Civil War Old South Slavery Underground Railroad Black Negro Nashville Fisk U.

Civil War Old South Slavery Underground Railroad Black Negro Nashville Fisk U.

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Civil War Old South Slavery Underground Railroad Black Negro Nashville Fisk U.:


THE SOUTHERN STATES OF NORTH AMERICA. A Record of Journeys in Louisiana, Texas, the Indian Territory, Missouri, Arkansas, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, Florida, South Carolina, North Carolina, Kentucky, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia and Maryland. By Edward King. Profusely Illustrated from Original Sketches by J. Wells Champney and a color map of the United States. FIRST EDITION. Published in 1875 by Blackie & Son, London. 10’ x 8” decorated cloth hardcover. Illustrated. 806 pages.

CONDITION: Good antique condition. Exterior has wear as shown in photo, with rubbing at corners and spine ends. Hinges cracked but not too bad. Interior is clean and complete. Sporadic foxing, heavier towards the front and back of the book. No torn or missing pages.


The Inscription: This book originally belonged to Reverend Erastus Milo Cravath, founder and first President of Fisk University in Nashville, Tennessee. Reverend Cravath presented this copy of THE SOUTHERN STATES OF NORTH AMERICA as a gift to Mr. G.P. Uttman Jr., of Rotterdam, in April of 1877, while on tour of the Netherlands with Fisk University’s Jubilee Singers. It is inscribed and signed on the first endpaper: Presented to Mr. G. P. Uttman Jr. to whom under God so much is due for the great success of the Jubilee Singers in their tour of the Netherlands in behalf of Fisk University. In behalf of the University, E.M. Cravath, President, Rotterdam April 19th 1877. Reverend Cravath may have selected this book because it contains a chapter on Negro singers – the Jubilee Singers, in particular.

Reverend Erastus Milo Cravath (1833–1900) was field secretary with the American Missionary Association (AMA) after the American Civil War. He helped found Fisk University in Nashville, Tennessee, and numerous other historically black colleges in Georgia and Tennessee for the education of freed slaves. He helped launch more than a generation into literacy and education. He also served as president of Fisk University for more than 20 years.

His father was Oren Cravath of Homer, New York. The senior Cravath was one of three men to form an abolition party in Homer. The Cravath home was used as a station on the Underground Railroad. Upon departing the Cravath home, escaping slaves were concealed under hay in a wagon and driven north to Syracuse to continue on to Canada. Often the Cravath children would drive the wagon so that anyone hunting runaway slaves would not notice a member of the family missing. Thus, Erastus, who was a teenager at the time, became directly involved in the abolitionist cause and the rescue of fugitive slaves.

The Fisk Jubilee Singers were an African-American a cappella singing group made up of former slaves who became students at Fisk University. The first group was organized in 1871 to tour and raise funds for their college. Their early repertoire consisted mostly of traditional Negro spirituals, but included some Stephen Foster songs. The original group toured along the Underground Railroad path in the United States, as well as performing in England and Europe.

From May 1875 to July 1878, the Jubilee Singers toured Europe, accompanied by University president Reverend Erastus Milo Cravath (including a stop in Rotterdam, in gratitude of which Reverend Cravath signed and presented this book). This tour raised an estimated $150,000 for the university. The funds were used to construct Fisk’s first permanent building. Named Jubilee Hall, the building was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1975. The Jubilee Singers are credited with the early popularization of the Negro spiritual tradition among white and northern audiences in the late 19th century; many were previously unaware of its existence.


THE SOUTHERN STATES OF NORTH AMERICA is a richly detailed record of an extensive observational tour through the fifteen Southern and South-western States of North America -- formerly known as “the Slave States” -- during the years 1873 and 1874. The tour was undertaken by journalist Edward King, accompanied by artist J. Wells Champney and other illustrators.

The object of their journey was to record the industrial, commercial, social and political conditions of the South in the wake of the Civil War and the eradication of slavery. They were dispatched by the publishers of Scribner’s Monthly Magazine, who wished to present to their readers “an account of the material resources, and the present social and political condition, of the people of the States formerly under the dominion of Slavery.” According to the Preface:

The author and the artists associated with him in the preparation of the work travelled more than twenty-five thousand miles; visited nearly every city and town of importance in the Southern States; talked with men of all classes, parties, and colours; carefully investigated the state of the country, the labour question, manufacturing enterprises and sites; studied the course of politics in each State since the advent of reconstruction; explored rivers, and penetrated into mountain regions heretofore rarely visited by people of the Northern States, and all but unknown to Europeans.

They were everywhere kindly and generously received; and they have endeavoured, by pen and pencil, to give the reading public a truthful picture of life in a section of the country which has, since the close of a devastating war, been overwhelmed by a variety of misfortunes, but upon which the dawn of a better day is breaking.

The aim of the author has been to tell the truth as exactly and completely as possible in the time and space allotted him, concerning the characteristics of this region and its inhabitants.

People and places are sketched with spirit and fidelity; and the material has been so arranged and classified as to give a complete and symmetrical account of life in a section of country which is rich in beauty and resources. The accuracy of those portions of the text and pictures which have appeared in Scribner's Magazine has received the warmest 2 encomiums from both the Northern and Southern press and people. The studies with pen and pencil of the varied and picturesque life of New Orleans, St . Louis, Baltimore, Louisville, Savannah, Charleston, Wilmington, and Richmond, are alone sufficient to form an interesting volume.

Much attention is given to the peculiarities and condition of the negro as a freedman; his career as a legislator, and as an humble labourer on rice, sugar, and cotton plantations, has been fully described. The difficult and vexatious aspects of the labour question have been carefully considered, and the advantages of the country as an outlet for manufactures fully set forth. The course of reconstruction is traced from the close of the war to the present time.

It is confidently believed that the book will be of great service in leading to a proper understanding of the character and necessities of the vast region which has been so recently rendered almost desolate by war, and convulsed by a political revolution such as has rarely been known in the history of the world.

The ILLUSTRATIVE ENGRAVINGS, five hundred and thirty-six in number, are the work of the ablest engravers in the United States. The topographic maps of the Southern States, as well as those founded on the latest Census Reports, will be found of material service to the reader in enabling him to comprehend the relations and condition of the several States.

This book presents an amazing panorama of the American South during the period of Reconstruction. It paints a vivid picture of the South’s social, political and commercial landscape in the wake of the Civil War. It is a story told in the first person by eyewitnesses and illustrated with hundreds of images rendered on the spot by artists specially recruited for this work.

Don’t miss your opportunity to own this historically significant work, inscribed and signed by Reverend Erastus Milo Cravath, an agent of the Underground Railroad and founder of Fisk University in Nashville, Tennessee.


Chapter One ~ Louisiana, Past And Present

Chapter Two ~ The French Quarter Of New Orleans * The Revolution And Its Effects

Chapter Three ~ The Carnival * The French Markets

Chapter Four ~ The Cotton Trade * The New Orleans Levees

Chapter Five ~ The Canals And The Lake * The American Quarter

Chapter Six ~ On The Mississippi River * The Levee System * Railroads * The Fort St. Philip Canal

Chapter Seven ~ The Industries Of Louisiana * A Sugar Plantation * The Teche Country

Chapter Eight ~ The Political Situation In Louisiana

Chapter Nine ~ Ho! For Texas" * Galveston

Chapter Ten ~ A Visit To Houston

Chapter Eleven ~ Pictures From Prison And Field

Chapter Twelve ~ Austin, The Texan Capital * Politics * Schools

Chapter Thirteen ~ The Truth About Texas * The Journey By Stace To San Antonio

Chapter Fourteen ~ Among The Old Spanish Missions

Chapter Fifteen ~ The Pearl Of The South-west

Chapter Sixteen ~ The Plains * The Cattle Trade

Chapter Seventeen ~ Denison * Texan Characteristics

Chapter Eighteen ~ The New Route To The Gulf

Chapter Nineteen ~ The "Indian Territory"

Chapter Twenty ~ Railroad Pioneering * Indian Types And Character

Chapter Twenty-One ~ Missouri * St. Louis, Past And Present

Chapter Twenty-Two ~ St. Louis Germans And Americans * Speculative Philosophy * Education

Chapter Twenty-Three ~ Commerce Of St. Louis * The New Bridge Over The Mississippi

Chapter Twenty-Four ~.The Mineral Wealth Of Missouri

Chapter Twenty-Five ~ Trade In St. Louis * The Press * Kansas City * Along The Mississippi * The Capital

Chapter Twenty-Six ~ Down The Mississippi From St. Louis

Chapter Twenty-Seven ~.Memphis, The Chief City Of Tennessee * Its Trade And Character

Chapter Twenty-Eight ~ The "supply" System In The Cotton Country, And Its Results * Negro Labor * Present Plans Of Working Cotton Plantations * The Black Man In The Mississippi Valley

Chapter Twenty-Nine ~ Arkansas * Its Resources * Its People * Its Politics * Taxation * The Hot Springs

Chapter Thirty ~ Vicksburg And Natchez, Mississippi * Society And Politics * A Louisiana Parish Jury

Chapter Thirty-One ~ Life On Cotton Plantations

Chapter Thirty-Two ~ Mississippi * Its Towns * Finances * Schools * Plantation Difficulties

Chapter Thirty-Three ~ Mobile, The Chief City Of Alabama

Chapter Thirty-Four ~ The Resources Of Alabama * Visits To Montgomery And Selma

Chapter Thirty-Five ~ Northern Alabama * The Tennessee Valley * Traits Of Character * Education

Chapter Thirty-Six ~ The Sand-hill Region * Aiken * Augusta

Chapter Thirty-Seven ~ Atlanta * Georgia Politics * The Failure Of Reconstruction

Chapter Thirty-Eight ~ Savannah, The Forest City * The Railway System Of Georgia * Material Progress Of The State

Chapter Thirty-Nine ~ Georgian Agriculture * "Crackers" * Columbus * Macon * Society * Athens * The Coast

Chapter Forty ~ The Journey To Florida * The Peninsula's History * Jacksonville

Chapter Forty-One ~ Up The St. John's River * Tocoi * St. Augustine

Chapter Forty-Two ~ St. Augustine, Florida * Fort Marion

Chapter Forty-Three ~ The Climate Of Florida * A Journey To Palatka

Chapter Forty-Four ~ Orange Culture In Florida * Fertility Of The Peninsula

Chapter Forty-Five ~ Up The Oclawaha To Silver Spring

Chapter Forty-Six ~ The Upper St. John's * Indian River * Key West * Politics * The New Constitution

Chapter Forty-Seven ~ South Carolina * Port Royal * The Sea Islands * The Revolution

Chapter Forty-Eight ~ On A Rice Plantation In South Carolina

Chapter Forty-Nine ~ Charleston, South Carolina

Chapter Fifty ~ The Venice Of America * Charleston's Politics * A Lovely Lowland City * Immigration

Chapter Fifty-One ~ The Spoliation Of South Carolina

Chapter Fifty-Two ~ The Negroes In Absolute Power

Chapter Fifty-Three ~ The Lowlands Of North Carolina

Chapter Fifty-Four ~ Among The Southern Mountains * Journey From Eastern Tennessee To Western North Carolina

Chapter Fifty-Five ~ Across The "smoky" To Waynesville * The Master Chain Of The Alleghanies.

Chapter Fifty-Six ~ The "Sugar Fork" And Dry Falls * Whiteside Mountain

Chapter Fifty-Seven ~ Asheville * The French Broad Valley * The Ascent Of Mount Mitchell

Chapter Fifty-Eight ~ The South Carolina Mountains * Cascades And Peaks Of Northern Georgia

Chapter Fifty-Nine ~ Chattanooga, The Gateway Of The South

Chapter Sixty ~ Lookout Mountain * The Battles Around Chattanooga * Knoxville * Eastern Tennessee

Chapter Sixty-One ~ A Visit To Lynchburg In Virginia

Chapter Sixty-Two ~ In South-western Virginia * The Peaks Of Otter * The Mineral Springs.

Chapter Sixty-Three ~ Among The Mountains * From Bristol To Lynchburg

Chapter Sixty-Four ~ Petersburg * A Negro Revival Meeting

Chapter Sixty-Five ~ The Dismal Swamp * Norfolk * The Coast

Chapter Sixty-Six ~ The Education Of Negroes * The American Missionary Association * The Peabody Fund * The Civil Rights Bill

Chapter Sixty-Seven ~ The Hampton Normal Institute * General Armstrong's Work * Fisk University * Berea And Other Colleges

Chapter Sixty-Eight ~ Negro Songs And Singers

Chapter Sixty-Nine ~ A Peep At The Past Of Virginia * Jamestown * Williamsburg * Yorktown

Chapter Seventy ~ Richmond * Its Trade And Character

Chapter Seventy-One ~ LXXI The Partition Of Virginia * Reconstruction And Politics In West And East Virginia

Chapter Seventy-Two ~ From Richmond To Charlottesville

Chapter Seventy-Three ~ From Charlottesville To Staunton, Virginia * The Shenandoah Valley * Lexington * The Graves Of General Lee And "stonewall" Jackson * From Goshen To "white Sulphur Springs"

Chapter Seventy-Four ~ Greenbrier White Sulphur Springs * From The "white Sulphur" To Kanawha Valley * The Mineral Springs Region

Chapter Seventy-Five ~ The Kanawha Valley * Mineral Wealth Of Western Virginia

Chapter Seventy-Six ~ Down The Ohio River * Louisville

Chapter Seventy-Seven ~ .A Visit To The Mammoth Cave

Chapter Seventy-Eight ~ The Trade Of Louisville

Chapter Seventy-Nine ~ Frankfort * The Blue Grass Region * Alexander's Farm * Lexington

Chapter Eighty ~ Politics In Kentucky * Mineral Resources Of The State

Chapter Eighty-One ~ Nashville And Middle Tennessee

Chapter Eighty-Two ~ A Glance At Maryland's History * Her Extent And Resources

Chapter Eighty-Three ~ The Baltimore And Ohio Railroad

Chapter Eighty-Four ~ The Trade Of Baltimore * Its Rapid And Astonishing Growth

Chapter Eighty-Five ~ Baltimore And Its Institutions

Chapter Eighty-Six ~ Southern Characteristics * State Pride * The Influence Of Railroads * Poor Whites * Their Habits

Chapter Eighty-Seven ~ The Carrying Of Weapons * Moral Character Of The Negroes

Chapter Eighty-Eight ~ Dialect * Forms Of Expression * Diet

Chapter Eighty-Nine ~ Immigration * The Need Of Capital * Division Of The Negro Vote * The Southern Ladies

Chapter Ninety ~ XC Rambles In Virginia * Fredericksburg * Alexandria * Mount Vernon * Arlington

APPENDIX ~ Statistical Tables

ILLUSTRATIONS INCLUDE: Scene On The Oclawaha River, Florida—Frontispiece * General Map Of The United States, distinguishing the Southern or ex-Slave States * Scene In A Cypress Swamp Near The Mississippi * La Calle De La Merced, St. Augustine, Florida * The Low-country Planter Lived In A Luxurious But Careless Way * Bienville, the Founder of New Orleans * The Cathedral St. Louis—New Orleans * "A blind beggar hears the rustling of her gown, and stretches out his trembling hand for alms" * "A black girl looks wonderingly into the holy-water font" * The Archbishop's Palace, New Orleans * "Some aged private dwellings, rapidly decaying" * A brace of old Spanish Governors — From portraits owned by Hon. Charles Gayarrd, of New Orleans * "And where to-day stands a fine Equestrian Statue of the Great General" * "A lazy negro, recumbent in a cart" * "The negro nurses stroll on the sidewalks, chattering in quaint French to the little children" * "The interior garden, with its curious shrine" * "The new Ursuline Convent, New Orleans” * "And while they chatter like monkeys, even about politics, they gesticulate violently" * "The old French and Spanish cemeteries present long streets of cemented walls" * The St. Louis Hotel, New Orleans * The Carnival – “White and black join in its masquerading" * "The coming of Rex, most puissant King of Carnival" * "The Boeuf-Gras—the fat ox—is led in the procession" * “When Rex and his train enter the queer old streets, the balconies are crowded with spectators” * "The joyous, grotesque maskers appear upon the ball-room floor" * "Many bright eyes are in vain endeavoring to pierce the disguise" * "The French market at sunrise on Sunday morning" * "Passing under long, hanging rows of bananas and pine-apples" * "One sees delicious types in these markets" * "In a long passage, between two of the market buildings, sits a silent Louisiana Indian woman" * "Stout colored women, with cackling hens dangling from their brawny hands" * "These boats, closely ranged in long rows by the levee" * '' Rest among the cotton bales" * "Loungers at the entrance to a police court" * "The cotton thieves" * "There is the old apple and cake woman" * "The Sicilian fruit-seller" * "At high water, the juvenile population perches on the beams of the wharves, and enjoys a little quiet fishing" * "The polite but consequential negro policeman" * The St. Charles Hotel, New Orleans * The New Basin * The old Spanish Fort * The University of Louisiana, New Orleans * Neetmok * The Theatres of New Orleans * Christ Church, New Orleans * The Canal street Fountain, New Orleans * The Charity Hospital, New Orleans * The old “Maison de Sante", New Orleans * The United States Marine Hospital, New Orleans * Trinity Church, New Orleans * St. Paul's Church, New Orleans * First Presbyterian Church, New Orleans * The Catholic Churches of New Orleans - St. Joseph's, St. Patrick's, Jesuit Church and School * The Custom-House, New Orleans * The United States Branch Mint, New Orleans * "Sometimes the boat stops at a coaling station" * "The Wasp" * "Some tract of hopelessly irreclaimable, grotesque water wilderness" (From a painting by Julio) * The monument on the Chalmette battle-field * Light-house, South-west Pass * "Pilot Town," South-west Pass * "A Nickel for Daddy" * "A cheery Chinaman" * Sugar-cane Plantation - "The cane is cut down at its perfection" * "The beautiful 'City Park,'" New Orleans * Map showing the Distribution of the Colored Population of the United States. (From the U. S. Census Reports) * Map of the Gulf States and Arkansas * The Supreme Court, New Orleans * The United States Barracks, New Orleans * Mechanics' Institute, New Orleans * Going to Texas * "It is only a few steps from an oleander grove to the surf" * "The mule-carts unloading schooners anchored lightly in the shallow waves" * “Galveston has many huge cotton-presses" * The Custom-House, Galveston * "Primitive enough is this Texan jail" * The Catholic Cathedral, Galveston * "Watch the negro fisherman as he throws his line horizonward" * "The cotton-train is already a familiar spectacle on all the great trunk lines" * "There are some notable nooks and bluffs along the bayou" * "The Head-quarters of the Masonic Lodges of the State" * "The railroad depots are everywhere crowded with negroes, immigrants, tourists and speculators" * The New Market, Houston * "The ragged urchin with his saucy face" * "The negro on his dray, racing good-humoredly with his fellows" * "The saleeer's young man" * Sam Houston * View on the Trinity River * "We frequently passed large gangs of the convicts chopping logs in the forest by the roadside" * "Satanta had seated himself on a pile of oakum" * "As the train passes, the negroes gather in groups to gaze at it until it disappears in the distance" * The State Capitol, Austin * The State Insane Asylum, Austin * The Texas Military Institute, Austin * The Governor's Mansion, Austin * The Alamo Monument, Austin * The Land Office of Texas. Austin * "The emigrant wagon is a familiar sight there" * Sunning themselves - "A group of Mexicans, lounging by a wall" * "We encounter wagons drawn by oxen" * "Here and there we pass a hunter's camp" * "We pass groups of stone houses" * "The vast pile of ruins known as the San Jose Mission" * The old Concepcion Mission, near San Antonio, Texas * An old window in the San Jose Mission * "An umbrella and candlestick graced the christening font" * "The comfortable country-house so long occupied by Victor Considerant" * The San Antonio River - "Its blueish current flows in a narrow but picturesque channel" * The source of the San Antonio River * San Pedro Springs - "The Germans have established their beer gardens" * "Every few rods there is a waterscape in miniature" * "The river passes under bridges, by arbors and bath-houses" * The Ursuline Convent, San Antonio * St. Mary's Church, San Antonio * A Mexican Hovel * The Military Plaza, San Antonio * ''The Mexicans slowly saw and carve the great stones" * "The elder women wash clothes by the brookside" * Mexican types in San Antonio * "The remnant of the old Fort of the Alamo" * "The horsemen from the plains" * "The candy and fruit merchants lazily wave their fly-brushes" * A Mexican beggar * "The citizens gather at San Antonio, and discuss measures of vengeance" * A Texan Cattle-Drover * Military Head-quarters, San Antonio * Negro Soldiers of the San Antonio Garrison * * Scene in a Gambling House - "Playing Keno" * Denison, Texas * "Men, drunk and sober, danced to rude music" * "Red Hall" * The Public Square in Sherman, Texas * "With swine that trotted hither and yon" * Bridge over the Red River - Missouri, Kansas and Texas Railway * The New Route to the Gulf * "The Pet Conductor" * "Charlie" * Our Special Train * ''A stock-train from Sedalia was receiving a squealing and bellowing freight" * "The old Hospital," Fort Scott * Bridge over the Marmiton River, near Fort Scott * A Street in Parsons, Kansas * A Kansas Herdsman * A Kansas Farm-yard * "The Little Grave, with the slain horses lying upon it" * "The stone house which the graceless Kaw has turned into a stable for his pony" * "The warrior galloping across the fields" * Monument erected to the memory of Brevet Major E. A. Ogden, near Fort Riley, Kansas * An Indian Territorial Mansion * A Creek Indian * Bridge across the North Fork of the Canadian River, Indian Territory (M. K. and T. Railway) * An Adopted Citizen * An Indian Stock-Drover * "The ball-players are fine specimens of men" * A Gentleman from the Arkansas Border * Limestone Gap, Indian Territory * "Coming in the twilight to a region where great mounds reared their whale-backed heights" * A "Terminus" Rough * "We came to the bank of the Grand River, on a hill beyond which was the Post of Fort Gibson" * A Negro Boy at the Ferry * "We found the ferries obstructed by masses of floating ice" * "They wore a prim, Shakerish costume" * A Trader among the Indians * "The Asbury Manual Labor School," in the Creek domain * The Toll-Bridge at Limestone Gap, Indian Territory * Looking down on the St. Louis of to-day, from the high roof of the Insurance temple * "Where now stands the great stone Cathedral" * The old Chouteau Mansion (as it was) * The St. Louis Life Insurance Company's Building * “In those days the houses were nearly all built of hewn logs" * "The crowd awaiting transportation across the stream has always been of the most cosmopolitan and motley character" * The Court-House, St. Louis * Thomas H. Benton (for thirty years United States Senator from Missouri) * William T. Harris, editor of the St. Louis "Journal of Speculative Philosophy" * The High School, St. Louis * Washington University, St. Louis * The new Post-Office and Custom-House in construction at St. Louis * The new Bridge over the Mississippi at St. Louis * View of the Caisson of the East Abutment of the St. Louis Bridge, as it appeared during construction * The building of the East Pier of the St. Louis Bridge * In the "Cut" at Iron Mountain, Missouri * At the Vulcan Iron Works, Carondelet * The Furnace, Iron Mountain, Missouri * The Summit of Pilot Knob, Iron County, Missouri * The "Tracks," Pilot Knob, Missouri * Map of Missouri * View in Shaw's Garden, St. Louis * Statue to Thomas H. Benton, in Lafayette Park * The "Four Courts" Building, St. Louis * The Gratiot Street Prison, St. Louis * First Presbyterian Church, St . Louis * Christ Church, St. Louis * The Missouri Capitol, at Jefferson City * "The Cheery Minstrel" * The Steamer "Great Republic," a Mississippi River Boat * "Down the steep banks would come kaleidoscopic processions of negroes and flour barrels" * The Levee at Cairo, Illinois * An Inundated Town on the Mississippi's bank * The Pilot-House of the "Great Republic" * A Crevasse in the Mississippi River's Banks * View in the City Park at Memphis, Tennessee * The Carnival at Memphis, Tennessee - "The gorgeous pageants of the mysterious Memphi" * A Steamboat Torch-Basket * View on the Arkansas River at Little Rock * The Arkansas State Capitol, Little Rock * The Hot Springs, Arkansas * Vicksburg, Mississippi * The National Cemetery at Vicksburg, Mississippi * The Gamblers'Graves, Vicksburg, Mississippi * Colonel Vick, of Vicksburg, Mississippi, Planter * Natchez-under-the-Hill, Mississippi * View in Brown's Garden, Natchez, Mississippi * Avenue in Brown's Garden, Natchez, Mississippi * A Mississippi River Steamer arriving at Natchez in the night * "Sah?" * A Cotton Wagon-Train * A Cotton-Steamer * Scene on a Cotton Plantation * Baton Rouge, Louisiana * The Red River Raft as it Was * Map showing the Cotton Region of the United States. (From the U. S. Census Reports) * Map of South Carolina, Georgia, Florida and Alabama * The Mississippi State Capitol at Jackson * "At the proper seasons, one sees in the long main street of the town, lines of emigrant wagons" * "The negroes migrate to Louisiana and Texas in search of paying labor" * On the Bay Road near Mobile, Alabama * "Mobile Bay lay spread out before me" * "A negro woman fished silently in a little pool" * The Custom-House, Mobile, Alabama * Bank of Mobile and Odd Fellows' Hall, Mobile, Alabama * The Marine and City Hospitals, Mobile, Ala * Trinity Church, Mobile, Alabama * In the City Park, Mobile * "Ebony nurse-maids flirt with their lovers" * In the City Park, Mobile "Squirrels frolic with the children" * Barton Academy, Mobile, Alabama * Christ Church, Mobile, Alabama * The Alabama State Capitol, at Montgomery * The Market-Place at Montgomery, Alabama * The Cotton-Plant * A Street Scene in Augusta, Georgia * A Bell-Tower in Augusta, Georgia * A Confederate Soldier's Grave, at Augusta, Ga. * Sunset over Atlanta, Georgia * The State-House, Atlanta, Georgia * An Up-Country Cotton-Press * View on the Savannah River, near Savannah, Georgia * General Oglethorpe, the Founder of Savannah * The Pulaski Monument in Savannah, Georgia * A Spanish Dagger-Tree, Savannah * '"Looking down from the bluff," Savannah * "The huge black ships swallowed bale after bale" * An old Stairway on the Levee at Savannah * The Custom-House at Savannah * View in Bonaventure Cemetery, Savannah * The Independent Presbyterian Church, Savannah * View in Forsyth Park, Savannah * "Forsyth park contains a massive neetmok fountain" * A Savannah Sergeant of Police * General Sherman's Head-quarters, Savannah * A pair of Georgia "Crackers" * The Eagle and Phoenix Cotton-Mills, Columbus, Georgia * The old Fort on Tybee Island, Georgia * Happiness * Moonlight over Jacksonville, Florida * Jacksonville, on the St. John's River, Florida * Residence of Mrs. Harriet Beecher Stowe, at Mandarin, Florida * Green Cove Springs, on the St. John's River, Fla. * On the Road to St. Augustine, Florida * A Street in St. Augustine, Florida * St. Augustine, Florida—"An ancient gateway" * The Remains of a Citadel at Matanzas Inlet * View of Fort Marion, St. Augustine, Florida * Lighthouse on Anastasia Island, near St. Augustine, Florida * View of the Entrance to Fort Marion, St. Augustine, Florida * "The old sergeant in charge" * The Cathedral, St. Augustine, Florida * The Banana - "At Palatka, we first found the banana in profusion" * "Just across the river from Palatka lies the beautiful orange grove owned by Colonel Hart" * * Entrance to Colonel Hart's orange grove, opposite Palatka * The Guardian Angel * A Peep into a Forest on the Oclawaha * "We would brush past the trees and vines" * The "Marion" at Silver Spring * Shooting at Alligators * View on the upper St. John's River, Florida * Sunrise at Enterprise, St. John's River, Florida * A Country Cart * View of a Rice-field in South Carolina * Negro Cabins on a Rice Plantation * "The women were dressed in gay colors" * "With forty or fifty pounds of rice-stalks on their heads" * A Pair of Mule-Boots * A "Trunk-Minder" * Unloading the Rice-Barges * "At the winnowing-machine" * "Aunt Bransom" - A venerable ex-slave on a South Carolina Rice Plantation * View from Fort Sumter, in Charleston Harbor * The old Charleston Post-Office * Houses on the Battery, Charleston * A Charleston Mansion * The Spire of St. Philip's Church, Charleston * The Orphan House, Charleston * The Battery, Charleston * The Grave of John C. Calhoun, Charleston * The Ruins of St. Finbar Cathedral, Charleston * "The highways leading out of the city are all richly embowered in loveliest foliage" * Magnolia Cemetery, Charleston * Garden in Mount Pleasant, opposite Charleston * Peeping Through * A Future Politician * The State-House at Columbia, South Carolina * Sketches of South Carolina State Officers and Legislators under the Moses administration * Iron Palmetto in the State-House Yard at Columbia * A Wayside Sketch * "The Small Boy" * "The Judge" * The Judge shows the Artist's Sketch-Book * "The family sang line by line" * A Mountain Farmer * "We caught a glimpse of the symmetrical Catalouche mountain" * The Canon of the Catalouche as seen from "Bennett's" * Mount Pisgah, Western North Carolina * The Carpenter - A Study from Waynesville Life * View on Pigeon River, near Waynesville * The Dry Fall of the Sugar Fork, Blue Ridge, North Carolina * View near Webster, North Carolina * Lower Sugar Fork Fall, Blue Ridge, North Carolina * The Devil's Court-House, Whiteside Mountain * Jonas sees the Abyss * Asheville, North Carolina, from "Beaucatcher Knob" * View near Warm Springs, on the French Broad River * Lover's Leap, French Broad River, Western North Carolina * View on the Swannanoa River, near Asheville, Western North Carolina * First Peep at Patton's * The "Mountain House," on the way to Mount Mitchell's Summit * View of Mount Mitchell * The Judge climbing Mitchell's High Peak * Signal-Station and " Mitchell's Grave," Summit of the Black Mountains * The Lookers-on at the Greenville Fair * Table Mountain, South Carolina * "Let us address de Almighty wid pra'r" * Mount Yonah, as seen from Clarksville, Georgia * The "Grand Chasm," Tugaloo River, Northern Georgia * Toccoa Falls, Northern Georgia * A Mail-Carrier * Mission Ridge, near Chattanooga, Tennessee * Lookout Mountain, near Chattanooga,Tennessee * The Mineral Region in the vicinity of Chattanooga * Map showing Grades of Illiteracy in the United States. (From the U. S. Census Reports.) * Map of Middle Atlantic States, southern section, and North Carolina * The Rockwood Iron-Furnaces, Eastern Tennessee * The "John Ross House," near Chattanooga. Residence of one of the old Cherokee Landholders * Catching a "Tarpin" * View from Lookout Mountain near Chattanooga * Umbrella Rock, on Lookout Mountain * Doherty’s Description * Looking from "Lookout Cave" * "Rock City," Lookout Mountain * View from Wood's Redoubt, Chattanooga * On the Tennessee River, near Chattanooga * The "Suck," on the Tennessee River * A Negro Cabin on the bank of the abcxs Tennessee * Knoxville, Tennessee * The East Tennessee University, Knoxville * At the Etna Coal Mines * "Down in a Coal Mine" * The old Market at Lynchburg * The James River, at Lynchburg, Virginia * A Side Street in Lynchburg, Virginia * Scene in a Lynchburg Tobacco Factory * "Down the steep hills every day come the country wagons" * Summoning Buyers to a Tobacco Sale * Evening on the James River - "The soft light which gently rested upon the lovely stream" * In the Gap of the Peaks of Otter, Virginia * The Summit of the Peak of Otter, Virginia * Blue Ridge Springs, South-western Virginia * Bristol, South-western Virginia * White Top Mountain, seen from Glade Springs * Making Salt, at Saltville, Virginia * Wayside Types - A Sketch from the Artist's Virginia Sketch-Book * Wytheville, Virginia * Max Meadows, Virginia * The Roanoke Valley, Virginia * View near Salem, Virginia * View on the James River below Lynchburg * Appomattox Court-House - " It lies silently half-hidden in its groves and gardens" * "The hackmen who shriek in your ear as you arrive at the depot" * "The 'Crater,' the chasm created by the explosion of the mine which the Pennsylvanians sprung underneath Lee's fortifications'' * "The old cemetery, and ruined, ivy-mantled Blandford Church" * "Seen from a distance, Petersburg presents the appearance of a lovely forest pierced here and there by church spires and towers" * A Queer Cavalier * City Point, Virginia * A Peep into the Great Dismal Swamp * A Glimpse of Norfolk, Virginia * Map of the Virginia Peninsula * Hampton Roads * The Ruins of the old Church at Jamestown, Virginia * Statue of Lord Botetourt at Williamsburg, Virginia * The old Colonial Powder Magazine at Williamsburg, Virginia * The old Church of Bruton Parish - Williamsburg, Virginia * Cornwallis's Cave, near Yorktown, Virginia * View of Richmond, Virginia, from the Manchester side of the James River * Libby Prison, Richmond, Virginia * Capitol Squire, with a view of the Washington Monument, Richmond, Virginia * St. John's Church, Richmond, Virginia * View on the James River, Richmond, Virginia * Monument to the Confederate Dead, Richmond, Virginia * The Gallego Flouring-Mill, Richmond, Virginia * Scene on a Tobacco Plantation - Burning a Plant Patch * Tobacco Culture - Stringing the Primings * A Tobacco Barn in Virginia * The Old Method of Getting Tobacco to Market * Getting a Tobacco Hogshead Ready for Market * Scene on a Tobacco Plantation - Finding Tobacco Worms * The Tredegar Iron Works, Richmond, Virginia * A Water-melon Wagon * A Marl-bed on the Line of the Chesapeake and Ohio Railroad * Earthworks on the Chickahominy, near Richmond, Virginia * Scene at a Virginia "Corn-Shed" * Gordonsville, Virginia - "The negroes, who swarm day and night like bees about the trains" * The Tomb of Thomas Jefferson, at Monticello, near Charlottesville, Virginia * Monticello - The Old Home of Thomas Jefferson, author of the Declaration of American Independence * The University of Virginia, at Charlottesville * A Water-melon Feast * Piedmont, from the Blue Ridge * View of Staunton, Virginia * Winchester, Virginia * Buffalo Gap and the Iron-Furnace * Elizabeth Iron-Furnace, Virginia * The Alum Spring, Rockbridge Alum Springs, Virginia * The Military Institute, Lexington, Virginia * Washington and Lee College, Lexington, Va. * Portrait of General Thomas J. Jackson, known as "Stonewall Jackson" (From an engraving owned by M. Knoedler & Co., N. Y.) * General Robert Edward Lee, born January 19, 1801; died October 11, 1870 * The Great Natural Arch, Clifton Forge, Jackson's River * Beaver Dam Falls * Falling Springs Falls, Virginia * Griffith's Knob, and Cow Pasture River * Clay Cut, Chesapeake and Ohio Railroad * "Mac, the Pusher" * Jerry's Run * Scene on the Greenbrier River in Western Virginia * The Hotel and Lawn at Greenbrier White Sulphur Springs, West Virginia * The Eastern Portal of Second Creek Tunnel, Chesapeake and Ohio Railroad * A Mountain Ride in a Stage-Coach * Anvil Rock, Greenbrier River * A West Virginia "Countryman" * A Freighters' Camp, West Virginia * "The rude cabin built beneath the shadow of a huge rock" * "The rustic mill built of logs" * The Junction of Greenbrier and New Rivers * Descending the New River Rapids * A hard road for artists to travel * The "Hawk's Nest," from Boulder Point * Great Kanawha Falls * Miller's Ferry, seen from the Hawk's Nest * Richmond Falls, New River * Big Dowdy Falls, near New River * Whitcomb's Bowlder * The Inclined Plane at Cannelton * Fern Spring Branch, a West Virginia Mountain Stream * Charleston, the West Virginia Capital * The Hale House, Charleston * Rafts of Saw-Logs on a West Virginia River * The Snow Hill Salt Works, on the Kanawha River * Indian Mound, near St. Albans * View of Huntington and the Ohio River * The result of climbing a sapling - An Artist in a Fix * The Levee at Louisville, Kentucky * A familiar scene in a Louisville Street * A Waiter at the Gait House, Louisville, Kentucky * Scene in the Louisville Exposition * Mammoth Cave, Kentucky - The Boat Ride on Echo River * The Entrance to Mammoth Cave (Looking Out) * Mammoth Cave - In "the Devil's Arm-Chair" * The Mammoth Cave - "The Fat Man's Misery" * Mammoth Cave - "The Subterranean Album" * A Country Blacksmith Shop * The Court-House, Louisville * The Cathedral, Louisville * The Post-Office, Louisville * The City Hall, Louisville * George D. Prentice. (From a Painting in the Louisville Public Library) * The Colored Normal School, Louisville * Louisville, Kentucky, on the Ohio River, from the New Albany Heights * Chimney Rock, Kentucky * Frankfort, on the Kentucky River * The Ascent to Frankfort Cemetery, Kentucky * The Monument to Daniel Boone in the Cemetery at Frankfort, Kentucky * View on the Kentucky River, near Frankfort * Asteroid Kicks Up * A Souvenir of Kentucky * A little Adventure by the Wayside * "Steady" * The Tennessee State Capitol, at Nashville * View from the State Capitol, Nashville, Tennessee * Tomb of Ex-President Polk, Nashville, Tennessee * The Hermitage—General Andrew Jackson's old homestead, near Nashville, Tennessee * Young Tennesseans * The old home of Gen. Andrew Jackson, near Nashville * Tomb of Andrew Jackson, at the " Hermitage," near Nashville * View from Federal Hill, Baltimore, Maryland, looking across the Basin * The Oldest House in Baltimore * Fort McHenry, Baltimore Harbor * Jones's Falls, Baltimore * Exchange Place, Baltimore, Maryland * The Masonic Temple, Baltimore, Maryland * The Shot-Tower, Baltimore, Maryland * Scene on the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal * The Blind Asylum, Baltimore, Maryland * The Eastern High School, Baltimore, Maryland * View of a Lake in Druid Hill Park, Baltimore * Maryland Institute, Baltimore * Woodberry, near Druid Hill Park * The new City Hall, Baltimore, Maryland * Lafayette Square, Baltimore, Maryland * The City Jail, Baltimore, Maryland * The Peabody Institute, Baltimore, Maryland * First Presbyterian Church, Baltimore * A Tunnel through the Alleghanies * Mount Vernon Square, with a view of the Washington Monument, Baltimore, Maryland * The Battle Monument, seen from Barnum's Hotel, Baltimore * The Battle Monument, Baltimore, Maryland * The Cathedral, Baltimore, Maryland * The Wildey Monument, Baltimore, Maryland. 761 Entrance to Druid Hill Park, Baltimore, Maryland * Scene on the Canal, near Harper's Ferry * The Bridge at Harper's Ferry * View of the Railroad and River, from the Mountains at Harper's Ferry * Jefferson's Rock, Harper's Ferry * Cumberland Narrows and Mountains * Cumberland Viaduct, Maryland * Harper's Ferry, Maryland * Old John Cupid, a Williamsburg Herb Doctor * Southern Types - Come to Market * Southern Types - A Southern Plough Team * Southern Types - Negro Boys Shelling Peas * Southern Types - A "likely Girl" with her Baby * Southern Types - Catching his Breakfast * Southern Types * Negro Shoeblacks * Southern Types - A Little Unpleasantness * Southern Types - "Going to Church" * Southern Types - A Negro Constable * Southern Types - The Wolf and the Lamb in Politics * Southern Types - Two Veterans discussing the Political Situation * The Potomac and Washington, seen from Arlington * Homeward Bound

PLUS A BONUS ANTIQUE BOOK (with a direct connection to the inscribed and signed copy of THE SOUTHERN STATES offered above):

THE STORY OF THE JUBILEE SINGERS; With Their Songs. Edited by J.B.I. Marsh. Published in 1877 by Hodder and Stoughton, London. Seventh Edition. 8” x 6” decorated cloth hardcover. Illustrated with real photo of the Jubilee Singers tipped in as frontispiece. 248 pages.

Condition: Good antique condition. Some foxing, toning and rough edges on the frontispiece, sporadic foxing in text. Slight split in binding at page 128/129. No torn, loose or missing pages.

DESCRIPTION: This is the story of the Fisk University Jubilee Singers, an African-American a capella singing group formed in 1871. Its members were former slaves who attended Fisk University as students.

The Singers were organized as a fundraising effort for Fisk University. The historically black college in Nashville, Tennessee was founded in 1866 by the American Missionary Association and local supporters after the end of the American Civil War to educate freedmen and other young African Americans.

By 1871, the five-year-old university was facing serious financial difficulty. To avert bankruptcy and closure, Fisk's treasurer and music director, George L. White, a white Northern missionary, gathered a nine-member student chorus to go on tour to earn money for the university. On October 6, 1871, the group of students, consisting of two quartets and a pianist, started their U.S. tour under White's direction. They first performed in Cincinnati, Ohio. Over the next 18 months, the group toured through Ohio, Pennsylvania, New York, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New Jersey, Massachusetts, Maryland, and Washington, D.C.

Their early repertoire consisted mostly of traditional Negro spirituals, but included some Stephen Foster songs. In a tour of Great Britain and Europe in 1873, the group, by then with 11 members, performed "Steal Away to Jesus" and "Go Down, Moses" for Queen Victoria in April. They returned to the U.S. in May 1874.

The following year, the Jubilee Singers sailed to Europe again, accompanied by Fisk University founder and president Reverend Erastus Milo Cravath. The tour lasted May 1875 to July 1878, raising an estimated $150,000 for the university. The funds were used to construct Jubilee Hall, Fisk University’s first permanent building. Jubilee Hall is still standing today. In 1975, the building was designated a National Historic Landmark.

THE STORY OF THE JUBILEE SINGERS not only contains a history of the singing group through the year 1877, but also individual biographies and recollections of its members. A collection of 112 songs performed by the Jubilee Singers is featured in the second half of the book, complete with music and lyrics.

The final chapter of the book is called “The Jubilee Singers in the Netherlands,” and was written by Reverend Erastus Milo Cravath. It begins, The Jubilee Singers are now completing a tour of eight weeks in the Netherlands, which constitutes one of the most interesting chapters in the history of the Singers … This final chapter forms a direct link between this 1877 edition of THE STORY OF THE JUBILEE SINGERS and the main book offered in this sale, THE SOUTHERN STATES OF NORTH AMERICA, as the latter book was inscribed and signed by Reverend Erastus Milo Cravath in recognition of the 1877 Netherlands Tour. In fact, this chapter is credited and dated as follows: E.M. Cravath, President of Fisk University, Freedmen’s Missions Aid Society, 18, Adam Street, Strand, London, April 20, 1877 -- just one day after Reverend E.M. Cravath personally inscribed and signed the copy of THE SOUTHERN STATES offered above.



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