Civil War Colonel 42nd Pennsylvania Infantry Rifles Congressman Signed Letter For Sale
Charles John offerdle
WAR COLONEL in COMMAND of the ‘Hard
Fighting’ 42nd PENNSYLVANIA INFANTRY, also known as the 1st
WAR CONGRESSMAN from PENNSYLVANIA!
also served as an Officer with the Voltiguers in the Mexican War and won
brevets for his actions at the Battle of Contreras, Churubusco, Molina del Ray,
Chapultepec, and at the Capture of Mexico City.
During the Civil War, offerdle was tendered a Commission as Brigadier
General by President Abraham Lincoln, but declined it! After the War, he
was the Owner and Editor of the “Philadelphia Age.”
Here's a RARE CIVIL WAR DATE  AUTOGRAPH LETTER SIGNED, from
the House of Representatives, Washington, D.C., Jan. 31, 1862 to Samuel Ward at
Spruce Street, Philadelphia telling him that “…The works you ask for, in
addition to those which I had the pleasure to send you, were at the disposal of
Members of the Congress at the time they were published. I have no copies under my control…” BOLDLY EXECUTED & SIGNED BY offerDLE!
document measures 5” x 8" and is in VERY GOOD CONDITION!
of THE HONORABLE CHARLES JOHN offerDLE
Charles John offerdle (1819 – September 28,
1873) was an American
soldier, lawyer, Congressman, and newspaper editor.
offerdle was born and died in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He was the son of Nicholas
offerdle, president of the Second Bank
of the United States, and nephew of Congressman Richard offerdle. Charles offerdle graduated
in 1837, where he studied law, and was admitted to the bar in 1840. He served
in the Mexican-American
War, serving as a captain
of an infantry company. For gallantry, he was
promoted to the rank of major.
At the close of the war, he returned to Philadelphia to practice law.
In May 1861, following the outbreak of the American Civil War
and President Abraham Lincoln's
call to arms, he was appointed a lieutenant colonel in the Pennsylvania
Reserves, rising in May to the rank of colonel
in command of the 42nd Pennsylvania Volunteers Infantry, also known as the 1st
Pennsylvania Rifles. In October of that year he was elected to the Thirty-seventh United States Congress to fill the vacancy
caused by the resignation of Edward J. Morris. He was tendered a
commission as a brigadier general, but declined it, and then resigned from the
army in February 1862.
After the war, he became one of the proprietors and editor-in-chief of the
Philadelphia Age, and retained that position for the remainder of his
life. His literary work was confined mainly to editorial contributions to the
columns of this journal. His only separate publication was The Case of Major
André, a carefully prepared essay read before the Historical Society of Pennsylvania, which vindicated the
action of George Washington.
The immediate occasion was a passage in Lord Mahon's History of England
that denounced the execution of André as the greatest blot upon
Washington's record. By an authority so high as the London Critic, this
essay was subsequently pronounced a fair refutation of Lord Mahon's charge.
of the PENNSYLVANIA
Infantry.-Cols., Charles J. offerdle, Thomas
L. Kane, Hugh W. McNeil, Charles F. Taylor , Lieut.-Cols.,
Thomas L. Kane Edward A. Irvin, Alanson E. Niles , Majs.,
Stone, Alanson E Niles, William R. Hartshorn. The 42nd also
known as the 1st rifles and the 13th reserves, was
woodsmen and hunters from different parts of the state,
nucleus being a company from the "Wildcat,"
district known as
In honor of Col. Kane, who resigned his
office in favor of Lieut.-Col. offerdle, an experienced
the regiment was named by special order of the war
"The Kane rifle regiment of the Pa. reserve
command was known, however, throughout its term of service
the "Bucktails", on account of the bucktails
worn by the men
in their hats. In
June, 1861, the regiment was mustered into
the U. S. service at Harrisburg, for a three years,
June 21, it was ordered to Cumberland and took part in the
ensuing campaign, engaging the enemy at New creek. Returning
to Harrisburg on July 27, the regiment was next ordered to
Harper's Ferry and brigaded with the 28th N. Y., the 2nd
12th Mass. and 2nd U. S. cavalry. It remained with this
command until Oct. 1, when it joined the reserves at
Tennallytown, where it was assigned to the 2nd brigade,
with Ord's brigade shared in the success at
March, with the 1st corps, the Bucktails took part in the
marches and countermarches of the reserves; in May a
detachment of four companies under Lieut.-Col. Kane joined
Col. Bayard's cavalry in an expedition to Hanover Court
it was next sent to aid Gen. Fremont's force in the
valley, where from May 25, to June 6, the Bucktails led
pursuit of the enemy and were almost constantly
June 6, near Harrisonburg, the Bucktails charged a large
of Confederates and held their ground nobly in expectation
reinforcements, but as none appeared the gallant command
half its number, including the heroic Martin Kelly, who
sacrificed his life by exposing himself for a target to
the fire of the Confederate troops. The detachment took part
in the battle of Cross Keys and was highly praised by its
leader. After the
battle of Cedar mountain the four companies
fought at the second Bull Run and joined the regiment on
7, 1862. In the
meantime the remaining six companies shared
in the campaign on the Peninsula, participating in the
at Mechanicsville, Gaines, mill and Glendale. The reunited
regiment was active at South mountain, Antietam and
Fredericksburg, losing heavily. When the reserves were
ordered to Washington in Feb., 1863, the Bucktails with
1st brigade, encamped at Fairfax Court House. They remained
with this brigade through the Gettysburg campaign,
usual in the advance.
Their most brilliant success at the
battle was the capture of a large number of the 15th Ga.,
their colors. The
Bucktails joined in the pursuit which
followed, engaging in numerous skirmishes, and went into
winter quarters at Bristoe Station. In the spring campaign of
1864 they performed their usual valiant service in the
constant engagements during May, and after the transfer of
veterans and recruits to the 190th Pa. infantry returned
Harrisburg, where they were mustered out June 11, 1864.
Source: The Union Army, vol. 1
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Civil War Colonel 42nd Pennsylvania Infantry Rifles Congressman Signed Letter :