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Greenland 2012 Polar Bear + Female Greenlandia 1 Piaster Pure Silver Proof For Sale
rare and truly beautiful
silver proof (featuring a polar bear and the allegorical female figure
of Greenlandia) is the first commemorative issue from Greenland in
nearly 25 years!
In Stock and Ready for Immediate
Coins is absolutely thrilled to be able to bring you this beautiful,
finish commemorative from Greenland! Featuring an adult
on one side and the seated, allegorical female figure of Greenlandia
(with scepter and shield, emblazoned with the official flag of
Greenland) on the other, this is the very first commemorative release
from Greenland since 1989! Struck in one troy ounce of pure
the name of the country is indicated in Danish (Grønland) on the
obverse and in the main Greenlandic dialect of Kalaallisut, the
official, native Inuit language, as Kalaallit Nunaat, on the reverse. With a mintage limit of only 950,
that theGreenland silver piasters of the 1980s trade for well
over $200 each in the market (when they can be found at all), we
recommend snatching this one up before they're all gone!
(Please see the article at the end
of this presentation for more polar bear info!)
Greenland is an autonomous country within the Kingdom of Denmark,
located between the Arctic and Atlantic Oceans, east of the Canadian
Arctic Archipelago. Though geographically a part of the continent of
North America, Greenland has been politically and culturally associated
with Europe (specifically Norway and later Denmark) for more than a
millennium. Greenland is, by area, the world's largest island. With a
population of 56,615 (2011 estimate) it is the least densely populated
country in the world.
Greenland has been inhabited (though not continuously) by Arctic
peoples via Canada for 4,500–5,000 years. In the 10th century Viking
settled on the uninhabited southern part of Greenland. In the 13th
century, the Inuit arrived, and in the late 1400s the Norse colonies
disappeared. In the early 18th century, contact between Scandinavia and
Greenland was re-established and Denmark established rule over
The name Greenland or
"Green Land" comes from the early Scandinavian settlers.
In the Icelandic sagas, it is said that Norwegian-born Erik the Red was
exiled from Iceland for murder. He, along with his extended family and
thralls, set out in ships to find a land rumored to lie to the
northwest. After settling there, he named the land Grœnland
("Greenland"), supposedly in the hope that the pleasant name would
attract settlers - an early (and misleading!) marketing ploy! In fact,
the vast majority of Greenland's land mass
is covered by ice!
Greenland became a Danish colony in 1814 after being under the rule of
Denmark-Norway for centuries. With the Constitution of Denmark of 1953,
Greenland became a part of the Danish Realm in a relationship known in
Danish as Rigsfællesskabet (Commonwealth of the Realm). In 1979
Denmark granted home rule to Greenland, and in 2008 Greenland voted to
transfer more power from the Danish royal government to the local
Greenlandic government. This became effective the following year, with
the Danish royal government in charge of foreign affairs, security
(defense-police-justice), and financial policy.
Symbols of Greenland
The flag of Greenland was designed by Greenland native Thue
Christiansen. It features two equal horizontal bands of white (top) and
red (bottom) with a large disk slightly to the hoist side of center.
The top half of the disk is red, the bottom half is white.
Christiansendescribed the white stripe as representing the
glaciers and ice cap, which cover more than 80% of the island; the red
stripe, the ocean; the red semicircle, the sun, with its bottom part
sunk in the ocean; and the white semicircle, the icebergs and pack ice.
The design is also reminiscent of the setting sun half-submerged below
the horizon and reflected on the sea. The colors of the flag are the
same as those of the Dannebrog (official flag of Denmark), symbolizing
Greenland's place in the Danish realm.
Greenland Coat of Arms
coat of arms of Greenland is a blue shield featuring a silver or white
polar bear. This symbol was first introduced in the coat of arms of
Denmark in 1666 and it is still represented in the arms of the Danish
royal family. In a Danish context, the bear was originally shown
walking naturally, but an upright position was specified in 1819. The
1470 London Roll shows an arms captioned "Le Roy de Greneland"
featuring a shield depicting a polar bear surrounded by three birds.
This royal title did not reflect any official title, but merely that
the arms could be used by anyone controlling Greenland.
The version currently used by the government of Greenland was designed
by Greenlandic artist Jens Rosing and adopted on May 1, 1989 by the
Landsting. The polar bear symbolizes the fauna of Greenland and the
blue (azure) color designates the Atlantic and the Arctic Ocean by
which Greenland is washed. Instead of the Danish version in the royal
arms which follows the heraldic tradition in raising the right forepaw,
the polar bear on the Greenlandic coat of arms raises the left forepaw,
due to the traditional Inuit belief that polar bears are left-handed. A
similar arms is used by the official Danish government representative
in Greenland. In this case, the bear raises its right paw, and the
shield is crowned with the royal crown. The official Danish
specification of the arms does not specify which forepaw is raised, so
there is no conflict between the different versions.
Each coin is sealed in a plastic blister packed with an individually
numbered holographic security certificate.
Fine (Pure) Silver
Largest Terrestrial Carnivore
The polar bear (Ursus
is a bear native largely within the Arctic circle encompassing the
Arctic Ocean, its surrounding seas and surrounding land masses. It is
the world's largest land carnivore and also the largest bear (together
with the omnivorous Kodiak bear, which is approximately the same size).
An adult male weighs between 770 and 1,500 pounds (350–680
while an adult female is about half that size. Although it is closely
related to the brown bear, the polar bear has evolved to occupy a
narrow ecological niche, with many body characteristics adapted for
cold temperatures, for moving across snow, ice, and open water, and for
hunting the seals which make up most of its diet. Although most polar
bears are born on land, they spend most of their time at sea (hence
their scientific name meaning "maritime bear") and can hunt
consistently only from sea ice, so they spend much of the year on the
As of 2008, the World Conservation Union (IUCN) reports that the global
population of polar
bears is only 20,000 to 25,000, and is declining.
In 2006, the IUCN upgraded the polar bear from a species of least
concern to a vulnerable species. It cited a "suspected population
reduction of great than 30% within three generations (45 years)", due
primarily to global warming. Other risks to the polar bear include
pollution in the form of toxic contaminants, conflicts with shipping,
stresses from recreational polar-bear watching, and oil and gas
exploration and development. The IUCN also cited a "potential risk of
over-harvest" through legal and illegal hunting.
A little good news - on 15 May 2008, the United States listed the polar
bear as a threatened species under the Endangered Species Act
banned all importing of polar bear trophies. Importing products made
from polar bears had been prohibited from 1972 to 1994 under the Marine
Mammal Protection Act, and restricted between 1994 and 2008. Under
those restrictions, permits from the United States Fish and Wildlife
Service were required to import sport-hunted polar bear trophies taken
in hunting expeditions in Canada. The permit process required that the
bear be taken from an area with quotas based on sound management
principles. Since 1994, more than 800 sport-hunted polar bear trophies
have been imported into the U.S.
Canada has not followed suite with a hunting ban. The territory of
Nunavut accounts for 80% of Canadian kills. In 2005, the government of
Nunavut increased the quota from 400 to 518 bears, despite protests
from some scientific groups. In two areas where harvest levels have
been increased based on increased sightings, science-based studies have
indicated declining populations, and a third area is considered
data-deficient. While most of that quota is hunted by the indigenous
Inuit people, a growing share is sold to recreational hunters (0.8% in
the 1970s, 7.1% in the 1980s, and 14.6% in the 1990s). The Government
of the Northwest Territories maintain their own quota of
bears within the Inuvialuit communities of which some are set aside for
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