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Early 1845 Nyc Police Dept. Doc Sgd By 59 Officers For Sale
1 pg. document, August 1845, New York, being one of the earliest New York City Police Department documents following its founding in 1845. This document is signed during it first year. The document provides the salaries of the officers in Patrol District No. 7., headed by Captain William M. Howell, with each officer signing their name indicating that they had received their pay for the period covering August 17 through August 30. Also signed by Asst. Captains James J. Timpson and Jarvis Reeves. Also interesting is that the Police Department also had two doormen on the payroll.
The New York Municipal Police was founded in 1845 with an initial force of 900 men. Nearly 400,000 people lived in NYC at that time. The municipality was overwhelmed by expanding slums, a high rate of crime, and frequent rioting. Looking toward London for solutions to its policing problems, the city adopted reforms similar to those that Sir Robert Peel had instituted in London in 1829. The nightwatch system, in effect prior to 1845, was abolished and uniformed officers operating under a chain of command (assembled in Districts), replaced the outdated constable system the Dutch had established in seventeenth-century Manhattan. The officers served only one- or two-year tours of duty, and order and continuity suffered accordingly. Jobs as police officers, like almost all public service work in mid-19th century New York, were awarded based on political pratronage. The officers that sign this document are among the first (ever) New York City Police Officers following its establishment.
A wonderful resource item for the NYC police historian. The document size is 15-1/2" x 19-1/2." It is folded with some splits to a few folds, but o/w in intact and o/w in very good condition. Buyer pays $2.50 shipping.
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Early 1845 Nyc Police Dept. Doc Sgd By 59 Officers : $294