Civil War General Custer Cavalry Wia Ofcr Gar National Commander Document Signed
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Civil War General Custer Cavalry Wia Ofcr Gar National Commander Document Signed:
HENRY MARTIN NEVIUS
(1841 - 1911)
NATIONAL DEPARTMENT COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF of the GRAND ARMY OF THE REPUBLIC (GAR)
CIVIL WAR CAVALRY OFFICER SERVING IN THE LINCOLN CAVALRY and LATER UNDER THE COMMAND OF GENERAL GEORGE ARMSTRONG CUSTER - - WOUNDED IN ACTION RESISTING CONFEDERATE GENERAL EARLY'S ATTACK ON WASHINGTON
Nevius’ left arm had to be amputated (that night President Lincoln made him a major!). Nevius was also a noted Red Bank, NJ Senator, Lawyer and Judge!
HERE'S A RARE AUTOGRAPH DOCUMENT SIGNED BY HENRY M. NEVIUS (THREE TIMES!) – A MONMOUTH COUNTY COURT DOCUMENT RELATIVE TO AN INDENTURE OF MORTGAGE …FILLED OUT & SIGNED IN NEVIUS’ HAND and DATED NOV. 22, 1892! The document is also signed twice by noted 19th Century Monmouth County, New Jersey Judge, Edmund Wilson
The document measures 8½” x 14” and is in very fine, clean condition and nicely executed by Nevius!
PROVENANCE: THIS DOCUMENT CAME OUT OF THE 19th CENTURY ESTATE PAPERS OF NJ SENATOR & NOTED RED BANK ATTORNEY JOHN STILLWELL APPLEGATE & HAS NEVER APPEARED ON THE COLLECTOR MARKET!!
A RARE ADDITION TO YOUR CIVIL WAR GAR MILITARY HISTORY AUTOGRAPH, MANUSCRIPT & EPHEMERA COLLECTION!!
BIOGRAPHY of HENRY MARTIN NEVIUS
Henry Martin Nevius was born at Freehold, New Jersey, on January 30, 1841, and was the second child of James Schureman Nevius and Hannah Browne-Nevius. He was educated at the Freehold Public School and Institute. Subsequently talking a two years post-graduate course at the Grand Rapids, Michigan, High School. He then entered the law office of General & later Secretary of War, Russell A. Alger.
In August of the same year of his graduation, 1861, he enlisted as a Private in Company K, First New York "Lincoln Cavalry," serving as Regimental Commissary Sergeant with his Regiment in the Army of the Potomac. In 1862 he was appointed Second Lieutenant for gallantry in Action to Company D, 7th Michigan Cavalry in the Brigade under the command of General George A. Custer (this brigade won fame in the Campaigns of the Army of the Potomac.
He served with the 7th Michigan Cavalry until he resigned in 1864 to take a position in a Regiment forming in Trenton, New Jersey. This organization not having been completed, Henry Nevius again enlisted as a Private in Company D, 25th New York (Sickles) Cavalry, where he was promoted for bravery on the Field to a Second Lieutenant and later to Captain but he was never mustered for this rank.
He commanded the center of a small band, which resisted General Early's attack upon Washington, in July 1864, and led the charge, which forced the enemy back. His left arm was shattered with a bullet, but he held his men till the crisis was past, and then fell to the ground. That night the President made him a Major. Later his left arm was amputated due to the wound he received.
His record of service was at West Point, Via, Army of the Potomac, Antietam Campaign, Gettysburg, Defenses of Washington, Shenandoah Valley, and various other cavalry raids and expeditions. He was also wounded in action no less than four times.
After the close of the War, he held the position of Collector of Internal Revenue at Monmouth County. In 1868 he resumed the study of law with General Charles Haight, being admitted to the Bar of Monmouth County in 1875, and as counselor in 1876. In 1875 he came to Red Bank, New Jersey, and entered into partnership with Hon John S. Applegate of Red Bank, until 1879. In 1888 he formed the co-partnership of Nevius & Wilson, latter having been a student with him, now the Attorney General of New Jersey. In 1896 Governor Griggs appointed him Judge of the Circuit Court of Hudson County.
In 1881 he was instrumental in organizing Arrowsmith Post No 61, G.A.R., at Red Bank, New Jersey, (in honor of George Arrowsmith from Monmouth County, who was shot through the head and Killed-in-action at the Battle of Gettyburg). Nevius was the Post’s Commander until 1884, when he was elected to the position of Department Commander of the Grand Army of the Republic for the State of New Jersey. In 1887 he was elected to the State Senate, of which he finished his term as President.
In 1904 he was appointed Prosecutor of the Pleas for Monmouth County, New Jersey, resigning in 1908 to accept the position of Commander-in-Chief of the Grand Army of the Republic, to which he was elected at the National Encampment held at Toledo, Ohio. To this position he devoted his entire time and attention, traveling over forty thousand miles to visit the different Departments of the Grand Army. At Hopewell, New Jersey, A Camp of the Sons of Veterans was named "Nevius Camp" in his honor.
The empty coat sleeve which Major Nevius wore bore mute testimony to his bravery. As a Civil War soldier and officer he was possessed of the finest qualities, knew no fear, and shirked no duty no matter how dangerous or arduous. As a public official his ability, public spirit, patriotism and eloquence as a speaker and debater won for him recognition as one of the ablest members of the Senate.
Henry Nevius died on January 30, 1911 from an Apoplectic Stroke, after an illness of several months; He left behind a wife, Matilda, daughter Kate and a grandson Henry Nevius Ely. He was interred in the family plot in Fair View Cemetery, New Jersey. (Sources: History of Monmouth County New Jersey, 1922; The New York Times obituary, January 30, 1911, p. 11, GAR & Sons of Union Veterans)
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