatures.] There is an ink note at the end of the book - a quote taken from William Cullen Bryant's Forest Hymn - Life mocks the idle hate Of his arch-enemy Death - yea, seats himself Upon the tyrant's throne - the sepulchre, And of the triumphs of his ghastly foe, Makes his own nourishment. Since taking the photos I have found a few other margin notes, by both men - a note on p. 74 about animal displacement and note about a misprint - unrecorded as far as I'm aware - on p.81 (where "column" should read "colour"). A good, solid copy of the 3rd printing of the 1st American Edition with text exactly as that of the first UK edition (1859).
Please e-mail if you would like me to send further photos (or larger versions of the ones below).
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Charles Darwin's On the Origin of Species, first published on 24 November 1859, is a seminal work of scientific literature, considered to be the foundation of evolutionary biology. Darwin's book introduced the theory that populations evolve over the course of generations through a process of natural selection. It presented a body of evidence that the diversity of life arose through a branching pattern of evolution and common descent. Darwin included evidence that he had accumulated on the Beagle expedition in the 1830s and his subsequent findings from research, correspondence, and experimentation. This US edition, mirrors exactly the text of the first UK edition.
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VARIATION UNDER DOMESTICATION.
Causes of Variability — Effects of Habit — Correlation of Growth —
Inheritance — Character of Domestic Varieties — Difficulty of
distinguishing between Varieties and Species — Origin of Domestic
Varieties from one or more Species — Domestic Pigeons, their
Differences and Origin — Principle of Selection anciently followed, its
Effects — Methodical and Unconscious Selection — Unknown Origin of our
Domestic Productions — Circumstances favourable to Man's power of
Selection. .. .. .. .. .. ..
VARIATION UNDER NATURE.
Variability — Individual Differences — Doubtful species — Wide
ranging, much diffused, and common species vary most — Species of the
larger genera in any country vary more than the species of the smaller
genera — Many of the species of the larger genera resemble varieties in
being very closely, but unequally, related to each other, and in having
restricted ranges. .. .. .. .. .. ..
STRUGGLE FOR EXISTENCE.
Bears on natural selection — The term used in a wide sense —
Geometrical powers of increase — Rapid increase of naturalised animals
and plants — Nature of the checks to increase — Competition universal —
Effects of climate — Protection from the number of individuals —
Complex relations of all animals and plants throughout nature —
Struggle for life most severe between individuals and varieties of the
same species; often severe between species of the same genus — The
relation of organism to organism the most important of all relations.
Natural Selection — its power compared with man's selection — its
power on characters of trifling importance — its power at all ages and
on both sexes — Sexual Selection — On the generality of intercrosses
between individuals of the same species — Circumstances favourable and
unfavourable to Natural Selection, namely, intercrossing, isolation,
number of individuals — Slow action — Extinction caused by Natural
Selection — Divergence of Character, related to the diversity of
inhabitants of any small area, and to naturalisation — Action of
Natural Selection, through Divergence of Character and Extinction, on
the descendants from a common parent — Explains the Grouping of all
organic beings. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
LAWS OF VARIATION.
Effects of external conditions — Use and disuse, combined with
natural selection; organs of flight and of vision — Acclimatisation —
Correlation of growth — Compensation and economy of growth — False
correlations — Multiple, rudimentary, and lowly organised structures
variable — Parts developed in an unusual manner are highly variable:
specific characters more variable than generic: secondary sexual
characters variable — Species of the same genus vary in an analogous
manner — Reversions to long-lost characters — Summary. .. .. .. .. ..
DIFFICULTIES ON THEORY.
Difficulties on the theory of descent with modification —
Transitions — Absence or rarity of transitional varieties — Transitions
in habits of life — Diversified habits in the same species — Species
with habits widely different from those of their allies — Organs of
extreme perfection — Means of transition — Cases of difficulty — Natura
non facit saltum — Organs of small importance — Organs not in all cases
absolutely perfect — The law of Unity of Type and of the Conditions of
Existence embraced by the theory of Natural Selection. .. .. .. .. ..
Instincts comparable with habits, but different in their origin —
Instincts graduated — Aphides and ants — Instincts variable — Domestic
instincts, their origin — Natural instincts of the cuckoo, ostrich, and
parasitic bees — Slave-making ants — Hive-bee, its cell-making instinct
— Difficulties on the theory of the Natural Selection of instincts —
Neuter or sterile insects — Summary
Distinction between the sterility of first crosses and of hybrids
— Sterility various in degree, not universal, affected by close
interbreeding, removed by domestication — Laws governing the sterility
of hybrids — Sterility not a special endowment, but incidental on other
differences — Causes of the sterility of first crosses and of hybrids —
Parallelism between the effects of changed conditions of life and
crossing — Fertility of varieties when crossed and of their mongrel
offspring not universal — Hybrids and mongrels compared independently
of their fertility — Summary
ON THE IMPERFECTION OF THE GEOLOGICAL RECORD.
On the absence of intermediate varieties at the present day — On
the nature of extinct intermediate varieties; on their number — On the
vast lapse of time, as inferred from the rate of deposition and of
denudation — On the poorness of our palæontological collections — On
the intermittence of geological formations — On the absence of
intermediate varieties in any one formation — On the sudden appearance
of groups of species — On their sudden appearance in the lowest known
ON THE GEOLOGICAL SUCCESSION OF ORGANIC BEINGS.
On the slow and successive appearance of new species — On their
different rates of change — Species once lost do not reappear — Groups
of species follow the same general rules in their appearance and
disappearance as do single species — On Extinction — On simultaneous
changes in the forms of life throughout the world — On the affinities
of extinct species to each other and to living species — On the state
of development of ancient forms — On the succession of the same types
within the same areas — Summary of preceding and present chapters .. ..
Present distribution cannot be accounted for by differences in
physical conditions — Importance of barriers — Affinity of the
productions of the same continent — Centres of creation — Means of
dispersal, by changes of climate and of the level of the land, and by
occasional means — Dispersal during the Glacial period co-extensive
with the world .. .. .. .. .. ..
Distribution of fresh-water productions — On the inhabitants of
oceanic islands — Absence of Batrachians and of terrestrial Mammals —
On the relation of the inhabitants of islands to those of the nearest
mainland — On colonisation from the nearest source with subsequent
modification — Summary of the last and present chapters .. .. .. .. ..
MUTUAL AFFINITIES OF ORGANIC BEINGS: MORPHOLOGY:
EMBRYOLOGY: RUDIMENTARY ORGANS.
CLASSIFICATION, groups subordinate to groups — Natural system —
Rules and difficulties in classification, explained on the theory of
descent with modification — Classification of varieties — Descent
always used in classification — Analogical or adaptive characters —
Affinities, general, complex and radiating — Extinction separates and
defines groups — MORPHOLOGY, between members of the same class, between
parts of the same individual — EMBRYOLOGY, laws of, explained by
variations not supervening at an early age, and being inherited at a
corresponding age — RUDIMENTARY ORGANS; their origin explained —
RECAPITULATION AND CONCLUSION.
Recapitulation of the difficulties on the theory of Natural
Selection — Recapitulation of the general and special circumstances in
its favour — Causes of the general belief in the immutability of
species — How far the theory of natural selection may be extended —
Effects of its adoption on the study of Natural history — Concluding
remarks .. .. .. .. ..
INDEX .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 491On 24-May-13 at 17:35:33 BST, seller added the following information:
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