“supreme Court Chief Justice” Charles E. Hughes Signed 3x5 Card Mueller Coa
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“supreme Court Chief Justice” Charles E. Hughes Signed 3x5 Card Mueller Coa :
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Charles Evans Hughes, Sr.(April 11, 1862 – August 27, 1948) was an American fromNew York, and the 11thChief Justice of the United States. He was also the36th Governor of New York, the Republican presidential nominee in the1916 presidential election, and the 44thUnited States Secretary of State.
Born toWelshimmigrants in New York, Hughes became a prominent attorney and academic. After taking part in theArmstrong Investigation, he won election as the Governor of New York, serving in that position from 1907–1910. He became known as aprogressivereformer and an admirer ofBritain'sNew Liberalism, enacting legislation such as theMoreland Act. In 1910, PresidentWilliam Howard Taftappointed Hughes as anAssociate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States.
Hughes served as an Associate Justice until 1916, when he resigned from the bench to accept the Republican presidential nomination. In the 1916 election, Wilsonnarrowly prevailed over Hughes, partly because Wilson won the support of many progressives. AfterWarren G. Hardingwon the1920 presidential election, Hughes accepted Harding's offer to serve as Secretary of State. Serving under Harding andCalvin Coolidge, Hughes negotiated theWashington Naval Treaty, which sought to prevent a navalarms race.
After leaving office in 1925, Hughes returned to private legal practice, arguing numerous cases before the Supreme Court. Following the death of Chief Justice Taft in 1930, PresidentHerbert Hooverappointed Hughes to lead the Supreme Court. Hughes emerged as aswing voteron the bench, positioned between the liberalThree Musketeersand the conservativeFour Horsemen. Though theHughes Courtstruck down severalNew Dealprograms, it upheld the broad constitutionality of the New Deal programs under theTaxing and Spending Clause. Behind the scenes, Hughes used his influence to help defeat theJudicial Procedures Reform Bill of 1937. Hughes retired in 1941 and died in 1948.
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