Civil War General Colonel 31st Wisconsin Infantry Signed Document Bentonville 63
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Civil War General Colonel 31st Wisconsin Infantry Signed Document Bentonville 63:
FRANCIS HENRY WEST
CIVIL WAR COLONEL, 31ST WISCONSIN INFANTRY
At the battle of Bentonville, North Carolina, West rallied his regiment as it faltered and later commanded the Union forces during the last part of the fighting!
West accompanied the army in the campaign of the Carolinas, performing well its part in destroying railroads, building corduroy roads and foraging. At the battle of Averasboro it was in the front line under heavy fire from noon until dark.At Bentonville it held an exposed position at the front and was attacked in front and on both flanks simultaneously. It was thrown back, but reformed behind a rail fence, where it was speedily reinforced and withstood five determined charges, inflicting terrible punishment upon the enemy.
HERE's a War Date Document Signed: 8 1/2 x 11, imprinted form filled out in ink. Invoice of Ordnance Stores, turned over by Colonel F.H. West, 31st Wis. Vol. Inft., to Capt. F.Q. Ball, Co. G, 31st Wis., at Murfreesboro, Tennessee, on Dec. 16, 1863. The itemized list includes Springfield Rifled Muskets, Bayonet Scabbards, Cartridge Boxes & Plates, Waist Belts Plates & Gun Slings. Signed at the bottom, F.H. West, Col. 31st Wis. Vols. Very fine. Comes with the Bio pictured in the listing.
document is in FINE, CLEAN & CRISP CONDITION.
A RARE ADDITION TO YOUR CIVIL WAR/19th CENTURY MILITARY HISTORY AUTOGRAPH & MANUSCRIPT COLLECTION!
Bio of Gen Francis H. West
Francis H. West (October 25, 1825 – March 6, 1896) was a colonel in the Union Army during the American Civil War who was nominated and confirmed for appointment to the grade of brevet brigadier general in 1866.Biography
West was born in Charlestown, New Hampshire, October 25, 1825. He later moved to Monroe, Wisconsin. West died March 6, 1896 at Bessemer, Alabama. He was buried at Forest Home Cemetery, Milwaukee, Wisconsin.
His former home at Monroe, Wisconsin, now known as the General Francis H. West House, is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.Career
West joined the Army on October 9, 1862 and was commissioned a Lieutenant Colonel with the 31st Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry Regiment. He was promoted to Colonel on February 1, 1864.
At the battle of Bentonville, North Carolina, West rallied his regiment as it faltered and later commanded the Union forces during the last part of the fighting.
West was mustered out of the volunteers on June 20, 1865. On January 13, 1866, President Andrew Johnson nominated West for appointment to the grade of brevet brigadier general of volunteers to rank from March 13, 1865, and the United States Senate confirmed the appointment on March 12, 1866.
Post- war, Gen. West served as a United States Marshal, Eastern District of Wis. (1885-90), and was a Commission Merchant both before and after the war. West died on March 6, 1896 and is buried at Forest Home Cemetery, Milwaukee (Section 9, Block 69, Lot 3).
History of the Thirty-first Infantry WISCONSIN
Thirty-first Infantry. -- Cols., Isaac E. Messmore, Francis H.
West George D. Rogers, Lieut.-Cols., Francis H. West, George D.
Rowers Majs., John Clowney, William J. Gibson, George D.
Rogers, R. B. Stenhenson Farlin Q. Ball.
This regiment was organized at Prairie du Chien in Aug. 1862,
when six companies were recruited. It was ordered to Camp
Utley, Racine, on Nov. 14, where the remaining companies were
recruited, and the regiment was mustered in, Oct. 9.
It left the state March 1, 1863, for Columbus, Ky., and was
assigned to the 6th division 16th corps. It remained there on
picket, provost and reconnaissance duty during the spring and
summer and was ordered to Murfreesboro in October. Cos. B. G
and K were detached and stationed at Stone's River in guard and
fortification work until April, 1864.
The regiment was assigned to the 4th division, 20th corps, and
divided into detachments for patrolling the Nashville &
Chattanooga railroad, one detachment being mounted for dashes
into the interior. The regiment was ordered to Nashville in
June for provost guard duty, remaining there until July 3 when
it was transferred to the 3d brigade, 1st division, 20th corps,
joining the brigade on the 21st before Atlanta and remaining in
the siege until Aug. 25.
It took a position on the Chattahoochee River until the
evacuation of Atlanta and was then on guard and forage duty
until it joined the march to the sea. When within 10 miles of
Savannah, accompanied by part of another regiment, it passed
through a seemingly impassable swamp, charged the enemy in two
redoubts commanding the road and in the face of a severe fire
carried the works.
It accompanied the army in the campaign of the Carolinas,
performing well its part in destroying railroads, building
corduroy roads and foraging. At the battle of Averasboro it
was in the front line under heavy fire from noon until dark.
At Bentonville it held an exposed position at the front and was
attacked in front and on both flanks simultaneously. It was
thrown back, but reformed behind a rail fence, where it was
speedily reinforced and withstood five determined charges,
inflicting terrible punishment upon the enemy.
This closed its active service. It participated in the grand
review at Washington. Cos. A, B. C, D, E and F. were mustered
out at Louisville June 20, 1865, and the remaining companies on
The original strength of the regiment was 878. It gained by
recruits, 200; total, 1,078. Loss by death, 114; missing, 2;
desertion, 52; transfer, 33; discharge, 176; mustered out, 710.
Source: The Union Army, vol. 4, p. 64
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