Civil War General 2nd Wisconsin Cavalry Governor Congressman Signed Document For Sale
CADWALLADER COLDEN WASHBURN
CIVIL WAR MAJOR GENERAL,
COLONEL, 2nd WISCONSIN
CONGRESSMAN FROM WISCONSIN,
GOVERNOR of WISCONSIN
FOUNDER OF GENERAL MILLS!
Here’s a RARE Document
Signed by Washburn – a Check Signed to “myself” dated at Madison, Wisconsin,
Aug. 21, 1874, drawn off the State Bank of Wisconsin for $150. The document bears an imprinted 2 cent Internal Revenue Stamp.
The document measures 7” x 3” and is in VERY GOOD CONDITION. The
piece comes with a copy of Washburn’s engraving.
RARE ADDITION TO YOUR CIVIL WAR/19th CENTURY MILITARY HISTORY AUTOGRAPH,
MANUSCRIPT & EPHEMERA COLLECTION!
Biography of Gen. C. C. Washburn
Cadwallader Colden Washburn
(April 22, 1818–May 15, 1882) was an American businessman, politician, and soldier noted for founding what would
later become General Mills
and working in government for Wisconsin. He was born
in Livermore, Maine,
one of seven brothers that included Israel Washburn,
Jr., Elihu B. Washburne,
Washburn, and Charles Ames
Education and early career
Washburn was born in Livermore, Maine, the son of Martha (née Benjamin)
and Israel Washburn. Washburn attended school in Wiscasset, Maine, and later taught there
in 1838–1839. In 1839 he moved to Davenport, Iowa. There he helped in the
geological survey of the state before moving to Rock Island,
Illinois to study law. In 1840 he was elected surveyor of Rock Island
County. Two years later, he was admitted to the bar and moved to Mineral
Point, Wisconsin where he began a legal practice.
Politics and military career
In 1854, Washburn ran for Congress as a Republican,
later serving three terms as part of the 34th, 35th and 36th United States Congresses representing
Wisconsin's 2nd congressional district, from March 4, 1855 to
March 3, 1861. In his last term Washburn served as chairman of the Committee on Private Land Claims. He
declined to run again in 1860.
The Washburn family had always been strongly opposed to slavery. Washburn
moved to La Crosse, Wisconsin
in 1861 but returned to Washington, D.C.
later that year as a delegate in the peace
convention that was held in an attempt to prevent the American Civil War.
He served in the Union Army during the Civil War, becoming colonel of the 2nd Wisconsin Volunteer Cavalry, on February 6, 1862;
brigadier general of Volunteers on July 16, 1862; and major general on November
29, 1862. Washburn had the honor of having his appointment document signed by
President Abraham Lincoln.
At one point Ulysses S. Grant
called Washburn "one of the best administrative officers we have." He
commanded the cavalry of the XIII Corps in the opening stages of Ulysses S. Grant's Vicksburg Campaign.
Once siege operations had begun against the city of Vicksburg and Grant called
for all available forces, Washburn led a detachment of the XVI Corps during the siege of Vicksburg.
He commanded the 1st Division in the XIII Corps
in Nathanial P. Banks' operations along the Texas Coast.
For the rest of the war he served in administrative capacities in
Mississippi and Tennessee. When Nathan B. Forrest led a raid against
Memphis, Tennessee in 1864, Washburn was forced to flee his headquarters in his
nightshirt to avoid capture, finding refuge in Fort Pickering. He left the Union Army on May 25, 1865.
After the conclusion of the war, Washburn returned to his home in La
Crosse, where he was elected again for two terms in the House of
Representatives. This time representing Wisconsin's 6th congressional district at the 40th and 41st Congresses from March 4, 1867 to
March 3, 1871, where he was chairman of the Committee on Expenditures on Public Buildings
in the first term. He declined to run in 1870.
In 1871, he was urged to run for Governor of
Wisconsin against James R. Doolittle.
Washburn won the election and was inaugurated governor of Wisconsin on the
first Monday in January, 1872 and served from 1872 to 1874. He ran
unsuccessfully for reelection in 1873.
A year later, he purchased the Edgewood Villa estate from Samuel Marshall,
where Edgewood College
In 1844, Washburn formed a partnership with land agent, Cyrus Woodman.
Together the two men developed a number of companies, such as the Wisconsin
Mining Company. The most successful business venture undertaken by the men was
land acquisition. In May 1855 they established Washburn's and Woodman's Mineral
Point Bank. Washburn and Woodman dissolved their partnership amicably in 1855.
After that, Washburn moved to La Crosse, Wisconsin in 1859 and purchased the La
Crosse Lumber Company.
In his lifetime, Washburn also worked in the lumber industry, establishing mills in Minneapolis,
Minnesota. He began in that city in 1856 by leasing power rights to
the water flowing over St. Anthony Falls
through the Minneapolis Milling Company. In 1866, he built his own Washburn
"B" Mill, which was thought at the time to be too large to ever turn
a profit. However, he succeeded and in 1874 built an even larger Washburn
"A" Mill. The original "A" mill complex was
destroyed, along with several nearby buildings, in a flour explosion in 1878, but was later rebuilt. In 1877,
Washburn teamed with John Crosby to form the Washburn-Crosby Company. At the
same time, Washburn sent William Hood Dunwoody to England to open that market
for spring wheat. Successful, Dunwoody became a silent partner and went on to
become one of the wealthiest millers in the world. Dunwoody became a
philanthropist endowing hospitals, educational facilities, and a charitable
home which ultimately became Dunwoody Village. The corporation
eventually became known as General Mills
Shortly after birth, Washburn was diagnosed with epilepsy. Cadwallader Colden Washburn
married Jeanette Garr, daughter of Elizabeth Sinclair Garr and Andrew Sheffield
Garr on January 1, 1849. Both were 30 at the time. The couple brought
their first daughter, Jeanette (Nettie) Garr Washburn, into the world in 1850.
After giving birth to Nettie, Jeanette showed signs of mental illness. After
the birth of their second daughter, Frances (Fanny), in 1852, Washburn made
arrangements for his wife's care at the Bloomingdale Asylum. Later she was
transferred to an institution in Brookline,
Massachusetts, where she remained until her death at age 90 in 1909.
Washburn donated the Edgewood Villa estate to the Sinsinawa
Dominican Sisters of Madison, Wisconsin
in 1881. The Edgewood Villa later became Edgewood College, and Edgewood
High School. Nearly a year later, in 1882, he died. After his death
his estate had an estimated value of between two and three million dollars. In
his will, Cadwallader left money to his daughter as well as other members of
his family. However, the largest portion was set aside to pay for the care of
his wife, Jeanette. After Washburn's death in 1882 a tradition was
started at Edgewood College of celebrating "Washburn Day" in June
Washburn died in Eureka
Springs, Arkansas while on a visit to the springs for his health.
His body was interred in Oak Grove Cemetery
in La Crosse,
Wisconsin. After his death, a large bequest was made to the city;
land was bought and a building for the La Crosse Public Library was built.
The city of Washburn
County, Wisconsin was named after Cadwallader Washburn, as was Washburn
County in northern Wisconsin. Washburn
Observatory, at the University
of Wisconsin–Madison, was also named for Washburn, who as governor,
allocated the money for its construction. Washburn High
School in Minneapolis was also named after Cadwallader Washburn. He
left money in his will that would start an orphanage for the children that lost
parents in the mill explosion. This organization has evolved into what is known
today as the Washburn Center for Children.
I am a proud member of the Universal Autograph Collectors Club
(UACC), The Ephemera Society of America, the Manuscript Society and the
American Political Items Collectors (APIC) (member name: John Lissandrello). I
subscribe to each organizations' code of ethics and authenticity is guaranteed.
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Civil War General 2nd Wisconsin Cavalry Governor Congressman Signed Document : $46