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The Chanukiah is a candelabrum used specifically for Chanukah, the Jewish Festival of Lights. According to the history of the holiday, the Great Temple was destroyed by the Greeks during the Greco-Judean war. When the Jews returned to their ruined Temple, they saw that the Greeks had contaminated the oil jars. They could not find enough pure oil to light the Menorah, a seven-branched candelabrum used to illuminate the Temple. When almost all hope was lost, they came across one jar of pure oil that was expected to burn out after a single day was over.It was a Miracle of Light when the small quantity of oil found was sufficient for 8 days, just enough time for the fresh oil supply to reach the Temple.To commemorate this miracle, every year during Chanukah, a special menorah with eight branches and one holder in the middle is lit for eight consecutive days. This menorah is called a Chanukiah. On the first night a single candle is lit by the 9th candle, which called the Shamash. The Shamash, traditionally placed in the center of the Chanukiah, is used to light the other candles. Each night, an additional candle is added until all of the candles are lit on the 8th night.The Chanukiah is only used during Chanukah while the Menorah is used in synagogues all year round.
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