Grandjean Montigny 1813 Tombs Of The Fifteenth And 16th Century To Rome
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Grandjean Montigny 1813 Tombs Of The Fifteenth And 16th Century To Rome:
Dimensions / Size : Sheet: 42 cm by 28.5 cm.
Original engraving from 19th era, 1813.
Note some normal wear and soilingsome waterstaining.
By: Auguste Henri Victor GRANDJEAN of MONTIGNY quick and neat.
Henri Victor Grandjean Montigny (Paris, July 15, 1776 - Rio de Janeiro, March 2, 1850) is a french architect whose influence was significant in the development of architecture in the Brazil. He was part of the artistic Mission French who arrived in Rio de Janeiro in 1816.
1 life in Europe
2 life and work in Rio de Janeiro
4. what remains of his work
6 external links
Life in Europe
Grandjean de Montigny was born on July 15, 1776 in Paris. Remarkable architecture student he won in 1799 the prestigious Rome Prize, the largest prize in art at that time and allowed him to stay four years at Rome, where he could study classical monuments. He returned to France and worked in the service of Napoleon. His largest project was the transformation of the Bellevue Palace in Kassel, in Westphalia, where was the Jérôme King, brother of Napoleon.
After the fall of the Empire Grandjean had to go back to Paris where, as significant of the ousted regime, he did enjoy more old-time favors. He then joined the Group of artists who, under the leadership of Joachim Lebreton and at the invitation of the Portuguese Government, preparing to leave for Rio de Janeiro, where dom João VI and the Portuguese Court had installed in 1808.
Life and work in Rio de Janeiro
The French artistic Mission arrived in Rio de Janeiro on March 26, 1816. DOM João VI created the Royal School of Sciences, Arts and crafts, where the French were responsible for training a new generation of artists and projects conform to the rules of the style, neoclassical, more modern at the time.
Grandjean was appointed to design and to construct the building of the new school, opened in 1826 as Academy Imperial of fine arts, under the reign of dom Pedro Ier. All that remains of the building of the Academy is the superb classical style portal, installed in the Botanical Garden of Rio de Janeiro after the demolition of the Academy, in 1938. The Academy Grandjean was responsible for the architecture course.
For his private house, the architect built in the Gávea (around 1826) a large and beautiful home partially surrounded with porticoes galleries, neoclassical, two-storey. On the first floor are accessed by an elegant staircase. The rear part of the House has two oval rooms.
The most important project of Grandjean which still exists is the building for the Praça do Comércio (Commerce Square) of Rio de Janeiro, which loaded it dom João VI and he realized between 1819 and 1820. The facades are simple, but the huge vaulted interior space of the building, according to a central plan, inspired by the Roman civil basilicas, is quite remarkable. The main axis is surrounded by galleries with Doric columns and the center of the building is a cupola with an opening that allows light to enter. His project is completely original compared to what had been until then in Rio de Janeiro.
Grandjean also designed projects that are never built themselves, as an Imperial library (1841), and the Senate of the Empire (1848), probably because they were too ambitious for a young country. The Senate plans are now at the National Museum of fine arts. Grandjean died in Rio de Janeiro in 1850.
Even if it is Grandjean de Montigny, who introduced the neoclassical architecture in Brazil, since the 18th century often said we already built according to this style in the colony. In Rio de Janeiro, in particular, projects of the churches of Candelaria (about 1775-1808) and Santa Cruz back military have neoclassical elements. Also DOM João VI brought from the Portuguese Architects, Manuel de Costa and José of Costa e Silva, who built the old royal Theater of San João (c. 1813), with a neoclassical façade inspired by the National Theatre of San Carlos of Lisbon.
Of what he had designed, Grandjean de Montigny managed to build only very little, and much of his work was destroyed subsequently. It's just if there is the gate of the Imperial Academy of fine, his private house, the former Praça do Comércio and a fountain, currently on the top of Boa Vista.
Though he built little and, strictly speaking, is not he who introduced to the Brazil neoclassicism, the influence of Grandjean de Montigny was considerable in Brazilian architecture. As Professor at the Academy, he trained a large number of students who were able to give to the Brazil a modern architectural language. Among them are Brazilians Jose Maria Jacinto Rebelo and Teodoro de Oliveira and Portuguese Joaquim Cândido Guilhobel, Domingos Monteiro and Francisco José Béthencourt da Silva, who left an abundant work in neoclassical style in Rio de Janeiro and in other cities.
What remains of his work