Ferrara 1551: Behinat Olam Jewish Philosophy Book ~ Rabbi Jedaiah Hapenini For Sale
BEHINAT OLAM [Examination of the World]
Work of philosophic rumination and religious passion by Jewish Rabbi, Philosopher and poet Jedaiah ben Abraham Bedersi [Ha-Penini], with commentaries by Rabbi Moses ibn Habib and Rabbi Joseph Francis. Witha poetic prayer of 1,000 words entitled Bakkashat ha-Memim, every word of which begins with the letter mem
Ferrara 1551. Samuel ibn Askara Zarefati First edition of commentary 270 pp. 19 x 14 cm. Excellent condition. 2pages in the middle have few minor wormholes. Previous owners signature Rabbi Nehorai Azubib from Algiers 1700's.
The Behinat ha-Olam is a philosophical discourse on the vanities of the world. It is a lyrical, ethical monograph on the theme of the futility and vanity of this world, and inestimably benifits of intellectual and religious pursuits.It is the best-known literary work of Bedersi.Rabbi Jedaiah, who flourished in Provence in the late thirteenth and early fourteenth centuries, is also known for his Bakkashat ha-Memim, a poem of 1,000 words all beginning with the letter mem (printed by Joshua Soncino in 1488 in his exceedingly rare octavo literary miscellany. Offenberg 77). The Mantua edition of Behinat ha-Olam gives his name as "En-Bonet Avram", the Soncino edition expands to "ha-Bedersi En-Bonet Avram" (ha-Bedersi: of Béziers). The variant names given to Jedaiah and his father, also a poet, have given rise, as Steinschneider noted, to a considerable confusion. The commentary of the Soncino edition closes with an encomium of Maimonides. It is curious to note that in Italy copies of this edition are preserved in only two collections, Parma and the Vatican.
Rabbi Jedaiah ben Abraham Bedersi (ha-Penini, c. 1270–1340) was a poet and philosopher. Possibly a native of Beziers, R. Jedaiah is known to have spent time in Perpignan and Montpellier. Little is known of his personal history. He may have been a physician. R. Jedaiah's intellectual interests were literary and philosophic, although the two spheres were not clearly separated. In his youth, he composed a poetic prayer of 1,000 words entitled Bakkashat ha-Memim, every word of which begins with the letter mem (in Olelot ha-Bohen, 1808). He is also credited with a similar composition, every word of which begins with alef, but many believe that this latter poem was written by Jedaiah's father. In popular style he composed Ohev Nashim. Jedaiah also wrote Sefer ha-Pardes (Constantinople, 1516), reflections on isolation from the world, divine worship, the behavior of judges, grammar, and astronomy. Jedaiah also wrote a number of works which are more strictly scientific and philosophical.
Rabbi Nehorai Azubib belonged to Algerian rabbinical family prominent in the 17th and 18th centuries. He composed several prayers for the anniversary instituted by the community in commemoration of the repulse of O'Reilly's expedition against Algiers in 1775. Some Arabic poems of his figure in the collection "ShibḥeElohim" (God's Praises), p. 173, published at Oran. Azubib wrote also a short commentary on the "Kerobeẓ"—collection of hymns contained in the ritual of Algiers, and published at Leghorn. His novellae on the Talmud are referred to by Judah Ayyash in Lehem Yehudah (1745). Saadiah was among those who banned the books of Nehemiah Hayon, the follower of Shabbetai Zevi. A copy of the ban, with his name at the head of the Algerian signatories, is published in the Milhamah la-Adonai of R. Moses Hagiz was a Rabbi at Algiers; died October, 1785. Azubib was celebrated for his disinterestedness