Civil War Superb Soldiers Letter 1st Battle Of Corinth Miss. - May 27 1862
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Civil War Superb Soldiers Letter 1st Battle Of Corinth Miss. - May 27 1862 :
SUPERB CONTENT CIVIL WAR SOLDIERS LETTER, DATED MAY 27, 1862, DURING THE SIEGE OF CORINTH MISSISSIPPI - ALSO KNOWN AS THE FIRST BATTLE OF CORINTH - FROM A SOLDIER IN GENERAL HALLECK'S ESCORT - (THE 4TH INDEPENDENT OHIO CAVALRY).
Lengthy, 3 pg letter, approx. 4-3/4" x 7-3/4", datedat Mississippi, May27 (1862), from Francis ("Frank") M. Chapman, to his brother, Isaac Chapman. Written on patriotic stationery, with a large red illustration of a Zouave soldier holding a sword and the Flag, and with "One Flag, One Country" above.
The writer asks his brother to "direct your letters this way:"To Francis M. Chapman, in care of Captain John S. Foster, Commander of General Halleck's Escort, Pittsburg Landing, Tennessee". John S. Foster wasCaptain of the 4th Independent Ohio Cavalry, which was organized at Georgetown, Ohio on July 9, 1861; Was in Missouri in August, 1861, attached to Gen. Pope's Army of the West; Moved to Benton Barracks, Mo. in Feb., 1862, and then to St. Louis,at General Halleck's Headquarters; InApril, 1862,they moved to Pittsburg Landing, Tenn. as escort to General Halleck, and fought in the advance on and siege of Corinth, Mississippi, April 29 to May 30th, 1862.Later fought in the Vicksburg Campaign, and Shermans march through Georgia, the Atlanta campaign, till the surrender of Gen. Johnston'sarmy in NC.
This letter was written by a member of General Halleck's cavalry escort during the Siege of Corinth, also known as the First Battle of Corinth, (April 29th to May 30th, 1862). Following the Battle of Shiloh (Pittsburg Landing, Tenn.), General Halleck moved cautiously and slowly to Corinth, where Beauregard had moved his army after the Battle. By May 25th, after moving just 5 miles in 3 weeks, Halleck was in a position to lay siege to the town. Beauregard, by making apparent preparations for an attack, fooled Halleck into thinking the Conferateswere about toattack his forces, and was able to remove his army safely on May 29th, just 2 days after this letter was written. When the Union forcesentered Corinth, they found dummy "Quaker" cannon, and noConfederate forces.
This letter has superb content, in which Frank Chapman complains about having to be on guard so much, and curses:"God damn all the officers to hell"; and writes of the increased fighting between the Union & Conferate pickets,and that they march to the front lines tomorrow and expect the "great battle" this week. He complains of the mosquitoes which keep you from lying down "without getting your ass ate off". As he nears the end of his letter, he notes that the cannons are "roaring pretty loudjust now",and wonders if "perhaps the ball is opened".
Includes (spelling corrected):
"I take the present opportunity of sending you a few lines to let you know that I am still living, and I hope that you are, but it seems though you don't care very much, or else I think you would write...This is the last one I intend to write as long as I am in the Army.
God damn all the officers to hell. They keep us on guard all the time, day and night. All the way I can get a day's rest is to run till after the guard is formed. That is the way I got off today and night. Our pickets are a fighting all the time, day and night. I was on picket night before last, and on camp guard last night, and to day I run off and tomorrow we march out on the front lines, and I think that this great battle will come off this week sure, and then I am a going to come home, if I am a living.
I think this State of Mississippi don't suit me. It is too hot, and the mosquitos are too plenty. A person can't lie down without getting his ass ate off. I think that the cavalry will be discharged as soon as this battle is over. I want you to take care of my wheat aswell as you can if I ain't at home.
So no more at present, only the cannons roaring pretty loud just now; perhaps the ball is opened, and if it is, I thought we will get to bed tomorrow morning.
Direct your letters this way. To Francis M. Chapman, in care of Captain John S. Foster, Commander of General Halleck's Escort, Pittsburg Landing, Tennessee.
Give my love to all the family and tell them that I wish them well. So no more at present, Frank Chapman to Isaac Chapman."