Group Of 45 Civil War Letters, Tintype From Id'd Soldier -- Great Content
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Group Of 45 Civil War Letters, Tintype From Id'd Soldier -- Great Content:
This collection consists of 45 letters and two poems/songs written by William Murdoch Lockhead, 81st Reg OVI between October 21st 1862 and July 1st 1865. Also included in the offering are his tintype and obituray. The letters represent the entire timeLockhead was in the Union Army with the exception of his time on furlow due to being shot with a "bawl" in the head. He mustered in as a private and had two promotions ending as afirst sergeant. He was mustered out after the war and was active in the GAR.
The collection has never been exposed, studied, published or offered for sale prior to this time....I obtained the colelction directly from the family.
There is also a sheet of family geneaology. The letters are all boldly written and legible. They lack punctuation and words are spelled phonetically. The letters all have a heading which includes the date written and location written. These locations include: Camp Corinth, Camp Pocohontas, Richmond Creek, Sulpher Branch Alabama, Polsaski TN, General Field Hospital 2nd Div 16th Corps, Camp Pear Atlanta, Camp in the Field Near Atlanta, Big Shanty Station, Camp in the Field Near Dallas GA, Camp Near Kensington GA, Pulaski TN, Lynnville TN, Elk River TN, Swan Creek AL, Camp in the Field GA, Savanna GA, Ralleigh NC, Camp In The Field Near Fatettville NC, Goldsboro NC, Petersburg VA, Wood Lawn KY, Louisville KY.
These are the actual Regimental movements during his tenure and his letters reflect these movements......The only time he was not with the Regiment during this time was a short furlow due to his head injury after being shot...... Duty at Corinth until April 1863. Raid to Tupelo, Miss., December 13–19, 1862 and January 3–19, 1863. Raid to intercept Forrest January 2–3. Cornersville Pike January 28 (detachment). Dodge's Expedition to northern Alabama April 15-May 8. Great Bear Creek April 17. Rock Cut, near Tuscumbia, April 22. Tuscumbia April 23. Town Creek April 28. Moved to Pocahontas June 3, and duty there until October 29. March to Pulaski October 29-November 10. Duty at Pulaski, Wales, Sam's Mills, and Nancy's Mills (headquarters at Pulaski) until March 1864. Moved to Lynnville March 5, and to Pulaski April 19. March to Chattanooga, Tenn., April 29-May 4. Atlanta Campaign May to September. Demonstrations on Resaca May 8–12. Snake Creek Gap and Sugar Valley, near Resaca, May 9. Near Resaca May 13. Battle of Resaca May 14. Lay's Ferry, Oostenaula River, May 14–15. Rome Cross Roads May 16. Advance on Dallas May 18–25. Operations on line of Pumpkin Vine Creek and battles about Dallas, New Hope Church, and Allatoona Hills May 25-June 5. Operations about Marietta and against Kennesaw Mountain June 10-July 2. Assault on Kennesaw June 27. Nickajack Creek July 2–5. Ruff's Mills July 3–4. Chattahoochie River July 6–17. Battle of Atlanta July 22. Siege of Atlanta July 22-August 25. Ezra Chapel July 28. Flank movement on Jonesboro August 25–30. Battle of Jonesboro August 31-September 1. Lovejoy's Station September 2–6. Non-veterans mustered out September 26, 1864. Garrison duty at Rome until November. Reconnaissance from Rome on Cave Springs Road and skirmishes October 12–13. March to the sea November 15-December 10. Ogeechee Canal December 8. Siege of Savannah December 10–21. Campaign of the Carolinas January to April, 1865. Salkehatchie Swamps, S.C., February 2–5. South Edisto River February 9. North Edisto River February 12–13. Columbia February 16–17. Lynch's Creek February 26. Battle of Bentonville, N.C., March 19–21. Occupation of Goldsboro March 24. Advance on Raleigh April 10–14. Occupation of Raleigh April 14. Bennett's House April 26. Surrender of Johnston and his army. March to Washington, D.C., via Richmond, Va., April 29-May 20. Grand Review of the Armies May 24. Moved to Louisville, Ky., June.
The letters are all written to his wife and include general information regarding what his wife should do while he is away with the farm, cattle, planting and finances; General information about others in his company with regard to their health, what they are doing ect ect; logistics regarding getting money home and supplies from home to him;health conditions in the camp; troop movements; battles and skirmishes including numbersand oftennames of men wounded, sick or "kilt". Distance and conditions of marches andhis duties on these marches ect ect.Overall, the collection is adetailed, in depth historyof the 81st OVIduring the course of their campaign.
General highlights and quotes: "As fore captain hill if he shot himself at all it was in the seat of the britches and as fore the negrow i hear there was one shot but not kilt. the secesh will never come here again as we are well foryfyed", "the seshesh were cpmpletly roughed. 30 to 40 kilt or wounded out of our reg. very poor water here the pooest i ever seen" Talking about Hue Hill he writes, "fore every one that saw him going around on dress parade or guard mounting they cry out conscript or runaway conscript" He talks about eating "Lincoln shingles", Talking about Clement Vallandigham and the Copeprheads he writes, "you had better put your money on interest than to spend it for to help them secesh rats and any man that would vote for Vallandihham is nothing but a rebel at heart and worse fore I would rather vote forJef" He talks about his Captain (Hill) being dismissed but reinstated after a fraud investigation regarding a furlow bill for men at a tavern in Acadia....."they thought hewastrying to swindle the government". At one point he is put in charge of contraband. When they appropriate supplies he is to keep records so if the folks are Union they can be reimbursed.He is also "in charge of 10 negrows to tend to". At one point he writes a letter from a field hospitaltelling about being struck in the head by a "bawl" which then travled on and struck John Millerwho was worse than him. He also relates some collected intelligence from prisioners. The prisioners related that had recieved 2 barrels of whisky that morning and were so drunk they could hardly walk, "whiskey courage is not to be relied on at all times". Healways gives a good account of battles and skirmishes includingnumbers killed, wounded, sick and taken prisioner.At one point he is put in the "pioneer corps" and is in charge of a group of "negrows" building railroad bridges. He talks about going to a welathy planters estate (by name) and pressing a group of slaves into service for the union. In one letter, he discusses the election and whom in the company voted for "old abe" and who voted for "little Mc". He gives a detailed account of 500 mules and 300 men dying crossing the swamps and says, "richmond must fall and i think that will be the end of it". He also talks about Lee's Army "lee's entire army is returning home in squads of 3 or 4 men". He writes of Lincolns assasination, "there is very sorrowful news to that is the death of our president we have to morn the loss of one of the best and noblest of our race". In another letter, "just our corp alone brought 15000 negrows out what they are agoing to do with them I don't know".He writes of the Grand Review by Sherman. Near the end of the war there is some talk about his regiment going to Mexico and he writes, " aas to hill getting us to go to mexico you need not be the least afraid of it. he could not get one man to go with him there or any other place. if he unertakes to take the men on such a mishon you will hear from the 81 OVI". At the same time he is also upset about General Logan sending his Illinois men home because he want to run for office and needs votes and keeping the Ohio men on the field.
The aboveis just aTINY sampling of aHUGE body of work.......the letters are detailed and thoughtful. There is also two songs or poems that he wrote or copied as well. I have photographed one. The other is titled, To the Army of Tennessee. I found it published in the 3/3/1865 California Journal of Useful Sciences.
Biographical information regardingLockhead from his obituary......Wm. Murdock Lochhead was born in Glasgow, Scotland, Nov. 14, 1830 and died Oct 6, 1902. When he was about 3 years of age he came to America with his sisters and they settled in New York City. They afterward moved to Clinton County Ohio and when about 18 years old they came to Allen County and settled near Spencerville. On the 11th of October 1855 he was united in marriage to Miss P. R. Moore. This union was blessed with five children three of whom survive. About ten years ago the oldest son THOMAS, died at Lima. One month ago Monday, Mrs.THOS. RICE, a daughter of the deceased answered the summons of death. In 1862 he volunteered and was enlisted in Co. A. 81 O. V. I. Except for a furlough due to a head injury, he served until the end of the war. In the spring of 1870, with his family, Mr. Lochhead moved to Delphos.He is survived by his aged wife and one son and two daughters, Frank Lochhead, of Lima; Mrs. Samuel Harpter of Ottoville, and Miss Cora, who is still at home.
Shipping will be free and fully insured. Feel free to contact me with any questions. I do not have a "buy in now price".