Civil War Patriotic Cover Sc# 65 With Soldiers Letter June1863
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Civil War Patriotic Cover Sc# 65 With Soldiers Letter June1863:
This isCivil Warletter with Patrioticcover. It is datedJune 10th 1863 and it is post marked June 16 1863.
It has a SC# 65
It is from a soldier in the 50th Ohio Infantry station at Sulfur Fork Trestle Ky. or known as Ft. Sands. The letter is to his family talking about the going-ons at the camp.
The letter is in great condition and readable, there are some small tears at the folds. The face of the cover is great but the back of the cover is separated from the front. small nicks see photo.
History of Fort Sands
This earthen fortification was built by Union forces to protect the L&N Railroad trestle that rises 90 ft. above Sulfur Fork. It is believed the fortification had two construction phases. During the first phase, in 1862, a rectangular stockade/blockhouse was constructed southwest of the railroad tracks. This stockade, along with the trestle bridge, was captured and burned by Gen. Morgan on December 28, 1862 after a brief skirmish with 560 Federal troops of the 71st Indiana and the 78th Illinois. After Morgan’s destruction, the second phase of construction occurred using a design from Lt. Miles McAlester. From January through August of 1863, the 50th and 113th Ohio Regiments worked on the earthen fortress and equipped it with artillery to defend the 500 ft. long bridge that was completed by February 1, 1863. The fort was given the name Fort Sands, after Alexander C. Sands who was the U. S. Marshall for the Southern District of Ohio. Union forces safeguarded the railroad for the duration of the war. Seven soldiers died while stationed at Fort Sands. Their graves were removed after the war and taken to Cave Hill Cemetery in Louisville.
The 50th Ohio Infantry was organized atCamp DennisonnearCincinnati, Ohioand mustered in for three years service on August 27, 1862 under the command ofColonelJ. R. Taylor. The regiment was recruited andVan Wertcounties. On December 31, 1864, the99th Ohio Infantrywas consolidated into the 50th Ohio Infantry.
The regiment was attached to 34th Brigade, 10th Division,Army of the Ohio, September 1862. 34th Brigade, 10th Division,I Corps, Army of the Ohio, to November 1862. District of West Kentucky, Department of the Ohio, to May 1863. Unattached, 2nd Division,XXIII Corps, Department of the Ohio, to August 1863. Unattached, 1st Division, XXIII Corps, to September 1863. District of South Central Kentucky, 1st Division, XXIII Corps, to April 1864. 3rd Brigade, 4th Division, XXIII Corps, to June 1864. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, XXIII Corps, Army of the Ohio, to February 1865, and Department of North Carolina to June 1865.
The 50th Ohio Infantry mustered out of service atSalisbury, North Carolinaon June 26, 1865.
Ordered to Covington, Ky., September 1. Defense of Cincinnati, Ohio, against Kirby Smith's threatened attack. Moved to Louisville, Ky., September 20. Pursuit of Bragg into Kentucky October 1–15. Battle of Perryville, Ky., October 8. Moved to Lebanon, Ky., and duty there until February 1863. At Muldraugh's Hill, Ky., building fortifications and bridges over Sulphur and Rolling Forks of Green River until September. Also built Forts Boyle, Sands and McAllister. Ordered to Nashville, Tenn., September 18; thence to Gallatin, Tenn., and to Glasgow, Ky., and to Knoxville, Tenn., December 25. March across mountains to Jacksboro December 26, 1863 to January 7, 1864. Duty there until February 22. At Knoxville and Loudoun until May. Moved to Cleveland, Tenn., thence march to Kingston, Ga., and joined Sherman's army May 23, 1864. Atlanta Campaign May 23-September 8. Kingston May 24. Operations on line of Pumpkin Vine creek and battles about Dallas, New Hope Church and Allatoona Hills May 25-June 5. Operations about Marietta and against Kennesaw Mountain June 10-July 2. Pine Hill June 11–14. Lost Mountain June 15–17. Muddy Creek June 17. Noyes Creek June 19. Kolb's Farm June 22. Assault on Kennesaw June 27. Nickajack Creek July 2–5. Chattahoochie River July 6–17. Decatur July 19. Howard House, Atlanta, July 20. Siege of Atlanta July 22-August 25. Utoy Creek August 5–7. Flank movement on Jonesboro August 25–30. Battle of Jonesboro August 31-September 1. Lovejoy's Station September 2–6. Camp at Decatur until October 4. Pursuit of Hood into Alabama October 4–26. Nashville Campaign November-December. Columbia, Duck River, November 24–27. Columbia Ford November 28–29. Battle of Franklin November 30. Battle of Nashville December 15–16. Pursuit of Hood to the Tennessee River December 17–28. Moved to Clifton, Tenn., and duty there until January 16, 1865. Movement to Washington, D.C., thence to Smithville, N. C., January 16-February 10. Operations against Hoke February 12–14. Fort Anderson February 18–19. Town Creek February 19–20. Capture of Wilmington February 22. Campaign of the Carolinas March 1-April 26. Advance on Goldsboro, N. C., March 6–21. Occupation of Goldsboro and Raleigh. Bennett's House April 26. Surrender of Johnston and his army. Duty at Raleigh until May 5, and Greensboro and Salisbury until June.