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Confederate Colonel Basil Duke Csa Historic Cdv Image Morgan's Cavalry For Sale
Offered is a very nice, Civil War, CDV image of Colonel Basil Duke, CSA. Measures:4 x 2.25." He was the epitome of the hard-fighting Southern officer, and was a die hard Confederate to the end. This rare, historic CDV has period, hand-written iron ink that reads: "Col. Basil Duke - C.S.A. - Taken prisoner with Gen.l John H. Morgan and still (June / '66) a prisoner." Published by E. & H.T. Anthony, New York. Here is some info on Duke:
Basil Wilson Duke(May 28, 1838 – September 16, 1916) was aConfederategeneral officerduring theAmerican Civil War. His most noted service in the war was as second-in-command for his brother-in-lawJohn Hunt Morgan; Duke would later write a popular account of Morgan's most famous raid: 1863'sMorgan's Raid. He took over Morgan's command after Morgan was shot by Union soldiers in 1864. At the end of the war, Duke was amongConfederate PresidentJefferson Davis's bodyguards after his flight fromRichmond, Virginiathrough theCarolinas.
Duke's lasting impact was as a historian and communicator of the Confederate experience. As a historian he helped to found the Filson Club Historical Society and started the preserving of theShiloh battlefield. He wrote numerous books and magazine articles, most notably in theSouthern Bivouac. When he died, he was one of the few high-ranking Confederate officers still alive. Historian James A. Ramage said of Duke, "No Southerner was more dedicated to the Confederacy than General Basil W. Duke".
When theAmerican Civil Warstarted in 1861, Duke was still in Missouri, where he helped in the initial forays forMissouri's secession from the United States. (Missouri would have both Federal and Confederate governments during the War.) On January 7, 1861, he and four others created The Minute Men, a pro-secession militia-like organization, in response to many pro-Northern politicians being recently elected in St. Louis. Duke quickly became the leader, despite being only 23 years old. He formed the organization into five companies and sought to acquire the federal arsenal in St. Louis for the secessionist movement. He made a habit of placing secessionist flags at prominent locations, looking to start fights with pro-Union forces. He would eventually be indicted for arson and treason but managed to escape back into Kentucky.
Once back to Lexington, Kentucky, Duke married Henrietta Hunt Morgan, sister of John Hunt Morgan. They wedding took place on June 19, 1861. Duke would return to Missouri to help Confederate forces in Missouri under the command of Brigadier General Thomas Hindman, but would eventually return to Kentucky at Brigadier GeneralWilliam J. Hardee's insistence. By October 1861, he had enlisted in his brother-in-law's (Morgan's) command and was subsequently elected Second Lieutenant.
Duke was twice wounded during the War. At theBattle of Shiloh, he was swinging his saber at a Union soldier when he was shot in the left shoulder by aBrown Bess musket. The bullet exited his right shoulder, barely missing the spine. After recuperating, he was promoted to lieutenant colonel and a few months later, to colonel. Duke's second wound came atElizabethtown, Kentucky's Rolling Fork River during Morgan's Christmas Raid of 1862, when, on December 29, he was hit by a shell fragment while leading the back guard as the rest of Morgan's men crossed a stream; his men initially assumed he was dead.
Duke was the principal trainer for mounted combat for Morgan's Raiders and participated in Morgan's audacious Ohio Raid, during which he was captured at theBattle of Buffington Islandon July 19, 1863, while leading troops in a delaying tactic which allowed other Confederate forces either to escape across theOhio RiverwithAdam "Stovepipe" Johnsonor to advance further intoOhiowith Morgan, although shortly thereafter, he too was captured. Duke would remain in captivity until August 3, 1864, when he was exchanged. He could probably have escaped with Morgan andThomas Hinesbut felt that to do so would hurt their chances, as Morgan was easily replaced in his cell by his brother, but no similar replacement as a temporary deception was there for Duke.
After Morgan was killed on September 4, 1864, Duke assumed command of Morgan's forces and on September 15, 1864, was promoted to brigadier general and sent to Virginia. He was withJefferson Davisshortly after the Confederate President fled Richmond. Duke was in the final Confederate war council at theBurt-Stark MansioninAbbeville, South Carolina, on May 2, 1865. Duke surrendered to Union officials on May 10, 1865, inWashington, Georgia.
As an officer, Duke's way of "gently ordering" soldiers under his command allowed him to have friendly relations with his men. He loved fighting, was steadfast during difficult moments in conflicts, and was described as a "spit-and-polish" officer.
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