Edwin M. Stanton Civil War 1862 Brady Cdv Secretary Of War Lincoln Cabinet

Edwin M. Stanton Civil War 1862 Brady Cdv Secretary Of War Lincoln Cabinet

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Edwin M. Stanton Civil War 1862 Brady Cdv Secretary Of War Lincoln Cabinet:

Here is a Civil War period CDV by the famed photographer Matthew Brady. Image is of Edwin M. Stanton in 1862. He was Secretary of War for President Abraham Lincoln. He was a major player during the war, and was a controversial figure during the Lincoln assassination. Excellent condition with BRADY fine print 1862 copyright to front and back mark of: E. ANTHONY/ BRADY. Ink script on the reverse identifying the image as E.W. Stanton. Here is some public source info on the fascinating career of Stanton:

Edwin McMasters Stanton(December 19, 1814 – December 24, 1869) was an American lawyer and politician who served asSecretary of Warunder theLincoln Administrationduring most of theAmerican Civil War. Stanton's effective management helped organize the massive military resources of theNorthand guide the Union to victory.

AfterLincoln's assassination, Stanton remained as the Secretary of War under the new PresidentAndrew Johnsonduring the first years ofReconstruction. He opposed the lenient policies of Johnson towards the formerConfederate States. Johnson's attempt to dismiss Stanton ultimately led to President Johnson being impeached by the House of Representatives.Stanton returned to law after retiring as Secretary of War, and in 1869 was nominated as anAssociate Justice of the Supreme Courtby Johnson's successor,Ulysses S. Grant; however, he died four days after his nomination was confirmed by the Senate.

Stanton was born inSteubenville, Ohio, the eldest of four children to David and Lucy Norman Stanton. Throughout his childhood and adult life Stanton suffered from asthma. His mother ran a general store in Steubenville.[3]His father was a physician ofQuakerstock. Stanton's father died in 1827 when Edwin was only thirteen. He was forced to leave school to help support his mother.Early life and career

Stanton began his political life as a lawyer in Ohio and anantislaveryDemocrat. After leavingKenyon Collegehe returned to Steubenville in 1833 to get a job to support his family. He began studying law, and was admitted to the Ohiobarin 1836. At 21, he argued his first court case.[2]Stanton built a house in the small town ofCadiz, Ohio, and practiced law there until 1847, when he moved toPittsburgh, Pennsylvania. He resided at one point in Richmond, Ohio, in what is now Everhart Bove Funeral Home.

Stanton andClement Vallandighamwere “intimate personal friends” before the Civil War. Stanton loaned Vallandigham $500 for a course and to begin a law practice.Both Vallandigham and Stanton were Democrats, but had opposing views of slavery.

Stanton's legal career would bring him to practice in Ohio, then Pittsburgh, and finally in Washington, D.C. In 1856, Stanton moved to Washington, D.C., where he had a large practice before theSupreme Court. In 1859, Stanton was the defense attorney in the sensational trial ofDaniel E. Sickles, a politician and later aUniongeneral, who was tried on a charge of murdering his wife's lover,Philip Barton Key II(son ofFrancis Scott Key), but was acquitted after Stanton invoked one of the first uses of theinsanity defensein U.S. history.Law and politics

Stanton was sent to California in 1858 by the US Attorney General as special Federal agent for the settlement of land claims, where he succeeded in breaking up a conspiracy to defraud the U.S. government of vast tracts of land of considerable value.

In 1860 Stanton gave up a successful law practice and was appointedUnited States Attorney Generalin the lame-duck presidential administration ofJames Buchanan.He strongly opposed secession, and is credited by historians for changing Buchanan's governmental position away from tolerating secession to denouncing it as unconstitutional and illegal.Attorney generalAfter Lincoln was elected president, Stanton agreed to work as a legal adviser to the inefficient Secretary of War,Simon Cameron, who was reassigned by Lincoln because of allegations of corruption. Cameron was replaced by Stanton on Jannuary 15, 1862. He accepted the position only to "help save the country." He was very effective in administering the huge War Department, but devoted considerable amounts of his energy to the persecution of Union officers whom he suspected of having traitorous sympathies for the South, the most famous of these being Maj. Gen.Fitz John Porter. Stanton used his power as Secretary to ensure every general who sat on thecourt-martialwould vote for conviction or else be unable to obtain career advancement.Time of warCivil War

On August 8, 1862 Stanton issued an order to "arrest and imprison any person or persons who may be engaged, by act, speech or writing, in discouraging volunteer enlistments, or in any way giving aid and comfort to the enemy, or in any other disloyal practice against the United States."

“He is the rock on the beach of our national ocean against which the breakers dash and roar, dash and roar without ceasing. He fights back the angry waters and prevents them from undermining and overwhelming the land. Gentlemen, I do not see how he survives, why he is not crushed and torn to pieces. Without him I should be destroyed.”

—President Abraham Lincoln, on Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton

The president recognized Stanton's ability, but whenever necessary Lincoln managed to "plow around him." Stanton once tried to fire the Chief of the War Department Telegraph Office,Thomas Eckert. Lincoln prevented this by praising Eckert to Stanton. Yet, when pressure was exerted to remove the unpopular secretary from office, Lincoln refused. His high opinion of Stanton can be seen from the following quote:

Lincoln's assassination

Stanton became a Republican and apparently changed his opinion of Lincoln.

On April 15, 1865, Stanton rushed to thePetersen House, where President Lincoln had been taken after he had been shot at Ford's Theatre. The Secretary of War took charge of the scene.Mary Lincolnwas so unhinged by the experience of the assassination that Stanton had her ordered from the room by shouting, "Take that woman out and do not let her in again!" At Lincoln's death Stanton uttered what became a memorable quote "Now he belongs to the ages" (or possibly "angels"), and lamented"There lies the most perfect ruler of men the world has ever seen." He vigorously pursued the apprehension and prosecution of the conspirators involved in Lincoln's assassination. These proceedings were not handled by the civil courts, but by amilitary tribunal, and therefore under Stanton's tutelage. Stanton has subsequently been accused ofwitness tampering, most notably ofLouis J. Weichmann, and of other activities that skewed the outcome of the trials.

Stanton continued to hold the position of secretary of war under PresidentAndrew Johnsonuntil 1868. Stanton strongly disagreed with Johnson's plan to readmit the seceded states to the Union without guarantees of civil rights for freed slaves. The two clashed over implementation ofReconstructionpolicy, so Johnson removed Stanton from the Cabinet and replaced him withUlysses S. Grant. However, this was overruled by the Senate, and Stanton barricaded himself in his office when Johnson tried again to replace Stanton with General Thomas, while radical Republicans initiated impeachment proceedings against Johnson on the grounds that Johnson's removal of Stanton without Senate approval violated theTenure of Office Act. Stanton played a central role in the attempt to impeach President Andrew Johnson. Johnson escaped conviction by a single vote in the Senate.[3]Andrew Johnson's administrationAfter this, Stanton resigned and returned to the practice of law. The next year he was appointed by PresidentGrantto the Supreme Court, but he died four days after he was confirmed by theSenate. He died during an asthma attack in Washington, DC, and is buried there inOak Hill Cemetery. Stanton did not take the necessary oath of office, according to the Supreme Court's official list of justices,which notes that:U.S. Supreme Court appointment"The acceptance of the appointment and commission by the appointee, as evidenced by the taking of the prescribed oaths, is here implied; otherwise the individual is not carried on this list of the Members of the Court. Examples: ..... Edwin M. Stanton who died before he could take the necessary steps toward becoming a Member of the Court."On May 31, 1836, Edwin Stanton married Mary Lamson, and they had two children: Lucy Lamson Stanton (b. March 11, 1837) and Edwin Lamson Stanton (b. August 1842). They built a house in the small town of Cadiz, Ohio, and he practiced law there. Their daughter Lucy died in 1841 their son Edwin died in 1877.Marriage and Family

Mary Lamson Stanton died on March 13, 1844. The loss of his beloved wife sent Stanton spiraling into a deep depression. Then, in 1846, Stanton's brother Darwin cut his own throat – "The blood spouted up to the ceiling," a doctor recalled.

So many losses in so short a time changed Stanton, replacing a hearty good humor with a brusque, even rude, intensity. He moved toPittsburgh, lost himself in legal work, and turned into a ferocious litigator. He also met and wooed Ellen Hutchison, who became his second wife and later survived him. Stanton had taken a large pay cut to serve as Secretary of War, and his finances were not in good shape when he died. Congress voted Mrs. Stanton a sum the equivalent of one year's pension for a U.S. Supreme Court justice, since her late husband had been confirmed to the Court but not sworn in. Friends also collected a generous fund to care for her and her family.

Edwin Stanton was the second American other than a U.S. President to appear on a U.S. postage issue, the first beingBenjamin Franklin, who appeared on a stamp in 1847. The only Stanton stamp was issued March 6, 1871. This was also the only stamp issued by the post office that year. The Stanton 7-cent stamp paid the single rate postage for letters sent from the U.S. to various countries in Europe.
A distinctive engraved portrait of Stanton appeared on U.S. paper money in 1890 and 1891. The bills are called "treasury notes" or "coin notes" and are widely collected today. These rare notes are considered by many to be among the finest examples of detailed engraving ever to appear on banknotes. The $1 Stanton "fancyback" note of 1890, with an estimated 900–1,300 in existence relative to the millions printed, ranks as number 83 in the "100 Greatest American Currency Notes" compiled by Bowers and Sundman (2006). Stanton also appears on the fourth issue of Fractional Currency, in the amount of 50 cents.Stanton Park, four blocks from theUnited States Capitolin Washington, D.C., is named for him, as isStanton College Preparatory SchoolinJacksonville, Florida. A steam engine, built in 1862, was named the "E. M. Stanton" in honor of the new Secretary of War.Stanton County, Nebraskais named for him. Stanton Middle School inHammondsville, Ohiois named after him. A neighborhood in Pittsburgh is named for him (Stanton Heights) as well as its main thoroughfare (Stanton Avenue).Legacy

TheEdwin M. Stanton School (Jacksonville, Florida)andEdwin M. Stanton School (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania)are listed on theNational Register of Historic Places.

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Edwin M. Stanton Civil War 1862 Brady Cdv Secretary Of War Lincoln Cabinet:

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