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Garner, John Nance U.s. Vice President Under F. D. Roosevelt T.l.s. 11/20/1933 For Sale

Garner, John Nance U.s. Vice President Under F. D. Roosevelt T.l.s. 11/20/1933

GARNER, JOHN NANCE U.S. VICE PRESIDENT UNDER F. D. ROOSEVELT T.L.S. 11/20/1933
THIS sale CONTAINS A SIGNED TYPE WRITTEN LETTER ON V.P. STATIONARY, "THE VICE PRESIDENT'S CHAMBER

WASHINGTON

UVALDE, TEXAS, NOVEMBER 20, 1933.

IT IS ADDRESSED TO :

HON. J.F. T. O'CONNOR

CONTROLLER OF THE CURRENCY,

TREASURY DEPARTMENT, WASHINGTON, D. C.

AN ORIGINAL LETTER

"Friend I HAD THE PRIVILEGE OF RECOMMENDING TO MR. COLLIER TWO MEN FOR TEMPORARY BANK EXAMINERS, MR.

RANKIN PETERS, SABINA, TEXAS AND MR. TOM HARDIN, OF UVALDE - THAT HS B EEN SOME TIME AGO. RECEIVING THE ENCLOSED LETTER THIS MORN

John Nance Garner *From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia John Nance Garner 32nd Vice President of the United States In office
March 4, 1933– January 20, 1941 President Franklin D. Roosevelt Preceded by Charles Curtis Succeeded by Henry A. Wallace 44th Speaker of the United States House of Representatives In office
December 7, 1931– March 4, 1933 President Herbert Hoover Preceded by Nicholas Longworth Succeeded by Henry T. Rainey House Minority Leader In office
March 4, 1929– March 4, 1931 Deputy William Allan Oldfield Preceded by Finis Garrett Succeeded by Bertrand Snell Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Texas's 15th district In office
March 4, 1903– March 4, 1933 Preceded by new district Succeeded by Milton H. West Personal details Born John Nance Garner IV
November 22, 1868
Detroit, Red River County
Texas, U.S. Died November 7, 1967 (aged98)
Uvalde, Texas, U.S. Nationality American Political party Democratic Spouse(s) Mariette Rheiner Garner Children Tully Charles Garner (1896—1968) Alma mater Vanderbilt University – dropped out Religion Methodist Signature

John Nance Garner IV, known among his contemporaries as "Cactus Jack" (November 22, 1868 – November 7, 1967), was an American Democratic politician and lawyer from Texas. He was a state representative from 1898 to 1902, and U.S. Representative from 1903 to 1933. He was the 44th Speaker of the House in 1931–1933. In 1932, he was elected the 32nd Vice President of the United States, serving from 1933 to 1941. A conservative Southerner, Garner opposed the sit-down strikes of the labor unions and the New Deal's deficit spending. He broke with President Franklin D. Roosevelt in early 1937 over the issue of enlarging the Supreme Court, and helped defeat it on the grounds that it centralized too much power in the President's hands.

Early life and family

Garner was born near the village of Detroit in Red River County in Eastern Texas, to John Nance Garner III and his wife, the former Sarah Jane Guest. Garner attended Vanderbilt University in Nashville, Tennessee, for one semester before dropping out and returning home. He was a member of the Pi Kappa Alpha fraternity. He eventually studied law, was admitted to the bar in 1890, and began practice in Uvalde, Uvalde County, Texas.

In 1893, Garner entered politics, running for County Judge of Uvalde County. (Although the County Judge in Texas is now primarily the chief administrative officer of a County, comparable to the Mayor of a City, the office is a judicial position and the County Judge sits in small civil cases, misdemeanor criminal cases, and probate cases.) At that time, Democrats entirely dominated politics in Texas, and the Democratic nomination for an office was tantamount to election. Thus the Democratic primary election was the real election, with the general election being a formality.

Garner was opposed in the County Judge primary by a woman—Mariette Rheiner, a rancher's daughter. They married a week after meeting. They had one child, Josiah Charles Nance Garner.

Garner was elected County Judge, and served until 1896.

Texas politics John Nance Garner as a younger congressman. Garner as Speaker of the House

Garner was elected to the Texas House of Representatives in 1898, and re-elected in 1900. During his service, the legislature selected a state flower for Texas. Garner fervently supported the prickly pear cactus for the honor and thus earned the nickname "Cactus Jack." (The Bluebonnet was chosen.)

In 1902, Garner was elected to the United States House of Representatives from a newly created congressional district covering tens of thousands of square miles of rural south Texas. He was elected from the district fourteen subsequent times, serving until 1933. His wife served as his private secretary during this period.

Garner was chosen to serve as minority floor leader for the Democrats in 1929, and then as Speaker of the United States House of Representatives in 1931.

Garner was a supporter of the federal income tax but opposed most tariffs except for those on wool and mohair, important to his Texas base. He also believed in rural investment, bringing taxpayer dollars to farmers of the Brush Country region of South Texas.[1][unreliable source?]

Garner was popular with his fellow House members in both parties. He held what he called his "board of education" during the era of Prohibition, a gathering spot for lawmakers to drink alcohol, or as Garner called it, "strike a blow for liberty." (The "board of education" was continued after Prohibition had ended and Garner had left the House by future Speaker Sam Rayburn.)[1]

Vice Presidency Garner with Governor Roosevelt and Kansas Governor Harry Woodring in September 1932.

In 1932, Garner ran for the Democratic Presidential nomination. It became evident that Franklin Roosevelt, the governor of New York, was the strongest of several candidates, although he did not have a majority of convention delegates. Garner cut a deal with Roosevelt, becoming his Vice-Presidential candidate. He was re-elected to the Seventy-third Congress on November 8, 1932, and on the same day was elected Vice President of the United States, making him only the second man to serve as both Speaker of the House and President of the Senate on the same day (March 4, 1933) after Schuyler Colfax (March 4, 1869). He was re-elected Vice President in 1936 and served in that office from March 4, 1933, to January 20, 1941.

Like most Vice Presidents in this era, Garner had little to do, and had little influence on the President's policies. He famously described the Vice-Presidency as being "not worth a bucket of warm piss". (For many years, this quote was euphemized as "warm spit".)[2]

During Roosevelt's second term, Garner's previously warm relationship with the President quickly soured, as Garner disagreed sharply with him on a wide range of important issues. Garner supported federal intervention to break up the Flint Sit-Down Strike, supported a balanced federal budget, opposed packing the Supreme Court with additional judges, and opposed executive interference with the internal business of the Congress.[3]

During 1938 and 1939, numerous Democratic party leaders urged Garner to run for President in 1940. Garner saw himself as the champion of the traditional Democratic Party establishment, which often clashed with supporters of Roosevelt's New Deal. The Gallup Poll showed that Garner was the favorite among Democratic voters, presuming that Roosevelt would defer to the longstanding two-term tradition and not run for a third term. Time magazine characterized him on April 15, 1940:

Cactus Jack is 71, sound in wind & limb, a hickory conservative who does not represent the Old South of magnolias, hoopskirts, pillared verandas, but the New South: moneymaking, industrial, hardboiled, still expanding too rapidly to brood over social problems. He stands for oil derricks, sheriffs who use airplanes, prairie skyscrapers, mechanized farms, $100 Stetson hats. Conservative John Garner appeals to many a conservative voter.[4]

Garner did not appeal to liberals, however. In Congressional testimony, union leader John L. Lewis described him as "a labor-baiting, poker-playing, whiskey-drinking, evil old man".[5]

Nonetheless, Garner declared his candidacy. Roosevelt refused to say whether he would run again. If he did, it was highly unlikely that Garner could win the nomination, but Garner stayed in the race anyway. He had come to oppose most of Roosevelt's policies, and was opposed to anyone having a third term as President. At the Democratic National Convention, Roosevelt arranged a "spontaneous" call for his renomination, and won on the first ballot. Garner got only 61 votes out of 1,093. Roosevelt chose Henry A. Wallace to be the Vice Presidential running mate, instead of Garner.[6]

Later life and legacy

Garner stepped down as Vice President in January 1941, ending a 46-year career in public life. He retired to his home in Uvalde for the last twenty-six years of his life, where he managed his extensive real estate holdings, spent time with his great-grandchildren, and fished. Throughout his retirement, he was consulted by active Democratic politicians and was especially close to Roosevelt's successor Harry S. Truman.

On the morning of Garner's 95th birthday on November 22, 1963, President John F. Kennedy called to wish the former Vice President a happy birthday, just hours before his fateful trip to Dallas.

Garner died on November 7, 1967, at the age of 98 years and 350 days, 15 days before his 99th birthday, making him the longest-living Vice President in United States history, a record which was previously held by Benjamin Harrison's Vice President, Levi P. Morton (who died in 1920, on his 96th birthday). He is interred in Uvalde Cemetery.

Garner and Schuyler Colfax, Vice President under Ulysses S. Grant, are the only two Vice Presidents to have been Speaker of the House of Representatives prior to becoming Vice President. As the Vice President is also the President of the Senate, Garner and Colfax are the only people to have served as the presiding officer of both Houses of Congress.

The popular Garner State Park, located 30 miles (48km) north of Uvalde, bears his name, as does Garner Field just east of Uvalde. The women's dormitory at Southwest Texas Junior College in Uvalde bears Mrs. Garner's name. John Garner Middle School, located in San Antonio's North East Independent School District, is also named after him.


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Garner, John Nance U.s. Vice President Under F. D. Roosevelt T.l.s. 11/20/1933

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