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Civil War Letter, Jotham Moulton 33rd Ill Co. D, 3 Patriotic Sheets, For Sale
Wonderful Civil War soldier letter from (Jotham) Tilden Moulton, 33rd Illinois Infantry, August 12, 1862, Q.M. D. 2nd Brig, 1st Dist, A.S.W. (Army of the South West, 6 pages, 4 are 4x7 inches, 2 are about 5x7 inches, with patriotic cover (unfortunately the stamp is gone...what a crying shame!), addressed to his sister Caroline in Bucksport, Maine. The mails are discouragingly slow, describes army morality and of the influences that surround the soldier with a little story, one of our mess told me he wanted a sutler check for 25 cents to buy some fish hooks to catch some fish, instead he spent the money on himself, later I reminded him about the debt in a humorous way and he responded in the same way, later gave me a lot of stationery worth 40-50 cents, turns out he had stolen the package (of stationery), made me in some way a party to a theft, talks about snatching a half dollar worth of secesh property, don't expect us to return as good boys as when we left, I am sure the nation that goes to war or is driven to war in the holiest cause that God evern smailed upon, is sowing the wind I will reap the whirlwind, a lad I knew in Illinois went to a Camp Butler to guard prisoners only to be shocked by the prevalent wickedness of the place, the hospital is well supplied with comforts, we have one blanket to each man and a cot or mattress in addition for each man in hospital, supply is so short that only the sickest and badly wounded can be accommodated, all who can walk must stay in quarters, consisting of a rubber blanket on the ground, a knapsack for a pillow, a blanket for a cover, and a mosquito bar for shelter, when it rains, the bar is exchanged for a Sibley tent, occupied by 15 men or more, talks of food, meat, bread, and hard crackers, sick men could not get all the sugar they wanted even though we were guarding mountains of confiscated sugar, good coffee, and good tea, then applesauce and jelly taken from secesh, the Army of the South West depends on Uncle Sam and rebel farmers for subsistence, 11th Wisconsin boys have been scandalously treated, they hate the officers for good reason, at Arcadia, we had the best quarters, Capt Mouton of the first Missouri Battery is a bad man, hated by all those who know him, was promoted to colonel, if I hear he got his brains blown out, I will breath easier, much more fantastic content about various regiments and abuses, detailed to quartermaster department, we will not be returning east, we have too much to do here to keep river open and repressing secesh demonstrations, the rebels have their negroes working to cut a road from Little Rock to the river, with a view to running cannon down to the bank and back again, also erecting batteries along the river, more really great content! He signs Tilden he did not like his first name. Tilden was very good friends with Abraham Lincoln as he came to visit the family often in Springfield when he (Tilden) was 12 years old, considered Lincoln one of his very good friends and got to spend much time with him.
Read more about the Moultons at the end of this listing. We have acknowledged the source of the transcript done by V. Gerald Inquinta and where it comes from, the Golden Nugget Library copyright 2002-2011 by Nancy Pratt Mellon,
Jotham T. Moulton
Residence was not listed;
Enlisted on 9/20/1861 as a Private.
On 9/20/1861 he mustered into "I" Co. IL 33rd Infantry
He Re-enlisted on 1/1/1864
He was discharged for disability on 8/28/1865
ILLINOIS THIRTY-THIRD INFANTRY. (Three Years)
The Thirty-third Infantry Illinois Volunteers was organ-
ized at Camp Butler, Illinois, in the month of September, 1861,
by Colonel Chas. E. Hovey, and mustered into the United States
service by Captain T. G. Pitcher, U. S. A.
September 20, moved to Ironton, Mo., via St. Louis. Re-
mained at Ironton during the winter, with occasional scouts
into the country. On one of these the battle of Fredericktown
was fought - Company A on skirmish line. March 1862, moved,
with the command of General Steele, southward, passing into Ar-
kansas at Pitman's Ferry, and marching, via Pocahontas and
Jacksonport, to Batesville, where it joined General Curtis'
army; thence, via Jacksonport, Augusta and Clarendon, to He-
July 7, at Cache creek, or Cotton Plant, several companies
participated in a battle with Texas rangers, in which Company A
rescued and brought off a field piece belonging to our cavalry.
The rebels had a large number killed, and were pursued for some
miles. According to our official report one hundred and twenty
three rebel dead were found on the main battlefield, and a num-
ber were killed in the pursuit. Seven were killed and fifty-
seven wounded on the Union side; none killed in the Thirty-
During July and August were camped 20 miles south of He-
lena, and engaged in eight expeditions up and down the river.
September 1, was moved up the river to Sulphur Springs,
and thence to Pilot Knobb, where it arrived in the middle of
the October, 1862.
November 15, was moved to Van Buren, Ark., in Colonel Har-
ris' Brigade, Brigadier General W.P. Benton's Division, of Gen-
eral Davidson's Corps. Made winter campaign in southeast Mis-
souri, passing through Patterson, Van Buren, Alton, West
Plains, Eminence and Centreville, and returned to Bellevue Val-
ley, near Pilot Knob, about March 1,1863.
The Thirty-third was then ordered to Ste. Genevieve, Mo.,
where, with the command, it embarked for Milliken's Bend, La.
Attached to the First Brigade, First Division, Thirteenth Army
Corps, it was engaged in all its battles, participating in the
battles of Port Gibson, Cbampion Hills, Black River Bridge, as-
sault and siege of Vicksburg, and the siege of Jackson.
April 28, in company with a large force, embarked and ran
down to Grand Gulf, where we watched next day the five-hours
fight between the gun-boat fleet and the rebel batteries. The
fleet having failed to silence the rebel guns, the troops
marched across the bend to the river below, and the fleet ran
past during the night, through a heavy fire, which however did
but little injury even to the frail transport boats.
Next day, April 30, again embarked, ran down the river
some miles and landed on the Mississippi side. May 1, the
Regiment opened the fight on both the right and the left of the
field; and the Thirteenth Corps mainly fought and won it. Four
companies of the Thirty-third under Major Potter deployed as
skirmishers on the left, developed the position of the enemy,
and drew an artillery fire, holding the position until relieved
by General Osterhans' Division.
Next morning, May 2, entered Port Gibson without further
resistance, found the suspension bridge across the bayou
burned; and the Thirty-third built, in four hours, a practica-
ble floating bridge, over which the army marched.
On the 16th was fought the battle of Champion Hills.
The First Division was held in reserve until near the
close, but was in the advance is the pursuit, and pressed the
enemy closely until dark, when it halted at Edwards' Station,
and captured there a quantity of stores. Early in our advance,
two men in Company C were killed by a stray or accidental shot.
At daybreak, May 17, were in motion, the Thirty-third
leading the advance and mostly deployed as skirmishers. Before
7 A.M., were engaged with the rebel works in front of the
bridge and trestle at Black River. At about 10 A.M., a grand
charge swept the enemy out of their works, capturing many hun-
dreds of prisoners. Seventeen pieces of artillery were taken,
fourteen of them being first seized by men of the Thirty-third
Regiment. Company B was detailed to escort the captured cannon
to Haines' Bluff.
May 19, first saw the fortifications at Vicksburg, moved
up through the valleys under their fire, and at one time had
preliminary orders to join in Sherman's partial assault, but
received no final order to charge. Details took part in the
fighting as sharpshooters. May 20, Captain Norton was wounded
by a "spent ball," and Captain Kellogg was killed.
May 22, joined in the grand assault. Three companies were
sent out as sharp-shooters, and Company B was on detached duty,
leaving six companies to charge in line - probably not exceed-
ing two hundred and fifty men. Seventy-five or six of these -
nearly one third were hit, twelve being killed on the field and
several mortally wounded. Reached the rebel works, tent were
repulsed with the rest of the army; and at nightfall withdrew
to a less exposed position, and began the six weeks' siege.
June 1, a careful compilation of losses since crossing the
river showed nineteen of the Regiment killed in action, and one
hundred and two wounded, of whom ten had already died in hospi-
tal. Some additional loss was suffered during the rest of the
siege. July 4 came the welcome surrender of the rebel strong-
hold and its garrison of over thirty thousand men.
Again no time was wasted in ceremony. July 5, marched
with the main army to Black River to oppose General Johnston;
and by the 10th had pushed the enemy back to Jackson. On the
night of the 16th the place was evacuated. After tearing up
the railroad tracks for some miles, returned to Vicksburg July
In August, moved to New Orleans with the Thirteenth Corps.
In October, with Brigade of Colonel Shunk, Eighth Indiana, Ma-
jor General C. C. Washburne's Division, and Major General O. C.
Ord's Corps, engaged in the campaign up the Bayon Teche. Re-
turned to New Orleans in November. Thence ordered to Browns-
ville, Texas, but, before landing, was ordered to Aransas Pass.
Disembarked on St. Joseph Island, marched up St. Joseph Island
and Matagorda Island to Saluria, participating in the capture
of Fort Esperanza. Thence moved to Indianola and Port Lavaca.
The First Brigade, while on the main land of Texas, was
commanded by Brigadier General Fitz Henry Warren.
January 1, 1864, the Regiment re-enlisted as veterans, and
March 14 reached Bloomington, Illinois, and received veteran
April 18,1864, Regiment was reorganized at Camp Butler,
Illinois, and proceeded to New Orleans, via Alton and St. Louis -
arriving 29th, and camping at Carrolton.
May 17, ordered to Brashear City, La. Soon after its ar-
rival the Regiment was scattered along the line of the road, as
guard, as follows: company F, C and K, at Bayou Boeuf; Company
I, Bayou L'Ours; Company A and D, Tigerville; Company G, Chaca-
houla; Company E, Terre Bonne; Company B, Bayou Lafourche and
Bayou des Allemands; Company H, Boutte. Regimental Headquar-
ters, Terre Bonne. The District was called the "District of
Lafourche," commanded by Brigadier General Robert A. Cameron,
Headquarters at Thibodaux.
September 17, 1864, the non veterans of the Regiment were
started home, via New York City, in charge of rebel prisoners,
and mustered out at Camp Butler, about October 11, 1864.
March 2,1865, ordered to join the Sixteenth Army Corps.
Near Boutte Station the train was thrown from the track, and
nine men - five of A, three of D, and one of G - were killed;
and no less than seventy two more were enumerated by name and
description as more or less injured, many of them very sever-
ely, two or three of whom subsequently died in hospital, and
others were discharged from service disabled. The heaviest
loss in wounded fell upon Companies A and D - G, E and I com-
ing next in number, and every company suffering more or less,
except C and F, which were at the rear of the train.
On the 18th, Regiment embarked on Lake Pontchartrain, for
Mobile expedition. Company K, remaining behind to guard trans-
portation, joined the Regiment April 11, at Blakely. Moved,
via Fort Gaines and Navy Cove, and landed on Fish River, Ala.,
and marched with General Canby's army up east side of Mobile
Bay. The Regiment was in the First Brigade, Colonel W. W.
McMillan, Ninety-fifth Ohio; First Division, Brigadier General
McArthur; Sixteenth Army Corps, Major General A. J. Smith.
March 27. arrived in front of Spanish Fort, the main de-
fense of Mobile, and, until its capture, April 8, was actively
engaged. Loss, one killed, two died of wounds, and nine
After the surrender of Mobile, marched, April 13, 1865,
with the Sixteenth Corps, for Montgomery, Alabama, where it ar-
rived on 25th, and encamped on the Alabama River. Here it re-
ceived the news of Lee's and Johnson's surrender, after which
its operations were not of a hostile character.
May 10, marched to Selma, and May 17 by rail, to Meridian,
Mississippi. Here remained. In the latter part of July the
Regiment was filled above the maximum, by men transferred from
Seventy-second, One Hundred and Seventeenth, One Hundred and
Twenty-second, and One Hundred and Twenty-fourth Illinois.
Moved to Vicksburg., April 14,1865, and remained at that
place until mustered out of service, November 24, 1865, and or-
dered to Camp Butler, Illinois, for final payment and dis-
December 6, 1865, the enlisted men of the entire Regiment
received their final pay, and discharge from the military serv-
ice, at the hands of Paymaster Maj. Carnahan. The commissioned
officers were paid and discharged next day, December 7, 1865;
and the Thirty-third Illinois Regiment ceased to exist. Its
record of over four years of faithful service was finished.
From first to last, about nineteen hundred and twenty-four
names were borne on its muster rolls. The Regiment had three
Colonels, six Lieutenant Colonels, and five Majors. Four com-
panies had two Captains each; four had three each, one had four
Captains, and one five. Only one of the original field and
staff officers belonged to the Regiment at the final discharge-
Surgeon Rex. Of the line officers, two only remained who had
been officers at the outset - Captains Smith and Lyon - and
they had been promoted from Lieutenants; all the other line
officers had "risen from the ranks;" as had also the Major, Ad-
jutant and Quartermaster.
The surviving members of the Regiment at this date (1886)
are scattered far and wide engaged in various occupations, and
with various fortunes. Many have held official stations in
civil life. All but a very few have added to the merit of
their military record that of an honorable and useful citizen-
Several Regimental reunions have been held, and the last
printed roster shows the post office address of a little over
five hundred survivors living in over twenty different States
and Territories, one third of them having emigrated west of the
Source: Illinois Adjutant-General's Report, vol. 2, p. 651
Report of Capt. Ira Moore, Thirty-third Illinois Infantry.
VICKSBURG, MISS., July 26, 1863.
LIEUT.: I have the honor to report that the Thirty-third Illinois
Infantry, Col. C. E. Lippincott, left camp in rear of Vicksburg, Miss.,
on the morning of the 5th of July, and proceeded with its division toward
Jackson. Reached Black River the first night, when the colonel was
taken sick and obliged to return, the command devolving on Capt.
I. H. Elliott. Continued by easy marches toward Jackson, before the
rebel defenses of which the regiment arrived on the morning of the
10th, and the same evening moved, under fire from the enemy's guns,
around to the right into our destined position.
On the morning of the 12th, moved forward in line of battle, driving
the enemy's skirmishers, with little resistance, more than one-quarter
of a mile toward his works, where the regiment took position, detaching
Company G from the left to fill a gap between the two brigades of the
division. Here the regiment commenced intrenching. On the night of
the 12th, the regiment, with the exception of Company G, was ordered
to picket the front of the brigade, and to act as sharpshooters the
Accordingly, on the morning of the 13th, Capt. Elliott advanced his
skirmishers, by order, driving the enemy inside his works with loss, he
making spirited resistance, and soon rallying with re-enforcements. Soon
the skirmishers, both on the right and left of the regiment, fell back,
leaving it exposed to a sharp cross-fire. The enemy pressed his
advantage, but gained no ground, and, notwithstanding a severe shelling
was added to the efforts of his sharpshooters, night found us in
possession of the ground we held in the morning.
The conduct of both men and officers was not to be excelled. In such cases
it is hard to distinguish individuals, but Capt. Elliott, commanding,
particularly notices Capt. Pope, of Company D, who here, as in all
previous engagements, exhibited that cool courage which makes him
a model officer; also Sergt. Maj. Charles L. Wilcox, than whom there is
no better or braver soldier. I may add to this number the name of
Capt. Elliott himself, whom all the officers and men under his command
agree in specially commending.
Jackson was evacuated on the 17th of July.
On the 18th, marched out 5 miles on the Mississippi Central Railroad,
and, with the rest of the Fourteenth Division, tore up and destroyed,
by burning, 5 miles of railroad track.
July 20, returned to camp near Jackson, and the 21st, started on the
return to Vicksburg, by way of Raymond. The men kept well in ranks,
notwithstanding the extreme heat. Arrived at Vicksburg July 24.*
Capt. Thirty-third Illinois Volunteer Infantry.
Lieut. J.P. WIGGIN'S,
Acting Assistant Adjutant-Gen.
Source: Official Records
CHAP. XXXVI.] THE JACKSON CAMPAIGN. PAGE 612-37
[Series I. Vol. 24. Part II, Reports. Serial No. 37.]
Lewis Fenno Moulton, who has been known for years as one of the
fine old characters of the west, is part owner of a ranch of over twenty-one
thousand acres at El Toro which constitutes one of the beauty spots of Orange
County. He purchased the tract in 1895
and has devoted his attention to its cultivation and improvement throughout the
intervening period of thirty-eight years.
A native of Chicago, Illinois, he was born
January 17, 1854, his parents being J. Tilden and Charlotte Harding
The grandparents in the paternal line were Dr. Jotham and Lucy (Farrar) Moulton, of Bucksport, Maine, where
the former passed away November 3, 1867.
Dr. Jotham Moulton
was a soldier of the War of 1812, and his father, General Jeremiah
Moulton, participated in the Revolutionary War.
Other members of the Moulton family who figured prominently in early
colonial life in New England were Samuel Farrar, who fought in the Battle of
Concord, and Samuel Fenno, a member of the Boston Tea
Party. J. Tilden Moulton, the father of
Lewis F. Moulton, was a native of Bucksport, Maine, and a graduate of Bowdoin
College as well as of the Harvard University Law School. For many years he engaged in law practice at
In early manhood he married Charlotte Harding Fenno, who was born in Massachusetts and acquired her
education in Connecticut. In the early
‘40s J. Tilden Moulton removed to Chicago, Illinois, where he became prominent
in legal circles and was accorded an extensive practice. He served as master in chancery for the
United States Court of Chicago. Among
the many great men of the day who were numbered among his personal friends was
Abraham Lincoln, who visited the Moulton home many times when our subject was a
youth. Mr. Moulton well remembers
talking with him who was to be the “Great Emancipator.” J. Tilden Moulton was also well known in
journalistic circles, being the first editor of the Chicago Tribune. He died in Chicago when his son, Lewis F.
Moulton, was about twenty, being survived by his wife, whose death occurred in
San Francisco, California, in 1885. They
had two sons: Irving, who was for many
years vice president and cashier of the Bank of
California in San Francisco; and Lewis Fenno, of this
Lewis F. Moulton left school early
in life, and at ten went to Boston, in which vicinity he worked ten years, then
coming to California. As a youth of
fifteen years he worked on the old Daniel Webster farm in South Marshfield,
Massachusetts, there remaining for three years.
Here he formed the acquaintance of the son of Daniel Webster. In 1874 he came direct to California via the
Isthmus of Panama and made his way direct to Santa Ana, then Los Angeles
County. He began work on the San Joaquin
ranch near Santa Ana and subsequently engaged in the sheep business for several
years in association with C. E. French.
He established a wholesale slaughter house in San Francisco but
eventually returned to Orange County.
It was in 1895 that he purchased what is now known as the Moulton Ranch
at El Toro, California, a tract of land embracing about twenty-one thousand
acres, which is one of Orange county’s most picturesque and attractive
spots. He had leased the ranch for sheepraising prior to this.
The acreage not required for pasturage is devoted to the raising of hay,
grain, barley and wheat, for which purpose Mr. Moulton has leased the land to
tenants. There are two well-built and
handsome residences on the ranch, the homes of the Daguerre and Moulton
families, whose beauty is enhanced by well-kept lawns.
In 1908 Mr. Moulton was united in marriage to Miss Nellie Gail, daughter
of John Lockwood and Prudence Adelaide (Stoneman)
Gail, of old colonial stock, the latter being a cousin of General Stoneman. John
Lockwood Gail, a veteran of the Civil War, passed away in 1896 and was buried at
His family numbered three children, two of whom survive, Mrs. Nellie
(Gail) Moulton and Mrs. Carrie Drews of El Toro. Mrs. Nellie Moulton is a member of the Ebell Club of Santa Ana and manifests an active and helpful
interest in all community work. By her
marriage she has become the mother of two daughters, Charlotte and Louise. The former was graduated from Pomona College
with the class of 1930 and also attended the University of Southern
California. In June, 1933, she married
Glen E. Mathis, owner of an orange orchard at Villa Park, Orange County, on
which they reside. Louise Moulton, a
student at Pomona College, lives with her parents on the home
No history of Orange County and
southern California would be complete without reference to Lewis Fenno Moulton, whose residence on the Pacific coast now
covers a period of six decades and who is widely known as a
broad-minded, public-spirited and progressive citizen, generous and charitable
to all. Assisted by his family, he is
still in full charge of affairs on the Moulton Ranch at El
V. Gerald Iaquinta.
Source: California of the South
Vol. IV, by John Steven McGroarty, Pages
453-455, Clarke Publ., Chicago, Los
Golden Nugget Library
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