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Charron De La Sagesse 1601 Duru Binding Massena Provenance Montaigne 1st Ed Nr For Sale

Charron De La Sagesse 1601 Duru Binding Massena Provenance Montaigne 1st Ed Nr

OFFERED WITH is a A GLORIOUS EXAMPLE OF THE VERY RARE AND VERY IMPORTANT 1601 FIRST EDITION OF PIERRE LE CHARRON’S ‘DE LA SAGESSE,’ ONE OF GREATEST PHILOSOPHICAL WORKS IN FRENCH AND ONE OF THE FINEST WORKS OF EARLY MODERN WESTERN PHILOSOPHY, PRINTED AT BORDEAUX (‘BORDEAUS’) IN OCTAVO BY MILLANGES IN 1601, WRITTEN BY THE GREAT FRIEND AND DISCIPLE OF MICHEL DE MONTAIGNE, WONDERFULLY BOUND IN DARK GREEN MOROCCO BY HIPPOLYTE DURU IN 1854 (SIGNED AND DATED BY DURU) FOR FRANCOIS-VICTOR MASSENA, SECOND DUKE OF RIVOLI AND THIRD PRINCE OF ESSLING, WITH HIS ARMS UPON EACH BOARD, WITH A RICHLY GILT SPINE AND RICHLY GILT DENTELLES, COMPLETE IN ALL RESPECTS, AND SOLIDLY IN EXCELLENT TO NEAR FINE CONDITION. A MORE BEAUTIFUL EXAMPLE OF THIS VERY GREAT WORK WOULD BE VERY DIFFICULT TO OBTAIN. The volume may be referenced as Tchemerzine II at 253. THIS GREAT WORK HAS BEEN RECOGNIZED AS VERY SCARCE FOR MORE THAN 350 YEARS. UPON PUBLICATION, IT WAS CONDEMNED BY THE PARLIAMENT, THE UNIVERSITY AND THE JESUITS. NO LESS A PERSONAGE THAN GABRIEL NAUDE IN 1645 STATED THAT THIS 1601 FIRST EDITION OF CHARRON’S ‘DE LA SAGESSE’ WAS DESCRIBED AS BEING AMONGST THE RAREST OF BOOKS. The book is complete in all respects, including the three index leaves, the errata leaf and the two blank leaves at the rear. THIS IS THE GENUINE 1601 FIRST EDITION, PAGINATED [20], 772, [12, (including the two blanks)].

 

PROVENANCE: 1. Francois-Victor Massena (1799-1863), Second Duke of Rivoli and Third Prince of Essling. His arms appear on both boards in gilt. It was Massena who in 1854 commissioned the wonderful binding by Duru in which the book continues to be housed today (and which is still in near fine condition). From Wikipedia: “François Victor Masséna, 2nd Duke of Rivoli and 3rd Prince of Essling (born April 2, 1799 in Antibes, died April 16, 1863) was an amateur ornithologist. He was the youngest of four children of André Masséna, Marshal of France. Masséna accumulated a large bird collection of 12,500 specimens, which he sold to Dr Thomas Bellerby Wilson in 1846. Wilson gave the collection to the Philadelphia Academy of Natural Sciences. Massena described a number of new parrots with his nephew Charles de Souancé, including the Green-cheeked Parakeet. The Slaty-tailed (Massena) Trogon and Magnificent (Rivoli's) Hummingbird were named in his honor. In 1823 he married Anna Massena, Duchess of Rivoli and they had four children. Anna's Hummingbird was named in her honor by René Primevère Lesson.” 2. Kenneth Rapoport (his bookplate on the front endpaper). The book resided in Mr. Rapoport’s well-known library during the latter decades of the 20th century and the first years of the 21st.

 

The full title reads as follows:

 

“De La Sagesse / Livres Trois. / Par M. Pierre le Charron, Parisien, Chanoine Theological & Chantre en l’Eglise Cathedrale de Comdom. / A Bordeaus, Par Simon Millanges Imprimeur ordinaire du Roy. 1601. / Avec privilege.”

 

CONCERNING THE GREAT BINDER OF THE PRESENT VOLUME, HIPPOLYTE DURU:

 

Hippolyte Duru worked from 1843 to 1863. From 1861 he was associated with Chambolle, forming the great Chambolle-Duru partnership. Their fame was very great amongst bibliophiles of the second half of the 19th century, and continues to be so today. Their work included 180 volumes bound for the cabinet of Henri d’Orleans duc d’Aumale at Chantilly, as well as bindings for Massena (such as the present volume) and bindings in numerous other noble libraries. Their bindings were chosen by the aforementioned Duc because, in the late 19th century, “the three greatest living binders [were] Trautz, Cape and Duru.” Indeed, Duru gained the Duc’s greatest appreciation: “This Duru is a very capable man and I have magnificent bindings that have come from his hands” (this comment was made by the Duc in 1856, two years after Duru made the present binding). Duru, along with Chambolle, partook (indeed largely defined) the final years of the golden age of bookbinding in France, which ended with the industrialization of bookbinding during the first decades of the 20th century.

   

THE LIFE OF PIERRE DE CHARRON

 

Pierre Charron (1541 – November 16, 1603) was a French 16th-century Catholic theologian and philosopher, and a disciple and contemporary of Michel Montaigne. Pierre Charron was born in Paris, one of the twenty-five children of a bookseller. After practiced as an advocate, for a few years. He then entered the church and soon became a popular priest, rising to become a canon.

 

He moved to the southwest of France, invited by Arnaud de Pontac, Bishop of Bazas. He was appointed priest in ordinary to Marguerite de Valois, wife of Henry IV of Navarre. In about 1588, Charron decided to become a monk, but being rejected by both the Carthusians and the Celestines, he returned to his old profession. He delivered a course of sermons at Angers, and in the next year moved to Bordeaux, where he formed a famous friendship with Michel de Montaigne. On Montaigne's death, in 1592, Charron was requested in the will to bear the Montaigne arms.

 

From 1594, he used his own name; he spent from 1594 to 1600 under the protection of Antoine Hérbrard de Saint-Sulpice, Bishop of Cahors, who appointed him grand vicar and theological canon. His first book led to his being chosen deputy to the general assembly of the clergy, for which he became chief secretary.

 

Charron retired to Condom in 1600; he died suddenly of a stroke; his works were then receiving attention.

 

CONCERNING ‘DE LA SAGESSE’:

 

Charron’s ‘De la Sagesse’ is probably the greatest work of philosophy and the greatest collection of essays written by any follower of Montaigne. It certainly ranks in the canon of European philosophy, and was the finest work of its kind between Montaigne and Pascal. ‘De la Sagesse’ was one of the first modern works to set forth a naturalistic moral theory independent of religious considerations, and based primarily on Stoic ideas. Charron's views were extremely popular in the seventeenth century, and they influenced many skeptically inclined thinkers in France and England. ‘De la Sagesse’ presents an orthodox Catholicism but nevertheless defends religious toleration – a fraught proposition during France’s wars of religion. The first part of the book concerns knowledge of the self, the second part determines general rules of wisdom, and the third defines the four moral virtues to acquire and preserve: prudence, justice, force and temperance.

 

CONCERNING CHARRON’S VIEWS MORE GENERALLY:

 

Influences

 

Apart from the major influence of Montaigne, Charron took from Raymond of Sabunde (Sibiuda).[10] Another influence was neostoicism, as handled by Justus Lipsius.[11]

 

Psychology

 

According to Charron, the soul, located in the ventricles of the brain, is affected by the temperament of the individual; the dry temperament produces acute intelligence; the moist, memory; the hot, imagination. Dividing the intelligent soul into these three faculties, he writes the branches of science corresponding with each. On the nature of the soul, he quotes opinions. The belief in its immortality, he says, is the most universal of beliefs, but the most feebly supported by reason. As to a human's power of attaining truth, he declares that none of our faculties enable us to distinguish truth from error. In comparing humans with animals, Charron insists that there are no breaks in nature. Though inferior in some respects, in others, animals are superior. Namely, humanity's essential qualities are vanity, weakness, inconstancy, and presumption.

 

Theology

 

Charron writes that all religions teach that God is to be appeased by prayers, presents, vows, but especially, and, most irrationally, by human suffering[citation needed]. Each religion is said by its devotees to have commenced by divine inspiration. A human is a Christian, Jew, or Muslim, before he or she knows that they are persons. Furthermore, he writes that one religion is built upon another.

 

While Charron declares religion to be "strange to common sense," the practical result at which he arrives is that one is not to sit in judgment on his or her faith, but to be "simple and obedient," and to submit to public authority[citation needed]. He writes that this is one rule of wisdom with regard to religion. Another equally important is to avoid superstition, which he defines as the belief that God is like a hard judge who, eager to find fault, narrowly examines our slightest act, that he is vengeful and hard to appease, and that, therefore, he must be flattered and won over by pain and sacrifice.

 

Charron states that true piety, which is the first of duties, is the knowledge of God and of one's self; the latter knowledge being necessary to the former. The belief that what God sends is all good, and that all the bad is from ourselves is the abasing of humanity and the exalting of God. It leads to spiritual worship, for external ceremony is merely for our advantage, not for his glory.

 

Politics

 

Charron is a founder of modern secularism. He declares the sovereign to be the source of law, and asserts that popular freedom is dangerous.

     

THE VOLUME IS IN EXCELLENT TO NEAR FINE CONDITION INTERNALLY. The pages are clean, with sufficient to ample margins, and with clear print throughout. The leaves are supple and strong, but are mildly to moderately toned, as is endemic to the first edition of ‘De la Sagesse’ (owing to the paper stock used by the printer). THE BINDING IS IN NEAR FINE CONDITION, with strong hinges and a strong book-block. It is almost without wear. The richly gilt spine is divided by raised bands into 6 compartments. The arms of Francois-Victor Massena are in gilt upon each board. Each board is further adorned with a triple-fillet gilt border. All edges are gilt and the dentelles are richly gilt. The endpapers are hand-marbled. There is just the slightest scuffing at the corners and at the head and foot of the spine. Considered generally, THIS IS A VERY BEAUTIFUL EXAMPLE OF A VERY SCARCE AND VERY IMPORTANT FIRST EDITION.

 

THE VOLUME IS COMPLETE IN ALL RESPECTS. It is paginated [20], 772, [12, counting the final two blank leaves]. The volume measures about 15.5 cm by 10.6 cm by 2.8 cm; each leaf measures about 151 mm by 100 mm.

 

OFFERED WITH .

       

 

Please take the time necessary to review the photos below in order to gain a better understanding of the content and condition of the volume. Please also take a moment to view my other sales of rare and desirable English and Continental printed books dating from the 15th through the 19th century.

 

Shipment is free for customers in the United States and Canada. For U.S. clients we ship either FedEx Ground for large shipments or USPS Priority for single books or smaller amounts. We ship using Canada Post for Canadian customers.

 

  Canadian buyers please note that we list on .com which automatically charges for international shipment. Your invoice will be amended to reflect free shipping.

 

  Please note as of January 2013 USPS has increased International shipping charges on average by 25%.

 

We charge for shipment of international orders.  We try to ship using USPS flat rate priority-mail boxes and we charge for shipment at cost or slightly below. Small 12mo books are shipped for USD 24.00. The cost of shipment for any book in Octavo, Quarto or small folio format is USD 60.00. The cost of shipment for large folios or quartos of equivalent size is USD 78.00. Multiple folio volumes and sets are, of course, generally more expensive and the cost of their shipment will always be quoted in the listing. With all of our sales if an individual client wins multiple books we charge only charge for the shipment of one book and cover the cost of shipment of the rest. Please note that mobile devices do not yet display correctly the shipment costs for international customers. Please enquire or consult the non-mobile site in order to obtain complete information concerning the cost of shipment.

   

All purchases save those by Canadian clients are shipped from New York State once per week, weather permitting. If you require faster service or special handling please let us know and we will do our best to accomodate.

                                                             


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Charron De La Sagesse 1601 Duru Binding Massena Provenance Montaigne 1st Ed Nr

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