Civil War Patriotic Cartoon On The Treasonous J. B. Floyd Scandal, 1861 For Sale
Description: This early Civil War patriotic cartoon envelope comments on the scandal involving former Secretary of War Floyd and urges General Winfield Scott to act upon this matter. John Buchanan Floyd (1806 – 1863) was the 31st Governor of Virginia, U.S. Secretary of War, and the Confederate general in the American Civil War. From 1849 to 1852, he was governor of Virginia. In March 1857, Floyd became Secretary of War under President James Buchanan, where his lack of administrative ability was soon apparent. In December 1860, on ascertaining that Floyd had honored heavy drafts made by government contractors in anticipation of their earnings, the president requested his resignation. Several days later Floyd was indicted for malversation in office, although the indictment was overruled in 1861 on technical grounds. There is no proof that he profited by these irregular transactions. Although he had openly opposed secession before the election of Abraham Lincoln, his conduct after the election fell under suspicion and he was accused of sending large stores of government arms to Federal arsenals in the South in the anticipation of the Civil War. Grant in his postwar Personal Memoirs said “Floyd, the Secretary of War, scattered the army so that much of it could be captured when hostilities should commence, and distributed the cannon and small arms from Northern arsenals throughout the South so as to be on hand when treason wanted them.” In 1861 a congressional commission investigated Floyd's actions as Secretary of War. All of his records of orders and shipments of arms from 1859 to 1860 were examined. It is recorded that in response to John Brown's raid on Harper's Ferry he bolstered the Federal arsenals in some Southern states by over 115,000 muskets and rifles in late 1859. He also ordered heavy ordnance to be shipped to the Federal forts in Galveston Harbor, Texas, and the new fort on Ship Island off the coast of Mississippi. In the last days of his term, he apparently had an intention to send these heavy guns, but his orders were revoked by the president. His resignation as secretary of war, on December 29, 1860, was precipitated by the refusal of Buchanan to order Major Robert Anderson to abandon Fort Sumter, which eventually led to the start of the war. It was also charged that he was part of a conspiracy to have Confederate sympathizers in California, Oregon and Nevada to secede from the United States. On January 27, 1861, he was indicted by the District of Columbia grand jury for conspiracy and fraud. Floyd appeared in criminal court in Washington, D.C., on March 7, 1861, to answer the charges against him. According to Harper's Weekly, the indictments were thrown out. From 1861 until his death, he served as a general in the Confederate Army.
This Week's Sale: Includes a number of superior quality and high catalogue price items.
Condition: All items listed should be considered free of defects unless otherwise described.In some cases featuresthat are obvious in the scan are not described as they are considered self-evident. The following abbreviations are used to describe stamps: ** Unused, original gum, never hinged; * Unused, original gum, previously hinged; (*) Unused, without gum (also known as no gum); and Used. These abbreviations are the same as those used inGermany's Michel catalogue.
Illustrations: Full color 300 or 600 dpi (dots per inch) scans are provided with each listing. In some cases illustrations to listings will be included that are not included with the item listed. These almost always have added red letter captions.
Catalogues used: Scott 2013 Classic Specialized Catalogue of Stamps & Covers; Scott Specialized Catalogue of United States Stamps; Scott Standard Postage Stamp Catalogues (Volumes 1-6; Michel Germany Specialized; Michel Germany Postal Stationery; Michel Europe; Michel Europe Postal Stationery, Unitrade Catalogue of Canadian Stamps; Japanese Stamp Dealers Association Postage Stamp Catalogue; Facit Scandinavian Specialized Catalogue; China Stamp Society Specialized Catalogue of China to 1949; Stamps of Iran Catalogue by N. Farahbakhsh; The Canadian Revenue Stamp Catalogue by E. S. J. van Dam, and other selected references.
Professional Experience: Ioffer you informed philatelicopinions and analysisbased on over fifty years of experience both as a collector and as a full time professional. I have worked for a number of significant firms including H.E. Harris Co., Inc., Jack E. Molesworth, Inc. and The Stamp Center. I am a member of the American Philatelic Society, an expert for the Hawaiian Philatelic Societyand philatelic appraiser for Harvard University.
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Civil War Patriotic Cartoon On The Treasonous J. B. Floyd Scandal, 1861: $5